IELTS 4 – 5 (Mindset). Implementing precautions

25th March 2020

Life goes on as normal … or does it, indeed can it, should it ? The Scottish MP and First Minister of Scotland, Nicola Sturgeon, addressed the issue in a recent press conference. In her view, we all have to change our lifestyles and accept that there is a pandemic sweeping the globe.

Image result for nicola sturgeon

The measures, including closing down restaurants and cinemas, are intended to stop the spread of Covid 19. The virus can easily spread in big cities such as New York, Tokyo and London.

Different countries have imposed different restrictions, and I’d like to focus on Vietnam where, as of 14.00 today, the 25th March, there are 134 reported cases but no fatalities. We shall examine what steps the Vietnamese government has taken, after a quick revision.

Remember, IELTS students have to be able to use these low-frequency words in order to pass the exam.

isolate // implement // significant // rely //

precautions // quarantine // regulations

Students are given three minutes to write three sentences using three of these words.

Now, once these words roll off the tongues of the students, we can move on; actions taken by the Vietnamese authorities.

Image result for vietnam coronavirus

Latest Updates from the Vietnam- Briefing.com website

What do you think about these measures ?

To what extent do you agree with them and why ?

As a resident of Sai Gon, do these measures make you feel more secure, or more scared ?

  • As of March 25, Vietnam’s Ministry of Health confirmed a total of 134 cases of COVID-19. The latest cases were all linked to international flights. 19 cases were announced on March 22 itself – the biggest single day total.
  • Ho Chi Minh City authorities have ordered the closure of all restaurants (with a capacity of 30 people or more), gyms, beauty salons, barbershops from March 24 to March 31.
  • Vietnam has stopped exporting rice from March 24 to ensure national food security.
  • All international airlines have been asked to stop transporting overseas Vietnamese to Tan Son Nhat Airport in Ho Chi Minh City from March 25 to March 31 to prevent overcrowding at quarantine facilities.
  • Vietnam has suspended the entry of all foreigners from March 22 to limit the spread of COVID-19. The measure will not apply to diplomats and officials as per Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc. The Prime Minister also ordered the suspension of all international flights, though it’s unclear exactly when this will take effect.
  • The Health Ministry has advised all arrivals from March 1 to self-isolate at home if they have not been quarantined in a centralized zone in the past 14 days.
  • Vietnam and Cambodia have closed their borders from March 20 to further prevent the spread of the epidemic. The measures do not apply to official and diplomatic passports. 
  • The Vietnamese government is expected to unveil a credit package of US$10.8 billion and a fiscal package of US$1.3 billion in March for businesses affected by the coronavirus outbreak.

Read more here: https://www.vietnam-briefing.com/news/vietnam-business-operations-and-the-coronavirus-updates.html/

Image result for vietnam coronavirus

The government also made an educational video. You can watch it here: https://observers.france24.com/en/20200306-government-clip-inspires-coronavirus-safety-dance-challenge-vietnam

Image result for vietnam coronavirus

Adult Speaking Class, level 2. Describing clothes.

19th March 2020

Describing clothes

Patterns

a plain T-shirt

a striped dress
a striped shirt
a checked jacket / coat
a flowery skirt
a spotted tie
baggy trousers
tight jeans
high-heeled shoes
lace blouse
designer sneakers
tracksuit

Material

leather // lace // fur // cotton // silk // nylon // denim // wool // velvet // polyester // plastic

Vocabulary:

awful // beautiful // cool // cute // designer // elegant // gaudy // old-fashioned // scruffy // smart // glamorous

Find examples of these styles. What do you think of these clothes ?

Adjectives: when we use more than one before a noun, they are in this order:

opinion / size / age / colour / origin / pattern / material + noun

EXAMPLES:

Image result for blue japanese silk dress

a great long new blue Japanese plain silk dress

Image result for plastic flower shoes

some stupid big old multi-coloured American flowery plastic shoes

Put these in the correct order:

leather / at / miniskirt / Look / fabulous / that

Look at that fabulous leather miniskirt.

wearing / an / blouse / elegant / white / She’s / lacy

shoes / high-heeled / bought / ridiculous / She

tight / socks / I hate / nylon

skirt / wearing / velvet / a / She’s / spotty

stripy / green / like / your / tracksuit / I / baggy

Discussion: What clothes do you like wearing. Where do you wear them ? Why do you like them ?

Adult Speaking Class, Level 3, Part 3.

26th January 2020

Contents

Conversation practice: favourite possessions.

Small talk

Vocabulary booster

Small talk

Image result for talk about the weather

This is polite conversation, to pass the time, or to get to know some basic information about people. Do not ask anything too personal; this will differ from culture to culture, but in the UK and the west in general:

DO NOT

Ask why someone is not married or has no children.

Ask how much money they earn, get from their job.

Ask how much something cost. “I like your shirt. How much was it ?”

Talk about politics. “You’re from China ? Chairman Mao was a disaster !”

PLAY IT SAFE – talk about music, football, food or … in the UK … the weather.

Very warm for this time of year.

Did you see …….. last night ? (the football game, the news etc)

How long have you worked here ?

The traffic was so bad this morning.

What team do you support ?

Echo questions 

John: I can speak German. Peter: Can you ?

Bella: Ms Nguyen went to Thailand. Carole: Did she ?

Bill: He likes K-pop. Harry: ______________ ?

We are going to the pagoda later. ______________ ?

Ms Thinh has a new job.______________ ?

Conversation Practice

Talk about: 

house prices in your city / why you have or don’t have a pet 

Image result for strange pets

an interesting program you saw recently

What you want to do in the future. / Somewhere you would love to visit.

Keep conversations going:

I see / Do you really think so ? /

That’s good point / I hadn’t thought of that 

Oh, that’s interesting/ Yeah, right ! / Sure / OK May I just add something ? /

Oh, where is that exactly ?

Speaking Practice – use discourse markers to extend your speaking and to link ideas.

Describe something you own which is very important to you. 

Image result for possessions

You should say: 

where you got it from how long you have had it what you use it for and explain why it is important to you. 

  • You will have to talk about the topic for 1 to 2 minutes. 
  • You have one minute to think about what you’re going to say. 
  • You can make some notes to help you if you wish. 

Rounding off questions 

  • Is it valuable in terms of money? 
  • Would it be easy to replace? 

This could be a physical object, a memento with sentimental value, or an abstract noun such as health, happiness etc 

Image result for possessions

For my Vietnamese students:

How different is Vietnam from other Southeast Asian countries?

What do you think Vietnam will be like 50 years from now?

What do you think Vietnam’s neighbours think of you ?

Image result for vietnam future
The future of Vietnam ?

Vocabulary booster

You have to use these words:

obviously / consequently / notwithstanding / therefore / speculate

We can only (guess) on what will happen in the future

The student did no work __________ he failed the exam.

It rained several days. That fact ____________ (despite), we still had a good holiday.

If you visit Canada in winter, _________ (of course) you will need jumpers, coats and gloves.

Expressions:

cultural differences / one can only imagine / putting myself in their shoes

There are many _____________________ for Asian students who go to study in the USA.

It can be hard learning English. Many students have to work all day. I try ___________________ and seeing what I can do to make the lessons more interesting.

Being a celebratory isn’t always fun; always having your photo taken. ___________________ what it must be like.

Try using these expressions:

There is so much work, I just can’t take it anymore !

A plague on both your houses ! (from ‘Romeo & Juliet’, Shakespeare)

Are you serious ? What possessed you to come up with such a stupid idea ?

I’m speechless … the film was just so moving and emotional; I’m almost in tears.

Image result for speechless
He’s speechless !

Discourse markers: Try to learn new words / expressions here to help you link idea.

Use these words: First, find the meaning for yourself, then use them in a sentence. After, try to use them in your everyday English.

Practice, practice, practice …

For instance / conversely / above all / alternatively / similarly / therefore as revealed by

Image result for for instance
There are many things I enjoy about writing this blog, for instance receiving notes and likes from people all over the world.

For a case in point, I see I have some readers in Nepal, so, just for them:

Image result for hello nepal

IELTS: Hello, India

24th January for 30th January 2020. IELTS Bands 4 – 5.5 Unit 7

Image result for hello India

Firstly, a big hello to all my readers and followers in India. Yesterday I had over fifty visits from students from the sub-continent and I want you all to know how much I appreciate you taking the time to check out my blog. Thank you so much.

My Indian friends – what is the standard of behaviour in your classrooms ? In my centre, in Sai Gon, Vietnam, we have to employ classroom management (normally reserved for ‘young learners’) to adults. Namely, we have to continually tell the class:

No mobile / cell-phones in the classroom UNLESS it has been sanctioned by the teacher for educational purposes.

No eating, chewing gum, slurping drinks

NO CHATTING WHILE THE TEACHER IS TALKING. THE TEACHER IS HERE TO HELP YOU. FURTHERMORE, IN MOST CULTURES, THIS IS UNBELIEVABLY RUDE AND UNACCEPTABLE.

Take notes, write down new words, practice using them

The teacher is here to help YOU learn. We are not here to entertain you.

These are not MY rules – they are the rules of the centre. If you cannot abide by them, then stop coming to class, stop wasting everyone’s time and money.

Let’s leave the last word to Uncle Ho, bác hồ:

I'm very moved to be here today, ... Our lives are now much better, but Vietnam remains a very poor country. We need to work much harder. - Ho Chi Minh

Understand, my Vietnamese classes ? Even Uncle Ho says you,

“need to work much harder.”

And now, without further ado, a warm up exercise to see how much the class has remembered from the last lesson … if anything.

Firstly, complete these phrases and then use them in sentences:

over the ______ // under the ________ // under ________ // more or ________

I’m over the …… because I passed my IELTS test.

Ms Linh is not here, she’s feeling under ………..

The class understood the video, more ……..

So many tests at school, the pupils were under ………

Secondly, what do these words mean, the make a short sentence using them:

absent-minded / jovial / reside / miserable / attain

Image result for Indian culture

I shall try to incorporate some teaching points about India in this blog which, although written before the Lunar New Year (Tet Holiday), is for next week.

The above sentence is an example of the type of English that is expected in order to pass the IELTS exam. As you can plainly see, it isn’t too difficult; I inserted a low-frequency word (‘incorporate‘), used a relative pronoun (‘which‘) in order to make the sentence longer and more fluent, then employed a discourse marker (‘although‘) to link contrasting ideas together in a coherent sentence.

To recap, what you will need to use in both writing and speaking are:

adjectives (but not just the most basic, common ones)

adverbs

low-frequency vocabulary

complex sentences (introduce extra information in supporting clauses)

stress and intonation

Adjectives: describe what you see here:

Image result for Indian culture

Try these adjectives:

exotic / mysterious / exquisite / captivating / enchanting

Sentence building: Talk fluently and coherently.

Compare and contrast:

Image result for Indian city scene

Does this look like YOUR city ? What is similar, what is noticeably different ?

Image result for Indian train station
A typical commute to work ?

Vocabulary building and listening

In the real world, most students will not be communicating with English-language teachers, but probably with other non-native speakers, so learning to appreciate and understand English spoken with a ‘new’ accent is an extremely useful skill. Here’s a great video which features a charming young Indian lady teaching new vocabulary: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PKUxuD0m5A8

New Vocabulary:

Instead of using ‘very’ + adjective (I am very tired), use a single word:

Try to use ‘sagacious’, ‘exquisite’, ‘colossal’ and ‘spacious’

The classrooms in Block D are ……….. (big)

The furnishings are perfect, they are ……….

Building an underground train network is a ………… undertaking

The old man was ………. People came to him for advise.

This is also a listening skills exercise. 

  • Do you have any problems understanding her ? Why ?

What to do in India

The American foodie and blogger Mark Wiens travelled to Kolkata: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AvNdOJMDMyQ

Image result for mark wiens in india

Listen for at least five words you didn’t previously know. In small groups ask each other:

What impressed you ? What disturbed you ? Would you like to go there ? If so, why, if not, why not ?

Here is a chance to practice adjectives, linking words and using the word ‘because’ – giving reasons, supporting your comments.

Famous Indians

In small groups, you have to make a short presentation about one of these famous Indians:

Image result for famous indian people
Mahatma Gandhi
Image result for famous indian siddharta buddha
Siddharta – the Buddha
kalpana chawla
Kalpana Chawla

The class have five to ten minutes to research information, speed read and extract relevant facts with which to enlighten the class. Simply reading straight from Wikipedia is not permitted.

And now, goodbye from this mysterious, exotic land. Hope to meet you very soon …

Image result for Indian sunset

Adult Speaking Class, Level 3: Third conditional

23rd January 2020

We talk about something that happened to us in the past and how we would have changed it IF we had known some information.

A basic example: A visit a friend and it is her birthday, but I didn’t know. If I had known it was her birthday, I would have bought her a present.

To illustrate, My friend Richard:

Related image

Is married to Ms Linh. Yesterday was their wedding anniversary … but he forgot. Ms Linh was …

Image result for angry asain lady

She was absolutely livid (extremely angry, disappointed and heartbroken)

If he had remembered it was his anniversary, he would have bought her a present, some flowers and taken her out to a romantic restaurant.

However, it is too late NOW ! He’s in the doghouse (in trouble).

Notice all the past tense verbs. Furthermore, would is commonly used in conditional sentences.

If + Subject + had + past participle (verb 3) …… subject + would (or wouldn’t) have.

Now – your turn. Make a story about my friend Tom, who came to Sai Gon on holiday:

My friend Tom, from London

Tom came to Sai Gon, and wanted to go to a nice bar. He heard about the Skybar in Bitexco. The bar is quite luxurious.

Panoramic views over the Sai Gon skyline.

Image result for friendly viet bar girls

Tom began to make friends, and invited them for cocktails. However, when the bill came …

And …

What do you think happened ?

Write a sentence, in the third conditional to explain Tom’s situation.

Project work

These people also came to Sai Gon. Write third conditional sentences to encapsulate their situation

Try to use some of these words or phrases:

typical / typically / obvious / obviously insist / suggest / essential 

Why didn’t She (he, they) …

If (he/they) had known it was so (expensive, noisy, boring …)

Emma, 19 Backpacker. Likes shopping, dancing, eating street food. She didn’t book ahead and was too tired and hot to walk around looking for a cheap hotel so she had to stay in a four-star hotel and spend nearly all of her money.

Japanese family. Like family activities, souvenirs and quiet nights. They stayed in the noisy backpacker area, with shouting and screaming and drunken karaoke all night.

Young men wanting a ‘Stag Night’ party, here to have a last hurrah ! They chose a quiet town in the Mekong Delta, but there was only one bar and it closed at 8.00 pm.

(a stag night is a wild party for a man before he gets married. There is normally a lot of drinking … and other activities)

Jewish students. They do not eat pork, or shell-fish. Want to see history and temples. Their guide keeps taking them to eat sea-food and pork restaurants because the guide only speaks Vietnamese and Chinese and the students only speak Hebrew and English.

If these visitors came to your city or town, could you recommend places for them to visit ?

What are your suggestions?

They ALL want a typical local experience, so obviously, they should … ?

Remember, Emma wants somewhere fun but cheap, the family want someone quiet but close to family attractions, the young men want lots of bars and clubs, while the students have strict dietary laws.

Beginners’ English Part 4

20th January 2020

Contents

Grammar / 15 common verbs / have to or must ? / past tense / phrasal verbs and collocations

Listening practice

Sentence building / linking words / photo descriptions

Vocabulary / come & go / kitchen items /

Grammar – verbs

GRAMMAR – regular verbs in the past tense

Regular verbs add -ed to form the past tense 

walk / walked // jump / jumped // look / looked // want / wanted // ask  / asked

Irregular verbs are all different. A lot of common verbs are irregular:

have /had // do / did // say / said // be / was/were// go / went // get / got // make / made // take / took

Here are 7 verbs in the PRESENT. 

Choose the correct verb AND use it in the correct tense.

teach / live / go / see / drink / am / have 

Ms Ha (1) …….. drinking tea yesterday 

when she (2) ……. an idea. 

I haven’t (3) …….. my neighbours how to drink tea. I am sure they will be happy. 

They have not (4) …… to the UK yet.

I have (5) …. in many cities in England. 

Now I am in Viet Nam. I have (6) …. many wonderful sights, 

but I have never (7) …… a cup of good, English tea.

Image result for asian girl drinking tea

Grammar – verb practice

Here’s the 15 most common:

infinite / present / past /past participle (verb 3)

1 to be / / am // was /been

you are / / were / been

2 to have / / have / had / had

3 to do // do / did /done

4 to say // say / said / said

5 to go //go / went / gone

6 to get // get / got / gotten

7 to make //make / made / made

8 to know // know / knew /known

9 to think // think / thought / thought

10 to take // take / took / taken

11 to see // see / saw / seen

12 to come // come / came / come

13 to want // want / wanted /wanted

14 to use // use / used / used

15 to find // find / found / found

Grammar: must or have to ? mustn’t or don’t have to

must or have to ? don’t have to or mustn’t

have to = other people tell you // must = your decision

don’t have to = not necessary // mustn’t = is forbidden

You have to have a degree in order to be an engineer

I must stop eating at Lotteria (an Asian fast-food chain like McDonalds) !

You don’t have to bring any beer to the party.

You mustn’t run a red light or use your mobile phone on your motorbike.

The new James Bond film may be sold out.We ______ buy tickets NOW !

I hate parties ! Do I _____ go ?

You _______ eat too much popcorn; it’s bad for you.

You ________ be over 18 to see this film

You don’t ____ bring your passport to get intoa cinema in Viet Nam.

Image result for mustn't

Answers: must / have to / mustn’t / have to / have to

Grammar: Phrasal verbs

Phrasal Verbs and collocations

Put

up with / the fire out / up / on a happy face

it in your own words / up or shut up !/ it away / it another way

Get

well soon / over it ! / on with it / away with murder / on the bus

back to work ! / with the program (US) / some fresh air

Complete the sentences:

She looks so sweet but she never does her job ! She gets …….. at work, 

Come on, cheer up ! Put ……. and smile.

If you are so good, you do it ! Put ………..

We are all going to work on the new project together, so get …….. or get a new job !

She is not the thinnest lady in the world. OK, let me put ………. she’s fat !

Stop playing and do your homework. Get ……….

His Thai girlfriend left him. He needs to get ……….

Answers:

she gets away with murder (is allowed to do bad things) // put on a happy face // put up or shut up (don’t just talk about it – do it OR stop talking) // get with the program (do what everyone wants to do) // put it another way (to say something differently) // get back to work // get over it (stop being sad, and forget the past).

Sentence building 

Linking words: and / as well as / and also / along with

These link positives sentences:

I like tea as well as coffee He plays football and also badminton.

How are they dressed ? How do they look (emotions) ?

Example

Tesco Lotus is quite cheap and also has a great choice.

but / however / having said that / on the other hand

These link positives to negatives / negatives to positives:

Jet Mart is convenient. Having said that, it is (it’s) extremely expensive.

Czech beer is fantastic quality, however it’s not easy to find in Sai Gon.

‘therefore’ is a conclusion word:

The Spanish supplier is reasonable (so-so) quality, but more expensive. Therefore, we will use the German supplier in future.

Photo descriptions

These can be a great way to encourage students to speak and build longer sentences and therefore become more confident in speaking and using English.

Describe what you see in this photo. Use as many adjectives as you can.

Subject first – Do not use a pronoun (he / she / they) Say what you see.

Where are they ? What are they doing ? What do they look like ?

How are they dressed ? How do they look (emotions) ?

What do you think they are talking about ?

Example

 I see two young ladies … now try to add more adjectives:

I see two beautiful young Asian ladies. One has very long, straight brown hair. Her friend has medium brown hair, a little wavy.

The lady on the left has a white dress with flowers. The lady on the right wears a blue cotton dress.

Now what are they doing – use continuous verbs – verb + ing

They are talking, laughing and drinking coffee. They are in a nice coffee shop. I see some bags, one yellow, one orange, so I think they like shopping.

Now – your turn. Describe these photos:

I see a very angry lady. She is …
The lady likes to talk. She is …
I see two young girls … maybe they are sisters …
What do you see ? What are they doing ? Are they both happy ?
What do you think about this ? How does it look ?

Listening:

I would normally read this aloud and then ask the students the questions. You can alter the speed, the natural chunking sounds, etc, to suit the ability of your class.

I usually go shopping once a week. I sometimes go to Big C but I like shopping at Mega Market. CitiMart is good but it’s a long way from my house. Mega Market is quite near my house so it’s easy to get there. It’s a big supermarket and it has everything I need, which is great. The best thing is that it’s not expensive so I can save money.

How often do I go shopping ? Where do I like shopping ? Why ?

What is the best thing about Mega Market ? Why don’t I go to Citimart ?

Image result for big c supermarket

Vocabulary

Come/Go

Come is where you are NOW: Come here ! Go is for somewhere else: Go away !

I am in Vietnam so – I will goto Thailand, then comeback to Sai Gon.

Always ‘go to’ EXCEPT go home / go shopping / go swimming / go fishing

Kitchen items: What is it for ?

Look how native-speakers link words together:

What is a knife for ? What’s aknife for ? / Sounds like, ‘Whatsa kinffor ?’

A knife is for cutting meat and fish and also vegetables as well as fruit and, not forgetting, bread.

What is a spoon for ? Whatsa spoon for ?

A spoon’s for eating as well as stirring drinks and not forgetting cooking.

What are they for ? They are / they’re scissors (sis zerss) a pair of scissors

multi = many / multi-purpose = many uses

corkscrew / bottle opener / sharp / blunt

scissors
Bottle openers, corkscrews and key-chains
Potato peeler

Adult Speaking Class, Level 2, Part 4

19th January 2020

Contents

Dialogue: cinema tickets / afternoon plans

Free speaking exercises

Grammar: adverbs of degree

Idioms and expressions

Sentence building

Theme: coffee in Vietnam / photography

Vocabulary booster

Sentence building

Let’s look at these recent words:

shocked / frustrated / overwhelmed / surprised / confused 

I was surprised. It was surprising.

Image result for surprised Asain girl
She was surprised to be on my blog. It was surprising for her.

Use these in sentences e.g.

I was shocked by the prices in Family Mart. In Family Mart, the prices are shocking.

Tony was frustrated …..(by /with/ at)

Janet was overwhelmed by …

However, these adjectives are different:

delighted- it is delightful. I was delighted to receive your email. It was delightful.

lonely – lonely. I was lonely at home last night. It was lonely.

relieved – it was a relief. She was so relieved to find her keys. It was a relief.

Vocabulary booster

remember to link words together.

I live in a …

Image result for suburban street

quiet, residential street. Peaceful at night.

lively and busy commercial area, many shops

dirty and dusty industrial part of town. Very noisy.

My home is a / an …

Image result for london bedsit

apartment and I live alone

rented room which share with friends

house and I live with my family

pros and cons advantages = positives / disadvantages = negatives 

What are the pros and cons of living alone ? Or about sharing with friends or family ?

adverbs of degree

very, extremely, incredibly, remarkably, unbelievably, rather, somewhat, quite 

I travel to work by …

Image result for bus queue africa

motorbike. It’s quite / rather far and extremely stressful.

using Grabbike. It’s very convenient albeit rather expensive.

bus. Although it’s incredibly cheap, it’s not very pleasant.

Idioms and expressions

At work I / I’m …

Image result for bored at work

find myself doing the same thing day in day out. It’s tedious.

up to eyes ! I’m always busy, attending meetings or writing reports.

have a variety of different jobs, I’m a jack of all trades; I don’t have time to get bored !

Notice the collocations

In my free time I …

enjoy watching films and playing sports. I am competitive !

adore hanging out with my friends and family.

love shopping. I can spot a bargain and I hate being ripped off !

Learning English

is, for me, easy, a piece of cake. It’s very important and fun at the same time.

in my opinion, is vital for the future. It’s imperative we learn.

is a necessary task. It’s awkward and frustrating, but I need it.

is highly enjoyable and relaxing. I love to improve my mind.

Image result for children learning English

Idioms

Match the idiom with the meaning:

Image result for raining cats and dogs

It’s raining cats and dogs // working very hard

Kick the bucket // no problem, very easy

working like a dog // to die

It costs an arm and a leg // very heavy rain

piece of cake // very expensive

FREE SPEAKING EXERCISE

ENGLISH – Why are you learning English ?

Do you enjoy learning – if so, why / if not, why not ?

What are the benefits ? Give examples.

Do you have problems with learning a language ?

Is it fair that you have to learn a second language in your own country ?

Does this open up career opportunities for you or your children ?

What, in your opinion, is the best way to learn a language ?

Interaction, free speech and a sharing of ideas

Useful expressions:

I’d like to share with you my passion which is / One of my major interests is

As you know, we (students / engineers) don’t have much free time, so when I have time to myself there’s nothing I like more than …

I have many hobbies such as … and … but tonight, I’d like to talk about …

Responses

Could you explain in more detail …. When did you start this hobby ?

How did you get into … ? Ah, that sounds interesting.

What does your girlfriend think about this ? Oh, you have no girlfriend.

Hhmmm, it’s not really my cup of tea, but I can see why you like it.

Does it take up much of your time ? Are you part of a club ?

I’m not sure I follow … (I don’t understand)

Dos and Don’ts

We have ‘free speech’ but this is tempered by social rules of politeness:

DO – appear interested and respond positively.

appropriate body language.

encourage the speaker to elucidate and expand.

ask question at a ‘turn-taking’ moment.

DON’T – say ‘I am bored because this isn’t interesting,’ or ‘I don’t care.’ 

start talking to your neighbour when someone else is speaking

sleep or yawn loudly

click your pen, kick your chair, make noises.

EXAMPLE: JAZZ MUSIC

I love all types of music, but one of my favourites is Jazz. It can be exciting, or slow, but it’s always different.

Unlike other types of music, Jazz is spontaneous. This means that you never hear the same song the same way; each performance is different.

Jazz started in New Orleans but moved up to Chicago, New York and even west to California. The first records were made in 1917 and the first true Jazz genius was Louis Armstrong. If you want to hear jazz, you should listen to his records from the 1920s.

You may know some famous Jazz artists such as Miles Davis, John Coltrane or Charlie Parker. I can recommend these musicians to you as first-rate examples of Jazz.

I hope this has made you curious about Jazz, and that you go online to listen for yourself. Who knows, maybe you too will learn to love Jazz.

Image result for jazz lp covers
Some great Jazz record covers

One student spoke about his mother’s home-cooking:

My mother has a secret recipe; firstly, she boils the beef in water and then slices it finely. Along with this, she cooks vegetables and the aromais simply wonderful, after which she mixes them together. It is mouth-watering. The rice has to be pan-fried, that is to say, no oil, just dry. The next stage is to pound the rice and finally, she puts the rice on a dish and … bon apetite ! (French for good appetite, eat well)

Extra expressions: one student told us about breaking up with his girlfriend. Initially, he said that he dumped her, but the truth was she gave him the elbow !

Image result for being dumped memes

Vocabulary:

Try to use these regularly:

obviously, typically, on the other hand, initially, that is to say 

and these adverbs:

somewhat / quite / extremely / incredibly / increasingly / highly

Theme: coffee in Sai Gon

There are so many choices in Sai Gon. Tran Nguyen has the best quality but is very expensive. On the other hand, Milano is very cheap and very convenient however, many people smoke there. Highlands is really popular. Having said that, it is not cheap. Street coffee is extremely cheap but terrible quality ! Maybe fake coffee, just chemicals.

What are your favourite coffee shops ? Why ? What factors are important ?

Theme: photographs

Asking questions

what / who / where / when / why

1 _When/Where_ was it taken?

2 _____________ are they?

3 _____________ took the picture?

4 _____________ do you keep the photo?

5____________ kind of camera have you got?

6 _____________ are they doing?

My friend Pete

One of my favourite photos is of my friend Pete, who lives in Birmingham, England.

His wife took the photo last March. Pete is playing bass guitar in a studio. It looks like he is having fun. He plays in a band called ‘The Deep Six’.

I keep this photo on my computer in a file called ‘Music in Birmingham’.

What is the name of my friend ?

Where does he live ?

What guitar does he play ?

What is the name of his band ?

Where do I keep this photo ?

Vocabulary:

This is a photograph of my friend Pete. This photo is of my friend Pete.

I think he is (he’s) having fun. It looks like he’s having fun.

He takes a photo (present tense). He took a photo (past tense).

He is (he’s) in a band. He plays in a band.

Dialogue

To practise question words and the past tense.

what / where / why / when / who / which / how

Jan & Tina are catching up

Jan What did you do last night ? Who did you meet ?

Tina I went out with friends. We saw a movie, then drank some coffee. How about you ?

Jan I just stayed at home and played computer games. Which cinema did you go to ?

Tina At Diamond Plaza. We bought popcorn which we ate before the film began.

Jan You were very hungry ! Was the film good ?

Tina Yeah, really exciting. The tickets were incredibly cheap too.

Jan How much were they ?

Tina Only 333 000 VND (three hundred and thirty-three thousand Dong).

Speaking practice: afternoon plans

Sid What are your plans for this afternoon ?

Viv Well, I need to buy some coffee as well as some bread and milk. How about you ?

Sid Oh, I’ve got to have a meeting with the new director. He seems very strict.

Viv Yeah, I get the impression that he is very serious. However, he is professional.

Sid Right, he doesn’t appear to be a barrel of laughs. Having said that, he’s honest.

Viv Honest and fair along with being very neat and tidy. Always a plain white shirt.

Sid Remember the old boss ? Such gaudy ties ! For me, that was unprofessional.

Viv Anyway, where can I get my groceries ? Is there a convenience store nearby ?

Sid Naturally. Take the second left, go as far as the bank, then cross over. Can’t miss it.

Viv Brilliant ! You’re an angel.

Image result for man with gaudy tie
A very gaudy tie

Adult Speaking Class, Level 2, Part 3

16th January 2020

Contents

Grammar / third conditional

Listening Practice / TOEIC

Money

Speaking practice

Speaking skills

Vocabulary

Grammar: 3rd Conditional

I was very hungry but too lazy to cook, so I went out to grab a bite to eat.

I thought I’d try the new pho restaurant. 

I, obviously, ordered pho bo.

However, after I had eaten 

I saw the chef !

If I had known the chef was filthy, I wouldn’t have eaten there !

This is the 3rdconditional. 

Something that happened in the past BUT you can’t change it now.

If I had known the film was so bad, I never would have gone !

If he had bought his wife flowers, she wouldn’t have been angry at him

If they had studied English, they would have passed the test.

Listening Practice

TOEIC test:https://www.examenglish.com/TOEIC/TOEIC_listening_part3.htm#

TOEIC test: https://www.examenglish.com/TOEIC/TOEIC_listening_part4.htm

New vocabulary: accurate/ correction / administration

Money

Verbs for things you can do with money:

spend / lose / waste / save / make / invest / forge / donate / pay / worship

I go to work to …….. money.

She always ………… money to charity.

He …………. money buying property

The police caught the man who was ……….. money.

Some people think the iPhone X is a ………. of money.

King James Bible
“For the love of money is the root of all evil.”

Many people over the years have tried to buy the Mask of Tutankhamen from the Egyptian Museum, but unsurprisingly the authorities here believe it is priceless so they won’t sell it 

Image result for tutankhamun mask

Ebenezer Scrooge was such a stingy man, so much so that in English, we sometimes use the word Scrooge to describe people with this characteristic (who are like this). A miser is someone who hates spending any money.

Image result for ebenezer scrooge

He spent a lot of money on what he thought was a gold watch but when he had it valued, it turned out to be worthless. 

I sometimes disagree with stall holders, so I haggle which sometimes gets the price down 

Big companies like Pepsi make a killing. They should put their prices down. I sometimes like to splash out on new clothes, but not very often 

When I was a student I didn’t have enough money to live on so I took out an overdraft at the bank. I paid it all off in the end (finally)

The men were sent to prison for forgery, that is, making counterfeit money

Speaking practice:

  1. This dialogue has a lot of expressions and phrases.

Joe Hi Bill. Why so glum ? You look down in the dumps.

Bill Oh, just worrying about money. The cost of living keeps going up …

Joe And our wages stay the same. Tell me about it. I’ve had to economise. 

Bill Same here; no more beer or Highlands coffee. I feel so stingy !

Joe I always haggle at the market now, try to get the price down. I hate being ripped off.

Bill I’m worried about paying off my overdraft. The interest alone is crippling me.

Joe We should invest in land. My friend sold some land recently and made a killing.

Bill But we’ll need money to invest in the first place. Then there’s always bills.

Joe Yes, my bike’s in the shop, so I’m having to use Grabbike and that ain’t cheap !

2. This is to practice wedding and money phrases.

Tom Congratulations ! You’re finally tying the knot and getting spliced.

Bob Yeah, it’s time to settle down. I’ve taken out a mortage and a loan for the wedding.

Tom It must be costing you an arm and a leg: catering, hall, flowers, photos, invitations.

Bob Absolutely, I’ve withdrawn all my saving and gone into the red. I hate being overdrawn; the interest is sky-high. And, not forgetting, the honeymoon.

Tom You can put down a deposit and pay later. Cheer up ! Don’t be a Scrooge

Bob That’s easy for you to say. I’m gonna be broke and in debt … until I retire !

Sentence building

Use more interesting adverbs and linking words e.g.

although / as well as / somewhat / therefore 

Rearrange these basic sentences to make more interesting ones (we use ‘one’ as a pronoun for the noun instead of repeating ourselves)

Examples:

I went to the market today. I bought fish and chicken and vegetables.

Today I bought fish, chicken as well as vegetables in the market.

Last night I stayed at home because it was raining.

It was raining last night therefore I stayed at home.

Your turn:

I saw the new action film. It was a little boring.

Peter was tired but he met his friends for a drink.

Sophie studied very hard. She passed her test.

For western people, Thailand is cheap. Vietnam is cheaper.

Speaking skills

To help you improve your speaking skills, here is a small project:

Write a short piece about something you love or adore.

Start with an introduction

Say why you like it

Maybe tell some history or an anecdote (a short, personal story)

Give some examples

End with a short conclusion

EXAMPLE:

JAZZ MUSIC

I love all types of music, but one of my favourites is Jazz. It can be exciting, or slow, but it’s always different.

Unlike other types of music, Jazz is spontaneous. This means that you never hear the same song the same way; each performance is different. 

Jazz started in New Orleans but moved up to Chicago, New York and even west to California. The first records were made in 1917 and the first true Jazz genius was Louis Armstrong. If you want to hear jazz, you should listen to his records from the 1920s.

You may know some famous Jazz artists such as Miles Davis, John Coltrane or Charlie Parker. I can recommend these musicians to you as first-rate examples of Jazz.

I hope this has made you curious about Jazz, and that you go online to listen for yourself. Who knows, maybe you too will learn to love Jazz.

Vocabulary builder

Health: http://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/grammar-vocabulary/vocabulary-exercises/health

Adult Speaking Class. Theme: Love and Marriage, Part 3

13th January 2020

Children

Image result for married with young babies

Personality adjectives for children:

adorable / angelic / boisterous / demanding / messy / noisy / talkative 

Phrases:

good as gold / butter wouldn’t melt in his\her mouth / a little rascal / a handful

well-behaved / a little madam / a young gentleman / full of him\herself

What are the pros and cons (The benefits and drawbacks ) of having children ? 

Pros: makes us responsible / patient / sometimes they can be funny

they can enrich our lives

Cons: sometimes they misbehave ( are naughty) / no free time / they need a lot of energy / need a lot of money for toys, sweets, uniform, books, equipment.

Is there pressure from family to have children in your culture ?

Niece (girl) and nephew (boy) = children of my brother/sister

How would you describe these children ?

She has an angelic smile.

Remember – for sentence building, use adjectives and discourse markers (linking words or phrases). Never start with a pronoun (she, it, he, they) but say what the subject is – in this example, the subject is a girl. Now we can keep building up more information:

The girl has an angelic smile.

The young girl has blonde hair and an angelic smile.

The young girl, who has long straight blonde hair, has lovely big green-grey eyes, and is smiling angelically. She wears a multi-coloured T-shirt as well as some flowers around the neckline.

Now – your turn:

Here, you can also add some verbs and background information. Where do you think he is ? How is he feeling ? Who taught him this behaviour ? Do you think his mother is with him ?

These young gentleman attend a very expensive, possibly elitist, private school. Such schools are named ‘public schools’ in the UK. they include Eton, Harrow and Gordonstoun.

Listening Practice

Phrasal verbs and family situations: http://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/grammar-vocabulary/phrasal-verb-videos/family

He cannot look clearly – he cannot see clearly

Phrasal verbs are verbs + preposition. They are pronounced, where possible, as one sound unit hence ‘turn off the light’ sounds ‘turnoff the light’.

He lived with me – he stayed with me

when we become old – when we get old

look after / think about / wear out / give up / grow up / takes after 

tell off / look up to / hang up / go for / passed away

Which phrasal verbs fits here ?

She really …………. her father, they are so alike.

I can’t go out, I have to ……….. my nephew.

Vietnamese is too hard, I just …………. (past tense verb)

Many Vietnamese ………………. Uncle Ho

I’m not sure which bank is best. Let me ………. it and get back to you.

I had to ………….. my son because he ate all the cakes.

My manager is very immature. He needs to ………… and quickly !

Speaking practice:

Pam Your daughter is gorgeous. Like an angel. She looks like you.

Uma Yes, but she takes after her father. She is very grumpy when she’s tired or hungry.

Pam My son is usually very good, he sleeps like a log, but now he’s teething.

Uma Ahhh, poor little thing but it will pass. Does he still keep you up at night ?

Pam Well, a little but not too much. I had to give up reading or watching films. Too tired.

Uma I get it ! We have a reading group, it doesn’t take up too much time. Sounds good ?

Pam Hmmm … let me think about it and get back to you. OK, I must run … bye.

Speaking practice:

Kit Hey, how was your weekend ? What did you get up to ?

Will Oh, nothing special. I had to look after my niece. She’s a real handful. 

Kit Sounds like my nephew. He’s very boisterous, I had no time for myself.

Will Exactly. My niece looks so angelic but what a little rascal ! I gave her some milk …

Kit I can guess … she spilt it ! My nephew is so damn messy, food everywhere.

Will She takes after her father; he’s always spilling his beer. By 5 o’clock, I gave up.

Kit There are some nice things about children … they can be cute and adorable.

Will The best thing about nephews is that we can give them back ! Too much trouble.

Beginners’ English

A miscellany of lesson notes aimed specifically at basic-level English

Contents :

Introductions

Daily routines

Describing clothes

Discourse markers

Driving expressions

Grammar – adjectives // helping verbs // comparatives & superlatives // I used to // modal verbs // much or many ? // past tense exercises // possessives // relative pronouns // should or shouldn’t // some or any // I need // verbs – most common verbs present, past and past participle.

Listening comprehension

Vocabulary – new words and expressions

Vocabulary – film

Vocabulary – Kitchen

Vocabulary – what do you need ?

Sentence building

Speaking practice – introductions // repairs // future tense

Travel language

Warm-up activities

Introducing yourself:

If you meet a new friend or business acquaintance 

Hello, how are you ? Very well, thank you, and yourself ? / I’m great

How do you do ? How do you do ?

How’s it going ? (inf)All good, going well. Yeah, I’m fantastic !

What do you do ? I’m a designer at VMin company

What line are you in ? Engineering.

What’s your profession ? I’m a nurse.

Are you a family man ? Yes, I have a wife and two kids

You married ? No, my job leaves me no time for romance !

Do you have kids ? Ha, I’m married to my job

Where did you train ? I got my degree from …….. University

I majored in business admin.

I studied at ……..

How do you relax ? I enjoy sports and meeting up with friends

How do you unwind ? I just crash on the sofa and watch movies

What do you do in your spare time ? I love to travel and drink beer.

Where do you see yourself in five years ? Senior manager !

On an island in Thailand / Still working here !

Daily routines

My routine:

In the morning: 

07.00: Get up. Wake up 

07.05: Brush my teeth, (Get washed / have a wash / shower) put on clothes / get dressed

07.15: Eat breakfast.

07.45: Go to work / go to my company/ go to my job

08.00 -17.00: Work.

09.45 – 10.00: Coffee break

12.00 – 13.00: Go out for lunch / lunch

17.00: Check out and go to eat dinner. Take another break and eat

17.30: Go back to company and continue working. Knock off / finish work 

19.00: Go to swimming pool. Go swimming 

20.00: Go home and talk with family. Hang out / spent time with my family

22.00: Read books or play games

23.00: Go to bed / Go to sleep. 

Grammar note:

we can use an infinite or continuous form

She starts to work at 7.30 OR she starts working at 7.30.

What is your typical free day ?

How was your day ?

Did you have agood day ? A so-so day or a bad day. 

Did anything unusual happen or was it same old, same old ?

In the morning, I went to my company then I went to the bank.

After that, I went home. 

[NOTE: never ‘to home’, ‘to swimming’ or ‘to shopping.’ I went shopping, then went home]

After lunch I went to a customer and we spoke about the new project. After we said goodbye, I came here to study English.

Replace ‘went‘ with: 

visited / travelled to / had to go to (means very important) / drove / saw / met with

Describing clothes

Patterns

Plain T-shirt – no pattern, no writing or design.

A striped dress
A striped shirt
A checked jacket or coat
A flower or floral skirt
A spotted tie
A polo shirt
A tracksuit
Baggy jeans made from denim
Tight jeans
Cardigan
lace blouse
designer trainers or sneakers
Business suit, shirt and tie

Material

leather / lace / fur / cotton / silk / denim / wool / velvet / plastic

Vocabulary:

awful / beautiful / cool / cute / designer / elegant / gaudy / old-fashioned /scruffy / smart

Adjectives – when we use more than one before a noun, they are in this order:

opinion / size/ age / colour / origin / pattern / material noun

a great small new blue Japanese plain silk dress

some stupid big old pink American flowery plastic shoes

Put these in the correct order:

leather / at / miniskirt / Look / fabulous / that

Look at that fabulous leather miniskirt.

wearing / an / blouse / elegant / white / She’s / lacy

shoes / high-heeled / bought / ridiculous / She

tight / socks / I hate / nylon

skirt / wearing / velvet / a / She’s / spotty

stripy / green / like / your / tracksuit / I / baggy

Discourse Markers

And: also, as well as, additionally

But: however, having said that, on the other hand

I enjoy whisky however I dislike vodka with snake blood !

Driving expressions

hit the brakes / run a red light / cut someone off

tailgate / road rage /pull over (the police officer pulled me over) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zXt5ceU67wg

Grammar – adjectives

Adjectives for coffee and tea: 

hot, cold, sweet, bitter, Vietnamese, weak, strong, expensive, Indian

Now add a reason – ‘because’, ‘as’

I love good strong coffee because it wakes me up and I also adore sweet Indian tea in the evening as it helps me to unwind.

Make longer sentences:

I like Sai Gon but I don’t like Ha Noi

I like films and I like games

My friend likes street food but he doesn’t like restaurants

Vocabulary – adjectives

standard / higher / / opposite / higher

good / brilliant // bad / terrible

beautiful / gorgeous // ugly / hideous

interesting / fascinating // boring / tedious

expensive / over-priced // cheap / bargain

modern / hip / trendy // old-fashioned / out-dated

gentle / calm // angry / hot-headed

big / massive / huge // small / tiny

important / significant // unimportant / insignificant

tiring / exhausting // relaxing / peaceful

Helping verbs: have / want / need /go / like

Subject + helping verb + infinite ….. 

I have to find my mobile phone // She goes to work // He needs to relax

Write sentences for these pictures:

He wants ….

She likes ….

Negative: He doesn’t …

Grammar – comparatives and superlatives:

big / bigger / biggest (-er / -est for small words)

interesting / more interesting / the most interesting (more / the most for longer words)

Sai Gon is bigger than Ha Noi

Chinese is the most difficult language to learn

Make sentences:

London expensive Sai Gon

Thailand hot Canada

Moroccan food spicy French

Action films exciting rom-com (romantic-comedy)

I used to …

When I was young, I used to play football. Now I am too old !

I do NOT play football NOW. I played football when I was young

Write sentences. Example: When I was young, I used to read comics.

When I lived in Germany I used to …

Grammar: possession

This pen belongs to me, it is mine.

The laptop belongs to Jane, it is _______

It’s John’s book, it belongs to ______

We all work for HLS, it is ______ company.

Give this to Anna and Gary, it is _______

Grammar: modal verbs

Modal verbs are helping verbs that show 

permission (sự cho phép)

possibility (khả năng)

can / could / have to / must / might / should

can’t / couldn’t / don’t have to / mustn’t / mightn’t / shouldn’t

1. Ted’s flight from Amsterdam took more than 11 hours. He must be exhausted after such a long flight. He might prefer to stay in tonight and get some rest.

2. Hiking in the mountains ______ be dangerous. You _____ research the route a little more before you start.

3. You _____ take your umbrella today. The weatherman said there’s a storm in Nha Trang and it ______ rain this afternoon.

4. When you have a small child, you ______ leave small objects lying around. Such objects _____ be swallowed.

5. I _____ believe she said that to the supervisor! 

6. Jenny’s wedding ring is enormous! It ______ be very expensive.

7. Please water the plants. If they don’t get enough water, they _____ die.

Try to make sentences:

I need to…. She wants to… You have to… We like to … He hates to …

Much or many ? A little or a few ? 

[a few = countable / little = uncountable]

Is there much work left ? I really want a little free time to run some errands.

There are ….. shops in the mall. I need to buy …… items

Is there ….. beer in the fridge, or do I need …… more ?

There are only a … millionaires inVietnam but they have so ….. money.

There are far too ….. karaoke singers. I need …….. peace.

PAST TENSE EXERCISE:

Complete the exercise with the verbs inside the box.

buycatchcostdrink / fall / hurt / sell
teachthrowwinspend  / write
choose one of these verbs and use the past tense form


1. Mozart   ……. more than 600 pieces of music. 


2. ‘How did you learn to drive?’ ‘My father  …….. me.’ 

3. We couldn’t afford to keep our car, so we …….   it. 

4. I was very thirsty. I ……… the water very quickly.

5. Paul and I played tennis yesterday. He’s much better than me, so he ……. easily. 


6. Don …….   down the stairs this morning and  his leg.

7. Jim …….. the ball to Sue, who  ……..  it.

8. Ann  …….. a lot of money yesterday. She …….  a dress. It  ……. £100

Grammar – Present Perfect

Present perfect:

Subject + have/ has + past participle

I have been to Ha Noi

She has visited London

They have seen that film so many times but (they) have never understood it.

I have read ‘My Sassy Girl 1’ although I have not read ‘My Sassy Girl 3’

(I haven’t read) 

Have you read any good books recently ?

To talk about something in the past but not when it happened

He has looked at the report – YES

He has looked at the report last week – NO 

(He looked at the report last week) just use simple past

Can use with ‘for’ and ‘since’

I have lived in HCM since 2010

I have lived in HCM for seven years

Exercises: Put these sentences into present perfect

I John (read) your email several times. John has read your email ….
2. She (wear) that skirt many times. 
3. My family (visit) Brazil a few times.
4. I (eat) already.
5. Mia (finish) her homework.
6. You (break) the glass again.
7. They (pay) for everything.
8. It (never snow) like that.
9. I (meet) Anna once.
10. We (see) him before.

GrammarRelative Pronouns:

who For people: This is the man who sold me the fake Rolex ! 

which For things: We tried fish and chips which is delicious.

where For places: Let’s go to the shop where we saw the great bargins.

Whose Possessive: That’s the singer whose record we heard last night.

The car, whose driver was young, won the race.

Exercises

We arrived at a nice beach ______ we could swim and lie in the sun.

A man ______ mobile phone was ringing did not know what to do.

The patient, ______ had a serious disease, was taken to hospital immediately.

Smithsfield is a small village ______ people live a quiet life.

A boy ____ sister is in my class was in the bank at that time.

I know a person ____ can speak seven languages.

We visited the church _____ is in the middle of the square.

It is a protected area of land _____ you can see a lot of interesting wildlife.

This dress is made of silk, _____ is a very expensive and delicate material.

Grammar: should / shouldn’t

Complete the sentences.
Use the verb in brackets. Sometimes the verb will be nagative
Use contractions where possible.

  1. It’s cold. You … a cardigan. (wear)
  2. She’s always tired. She … to bed late every night. (go)
  3. … now? (we / leave)
  4. You … some fruit or vegetables every day. (eat)
  5. The students … their mobile phones in the exam. (use)
  6. You … the teacher to help you if you don’t understand the lesson. (ask)
  7. People … fast in the town centre. (drive)
  8. … the dress or the skirt? (I / buy)

Grammar: ‘some’ or ‘any’

we use ‘some’ for a statement

we use ‘any’ for a negative or a question 

There are some great websites for learning English. PLURAL / countable

There is some Czech beer on sale at VinMart. PLURAL / uncountable

There aren’t any beer clubs near here

We don’t have any French cheese

Are they any good films playing ?

Do you have any English tea?


1 Do you have ______ questions about the new project ?

2 Let me give you _______ advice.

3 You don’t need to bring ____ pens or paper. There will be ______ print-outs available.

4 There will be _____ visitors from Germany coming. Do you know ____ German ?

Speaking practice:

Jim I can’t wait for Tet. Do you have any plans ?

Alf Of course ! I’m going to watch some films and get some rest.

Jim Have you bought any special food ?

Alf I don’t have any time for shopping. I’ve still got some beer. How about you ?

Jim I need to buy some fruit, some biscuits, and do I need any special food for Tet ?

Alf Absolutely ! You must buy some cakes and some sweets. 

Jim Anything else ? I need some advise.

Alf Just make sure you have some beer. A LOT of beer. Cheers !

Grammar: I need

subject need (helping verb) infinite verb (to + verb) completion

I need to visit a dentist

She needs to stop buying clothes !

subject need (helping verb) article / determiner noun

He needs a laptop / I need the report

We need some overtime / She needs a bottle of water

I need tôi cần // I want tôi muốn

1 I ____ to visit Thailand. 2 He ______ to find a job now !

3 Her mother ____ her to get married. 4 Do you ____ to see Twin Peaks ?

5 She can’t go out, she _____ to finish her homework.

6 They _____ new shirts but they ______ to buy computer games instead.

Grammar: common verbs

More common verbs (numbers 15 – 20)

15to findfoundfound
16to givegavegiven
17to telltoldtold
18to workworkedworked
19to callcalledcalled
20to trytriedtried

Make sentences with these verbs:

I lost my keys but last night I found them

We always ____ lucky money at Tet to children. 

This year I _____ lucky money to all my neighbours (past tense).

I have ______ my Thai girlfriend 20 times, but no answer !

The supervisor ____ the staff to come in early (past tense).

She wants _______ German food.

You have ______ at HLS for how long ?

Before, I ______ in Chicago but now I need _______ a job in Sai Gon

Listening comprehension

Comprehension: Listen for comparatives,superlatives and adjectives

Vietnam is exciting and lively (7 fun facts about Vietnam)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZONkSvEf3nY

When do people eat pho ? How is it made ? How is coffee made ?

From what is the traditional hat made ? Who used to wear it and why ?

What is the English word for a small motorbike ? How many motorcycles are there in Saigon ?

What is the game shuttlecock like ? A mix …….

Do men do park dancing ? What exercise can men do ?

Sundays – what do you usually do on Sundays ?http://esol.britishcouncil.org/content/learners/skills/listening/my-sundays


Listening practice:
(1:21 – 1:48) & (11.30 – 12:45) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FpMjYXxScCQ

What are the names of the two people ?

Where did they meet ?

What does the lady order ?

What is the name of the manager and the waitress ?

Where does she live ?

What is her phone number ?

What do you think of the manager and waitress ?

I think he is ……. because ……..

In my opinion, the waitress is …

New vocabulary and expressions

boring = tedious ( it’s like watching paint dry ! – expression)

Like: enjoy, love, adore

Dislike: hate, dislike, detest (very strong)

Ubiquitous = everywhere

In Sai Gon, coffee shops are ubiquitous.

take a load off = have a seat / take a seat

I am so naïve (innocent) 

Vocabulary – adjectives

standard / higher / / opposite / higher

good / brilliant // bad / terrible

beautiful /gorgeous //ugly/ hideous

interesting / fascinating // boring / tedious

expensive/ over-priced // cheap / bargain

modern / hip / trendy // old-fashioned / out-dated

gentle/ calm // angry //hot-headed

big / massive / huge // small / tiny

important / significant //unimportant / insignificant

tiring / exhausting // relaxing / peaceful

Make sentences with the new vocabulary

detest / gorgeous / hustle and bustle / peace and quiet / tedious / fascinating

Anh’s Thai girlfriend is simply ………

She loves shopping, however Anh ……… it !

Bangkok is ……….. lots of energy, lots of ……….

He will take her to Hoi An for some …………….

Now he’s going to work. Sometimes it’s great, but sometimes it’s ………

Vocabulary – Film

box office / trailer / concessions / multiplex / genre / adverts / Dolby surround 

What genre of films are there ? Which are your favourites ?

How often do you go to the cinema ? Once a week, once a month, less often, only if there is a good film playing. http://www.english-in-chester.co.uk/e-learning/lesson/film-vocabulary/

What do you think about this trailer ? 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q0CbN8sfihY

Vocabulary: kitchen equiptment

What do I need for my kitchen ?

Some items are essential (very important) Some are useful

Some are luxury items (don’t really need them)

EXAMPLE: I think a fridge is essential. However, a meat slicer is a luxury item.

toaster
cooking pots
set of knives (one knife, two knives)
food mixer
microwave oven
plates and cups
meat slicer
refrigerator (fridge)
kettle
vegetable peeler
kitchen timer

What are they made of and what are they used for ?

EXAMPLE: A toaster is made of metal and is used to toast bread.

What do you need …. ?

What do you need to make pho ?

What do you need to ride a motorbike ?

What do you need for a party ?

What animals do you need for a zoo ?

What do you need to do before you go out ?

Women wear perfume, men wear after shave

Sentence building

Sentence building – verb practice

REMEMBER: ‘to be’ is different:

I am busy / you are busy / she is busy

I was busy / you were busy / she was busy

I was quite busy / really busy / I was extremely, incredibly busy !

I have been busy / you have been busy / she has been busy

Look at this picture: describe what you see

First – what is the subject ? A man

What does he look like ? Adjectives

What is he wearing ? Colour, material, pattern

Where is he ? What is he doing ?

A young man with short dark hair, dressed in a dark suit, white shirt and black and white spotted tie is sitting in a restaurant or coffee shop. He is drinking from a small white cup. We know he is drinking damn fine coffee !

Write the subject first ( A young man ). THEN, you can use pronouns (he).

Write long sentences for one of these pictures.

Speaking Practice

Colin Good morning, I’m Colin.

Mike Pleased to meet you, Colin. I’m Michael but call me Mike.

Colin Thanks, Mike. Have you worked at ….. long ? (a long time ?)

Mike Yes, quite long; about five years. Oh, I like your phone.

Colin Thank you. It’s an LG which is much better, I think, than Apple.

Mike Where did you get it ? (buy it)

Colin Tokyo, where there are so many phone stores.

Mike I really want to go ! Have you met Ms Mi who works in HR ?

Colin Not yet … but she looks very pretty ! (gorgeous / adorable)

Exercise 2

Ben Excuse me … is this seat taken ?

Fred I’m sorry ?

Ben May I sit here ?

Fred Oh,by all means. I’m Fred.

Ben Pleased to meet you, Fred. I’m Ben. Are you German ?

Fred Yes, from Berlin, which is the capital. I’m here for three days.

Ben Then you should go to Ben Thanh market where you can buy a Rolex.

Fred Too expensive. My job is great but the salary is terrible !

Ben Ms Na, who works in HR , has a Rolex. Only 400 000 VND.

Fred Really … ? Fake ?

Ben That’s it ! Made in China ! You have a meeting here ?

Fred Yes, with Ms Na; she is gorgeous and so adorable… is she married ?

Ben Yeah … she’s my wife !

Exercise 3

Something is either working OR not working

The watch is working The watch is broken – it is not working

I am repairing it – it WAS broken, now it is working again. It has been repaired.

The motorbike is broken. It needs to be repaired / fixed / mended

The mechanic is repairing / fixing / mending the motorbike

It is repaired / fixed / mended

Peter Hi, Mark. How’s it going ? (how are you ?)

Mark Not bad. However, I have a problem. My laptop’s broken.

Peter Oh, dear. What kind is it ?

Mark It’s a PC (personal computer).

Peter Oh, I understand. They are good but sometimes are flawed.

Mark Where can I get it fixed? Do you know somewhere ?

Peter Sure, no problem. There are many shops near here.

Mark Can you take me ?

Peter Sorry, my bike has a problem. It’s not working.

Mark I’ll take a look. Maybe I can mendit. I enjoy fixing engines.

Peter Brilliant. It costs so much to repair a bike.

Mark And it costs so much to use Grabbike every day !

Exercise 4

Dialogue practice (ordinal numbers, phrasal verbs, future tense)

Harry and Martin are chatting at work.

Harry What are you going to do tonight ?

Martin I will knock off about 6, then I’m going to the cinema.

Harry What are you going to see ?

Martin Not sure. My girlfriend’ll choose. I’m picking her up later. 

Harry Sounds fun ! I’m going to drop off my laundry, then I’ll go swimming.

Martin What days are your taking off for Tet ?

Harry The 14th, 15th and 16th. Then I’ll come back to work.

Martin Why ? Do you have to finish off some work ?

Harry No, I want to start working on the 4th German project.

Now practice – in small groups or pairs, what are YOU going to do tonight or on your free day ?

Tokyo Deli for sushi
Keep fit, join a gym
VinCom centre, Vietnamese shopping mall.
Play computer games

Example:

After work, I will go to the cinema // This weekend I want to drink beer

Tonight, I’m going to meet some friends // I will hang out with my Thai girlfriend.

Use adjectives and extend the sentences:

After work, I will go to the big cinema at Diamond Plaza to see a new American movie.

On Saturday, I’ll (I will) meet my beautiful Thai girlfriend and we will eat delicious and healthy sushi.

Travel Language

What do we do when we go to the airport to catch a flight ?

Take a taxi/ buy a ticket / board the aeroplane / go through security

claim baggage / go thorough immigration / go though customs 

check in / buy duty-free / pack your bags

Questions:

You are flying from Sai Gon to Hue. Where do you go in the airport ?

What will you do at check in ?

What documents do you need ?

How can you check in ? Two ways …

What happens at security ?

Warm up exercises

Things you love, things you hate ! Try to make long sentences using adverbs and discourse markers (linking words such as furthermore, additionally, however, although etc)

What do you see here ?

Start with the subject or subjects.

What are they doing ? Where do you think they are ?

Describe them – use adjectives

Describe the area.