Adult Speaking Class, level 2: Modal verbs that you ought to know.

25th July 2020

Modal verbs and when to use them

These Are The Most Tubular Slang Words From 1940 to Today | Best Life
History of the OED | Oxford English Dictionary

can / could / have to / may / must

ought to / should / will

Modal verbs are used for:

Permission // Possibility // Obligation

Request // Speculation // Suggestion

Cab Calloway's Hepster's Dictionary: A Guide To The Language Of ...

Sounds confusing ? Don’t worry – English is meant to be USED, not just studied and so, without further ado, some examples:

Can I get a bus to Ben Thanh Market ?

Can I get a bus to Main Street from here ?

This means is it possible to get a bus from here ?

Your Comprehensive Walk-through of Ben Thanh Market | Cmego Travel ...
Sai Gon’s iconic Ben Thanh Market
London's 10 Best Bus Routes | Londonist
Can I get a bus to Big Ben from here ?

Can you hit the lights, please ?

A request to turn on / off the lights.

Turn Off Unneeded Lights – Air Conditioning Appreciation Days -

We use can to ask if something is possible and to request help.

Who’s that ? It could be Peter. Speculation, a guess

You have to get over 60% or you will fail. Obligation

Oh, you must see the new Quentin Tarantino film. Suggestion

Will you help me with my tieng Viet ? May I go to the party ? Request

You musn’t use your phone when riding a motorbike. Permission

You ought to stop drinking so much coffee. Suggestion

You should all read English books. Suggestion

Exercises:

can // could // have to // may // must

ought to // should //will

[answers at end of exercise]

First, decide which of the six classes is needed (permission, request etc). The first two are indicated, after that, you’re on your own.

… I use my mobile phone in class ? Request

You … answer all three questions. Obligation

It’s too heavy; … you help me lift it ?

Don’t wait too long, he … not come.

… I buy an iPhone or a Samsung Galaxy ?

Apple and Samsung mediation to take place on May 21st and 22nd

May I use my mobile phone in class ?

You have to answer all three questions.

It’s too heavy; can you help me lift it ?

Don’t wait too long, he may not come.

Should I buy an iPhone or a Samsung Galaxy ?

Do all Quentin Tarantino's movies actually take place in the same ...

Adult Speaking Class, level 2: Really, that’s interesting, tell me more – small talk practice

8th July 2020

Small Talk

Remember to keep the conversation going by responding with enthusiasm and interest. You could say:

Really ? // That’s interesting // Me too ! // No way ! // Tell me more // Why is that ? // Where is that exactly ? // Are you ? // Do you really think so ?

EXAMPLES:

I work in King Street // Oh, where is that exactly ?

I love listening to K-pop // Really ! Me too. Who are your favourites ?

T-ARA 'SUGAR FREE' Dance Mirror Fancam HD - YouTube
I love listening to K-pop. T-ara are my favourites

I’m studying English // No way ! I’m also studying. Where do you study ?

I want to start my own business // That’s interesting, tell me more.

Starting a Business 101 - How to Start a Business

A chance to review and use recent vocabulary, phrases and idioms.

Make sentences using these words or expressions:

Raining cats and dogs (raining very heavy)

chockablock (traffic jam, no space to move)

Could talk the hind legs off a donkey (talks very, very much)

ubiquitous everywhere

such as to give examples

Budge over move over, make some space

you’ll pick it up you’ll soon understand it or be able to so it

in next to no time very soon, very quickly

Could you repeat that, please ?

How do you spell that ?

Once more, please

How about you ?

For me,

I’m keen on

I’m not so keen on

Dialogue

175 Questions To Ask Your Friends (BFF Deep Personal Questions)

What were you doing last night ? I tried to call.

I was watching TV. Was it important ?

We were having a party. I wanted you to come.

Your parties are such fun ! What did you do ?

We were all looking online for bargains. Anna bought some great shoes.

She was always talking about buying shoes.

I was looking at the clothes from London. So stylish.

13 Ways to Be a Better Co-Worker

Did you see the email from the Manager ?

Oh, that old windbag! He doesn’t know when to stop talking. He could talk the hind legs off a donkey.

Yes, even his emails go on forever hahahah. I’m not so keen on him, I wish the old manager hadn’t left.

Left ? He was given the boot, he was sacked ! Anyway, they were thinking about calling off the meeting.

What a relief, those meeting drag on endlessly

AS Media J.Coe 2055: Film Noir Features

Did you bring your raincoat ? It’s been raining all night.

I know, it’s raining cats and dogs. Better leave soon if we’re going.

Yes, maybe the traffic will be chockablock.

Oh, just a minute … do you know how to use this program ?

Yes, it’s very easy. It’s a piece of cake! Budge over, I’ll show you, you’ll pick it up in next to no time.

Adult Speaking Class, Level 2: Present perfect exercises

4th July 2020

Fourth of July Celebration | Chesterfield County, VA

present perfect

Subject + have/ has + past participle [verb 3]

She has been to New York

Asian girl in Brooklyn, New York,US | Free backgrounds

They have visited London

What is the biggest draw to visit England for non-brits? - Quora

They have seen that film so many times but have never understood it.

Mulholland Drive (2001), dir. David Lynch – musings on films

NEGATIVE:

I have not read My Sassy Girl 

I haven’t read The Great Gatsby

Question:

Have you read On The Road ?

[Have / has + subject + verb 3 … ?]

On the Road by Jack Kerouac
  • To talk about something in the past but not when it happened

He has looked at the report YES

He has looked at the report last week NO He looked at the report last week

  • Can use with ‘for’ and ‘since’

I have lived in Los Angeles (LA) since 2010

I have lived in Chicago for seven years

Change the verb into the correct form:

  1. I (read) your book several times. I have read your book several times
    2. She has (wear) that skirt many times. [worn /wear / wore]
    3. My family (visit) Brazil a few times.
    4. I (eat) already.
    5. Marta (finish) her homework.
    6. You (break) the glass again.
    7. They (pay) for everything.
    8. It (never snow) like that.
    9. I (meet) Anna once.
    10. We (see) him before.
Worst Snowstorms in New England History - New England Today
Snow in New England, USA
Roper Ladies Sleeveless USA Flag Shirt | HorseLoverZ
Australia vs USA BBQ Champion Cook Off: Winners Craig Philpott ...

Dialogue

Hello, how’s it going ? Long time no see.

Yes, I’ve been in Texas 

Amazing! I want to go. I’ve never been there.

Really ? You must go, the food is great.

I’ve heard the people are incredibly nice and friendly.

And they just love a barbecue. I’ve never eaten so much in my life !

English school in Seattle | Kaplan International
Seattle Pictures & Report (Golden Dawn)… | The Velvet Rocket

Have you been trying to call me ? I was in Seattle.

What were you doing there ?

I was working. I had an interview for a new company.

I’ve also been on the lookout for a new job. My job is so tedious !

Mine too. Same thing, day in, day out. But … it’s a job. Oh, Tom has been fired.

No ! Why ? I’ve known him for a long time.

He hasn’t been pulling his weight. He’s been incredibly lazy !

Lazy Office Worker Playing Mobile Game With Smartphone During ...
Tom hasn’t been doing his work
E-Racism | Holy Dog Water
Cambridge & Boston | Harvard

Have you heard about John Jones ?

Yes ! He’s been transferred to Boston. He’s gotten a promotion.

I knew he’d do well. He’s a bright spark. I’ve seen Boston. I visited my friends.

I know Boston very well. I went to Harvard.

To study ?

No, to visit hahahahaha.

LOOK FOR:

Past simple 

Past continuous

Present perfect

Idioms and expressions

Las Vegas - Usa, March Stock Footage Video (100% Royalty-free ...

Adult Class Level 2: Recent review – once in a blue moon

28th June 2020

Coffee ~ ologist | Jun ji hyun, Korean actresses, Asian beauty
How often do you drink coffee with a beautiful Korean actress ?

To review recent expressions

once in a blue moon / not as much as I use to / not as much as I’d like to / from time to time / now and then / occasionally / only in my dreams !

How often do you:

Watch foreign films ?

movie 2003] Lover's Concerto 연애소설 - k-dramas & movies - Soompi ...

See your boss smile ?

Dealing with an Angry Boss

Play badminton ?

Rent Badminton Game in Lagos Nigeria - Fontt Enterprises

Hang out with friends ?

Cheerful asian young women sitting in cafe drinking coffee with ...

Go to the movies ?

Movie Theaters for Kids in the San Francisco Bay Area

Get a pay rise ?

On the Job by Anita Bruzzese: 6 Tips to Help You Get a Pay Raise

Linking words:

and / as well as / and also / along with

These link positives or negatives:

I like tea as well as coffee He plays football and also badminton 

Big C is quite cheap and also has a great choice

but / however / having said that / on the other hand

These link positives to negatives / negatives to positives:

Jet Mart is convenient. Having said that, it is (it’s) extremely expensive.

Czech beer is not easy to find in Sai Gon, however it’s fantastic quality.

‘therefore’ is a conclusion word:

Bài Ca Thịt Nướng King BBQ Hari Won - YouTube

King BBQ is outstanding and has a magnificent salad bar. Mr Park is reasonable (so-so) quality, but more expensive. Therefore, we will eat at King BBQ in future.

Theme: coffee in Sai Gon

Beautiful young asian woman drinking coffee in the terrace of a ...
People Drink Coffee On Street At Old Quarter In Hanoi, Vietnam ...

There are so many choices in Sai Gon. Tran Nguyen has the best quality but is very expensive. On the other hand, Milano is incredibly cheap and very convenient however, many people smoke there. Highlands is really popular. Having said that, it is not cheap. Street coffee is extremely cheap but terrible quality !

Listening exercise:

http://esol.britishcouncil.org/content/learners/skills/listening/having-meal-restaurant

Mamma Mia - Italian Restaurant & Bar ở Quận Hoàn Kiếm, Hà Nội ...

Last Friday, I went out for dinner with Claire and Helen. Helen’s got a new job so we went out to celebrate. Claire booked a table for 7.30pm at her favourite Italian restaurant in town. When we arrived, the waiter showed us to our table, gave us some menus and took our drinks order. We were really hungry so we decided to have a starter and a main. We placed our order and chatted for a while. Our garlic bread soon arrived. We were hungry, so it disappeared very quickly! Next, the waiter brought our mains. He said, “Buon Appetito!”, which is Italian for ‘Enjoy your meal!’. Claire and Helen chose pasta and I had pizza. The food was delicious, but I couldn’t manage a dessert! Claire and Helen had some ice cream, but I just had a coffee. I can’t wait to go again!

Adult Speaking Class, Level 2: in order to improve

30th June 2020

Undergraduate Programs offered by Asian University for Women | AUW ...

New vocabulary for ‘great’

outstanding / magnificent / marvellous fantastic / brilliant / excellent

top marks / top of the class / first class / A1

idioms

I’m under the weather not feeling well

I’m down in the dumps unhappy, depressed

I’m over the Moon extremely happy

Turn over a new leaf to start again, try to be better

cook the books – cheating with accounts ! Making false numbers

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They are very happy … they are ________________________
Man flu does exist as men suffer more from high temperatures when ...
He’s feeling __________________
Symptoms of Depression in Women: Types and Causes
She’s feeling ___________________
Enron — FBI
A man is arrested. He is alleged to have made false accounts, to have _________________

The schwa / ə /

most common sound

important words, nouns, adjectives, adverbs are stressed

linking words, pronouns, articles, prepositions, auxiliaries not stressed

unstressed words tend to be quicker and lower in volume. Vowel sound often ‘swallowed’

Example: How much is that laptop ? How muchis that laptop?

English can be described as soft and hard – a soft syllable followed by hard or vice versa.

To sound like a native-speaker, use your face, body and voice. With questions, your voice goes up on the last word.

Read following sentences:

Do you have a brother ? Do you havea brother ?

How often do you play badminton ?

What kind of music do you like ?

What time do you wake up?

These Women Badminton Players Are Making India Proud

Try saying these sentences:

When is your birthday ? // Today was so hot ! // I don’t like beer but I love wine.

I’m learning English in order to get a better job and have a brilliant future. 

Main clause / infinite verb / subordinate clause

‘in order to’ links a main clause to a subordinate clause. 

Verb will always be base form / infinite … 

In the mornings, I drink coffee in order to wake up.

Happy beautiful asian woman smiling and drinking a cup of coffee ...

I don’t dance after 10 pm in order not to annoy my neighbour downstairs.

Happy Smiling Young Man Dancing at Home by dolgachov on Envato ...

NOW … YOUR TURN:

Why do you keep fit ? Play computer games ? Drink beer ? hang out with friends ? Buy your wife/husband presents ?

Why don’t you smoke ? Sing Karaoke ? Talk on your phone when riding your motorbike ?

Adult Speaking Class, Level 2: Grammar, past and present continuous and quiz

27th June 2020

art pepper Archives - Jerry Jazz Musician

The Jazz musician Art Pepper was in his room, playing saxophone.

Grammar

Mixing continuous with the past tense

This can be confusing – mixing two different tenses, but it is very common in English. Look at these examples:

Yesterday, I was reading a great book.

She was reading a magnificent story

Reading Girl | Free Stock Photo | A beautiful African American ...

This is past continuous:

I was doing something (was + verb ing).

But it can be more complicated:

Last week, we were in the garden, drinking tea and laughing.

Home - Jewish Healthcare Center

Normally, this is used to say that SOMETHING HAPPENED to disturb an action in the past.

Example:

She was playing video games when the phone rang.

The Good Things About Video Games

She had to stop playing her game BECAUSE her phone rang.

She was studying in the library when she suddenly remembered she had to help her mother with the shopping.

They have trouble asking for help': Japanese schools on suicide ...

Try these:

ELEPHANT ATTACK: Chasing the truth with Andrew Ucles - Ucles vs ...

He was walking in the jungle when …

1,319 Pickpocket Photos - Free & Royalty-Free Stock Photos from ...

She was sending a text when …

Now … Your Turn

What happened today at work or school ?

I was teaching a class when a student arrived 15 minutes late.

Grammar Quiz

1 I watch a movie FUTURE TENSE = I will watch a movie (tonight, later etc)

2 I fly a kite PRESENT CONTINUOUS

3 They is rides a bicycle. CORRECT THE GRAMMAR

4 Leo eats a pasta CORRECT THE GRAMMAR

5 I look at photographs PAST TENSE

6 Hank are surfing the internet CORRECT THE GRAMMAR

7 We is chatting with a friend CORRECT THE GRAMMAR

8 I was text my friend when my bag is stolen

9 I like take photographs CORRECT THE GRAMMAR

10 She has a picnic FUTURE TENSE

11 Tomorrow I ….. read a magazine FUTURE TENSE

12 Say ‘I have a blue cookbook in my black backpack’.

13 Jane and Susan like to dance PRESENT CONTINUOUS

14 Tomorrow I ate a cheeseburger CORRECT GRAMMAR

15 I see with my eyes, I ….. with my ears.

16 Yesterday I was watch a movie. CORRECT GRAMMAR

17 We were eat lunch when my friend to arrive.

18 You were sleep last night and didn’t heard the thunder.

Adult Speaking Class, Level 2: Adverbs and expressions

26th June 2020

Using adverbs of frequency

always / frequently / often / sometimes / occasionally / never

100 % / 85 – 90 % / 75 % / 30 – 50 % /15 – 20% / 0

How often do you:

Study English ? // Visit family ? // Eat western food ? // Drink beer at work ?

Learning to Read English
Japanese Family Vocabulary - My Family flashcards on Tinycards

Khmer Country Food: TURKISH Doner Kebab Street Food, in Phnom Penh ...

Beer before work: Why is it so normal in Germany to drink alcohol ...

Expressions

Nanci Griffith - Once In A Very Blue Moon (1984, Vinyl) | Discogs

Nanci Griffith ‘Once in a Very Blue Moon’ record

Once in a blue moon = very occasionally, almost never

Not as much as I’d like to

Not as much as I used to 

From time to time / now and then = occasionally 

Asking questions:

How often do you … ?

Do you often … ?

How often do you use Grabbike ?

I sometimes use Grabbike OR I use Grabbike sometimes 

I + adverb + verb + noun OR I + verb + noun + adverb

Grabbike ? I use Grabbike once in a blue moon (almost never)

Tell me why you don’t use Grab:

I have my own motorbike

My wife takes me to work

I don’t trust them

I catch a bus

Cute drivers wish visitors 'don't judge low stars' for money to study

Visit family ?

I visit family once in a blue moon, because my hometown is very far away.

How often do you go dancing ?

I never go dancing because …

Study English ?

Eat western food ?

Drink beer at work ?

Do you often eat junk food ?

Become angry ?

Loose money ?

Twin Peaks - Coop's HELLO-O-O compilation - YouTube

New vocabulary:

exhausted = very tired

delighted = very happy

overwhelmed = too much of something (I was overwhelmed by the amount of work)

hazard / hazardous = danger/ dangerous

tickled pink = very happy (idiom) I’m tickled pink

fit as a fiddle = healthy

good to go ! = ready and wanting to do something.

Paris love-locks

http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningenglish/english/features/witn/ep-150603

Paris Has a 'Love Lock' Problem | Smart News | Smithsonian Magazine

Padlocks – a sign of everlasting love

Finally – describe these street scenes:

Moscow Winter Festivals and Activities

Moscow – it’s winter and it’s snowing heavily. It must be night time because the streetlights are on. There is nobody on the street, it is deserted (empty).

London Bus and London Eye

London, on the other hand, is in summer or maybe / possibly spring. The blue sky without a cloud looks very beautiful. There is also a famous red bus, a double-decker. We can also see the London Eye.

What Happens to Hong Kong Now? - The New York Times
Hong Kong
Hyderabad (Pakistan) - City in Pakistan - Thousand Wonders
Hyderabad, Pakistan

Adult Class, Level 2: Travel language revisited

22nd June 2020

Dahab travel guides 2020– Dahab attractions map – Qesm Saint ...

Vocabulary review:

Use these new words in a sentence

breathtaking / spectacular / unforgettable / magnificent / unique / exhilarating

once-in-a-lifetime / never-to-be-forgotten / unmissable / natural beauty 

Hoi An is …

(where else?)

I went swimming with sharks – it was … (What else is ?)

The views are …

Versailles Palace is … (What palaces or castles have you seen ?)

The Palace | Palace of Versailles

Seeing the Pyramids is a / an …… experience

Pyramids of Giza | National Geographic

Water puppets are ….. to Vietnam.

10 great places to see water puppet show in Vietnam

England’s Lake District is an area of …

10 things to do in the Lake District | The Independent

Gaudi was a … architect 

Architectural Marvels by Gaudí | Essential Marbella Magazine

NOW – add adverbs

Adverbs add more information and description to verbs and adjectives.

It is expensive HOW expensive It is so / very / extremely expensive

Most adverbs end in ‘-ly’ extremely / unbelievably / incredibly 

Some common adverbs: so / very have no ‘-ly’ ending

Some good mild adverbs: quite / somewhat

Seoul is quite expensive.

5 Trendy Shopping Areas in Seoul - Alexis Jetsets – Travel Blog ...

The film was somewhat confusing

Un-Cannes-y Valley: The Double Life of Veronique | The Long Take
‘The Double Life of Veronique’

Adult Speaking Class, level 2: Extended personality exercises.

20th June 2020

To practise and develop the use of adjectives when describing people:

Personality adjectives

Positive

funny / dependable / generous / witty / friendly / solid as a rock / reliable intellectual / light-hearted / life and soul

Negative

aggressive / a screw loose / hard as nails / unreliable / unpleasant / scary / serious / arrogant / boring mean / bossy / impatient

This man is ….

This chap is …

She is extremely … 

He doesn’t look very …

Add the missing word or words :

1 She gives money to charity. She is ……..

2 He never says ‘please’ or ‘thank you’ and never smiles. He is very …..

3 He is crazy ! He has …….

4 German cars are always …….. and ……..

5 She thinks she is better than everyone. She is so ………

6 The dog wants to bite everyone, he’s very ………….

7 You can believe what he says, he’s ………………

8 His girlfriend always tells him what to do. She’s incredibly ………….

Daisy and Anna
Peter

Speaking practice:

Ed How long will the pizza be ? I’m starving (very hungry) 

Bill Don’t be so impatient ! It’ll be here soon. Who’s coming tonight ?

Ed Anne, Daisy and her boring boyfriend Peter.

Bill Don’t be mean, he’s not so bad. He’s just a little serious.

Ed He’s really generous. He bought Daisy a new laptop.

Bill Yes, but from China. They are not very dependable.

Ed Anne’s very funny, always telling jokes. She’s so witty.

Bill She’s too intellectual for you and also too gorgeous!

Saying what you think – expressing opinions

I think …

In my opinion …

I feel that …

He / She / It seems ..

Will Vietnam win the World Cup in the next 20 years ?

Which is better ? Barcelona or Real Madrid ?

What do you think of these clothes:

Adult Speaking Class, Level 2: What type of person are you ?

19th June 2020

Free Images : person, people, woman, flower, asian, model, asia ...
Angry Arabian Businessman, Arabian Businessman Expressing Anger ...
People Are Hard-Wired To Be Kind And Generous, Says Study - Good ...
Discourage Policy and Procedure Non-Compliance in the Workplace

I feel I am …

an easy-going person // a very generous lady or man // highly motivated //

outgoing // short-tempered // kind // lazy // bone-idle ! // introverted // wise //

unmotivated // easily bored // open and friendly // stand offish // organised //

The wise son's question and answer | The Jewish Star | www ...
Seinfeld GIF by Reactions | Gfycat

Read the questions then discuss.

1 Are you organised ? Can you always find your keys, books, phone, papers ?

2 Do you ever lend people money ? When and why or why not ? Do you ever borrow money ? In what situation ?

3 Do you mind, does it bother you if someone borrows your … ?

clothes // sports equipment // camera // bicycle // CDs // money // food // computer games // project workbooks //

Is there anything you would NEVER lend ?

4 Do you correct people when their English is wrong ?

Do you correct people when their Vietnamese is wrong ?

5 You feel very ill / have the flu or a cold. Do you:

go to school or work or stay in bed ? (call in sick)

stay at home but not in bed ? (catch up on TV shops, online shopping)

put on a brave face and carry on as usual ?

Carry on but let everyone know you are ill ?

6 At a shop counter, do you try to get served first (push in) or do you wait for your turn ?

7 If you have bad food in a shop, do you complain, or just leave and decide never to go back ?

8 Do you give money to street beggars ? Charities ? Do you buy things from people because they look poor ?

9 You are shopping with a full trolley. The person behind you has just one item. Do you let them go first ?

Japan's obsession with cuteness - Without Baggage