Adult Speaking Class, Level 1: Sentence building

27th June 2020

With Jewish-Asian marriages on the rise, academic couple takes on ...

How was your day ?

Today, I was very successful at work because I got my salary as well as a bonus (extra money).

When do you get your salary ? When do you get paid ?

Salary = career, professional job – usually once a month

Paid – for a job, can be daily, weekly, monthly – low-income job

Building longer sentences:

I teach at public school which can be extremely tiring because there are many students who, I feel, do not want to learn. Having said that, there are also many wonderfully gifted students who make me feel happy.

Relative pronouns– who (person), which (thing), where (place). 

Adverbs– add information – extremely, wonderfully

Opinions– I feel, I believe, in my opinion, from my point of view. 

Turn and link – although, despite, however …

VOCABULARY

gifted – talented, skilled- natural talent 

You have a gift for …. music, laughter (laugh – larf), accounting, singing

Noun there was laughter NOT there was laugh

For example – we had karaoke – there were many people singing; some were extraordinarily gifted while others were … not so talented ! There was a laugh of smiling and laughter.

Extraordinarily – very special

Now … Your Turn

Tell your neighbour or the class about your job

  1. Where you work
  2. The good things
  3. Anything bad
  4. How do you feel
March | 2017 | AsiaGraphix
Wages Are Unequal Between White and Black Men Even When Other ...

I went to the office where I work and I had a very busy day. However I think it’s good because I can finish my task. I was really excited and happy because today is the last day of the month so I got my salary and holiday bonus. I want to spend my salary for traveling or on clothes. 

GRAMMAR

I can finish subject + modal verb (can, could, might) + main verb

I got my salary I was paid so we use past tense ‘got’.

I want to spent subject + helping verb (want, like, need) + infinite (to + verb)

A Shoe Shop The Souq Or Market In The Old Town In The City Of ...
The Heat of the Indo-Chinese Wok Master's Kitchen on a Very Busy ...

Today, I went to my company where I met everyone in the office. After, I worked with my customer, who is very pleasant, and we spoke about payment. Later, I went to the bank where I withdrew a little money from the company account. It was an ordinary day but interesting because today is payday !

The 30 Best Korean Movies of the 21st Century - Fort Worth Weekly
This Korean lady does NOT have an ordinary job !

Adult Speaking Class, level 1: What do they like ?

22nd June 2020

An exercise for lower-intermediates. Help to use basic verbs, and to build long sentences.

We can see five people:

Andrew, Fiona, Helen, Mark and Tina

We see what they eat (dinner), their job (occupation), what they do in their free time (hobby) and what that do on Saturday and Sunday (the weekend).

For example, Andrew likes to drink beer, Tina like to do karate

What do they do ?

Name // dinner // occupation // hobby // weekend 

Andrewsteak and chips
spaghetti
brewerfootball & beersports & cinema DOESN’T like shopping
Fionatuna salad
soups
accountantreading
driving
visits family & shopping DOESN’T like sports
Helensushi
Korean BBQ
marketingyoga & keep fit
craft beer 
exercises & cinema DOESN’T like loud clubs
Markfish and chips
kebabs
civil servantcars and bikes
sports
fixing cars & drinking beer DOESN’T like loud clubs
Tinapasta
pizza
dentistkaraoke
clubs
shopping and meeting friends DOESN’T like beer or sport.
Couple watching a football game | Royalty free photo - 404574
Andrew likes to watch football but his girlfriend does not (doesn’t)
CMA - Lady accountant - (S) - YouTube
Fiona is an accountant
Dara eating sushi (Line play 053115) | 2ne1, South korean idol, Yg ...
Helen likes to eat sushi
Buy his bikes, bee-cause! - Los Angeles Times
Mark likes to ride a bicycle
Taekwondo Girl - Bing Images | Martial arts girl, Taekwondo girl ...
Tina likes to do karate

Make sentences

Use so does with positives, neither does with negatives.

EXAMPLE:

Mark eats chips and so does Andrew. 

Helen doesn’t drink beer neither does Tina.

Tina likes shopping …

Mark doesn’t like loud clubs …

Make questions

EXAMPLE:

Who likes beer ? Who eats Italian food (pizza, pasta, spaghetti) ?

Adult Speaking Class level 1: Corrections

22nd May 2020

Correct the mistakes

I’m happy lady

You’re a good

I feel little sleepy

I good !

Sorry I late, I were sticked in traffic

Chinese Woman Using Mobile Phone In Car by xPACIFICA

Answers:

I’m a happy lady = need article ‘a/an or the’ with a noun

You’re a good man / lady / boy etc = need a noun OR no ‘a’.

I feel a little sleepy = need ‘a’ before this adjective ‘little’.

I‘m good ! = need the verb ‘am’ I am or I’m before adjective.

Sorry I’m late, I was stuck in traffic.

Part Two:

Would you like neither tea or coffee ?

I have 2 sibling

Mary wants to married a doctor

I am a little ill, I am over the weather under the weather

I am from Vietnam, so I am Asia

Beautiful girl in ao dai viet nam | Premium Photo

Answers:

Would you like either tea or coffee ? [Either = + neither = -] either/or neither/nor (we have neither Pepsi nor Coke)

I have 2 siblings (plural)

Mary wants to marry a doctor [to +infinite verb, not past tense]

I am a little ill, I am under the weather.

I am from Vietnam, so I am Asian

Part Three:

I likes to singing song

She hates to watching sad films

He a man good

People from French and German are Europe

France's Nicolas Sarkozy and Germany's Angela Merkel hold crisis ...

Answers:

I like to sing songs OR I like singing songs

She hates watching sad films (use continuous, no ‘to’)

He is a good man = adjective + noun

People from France or Germany are European

New Vocabulary

celebrate (v) celebration (noun)

festival / festivities 

costumes / masks

Mardi Gras in New Orleans: 10 do's and don'ts for tourists looking ...
Mardi Gras celebrations in New Orleans, USA
New Orleans Mardi Gras 2018 Nightlife Party Guide - Discotech ...
Enjoying the festivities at Mardi Gras

Adult Speaking Class, Level 1: What do you need … ?

21st May 2020

What do you need …. ?

What do you need to make pho ? (Vietnamese beef noodle soup)

Cách nấu phở bò thơm ngon bổ dưỡng cho cả nhà

I need: onions, lemons, meat, noodles, vegetables, chili and stock (water with flavour)

What do you need to ride a motorbike ? Is riding a motorbike fun ?

Why I'll Never Ride a Scooter in Southeast Asia Again - Just a Pack

It is very dangerous. It is very stressful

Firstly, I need a motorbike. The motorbike needs petrol

(petrol = British English, gas = USA)

GRAMMAR NOTE: I need / you need / he, she, it, name needs

What else do I need ?

I need a helmet, a face mask, gloves, glasses or goggles 

Through the lens: Motorcycle fashion in Vietnam | Anita's Feast
Helmets with a ponytail slot – ingenious !

What do you need for a party ?

Stonebwoy – African Party (Official Music Video) » Townflex

We need people, wine, food … what else ?

Also, plates and glasses. Of course, we need music !

Non-alcoholic drinks – for example orange juice … we call them ‘soft drinks’.

bread and flowers. We also need decorations for a birthday, Christmas, or Tet.

Tips for planning the perfect Bar or Bat Mitzvah party
A Bar Mitzvah celebration, when Jewish boys turn 13

What animals do you need for a zoo ?

The Zoo of Barcelona | Barcelona-Home

We need elephants, monkeys, tigers, birds (parrots)

crocodile or alligator

Lions, camels and hippos. Also, rhino and giraffes. Lastly, zebras.

Chimpanzee bottle feeds tiger cubs at zoo in Bangkok, Thailand ...

What do you need to do before you go out ?

Fast Quick Forward Young Asian Woman Selecting Clothes Thinking ...
Buster Keaton Shaving Barber Decor Silent Film Photo Poster 16″ x ...

Adult Speaking Class, Level 1: What will you do … ?

24th April 2020

What will you do after work ?

This blog will teach you how to talk about plans – what you will do later in the day.

The grammar will be future tense, and I’ll show you standard English and some everyday expressions.

I will … after work OR After work, I will … (standard English)

Example: I will play football after work OR After work, I will play football

Try these:

watch a movie // cook for my family // go shopping // play computer games

When I finish work, I’ll (I + will = I’ll) … a contraction

Later, when I knock off work … (knock off = finish) a UK expression / phrasal verb

Practice:

Make sentences, using these phrases. I give you an example:

I’m going to // I will (I’ll) // I plan to // I intend to // I’m thinking of …

After work, I’m going to a restaurant

Try to extend the sentence by giving more information:

After work, I’m going to take my family to a restaurant.

When I knock off, my family and I will go to a fast food restaurant because my son loves fried chicken and chips.

Now your turn:

What will you do after work ? See how long you can make your answer.

Tell me what you see in the photos.

I have some answers at the end of the blog.

Sample answers:

After work, I plan to drink beer. // I intend to drink beer after work with my two best friends.

When I knock off, I’m going to stay home // After I knock off, I’m going to play computer games and eat junk food. // After work, I plan to watch TV and eat crisps, chocolate and cake.

Tonight, I’m thinking of singing karaoke. // Later, I’m thinking of meeting my friends and going to sing karaoke because it’s a lot of fun.

After work, I will take my girlfriend to a restaurant. // Tonight is special because I will take my girlfriend to a romantic restaurant. // This will be a special night because I intend to ask my girlfriend to marry me so I’m going to take her to an expensive romantic restaurant.

Adult Speaking Class, Level 1: Reading and asking for information

16th April 2020

Today we shall focus on reading adverts, posters and internet posts to find basic information.

Additionally, you will learn how to ask and answer questions in order to give or receive information.

Let’s start with a poster for the rock band REM, who were formed in the 1980s

REM Live Concert Webcast Rumored (Updated) | WIRED
REM live in concert

Seeing a band perform live is very exciting.

There is a great atmosphere.

Hundreds or thousands of people are singing and clapping.

It is a unique experience.

When a band goes on tour, they advertise. They can advertise online, in newspapers or by using posters.

This poster is for a REM tour from 1989. The band had a new CD called ‘Green’. They perform live to promote the CD, to encourage people to buy their CD.

Read the poster carefully and answer the questions:

Where is it ? (The name of the concert hall)

What time does it kick off (start) ?

When is it ? (The date)

How can we buy tickets ? (There are different ways to buy tickets – how ?)

They were touring in support of their new LP ‘Green’ 

What do you associate with the colour green?

How about:

blue

red

yellow

white

black ?

Here is some information. What questions would you need to ask ?

National Museum Of Korea - The Seoul Guide

Visitor Information

Address:

137 Seobinggo-ro, Seobinggo-dong, Yongsan-gu

Nearest train station:

Ichon (National Museum of KoreaStation is a station in Yongsan-gu, Seoul on Seoul Subway Line 4 and Gyeongui–Jungang Line.

Hours:

  • Opening times:
  • Monday, Tuesday, Thursday & Friday : 10:00 ~ 18:00
  • Wednesday & Saturday : 10:00 ~ 21:00
  • Sunday & Holidays : 10:00 ~ 19:00
  • Closed days: January 1stSeollal (Jan. 25, 2020), Chuseok (Oct. 1, 2020)

Admission

  • Admission is free to the Main Exhibition Hall and the Children’s Museum.
  • There is a separate charge for the special exhibition in the Special Exhibition Gallery.

Further information:

http://www.museum.go.kr/site/main/content/tour_guidance

How would you ask question for:

The address

Opening times

The cost (admission fee)

Nearest train station

More online information

Moving on to Las Vegas

New York-New York Hotel & Casino in Las Vegas | Hotel Rates ...
Las Vegas, USA

We want to stay 4 nights at a hotel. What information can you find in this image?

Will inflated hotel prices keep conventioneers away from CES ...

Look for the cheapest hotel. What information can you see ?

Look for somewhere that is very expensive

Is there any extra money to pay ?

Where is this information from ?

Adult Speaking Class, Level 1: How was your day ?

5th April 2020

How was your day ? How was your weekend ?

What is a get Together? (with pictures)

Today was:

Great / good / so so / terrible / horrible / boring

because … (tell me why)

Now change from good to bad, or bad to good:

However… / On the other hand … / Having said that …

Example:

Today was terrible because I overslept and had no coffee. However in the evening, I have football on TV so I feel very happy.

My weekend was …

My weekend was great because I only worked on Saturday. Having said that, I had to do cleaning and food shopping on Sunday.

Tell me about these people:

This man is happy because … / however he will be …

This man is happy because … / however he will be …

These woman are …

This lady is very … because (why is she angry ? What do you think ?)

When two friends meet after long time - Picture of Ceylon Epic ...

The monkeys are …

Adult speaking class, Level 1: Review – adjectives, contractions and sentence building.

25th October 2019

I want my students to know present and past tense of common verbs, a range of adjectives (both positive and negative) and a good selection of nouns. Additionally, I’d like them to be able to put them together in long sentences, and start to use English contractions.

And so, to kick off (to start), a past tense exercise.

Ask your neighbour, “What did you do today ?”

I will give present tense verbs – students must use the past tense.

Example:

This morning, I go out and drink coffee: This morning I went out and drank coffee.

Later, I meet an old friend and we have lunch together and talk and laugh.

In the afternoon, I sit in the park, play guitar and sing songs.

Adverbs – these make your English more interesting and give more information.

Sai Gon is hot. Sai Gon is so // very // extremely // incredibly hot.

Sai Gon has delicious food – Sai Gon has extremely delicious food and it’s so cheap.

NOW – sentence building:

I love Sai Gon because it’s so hot. Additionally, the food is incredibly delicious and very cheap. However, it can be extremely noisy, dirty and polluted.

Tell me about Nha Trang: Speak about hotels / food / how to get there / things to do

Image result for nha trang

Tell me about these clothes and the people:

Language to use:

beautiful / stunning / eye-catching

cotton / silk / leather / straw / denim (jeans)

short hair / medium-length hair / shoulder-length hair / long hair

straight hair / curly hair / wavy hair

interesting / boring / delicious / bland / healthy / polluted / huge

teenager / young / in his 20s / middle-aged / elderly / old

Image result for check shirt for girls
Related image
Image may contain: 2 people, people smiling

Contractions: when we speak quickly, we contract (shorten words) to make a new sound.

Example: I am = I’m / you are = you’re / he is = he’s / she is = she’s

I am happy =

You are sad

He is angry

She is very eye-catching

I will = I’ll (sounds like ‘eye – all’)

Tomorrow, I will go to work = Tomorrow, I’ll go to work

I’ll send you an email tonight

Call me after 5pm, I’ll be free then.

Try this Beatles song:

‘I’ll Be Back’

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RQw2psyjm5w

I want to = I wanna I want to hold your hand

I am going to = I’m gonna I am going to buy a new iPhone

I have go to = I gotta I can’t go to the cinema, I have got to go to work

Conversation Practice:

I want to speak to my sweet lovely student Ms Tram. However, she is at work.

Caller: Hello, may I speak with Ms Tram, please ?

Receiver: Certainly. Who’s calling, please ?

Caller: My name is ……….

Receiver: I’m sorry, could you repeat that ?

Caller: No problem. My name’s ……..

Receiver: Could you spell that, please ?

Caller: Surely (of course) . . . . . . . .

Receiver: Thank you. Hold the line, please. I’ll connect you.

Caller: Absolutely. I’ll hold.

Receiver: I’m afraid Ms Tram has just gone to lunch.

Caller: Again ? She’s always eating hahaha.

Receiver: I’ll transfer you to her office, then you can leave a message.

Caller: Great idea. Thanks a bunch !

Receiver: You’re welcome

Finally – where did Ms Tram go for lunch ? What did she order ? Did she like the food ?

Image result for British cafe food

Adjectives for food:

delicious / bland / spicy / filling / appetising / healthy / unhealthy / vegetarian / traditional

protein / carbohydrates / fat / fibre / vitamins /

fried / deep-fried / baked / boiled

Adding adjectives, increasing interest.

14th October 2019

How would you describe this lady ? Where is she ? What is the day like ?
How adjectives add information and colour to speech and writing.

Making lemonade out of lemons – this is an expression which means making something good happen out of something bad. Allow me to elaborate – I was taking a Level 1 adult-talking class. The work is all prepared for me, with powerpoint slides and recordings, as well as print-outs. However, the theme was quite advanced for this level. The subject was economics, vocabulary included such gems as ‘manufacturing’ and ‘exports’. All very interesting, but far above the resources of a beginners’ class. And then the students arrived … after a few introductory questions, it became clear that I would have to abandon the lesson and somehow improvise a class at beginner level.

As the class consisted of young ladies, I chose hair and clothes … and how to use adjectives to build up setences.

It is understandable that students focus more on learning nouns and verbs, with just a smattering of common adjectives. However, I think it’s a good idea that students learn and be encouraged to use two or three adjectives from an early stage, so it becomes a natural part of their English (as well as boosting their scores in oral tests).

So, back to my class; three young ladies with very limited English but, fortuitously, also with three different hairstyles.

Image result for asain girl, long brown hair

Let’s start very simply; Ms Kim (this is a Google image, not my real student) has long hair. OK, but we can add more … what colour is it … is it straight or wavy ? Finally, let’s be polite and complimentary … Ms Kim has beautiful long wavy brown hair.

The students may have to learn hairstyles or shapes (wavy, pony-tail, bangs, pleated), and students should learn a small number of new words every lesson. It helps if they can see them in the class and then use them in controlled speaking.

So, without much effort, their sentence length had doubled. Next to Ms Kim was Ms My

Related image

Once the students had a word bank and some practice, they were able to describe Ms My as having a beautiful long black ponytail, or beautiful long black straight hair, tied into a ponytail. Fortunately Ms Anh has a different style.

Image result for asain girl, medium hair

But now, it was clear my students were comfortable with ‘beautiful’ so time for some synonyms – stunning, gorgeous, eye-catching. Ms Anh has medium-length hair or, as I insist on a full sentence:

Ms Anh has gorgeous medium-length brown hair. But we can go further – let’s compare Ms Anh’s hair with Ms Kim – both have brown hair, yet different shades. Thus we introduce dark and light:

Ms Anh has eye-catching medium-length dark-brown hair.

It’s also very rewarding to hear students start building sentences after struggling to say three or four words just five minutes earlier. And so, we continue … let’s turn to jewellery using the students themselves as examples; someone will have earrings (studs or long), another will have a neckless, a bracelet, rings etc. I ask Ms Anh to show her ring … it is gold, while Ms My has a silver one. Or, at least silver-coloured !

Then we turn to clothes, and first elicit different types of material and patterns:

silk // cotton // denim // leather //

plain // floral // striped // checked

Image result for asian girl in check shirt

So now, when they see a picture like this, the students will be able to describe the lady’s hair, jewellery and clothes and by extension, the room in which she is situated.

In terms of grammar, there is an order of adjectives, though I would not introduce this too early on. Instead, I would stress the opinion word is first, while size is before colour (eye-catching short light-blue skirt).

The website for the above chart is:

https://www.hip-books.com/teachers/writing-about-reading/adjectives/

Now, let’s return to the first picture, a young friend of mine whom we shall call Ms Ngoc. Students can work together and give me as much information as they can. This includes her hair, clothes but also what she looks like, where she is and what time of day. Furthermore, how does the weather look ? How does she look ?

Finally, a good activity is to board some common adjectives and have the students give the opposites or antonyms:

expensive // genuine // cheerful // delicious // interesting // honest // generous

This is continued in subsequent lessons, so students become used to incorporating two or maybe three adjectives in sentences. And them or course … we have adverbs … but that is another story !