Beginners’ English: Let’s start building

5th June 2020

Sentence Building

A blog to help beginners start to speak and write in longer sentences.

Who / Doing / What / When / Where / Why What do you do … When … Why ?

Old Chinese women can't stop won't stop dancing in the streets ...

I exercise in the morning at home to be healthy.

The Story Behind the "Happiest Man in China" Photo

He eats rice … When … Where

NOW … Your Turn

He (what is he doing // where is he doing it // why ? He feels …)

R.L. Burnside: See My Jumper Hanging On the Line (1978) - YouTube

She

City educators debate use of Filipino English teachers | VIETNAM ...

We

Traveling to the Baltic Sea (Germany) on a Budget

They

Barcelona Market - Best Markets in Barcelona -

ANSWERS

I exercise in the morning at home to be healthy.

He eats rice at lunch time on the steps because he’s very hungry !

He plays in the garden to practice. He feels very happy.

She teaches at a school because she’s an English teacher.

We travel every week to the beach because it’s hot and quiet and fun.

They are shopping in the market in Barcelona because the food is very fresh.

Ask each other: when do you go shopping ? What do you buy ?

Craft beer is having an identity crisis, as big breweries muscle ...
What a choice of beers ! My favourite is Pilsner Urquel, second shelf up, on the left

I go shopping at the weekend because …

I shop in the in the afternoon because …

I shop on Monday mornings because …

Verbs

Choose from these, or add your own. Good list of 100 verbs in all tenses at:

http://www.linguasorb.com/english/verbs/most-common-verbs/

Make short sentences using modal verb ‘like’ and ‘need’.

to practise // to dance // to study // to shop // to cook // to travel // to shout // to order // to book

I like to dance on Saturday nights

I need to study English

Asian Student Stock Photos - Download 140,891 Royalty Free Photos
Leah Chase's Gumbo Z'Herbes Recipe | Southern Living
Vietnamese Grab users accuse ride-hailing app of forced use of e ...
8 Best Cabin crew images | Cabin crew, Flight attendant, Flight ...

student-shouting-first-day-of-class - desinema

Adding information

Use adjectives (describe the noun) or adverbs (describe the verb)

I saw a man begging

I saw a poor old man desperately begging for money.

We heard a girl playing piano

He likes to walk in the park

She thought the museum was interesting

I hated the film

My cat eats fish.

Adding a reason

I hate coffee because it keeps me awake

I only eat healthy food because

Although I find Burger King very tasty, I avoid eating there because

(I find = I think something is  //avoid= keep away from)

Internet cafes are very convenient but you should be careful because

123 Best Burger King images | Burger king, Burger, Food

Inside Kenya's first solar-powered cyber cafe - The first solar ...
Solar-powered cyber cafe in Nairobi, Kenya

To disagree: Formal with multiple reasons

Example: You can just use an internet cafe to book your ticket.

I disagree for the following reasons. Firstly,

I disagree for the following reasons. Firstly, I don’t think it’s a good idea to enter my personal data on a public server and secondly, I don’t know who’s watching me. 

Beginners’ English: Short dialogues.

5th June 2020

BEGINNERS Conversations

Two women on lunch break meet in urban park - Stock Video Footage ...

Two women meet in the city centre

Anna Excuse me, do you speak English ? 

Jane Yes, I speak a little English. 

Anna Sorry, I don’t speak Vietnamese (or Arabic, Spanish, etc)

Jane Are you English ?

Anna No, I am American. Nice to meet you.

Jane Nice to meet you too.

Pronunciation of the schwa / ə/ sound: mother / teacher / banker / banana

Conversation

11 Things You Should Know About Vietnamese Culture

Two women meet at a street restaurant

Lyn Do you understand English ? 

Mia Sorry, I don’t understand English. 

Lyn I understand a little Vietnamese. 

Mia What’s your job ?

Lyn I’m a teacher. What’s your job ? 

Mia I’m a doctor

[Culture note – in English, we always say ‘please’, ‘thank you’ & ‘sorry’]

Beginners’ English: How was your day ?

26th May 2020

How was your day ?

Weird, Funny & Cool Japanese Commercials #2 - YouTube

Did you have a good day ? So-so day or bad day ?

What is wrong here:

In the morning, I went to my company then I go to the bank. After that, I travelled to home .

Sharon den Adel Brasil on Twitter: "Happy Birthday, @tarjaofficial ...

In the morning, I went to my company then I went to the bank. After that, I travelled home (NOT ‘to home’).

Dress Code in Japan: A Guide to Appropriate Japanese Attire ...

After lunch I went the customer and we spoke about the payment. After we said goodbye, I came here !

Replace ‘went’ with: visited / travelled to / saw / had to go to / 

Occupation = work, job

verb: to dance – job = dancer

What is your occupation ?

I am a dancer

15 Black Dancers who Changed American Dance - Black History 365
4 Reasons Why India is a Trailblazer For Gender Equality in Aviation

I am a pilot

An Interview with Ahmed Allithy, Arabic Chef at Courtyard by ...

I am a chef

Pick a Competent Travel Agent – Az Region

I’m a travel agent. I books tickets and hotels and tours

What did you do yesterday ?

In the morning I went to my company and I worked (workt) with numbers because I’m an accountant. My job is interesting.

Then, I went to the bank where I withdrew money from the company account. After that, I travelled home.

I had lunch at home. In the afternoon, my husband and I saw my baby’s school. Next we went to the Vincom Mall where we ate pizza.

Finally, we went home by car.

Eating Pizza Stock Photos, Pictures & Royalty-Free Images - iStock

Adjectives– describe nouns – my job (noun) is interesting(adjective)

pronounce adjectives with feeling 

GOOD – great / fantastic / excellent / interesting

BAD terrible / boring / dreadful / awful 

Cheerful young traveler asian lady with backpack walking at the ...
Having a fantastic time
Single minded: forget marriage, South Koreans aren't even dating ...
Having a terrible boring time

Beginners’ English: Sentence building and irregular verbs.

27th May 2020

Grammer: irregular verbs

Voronezh State University / Study / Courses in English

Regular verbs add -ed or -d if the verb end in an -e

I walk to work // Yesterday, I walked to work

I arrive at 7.15 // I arrived at 8.00 (just add -d)

Irregular verbs

see // saw

eat // ate

leave // left

meet // met

sleep //slept

go //went

We usually say ‘go to’ or ‘went to’ however:

home, shopping, fishing, out – do NOT say ‘to’

we went shopping and then we went home.

On Sunday, I went fishing and my friend went to out to eat.

EARLY AUGUST SW FLORIDA FISHING REPORT - Go Boating Florida

Practice: write sentences in the past tense.

Example: I meet a friend for coffee = I met a friend for coffee.

I go fishing yesterday.

I see a good film.

My planes leaves at 9.00

I eat Mexican food.

Pin by isabelle cerely on Insta ideas in 2020 (With images) | Long ...

new vocabulary

chain store– company with many stores / branches. They look the same and sell the same things, for example Highlands, Wal-Mart, Vinmart, Burger King.

The Largest Supermarket Chains In The United Kingdom - WorldAtlas.com
The largest supermarket chain in the UK
mcdonalds-at-a-mall-in-bangkok - THE WAYFARING SOUL
McDonalds in Thailand
THE BODY SHOP | PALLADIUM Praha
Body Shop for skin care, make up and body creams

Type / kind

what type of dogs do you like ? I like terriers and beagles

What kind of dogs do you like ?

Cute and Adorable Beagle Puppy From 8 Weeks to 8 Months : Cute ...
Beagle puppy

Conversation practice

What type of music do you like ?

What kind of music do you like ?

As each other about: food / holidays / books / films / shops

Building longer, more complex sentences

I like tea. I like coffee

like tea and I like coffee I like tea and coffee.

Adverbs – add information about verbs and adjectives

really / very / extremely much / quite (medium – so so)

I quite like tea but I like coffee very much.

I quite like Vietnamese tea but I really like Kenyan coffee.

Change ‘but’ for …

however / on the other hand / although

I like tea however I don’t like coffee.

Add a reason (why ? Because …)

I like tea however I don’t like coffee because I think it tastes bitter although it is very popular in Sai Gon.

What do you think this lady likes ?

Next is Egg Coffee!? Attention is paid to the menu that turns into ...

Practice pronunciation:

Piece / once / because 

Use a dictionary with pronunciation to help you with these words.

Beginners’ English: vowels

20th May 2020

What is it ?

Charles Dickens: Five Novels (Barnes & Noble Collectible Editions ...

It is a book

When we speak we say ‘It’s’

it is = it’s

it’s a book / it’s a dog / it’s a pen

The words ‘pen’, ‘dog’ and ‘book’ are things; they are called nouns.

When the noun begins with a vowel (a,e,i,o,u) we use:

It is an = It’s an

EXAMPLES:

It’s an  // a e i o u

What is it ?

it’s an apple

it’s an elephant

it’s an ice cream

Orange Fruit | Fruit photography, Fruit picture, Orange fruit

it’s an orange

it’s an umbrella

Now … your turn

Ask each other:

“What is it ?” and answer “It’s an …”

An egg is number one on Instagram — Diet Doctor News
ONION | meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary
Yes, the Avocado "Epidemic" Has Come to DC, Too | Washingtonian (DC)

egg // onion //

Octopus PNG
Cute Little Pink Magical Unicorn Vector Design On White Background ...

avocado // octopus // unicorn

Beginners’ English: useful sounds

20th May 2020

These blogs are for students who have started to learn English.

Today some sounds:

…en

and the letter ‘G’

pen

men

ten

Who', 'What', 'When'… Interrogative Words Rated — The Wheeler Centre

G

goldfish

gold

glasses // goat

goal !

Practice:

I have a pen

You have a pen

He has a pen

She has a pen

John has a pen

Anne has a pen

We have a pen

You (plural) have a pen

They have have a pen

Now … with an adjective: a gold pen

I have a gold pen

You have a gold pen

He has a …

She has a …

John has a …

Anne has a …

We have a …

You (plural) have a …

They have a …

Goodbye

CREAM - Goodbye (remastered) - Amazon.com Music

Beginners’ English: Short dialogues.

8th April 2020

Beginners dialogue 1

Here are some short speaking exercises to help you practice speaking.

Hope you enjoy them.

4k, Two Friends Talking and Stock Footage Video (100% Royalty ...

I’ve chosen names that can be for a man or a woman.

7 Reasons To Make Friends From Around The Globe | Between the ...

Kim: Hello, how are you ?

Jan: I’m very well, thank you. How are you ?

Kim: I’m great ! What are you doing ?

Jan: I am reading a book. I am learning English.

Kim: Oh, excellent ! I am surprised. Me too. I love English !

Butternut Box | How to help your dog lose weight

Jan: I am very happy today.

Kim: Why ?

Jan: Because I have a dog. I love dogs. What animals do you like ?

Kim: I like dogs, cats and elephants but I don’t like geckos.

Common house gecko - Wikipedia
A normal house gecko
Canvas Prints of cristian Art - GalleryDirect.com

Kim: Where is your iPhone ?

Jan: It is on the table. Where is your phone ?

Kim: In my bag. I don’t want to loose it.

Jan: Good idea. You are very clever.

Beginners' English: Present perfect

25th March 2020

Grammar: Present Perfect

To talk about something that happened in the past – but we don’t say when:

Subject + have/has + past participle / verb 3

I have been to Ha Noi // You have eaten sushi // He has worked in Germany

NOT He has worked in Germany last year 

Can use ‘for’ and ‘since’

I have lived in Sai Gon for 5 years // We have been working since 6.00 am

POSITIVE I have seen 

NEGATIVE I haven’t seen

QUESTION Have you seen … ?

Practice: Make these sentences present perfect

EXAMPLE – I / study / French // I have studied French

  1. She / tell / her boss she wants a holiday (tell  told)
  2. They / walk / to the shop [ verb ‘walk’ is regular so add -ed]
  3. You / work / with David for four years. regular (add -ed)
  4. His wife / not make / dinner [make made]
  5. You / take / the engineering exam ? [take took taken]

Beginners’ English: How do you feel ?

17th March 2020

Emotions vocabulary: 

scared // surprised // in love // angry // confused

sad // upset // happy // overjoyed // livid (very angry)

Emotions vocabulary: Practice

Tell me about these people

First, a man. Pronoun is ‘he’.

I am // you are // he is // she is // they are // you (plural) are // we are

He is happy. ADD an adverb (so, very, extremely)

He is very happy. He is overjoyed

She is …

Beginners’ English. Sentence building & grammar

16th March 2020

Grammar:

Image result for Chinese student
A Chinese student in London

She is a student. She’s a student, she has to study 

she has to study 

subject + helping verb + infinite verb (no tense: to + verb)

she has to study // he has to study // we have to study

to + verb – NEVER past tense or continuous:

I like to reading X // You want to saw a film X WRONG

She likes to drink water // we want to finish early // you need to buy a new iPhone 

Make sentences with these photos – use subject + helping verb + infinite verb:

She …..

He …

He …

They

The man …

The dog …

I have to find my mobile phone.

Subject+ helping verb+ infinite….. ( I + have + to find …)

Helping verbs: have // want // need // go // like

I go to see a film / I want to work / I need to ask for a pay raise

Write sentences for these pictures:

She likes to take pictures / photos / snaps

He wants ….

Negative: He doesn’t ……..

He doesn’t want to study // He doesn’t like to read // He doesn’t want to work

He looks angry / unhappy / miserable (mis’raball) 

He doesn’t want / like to wash up // He doesn’t like to do the washing up

The young lad (boy) needs to learn / to study / to cram up