21st February 2019
Yes, it’s adverb time. This class was introduced to them last week, while I was happily sipping a beer in Thailand, a remarkably beautiful country which, despite being quite close to Vietnam, has a significantly different culture, atmosphere, vibe.
Tonight’s class focuses on speaking, so I’m hoping for a lively session with all students enthusiastically participating.
To begin with, there are several types of adverb:
I use a mnemonic device to help me remember the five main types: DF MPT (degree, frequency, manner, place, time).
I shall look at the adverbs they learnt last week and make a ‘run & write’ game. Class will be split into two teams; I’ll board or say a word (careful, fast, angry etc) and one person from each team will have to write it as an adverb.
To reinforce, I’ll select one of the more outgoing students to act out various scenarios, for example the student can walk carefully, speak quietly, eat quickly. Thus the students will have both written and spoken some basic adverbs.
Next, I shall try a new game, introduced by a song from The Who ‘Who are you ?‘ (which people may know as the theme from CSI:Vegas): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v_3ks7-OjGc
I’ll just use the opening bars (some versions have lyrics which are inappropriate for the classroom !)
In this game, I will put the students into small groups, and give one pupil a paper with some basic information on it:
NAME: Alan NAME: Jane
FROM: Cambridge FROM: Manchester
WEATHER: Mild and sunny WEATHER: Wet, grey, rainy
JOB: Student JOB: Lawyer
LIKES: Reading books LIKES: Shopping online
Rowing Films Badminton Cats
WHY IN VN: Exchange study WHY IN VN: Work for UK company
BEST: Lots of museums BEST: Good wifi, interesting history
WORST: Traffic & pollution WORST: Scams, noise, traffic
OPINION: Great place but too noisy
OPINION: Fascinating but walk carefully
NAME: Peter NAME: Anna
FROM: Birmingham FROM: New York
WEATHER: Grey, cold WEATHER: Very cold, very hot in summer
JOB: Journalist JOB: Electrician
LIKES: Making models LIKES: Sudoku
Travelling Football Piano Meeting friends
WHY IN VN: Writing a story WHY IN VN: Travelling around Asia
BEST: Meeting Vietnamese people BEST: Cheaper prices. Good food
WORST: Too hot. Food too spicy WORST: Extremely hot and sticky
OPINION: Incredibly noisy and humid OPINION: Amazingly fun place.
This is an exercise to help students form questions. A great way to start a speaking exercise is simply to model it first, eliciting as much information from the students. For example, I could board answers and ask the students what questions could they ask to get these answers. To broaden their vocabulary, I will demonstrate various approaches;
To enquire about my job:
What do you do for a living ?
What do you do ?
What is your occupation ?
How do you make a living ?
For my likes:
What do you like doing in your free time ?
What are your hobbies ?
What kinds of things are you into ?
The students ask the chosen student questions, then report back to the class. To make sure all the class are paying attention, I’ll ask questions and award points. It is common situation that students who are NOT presenting have very limited interest in other students who are speaking.
Depending on time, I will add a quick game where I board a basic sentence and the students have to elaborate by adding adjectives and, now, adverbs.
The student is good – The intelligent student works extremely well.
The food is nice / The weather is hot / The homework was hard / My cat is lazy.
And onto the bookwork. Today’s book mentions Cambridge (which they read about before with reference to the boat race), Buckingham Palace in London (which most of the students know is the home of the Queen) and Bristol in west England, which, I am sure, will be unknown to the students: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=khM7tjui86Q
This is quite a good video, as it is just visual (thus giving the students a little break, as well as introducing them to a new city), and it can be followed up by asking what people can do there ? What kind of buildings did they see ? Would they like to go there ? What did they think about it ? Interesting or boring … and then use adverbs to make their answers more interesting.
Also, I like to let the students hear different accents because in the real world, they probably will not be listening to English teachers speaking slowly, carefully and in Standard English, but to people from all over the English-speaking world or, more likely, non-native speakers. Locals from Bristol have a different accent to mine (east London but with Standard for work), so here is a short clip illustrating the difference, and it has subtitles: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2qKBRnyWleU
The students can try to copy the sounds and also learn everyday fixed expressions. All in all, I’m hoping it’ll be an exciting and active class.
In keeping with the emphasis on speaking, in the reading section, one section of the class can read one paragraph, then close their books while the other students ask them questions, so here we have reading with speaking and listening skills being practised.