Adult Speaking Class. Theme: Love & marriage Part 2

12th January 2020

How would you describe the emotions / feelings of these people ?

Image result for wedding party maori
Maori wedding in New Zealand
Image result for wedding party inuit
Image result for wedding party scotland
Scotland
Image result for shotgun wedding
A shotgun wedding

FREE SPEAKING: What is a traditional wedding in your country ?

In the UK and many western countries, the bridegroom waits in the church next to the Best Man, who has the rings. The church music starts and the Bride walks down the aisle next to her father, who will ‘give her away.’ Behind the Bride are her Bridesmaids. The Vicar will start the service. At the end, the Bride and Groom kiss.

Pictures of typical UK wedding.

Identify Bride, groom, best man, vicar, bridesmaids, father of the bride.

Image result for uk bride
Image result for uk wedding service church vicar
Image result for drunk best man
Image result for cute asian bridesmaids
Image result for father of the bride

Weddings can be a nerve-wracking time. What wedding people can you see in this clip. Do you recognise anybody famous ? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dKkT8_RGDYg

Image result for rowan atkinson in 4 weddings

Vocabulary booster

Match words with meaning

Honeymoon // a secret relationship

Romantic // promise to do something/ be loyal to someone.

Divorce // when people decide they will get married

Affair // after you legally separate

Engaged // a holiday after getting married 

Listening Practice

Wedding vocabulary and listening exercise: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CPsrWWyTRz8

The lady speaks slowly and clearly; try to understand without subtitles.

Wedding planning

New vocabulary 

to consider / to decide / to weigh up (phrasal verb) / to mull over [all mean ‘to think about’]

let me sleep on it (idiom = need time to think).

the final call / the final decision on a subject

logistics (n) // logistical (adj) organising people at the same time. 

co-ordinating // arranging things to happen at the same or at an arranged time

It’s a logistical nightmare ! (very hard to co-ordinate all the different factors).

likewise / also, in the same way

therefore / so, for that reason

value for money /deciding if something is good quality and good price.

a multitude / so many 

not to mention / additionally, adding a stronger point (expression)

potential minefield / an area of possible dangers and serious trouble (metaphor)

There are a multitude of things to consider when organising a wedding. The tasks range from choosing the dress and accessories, to booking the cars and flowers, not to mention the potential minefield of the food. What do people like to eat, what do they hate ? Are they on special diets, do they have allergies, are they restricted by religious considerations ?

What sort of things have to be planned for a successful wedding ?

Put them in order of importance – if that is possible ! (they are ALL important)

food / dress / invitations / venue / music / guests / honeymoon / flowers / transport / photographs / paperwork !

(Venue – place for the party)

Let’s start with the dress

Whose decision is this ? Who makes the final call ?

Do you go traditional ? Modern ? Discrete ? 

What are your opinions of these dresses:

Some dresses can average at over £1 400 (over 43 million VND), so people try to make their own dresses, or consider using cheaper materials. 

Listen to this clip: https://www.newsinlevels.com/products/very-special-wedding-dress-level-2/

What are the dresses made out of ? (made from ?)

For how long has this event been taking place ?

In which city is the festival held ?

What was the name of the winning design ?

Traditions

These vary (change) from country to country, but a traditional UK wedding would be something like this:

A church for a Christian service (synagogue for Jewish, mosque for Moslems)

Vicar to perform the service

Bride and Groom

Bridesmaids and Best Man 

Father of the Bride 

Guests

Order of Service

The minister will give plenty of advice on hymns to choose, but order of service is basically broken into six parts:

  1. Introductory Medley
  2. Entrance of the bride,
  3. Hymns, marriage vows and prayers
  4. Hymn or psalm blessing
  5. Signing the register
  6. Leaving for the reception (party, lunch)

As the party leaves the church, the order should be bride and groom, chief bridesmaid and best man, bride’s mother and bridegroom’s father, bridegroom’s mother and bride’s father, bridesmaids and other attendants.

At the party or reception, people are usually told where to sit. Before the food, there are a number of speeches. Some are serious, but the Best Man usually makes a humorous one, saying funny things about the Groom :

This is from the British film ‘Four Weddings and a Funeral’, with actor Hugh Grant delivering the speech: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S6GPicVYCvs

Decision – making

The menu – which do you prefer ? The food, the choice and the design.

The party (and after-party !)

A Jewish wedding party with traditional music https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5k3sH8AmeJk

A Mexican wedding: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TCa-tXL4miM

Today’s song: Sweet ‘Love is like oxygen’  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L9XYaEsfuU0

Adult Speaking Class. Theme: Love and marriage

11th January 2020

Love and marriage

Image result for wedding

Idioms, collocations, expressions, phrasal verbs

tie the knot / getting spliced / = getting married

(collocation – to get married)

He went down on one knee and popped the question = proposed.

It was love at first sight. She knew he was Mr Right.

He proposed but she turned him down = he asked but she said ‘no.’

They changed their minds, he got cold feet now they have called off the wedding.

I love weddings; it’s a chance to dress up and show off.

How do these differ ?

Going on a date / going out / meeting for coffee 

Philipe and Julie have been ………. for five months (they have been dating)

You want to speak more with someone as a friend

You want to meet someone alone, and maybe start a romantic relationship

FREE SPEAKING

What’s the best thing about being in a relationship? What’s the best thing about being single? 

What headings would you put these under ?

Life is more fun than being alone. Problems are easier to solve.

We have total, 100% freedom ! Do what we want, when we want.

We have less responsibility.

No lonliness

If you meet someone you like, you can ask them out on a date.

There’s a time to play and a time to settle down and raise a family.

No in-laws !

How do couples meet ?

How did you meet your: wife / husband / boyfriend / girlfriend / partner ?

Image result for meeting people for dates

Listening practice: How did these couples meet ? This video was shot (filmed) in New York, so it will be American English: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n6rYRyoqpeI

New Vocabulary

Make sentences based on the pictures:

shocked / delighted / lonely / frustrated /overwhelmed /surprised / confused / relieved

Remember: you can increase sentences by using adjectives – just say what you see. Basic adjectives such as colours, sizes or materials will all add to your word count and make your speech more interesting (as well as improving scores in tests).

How does the woman feel ? What does she look like ? What is she wearing ?

I was delighted when I received your wedding invitation. (FIRST PERSON ‘I’, or use the THIRD PERSON – he/she/it/ a name)

The lady was delighted.

The young lady was delighted.

The beautiful young lady with long straight blonde hair, and wearing a pretty pink top, was delighted.

The young woman, who has long straight blonde hair, was delighted by the invitation.

Now you try:

Blind date TV show (this is from UK 1994)

Do you have game shows like this is your country ? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dj_ewz53Frk

Image result for Blind date tv uk

Blind Date game:

Look at the photos of the three men and three women.

Read their likes and dislikes, and what they want out of life. 

Try to arrange matches.

How successful will the dates be, do you think ?

PETER. Age 46. Lawyer. Likes cooking, travelling, wine, driving, tennis. Divorced, 2 children. Looks for quiet lady with no children, to look after the house and him.

JAMES. Age 26. IT worker. Likes music, dancing, going to clubs, beach holidays. Single. Looks for young lady who is loud and fun, likes to party.

David. Age 22. Model. Likes fashion, clothes, cocktail bars, smoking cigars. Looking for a women who is a model so we can look great together. Must be very beautiful and wear expensive clothes.

And now the ladies: which woman would be the best match for these men ?

Jane. Age 22. Likes fashion, clubbing, kittens, holidays in the sun. Looks for a man with a steady job and ‘down-to-earth’. Non-smoker only.

Lisa. 28. Banker. Likes quiet restaurants, badminton, travelling. Looks for a mature man with good income for long term relationship. No boys, please !

Emily. 20. Likes dancing, fashion, going out with my friends. Movies. Wants a young, cute boy-friend so we can go to parties together. No boring old men, please !

If the dates are successful, they could lead to weddings, married life and children … but we’ll save that for the next blog. In the meantime, here’s some clips of when the big day doesn’t go to plan. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NCkcU9h5ggc

Image result for wedding fails

Adult Speaking Class. Theme: Travel, traffic

9th January 2020

Contents

Dialogues

Listening practice: Vietnamese driving school (Top Gear).

London Underground (the Tube)

Sentence building: describe pictures.

Vocabulary and speaking practice.

Listening Practice

Vietnamese driving school from ‘Top Gear’ BBC TV: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V1xNTBLgq4c&t=11s

Dialogues

Traffic Dialogue 

Examples of how to use the new vocabulary in everyday situations

Ian and Tom are driving to a business meeting.

Ian Look at all this congestion ! It’s chockablock. What’s that idiot doing ?

Tom He’s trying to cut in. The other car’s blocked him. Oh … he’s getting out.

Ian He’s punching the car !Ha, over there, a traffic cop. Now he’s screwed !

Tom Yeah, road rage. Oh, at last, we’re on the move … and stop. What can we do ?

Ian Make the second turning at the roundabout. Take the ring road. 

Tom Cool ! Avoid the rush hour in the city. Wish we were on the motorway.

Ian Yeah, put your foot down get there in next to no time. Why’s it so busy ?

Tom I get it, roadworks. They’re building a new flyover. That should ease traffic.

Sara & Vic are arguing in the car. Sara is driving.

Vic Why did you come this way ? District 7 at the rush hour, are you nuts ?

Sara I thought we could beat the traffic. There’s too many containers in D. 2

Vic Too many cars here and we’ve hit every red light ! Women drivers !

Sara That was sexist ! Anyway, you drive like a madman. Foot down and go !

Vic Cars are for driving, not stopping ! Take that turning, it’s quicker.

Sara That’s a one-way street, Einstein ! I hate back-seat drivers. 

Vic Next time I’m driving. Women are terrible … what are you doing ?

Sara Pulling over. You can get out and walk ! Hope it doesn’t rain. See ya !

London Underground (the Tube)

This is how I get to work (go to work) when I am in London. This video describes how to use the London Tube:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=StFAuGQf2mM

But this is what the Tube is like at peak times (rush hour – 6.30 – 9. 30 / 4.30 – 7.30) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LxfX2Y9og8E

What do you need / need to do to travel around London ?

Sentence building

What is happening here:

Try to build long complex sentences. The first one is the Tokyo subway.

Street scene in Vietnam. The light brown uniform is the traffic police.

What phrasal verbs could you use here ? What are the ladies doing wrong ? What do you think will happen to the ladies ?

What the heck is happening here ?

What do you think will happen to the driver ? In your opinion …

Vocabulary

rush hour // ring road // metro/subway/ U-Bahn/ the Tube // congested

blind spot / flyover / motorway / roundabout / road rage / one-way street

traffic jam / chockablock / cutting in / cut me off / hit every red light !

What are the issues facing you when you travel around Sai Gon ?

[what problems do you have]

This is an opinion question, so start your answer with:

In my opinion // In my experience // For me // I think // I believe // It seems to me

First – think of the positives – Is it easy to travel around ?

Is petrol / gas cheap ? Many stations ?

Can anyone attain a driver’s licence ?

What about public transport ? Cheap, reliable ?

Conversely, think of the negatives – time spent travelling.

Accidents 

Costs – insurance, petrol, maintenance

Dangers – pollution

Condition of roads

Is traffic getting worse in HCM ? Why do you think so ? 

What can be done to ease this situation ?

Finally – what is your conclusion. There will probably be both good and bad points.

Adult Speaking Class, Level 2 part 2

Contents

At the bank

Complaining in shops

Grammar / past tense exercise / reflexive verbs

Past time expressions

Pronunciation quiz

Sentence building and speaking exercises

Telephone speaking

Vocabulary booster

At the bank

A typical High Street bank
bank interior with counter

What can you do at a bank ?

Deposit money: put money into your account

Withdraw money: take money out of your account (at the counter or by ATM)

Exchange money: buy foreign currency

Check the exchange rate. How the Vietnamese Dong compares with other currencies

Open or close an account

Speaking practice:


Clerk: 
Good morning. Can I help you?

Customer: Yes, please. I would like to open an account here.

Clerk: OK. Do you have any ID?

Customer: I have my driving licence; is that enough?

Clerk: Well, we need two forms of ID, and something with your home address.

Customer: OK, well I also have an electric bill with my name and address on it.

Clerk: That’s fine. Just give me a few minutes to open your new account.

People at the bank

bank manager / bank clerk (UK) / bank teller (US) / security / customer adviser 

Teller: Hello. Can I help you?

Customer: Yes, please. I’d like to deposit this cheque into my account.

Teller: Certainly. Do you have your account number?

Customer: No, but I have my bank card. Is that enough?

Teller: Yes, that’s fine. OK, that’s all done!

Customer: Thanks!


What else can you do at a bank ? 

Bank charges – interest 10% APR

mortgage – a loan for a home or building

What are your opinions of this cash-flow solution ? (payday loans) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=37YZREaPvI4

Complaining in shops, returning items

https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/article/rants-raves-returning-goods-a-shop

What is the problem with the shoes ?

What are the shop asking for ?

What is the situation in your country ? Is is possible to return items ? Do you get money back or shop credit ?

What do you think of this complaint ? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xNxaDllhMyg

Grammar: Past Tense exercise

Past Tense exercise. Use the appropriate verb.

Tom (to be) born in Sydney and (arrive) in Viet Nam in 2015. He (work) as an engineer in District 1 but (want) to work near his home in Go Vap. Last week, his wife (have) a party. Firstly, she (buy) a fancy new dress and shoes then (cut) her hair. She (dance) all night and we (hear) her singing. In the morning, she (catch) a plane and (fly) to Australia.

Grammar: Reflexive verbs:

Notice the reflexive verbs: 

You may find yourself / you may ask yourself

What are they doing ?

He is shaving … /// She is looking at …

The man is teaching …… lip-reading
They are enjoying …

Past time expressions

Not for a long time / not recently / oh, I can’t recall it was so long ago

quite recently / fairly recently / about a month or so ago 

last week / last month / last year / yesterday / just this morning

the day before yesterday / a fortnight ago / ages ago / I’ve never done that

Pronunciation Quiz

What words are being said ?

Cheese or cheers / Ship or sheep / close (the door) or close (near) 

work or walk / heard or hurt / house or ours / open or a pen 

Sentence Building & Speaking Subjects

laptops / holidays / engineering / travelling

motorbikes / family / living in your hometown / modern life / traditions

Introduction

1st point

2nd point

anecdote (personal story)

conclusion

Laptops are an incredibly useful piece of technology. They can be used for work, hobbies, music, and to stay in touch with friends.

I use my laptop every day. I plan lessons and use the internet to search for lesson notes, English language games and interesting video clips to show my students.

Because I live so far from my home country, I find the internet essential. I can maintain contact with friends and family by using: Skype, Facebook, Viber, Instagram … well, there are so many social media sites.

I like Apple; I know there are very expensive, but they seem to work so well. I rarely have a problem with my computer which is great because I know nothing about IT.

There was one issue I had in Vietnam. My plug snapped and I had to buy a new cable. I eventually found a store in Quan 3. I had to wait 30 minutes but finally a man came with an ‘Apple’ plug … and it was less than half the UK price.

To conclude, laptops are part of my life. I use them every day for work, relaxing and chatting with friends.

Tips: If you need time to think before answering, use one of the following phrases:

Let me think (about it)

How can I put it … ?

What’s the word … ?

What is happening ?

Make long sentences: what are the people doing, what are they wearing, what do they look like ? Then, why are they doing it ? What is the story ?

Speaking Practise:

Holiday in Canada

Ron and Sid are on holiday in Canada. They are hungry but it’s cold outside.

Ron Come on, there’s a KFC franchise nearby. I’m starving !

Sid Sounds good, let me get my coat … and hat and gloves and scarf.

Ron Yeah, it’s freezing outside. This is worse than Sapa.

Sid Tell me about it ! It takes me 10 minutes to put all these clothes on.

Ron They have shovelled the snow so the path is safe. Are you ready ?

Sid Ready ! I love staying here although it’s so cold.

Ron According to the news, this is the worst winter for 16 years.

Sid Let’s go. I need some hot chicken.

Ron And some damn fine coffee.

Note the expressions ‘this is worse than …’ & ‘according to’

It is cold in Sapa BUT it is much colder in Canada: This is worse than Sapa.

John said Peter was leaving: According to John, Peter was leaving.

Try these sentences:

It is noisy in New York but much nosier in Sai Gon: This is worse than New York !

Karaoke was loud on Friday but louder on Sunday:

The test was hard on Monday but much harder on Tuesday:

New Boss

Nick and Fred are discussing (talking about) their new boss

Nick Have you seen the new boss ? She looks very professional and a little scary.

Fred No, I have spoken to her. She’s quite friendly although a bit serious.

Nick I like her business suit. Is it a designer label ? It looks expensive.

Fred Maybe it’s French or Italian. I think she will be dependable.

Nick She can’t be worse than the old boss. He had a screw loose !

Fred He was a little arrogant and very bossy. And hard as nails.

Nick He was crazy. According to Jerry, he didn’t want to pay any bonuses.

Fred That’s why he got such a negative backlash. I’m glad he’s gone.

Nick Jerry and I are also very glad.

Reflexive verbs:

Sam Allow me to introduce myself. My name’s Sam and I’m Australian. Good day !

Pat Hi, Sam, nice to meet you. How did you get here ? By Uber or taxi ?

Sam No, mate, I drove myself. My wife and I always drive ourselves.

Pat Yeah, taxis are a luxury. Sorry, I’m Pat. Please help yourself to beer.

Sam I like the sound of that. Are you the one that wrote me the email ?

Pat Yeah. Sorry if my English is not perfect; I’m teaching myself.

Sam No problems, you speak well. Those people are really enjoying themselves.

Pat Of course, Vietnamese love free beer but we behave ourselves.

Sam Not me ! Last time I had too much, I fell down and hurt myself.

Pat Where’s your wife ? I think I saw her earlier ? She has blonde hair, right ?

Sam Nah, she’s a brunette. She’s out buying herself a new dress. And new shoes !

Pat I get it ! I do the working, my wife does the spending.

Symbols

Sid It’s so cold in Germany. Have you ever experienced snow or minus temperatures ?

Lyn No, never, I hate the cold. Hang on a minute … yes, I was in Sapa once.

Sid I’m going there once the schools break up. Are you going to the staff party ?

Lyn Possibly. What time do the festivities kick off ?

Sid Around seven I guess. What are those pictures ? Is it for a project ?

Lyn Yeah, exactly. I have to make a presentation about countries so I’m using symbols.

Sid OK, let’s see … I know three lions means England and the eagle represents USA

Lyn The hammer and sickle, of course, is Russia. Do you know the towers ?

Sid Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur. I was there on business once. Amazing food.

Lyn How about the other two ? The first one is a mythical creature.

Sid From Egypt, near the pyramids. Remind me of the name.

Lyn The Sphinx. She has a woman’s face, a lion’s body and an eagle’s tail.

Sid The last one ? That’s Jesus … hang on a minute … I know, in Brazil, right ?

Telephone speaking

Listening practice: IELTS listening to phone numbers (0.55 – 3.06)

Listen out for:

You can get hold of me / you can reach me at (phone number) = my number is …. 

Mia:Hello, you’ve reached the marketing department. How can I help?
Rich:Yes can I speak to Rosalind Wilson, please?
Mia:Who’s calling please?
Rich:It’s Richard Davies here
Mia:Certainly. Please hold and I’ll put you through.
Rich:Thank you.

Mia:Hello, marketing.How can I help?
Rich:Could I speak to Jason Roberts please?
Mia:Certainly. Who shall I say is calling?
Rich:My name’s Richard Davies .
Mia:Just a second – I’ll see if he’s in. Hang on a moment, I’m just putting you through.

Vocabulary booster:

Match the words with their opposite meanings

generous // hard working

reliable // light-hearted

serious // arrogant

lazy // selfish

modest // unreliable

Adult Speaking Class, Level 2: Easter

1st January 2020

Image result for easter in uk"

This lesson is about Easter, a public holiday throughout many western countries. Unlike Christmas, Easter does not have an exact date (similar to Tet in Asia). This year, easter falls on Sunday April 12th.

The videos will introduce you to the celebration as well as teaching new words and expressions.

Easter traditions

New vocabulary:

to experience – to feel something, to do something. 

I have experienced Tet holiday in Viet Nam

resurrection – to come back to life after death.

festivities – things to do at parties or what happens on a public holiday

symbol – a sign or logo – yellow star is a symbol of Viet Nam, golden arches McDonalds

hang on a minute ! – stop and wait !

mythical – something that is like a legend, probably not real

coincides – happens at the same time. John’s wedding coincides with the World Cup.

break up – phrasal verb – to have a school holiday. The kids break up on the 24thJuly.

British traditions:(0 – 1.31) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UWtMkskB2Qg

This video is intermediate to advanced level, but it’s a chance to listen to naturtal speaking from a British lady.

Another video, this time from the newsinlevels website. Here, you are able to select the level (1, 2 or 3) that is best for you. Furthermore, the speaking is designed for English learners, so has less intonation and chunking: https://www.newsinlevels.com/products/gold-easter-bunnies-level-1/

What holiday is next week ? In which city ?

What is special about one egg ? Do people like them ?

Speaking practise:

Nina Have you seen this western tradition ? They give chocolate eggs at Easter.

Eva Are you serious ? I adore chocolate. Who gives them ?

Nina Well, parents give to children, husbands give to wives, boyfriends to girlfriends.

Eva I haven’t seen them. Can you tell me about them ?

Nina Sure, I saw them in England. It is a large piece of chocolate shaped like an egg.

Eva I like the sound of that. A giant chocolate egg, sounds like heaven.

Nina That’s only part of it. Inside the egg, there are more chocolates.

Eva Ok, next year I am going to England. I will eat like a pig. A chocolate pig !

Image result for easter eggs"
chocolate Easter eggs

Adult Speaking Class, level 2

More advanced speaking and writing exercises.

Contents

Christmas (in UK and Germany) / food expressions and dialogue

Cinema (grammar: must or have to)

Coffee in Sai Gon

Collocations (put, get)

Directions, giving and asking

Elvis

Expressions and practice

Holidays

Karaoke (noise pollution)

Listening Practice: 5 weird things Vietnamese do // making a video

McDonalds

Music and vocabulary (Paul McCartney / Talking Heads)

Poland: salt mine, speaking practice, beer guide, travel guide.

Shopping (buying presents, Black Friday)

Vocabulary review

Christmas

Describe these German Christmas pictures

Image result for german christmas market"
Image result for german christmas"
Image result for germans celebrating christmas santa lucia"

At Christmas we have decorations, Christmas cards and an excessive amount of food !

We have a Christmas tree. The tree is decorated with fairy lights and bells and also there are presents on the floor around the tree. In the west, at the top of the tree, traditionally there is an angel.

How many free days do you have or do you have to work ?

Christmas Dinner – British traditons

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YzSGEeaYvJc

What do you think of the food ? Listen out for adjectives and adverbs.

Image result for traditonal uk christmas dinner"
Image result for traditonal uk christmas pudding"

Food expressions and dialogue

It’s not to my taste = I don’t like it

It’s a little spicy for my palate

I find it somewhat bland

I’ll try anything once

I like my meat rare / medium / well done

I’m vegetarian / vegan

Speaking practice:

Mick Fancy eating out at lunch ? (Fancy – do you like / want to)

Jack Great idea. What do you have in mind ? (What is your idea / plan ?)

Mick Wanna try that new Indian place ? 10% off promotion this week.

Jack Sounds cool but I’m not into Indian food. Too spicy for my palate. (don’t like)

Mick I could go for some Korean. Sink my teeth into some juicy rare steak !

Jack I prefer my meat well done. Get a side order of kimchi too.

Mick I’ll pass; it’s not to my taste. Too much garlic.

Cinema Choice

Vocabulary

I prefer /choice \ choose /my taste / not my taste / trailer / concession stand /

all-star cast / director / film studio / controversial / family film / book online

What’s on at the cinema ? What’s playing this week ? Not my cup of tea.

What types of film can you name ?

Horror Stories // about people’s lives and emotions

Biopic //Space films, or films set inthe future

Romance Films // about fighting and soldiers

Comedy // Loud, exciting films with explosions and fast cars

Western // Stories about real famous people

Sci-fi // True stories with real people, not actors

Drama // Stories about police or spies or crime

Animation (Anime) // Scary films about ghosts or monsters

Musical // A film about cowboys, set in USA

Documentary //A cartoon, illustrated film

War // Love stories

Thriller // Funny films

Action // Stories with singing and dancing

Look at a cinema listing. Discuss what is on this week, what is playing.

Which films (if any) appeal to you ?

Grammar Note:

must or have to / don’t have to or mustn’t ?

have to = other people tell you // must = your decision

don’t have to = not necessary // mustn’t = is forbidden

You have to have a degree in order to be an engineer

I must stop eating at Lotteria !

You don’t have to bring any beer to the party.

You mustn’t run a red light or use your mobile phone on your motorbike.

Exercises:

The new James Bond film may be sold out. We ______ buy tickets NOW !

I hate comedies ! Do I _____ go ?

You _______ eat too much popcorn; it’s bad for you.

You ________to be over 18 to see this film

You don’t ____ bring your passport to get intoa cinema in Viet Nam.

Coffee in Sai Gon

Describe this picture; use adjectives and opinions.

Highlands Coffee has great coffee, air-con and free wifi. Having said that, the service is a little slow, there are no waiters and the cost is unbelievably expensive !

Vietnam is famous for coffee; coffee shops are ubiquitous. In fact, there are so many, it’s hard to see (difficult to understand) how they stay in business let alone turn a profit.

Be that as it may, let’s use this as a learning opportunity. To practice making longer sentences, and as a warm up exercise, the students can ask each other, “Where do you go for coffee ?”

Tips:

Don’t answer the question directly and immediately; Begin with a short introduction:

Sai Gon has so many coffee shops, some are cheap while others can be quite expensive although they have a wide range of delicious coffee. Personally, I like going to …

Then

Explain:

  1. How MUCH do you like it (adverbs) ?
  2. What kind of coffee (adjectives) ?
  3. What do you think about this ? (opinions)
  4. WHY do you like it (give reasons)
  5. Interesting words, phrases, idioms

Personally, I like Tap Coffee which is an independent shop where I live. I enjoy going there so much because the owner is very friendly and tries to speak English with me. There isn’t a lot of choice, so I order cappuccino with hot, fresh milk. In my opinion, it is good value and tastes delicious. What I like about the shop is the free wifi, the comfortable chairs and the atmosphere. Furthermore, it is usually very quiet and it therefore a good place to read. I love to put my feet up, kick back and sip my damn fine coffee.

Before the exercise, elicit and board as many relevant words and phrases as required. The students have a discourse marker list, so I could insist that they use certain words (moreover, therefore, consequently etc). Additionally, I’ll need to explain vernacular phrases such as ‘kick back’ and ‘put my feet up’.

IF a student doesn’t like coffee, then they can say where they go and what they drink. IF they don’t go anywhere or like anything (yes, I have had that in a class), then they can explain WHY NOT!

Key vocabulary: ambience // aroma //atmosphere

Grammar Note:

In a list of three, use one comma and a linking word (and):

The service is a little slow, there are no waiters and the cost is unbelievably expensive !

In a list of two, just use a linking word (and): 

Mega Mart has amazing choice and is good value for money.

How to make Vietnamese coffee

Tell me: what do I need ? What type of coffee is best ? Where can I buy it ?

New verbs: pour / stir / fill up / 

Make a long, fluent presentation. Useful words or expressions:

Firstly / afterwards / and then / following that /

don’t forget to … / you can always ….

lastly / finally / at the very end …

In your experience, what coffee is best ? Trang Nguyen, Highlands or Milano ?

Watch the happy couple. What are they planning to do ?(0 – 0.43) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PvMxbRCBalk&list=PLA1EC9692E5B92C14

How does Pumpkin (man) say why not ?

What happens if you ‘stick up’ (rob) a gas (petrol) station ?

Are restaurants expecting to be robbed ? How does Pumpkin describe them ?

Collocations

Put

the cat out / the fire out / on your red shoes /on a happy face /

it in your own words / up or shut up ! / it away / it another way

Get

well soon / over it ! / on with it / away with murder / on the bus /

back to work ! / with the program (US) / some fresh air

His Thai girlfriend left him months ago. He needs to get ……….

Directions

Giving and asking how to go somewhere.

Useful vocabulary

turn left / turn right / go straight / go as far as / opposite /walk past

take the first left / take the second right / cross the street / go over the road

take a taxi / jump on a bus / order Grabbike / it’s about a 15-minute walk

Example: How do I get from LVT Park to the Post Office ?

Walk along Hai Ba Thang and cross over Dien Bien Phu. Keep walking straight and walk past the church. It is the huge yellow building. You can’t miss it.

How do I get from Ben Thanh Market to the Opera House ?

How do I get from Reunification Palace to the History Museum ?

I’m at the zoo and I need to go to work at HSL. What should I do ?

Where is the best place to get a coffee around here ? How do I get there ?

Elvis

Image result for elvis"

Elvis (0 – 1:54) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TsqwT3oX0rI

What do you know about Elvis ?

  • Elvis was born in Tupelo, Mississippi in 1935

Elvis has sold over one billion records worldwide.

Elvis has had over 150 different albums and singles certified gold, platinum and multi-platinum.

Elvis starred in 31 feature films and two concert documentaries.

Elvis Presley is called the King of Rock ‘n’ Roll.

Elvis’ first gold record was for “Heartbreak Hotel” and was received in 1956.

  • Elvis passed away in 1977 at Graceland in Memphis.

Expressions

New expressions:

a bright spark – someone who is very clever

cooking the books – Writing wrong information in the company accounts

on the lookout – looking for something

same thing, day in, day out – everyday is exactly the same, very boring.

Ken I’ve also been on the lookout for a new job. My job is so tedious !

Chin Mine too. Same thing, day in, day out. But … it’s a job. Oh, Tom was fired.

Ken No ! Why ? I’ve known him for a long time. He’s a bright spark.

Chin He was cooking the books.

Ken You’re pulling my leg !

Chin Yes ! Actually, he went to Boston. He’s going to study at Harvard.

Ken I’ve been to Harvard.

Chin Sure, but to visit, not to study hahahahaah.

Holidays

Choose a holiday – which do you prefer and why ?

I would choose / select ….. because …..

peace and quiet / hustle and bustle / get away from the city / fresh air 

lots of culture / lots places to visit / culture shock / activity holiday

What is good about these places ? What could be a drawback ? (bad, negative)

Karaoke (noise pollution)

Karaoke outside is a form (kind) of noise pollution https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O1-W7gz6Znk

blaring = very loud: the music was blaring out, all night. The police siren was blaring.

Listening Practice:

5 Weird Things Vietnamese People Do

weird = unusual / strange

Listening practise: Vietnamese culture(0.23 – end) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tBAi_b__l_c

Do you agree with the video ? To what extent ?

BONUS: can you spot any English mistakes ?

I agree totally / I agree to an extent / I disagree / I disagree strongly

She makes a good point / She misses the point

She is spot on / She is way off 

In my experience …

Exercises:

EXAMPLE: People in Ha Noi are very unfriendly

Give your opinion and then qualify it with the reason(s). 

I agree to an extent. People are generally friendlier in Sai Gon but there are many nice people in Ha Noi too.

Vietnam is a great place to live // Karaoke is lots of fun for everyone

Being an engineer is a dream come true // Learning English is such fun

Everyone in Viet Nam really wants to live in USA

Listening Practice: making a video (0.13 – 1.17) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZTwIOZD877A

Listen out (phrasal verb) for these words / phrases:

therefore / out and about / footage (what has been filmed) / basically / you see obviously / annoyed.

Listen out for changes in intonation (stressing words in a sentence)

What did he film ?

Why couldn’t he use the footage ?

What did he leave at home ?

McDonalds

McDonald’s is a fast food company that was founded in 1940 as a restaurant operated by Richard and Maurice McDonald, in California, United States.

The first time a McDonald’s franchise used the Golden Arches logo was in 1953 at a location in Phoenix, Arizona.

McDonald’s is the world’s largest restaurant chain by revenue, serving over 69 million customers daily in over 100 countries across approximately 36,900 outlets as of 2016.

Although McDonald’s is known for its hamburgers, they also sell cheeseburgers, chicken products, french fries,breakfast items, soft drinks, milkshakes, wraps, and desserts. 

In response to changing consumer tastes and a negative backlash because of the unhealthiness of their food,the company has added to its menu salads, fish, smoothies, and fruit.

According to a BBC report published in 2012, McDonald’s is the world’s second largest private employer with 1.5 million (behind Walmart with 1.9 million employees).

People who buys things are called customers or …

A big company has many shops. Each one is called a …

When people react against something it is called a …

A symbol for a company is known as a …

When you say something that you heard from somewhere else, you use the phrase …

Which word means when a company or institute began or was established ?

Listening and speaking practice: Ordering fast food.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nk4GGIx-5tI

What would you choose for a McDonald’s breakfast ?

How would you order it ?

Is junk food healthy ? What do you think ? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cRZe7AhO_i8

McD Good morning, may I help you ?

Jeff Yes, I’d like a/the ………

McD Sure. That comes with black coffee, is that OK ?

Jeff Can I have beer instead ? No, I’m pulling your leg (I’m joking)

McD Milk and sugar ?

Jeff Oh, yeah, bring it on ! (let’s do it !)

McD Would you like to supersize your breakfast ? Extra fries and super large coffee ?

Jeff Just for an extra 10 000 VND ? Sounds a bargain ! Supersize me !

McD OK, here you are. Enjoy your meal !

Jeff WAIT ! …. this is a damn fine cup of coffee !

Listening Practice: http://www.videosinlevels.com/breakfast-recommendation/

How does the man like eggs ? // What kind of omelets are there ?

What is wrong with a large lunch ? //Why is fruit good ?

Do you know what you want to get ?

Music

Learn vocabulary and listening practice

Listen to Paul McCartney‘s ‘Another Day’. Paul McCartney used to bein the Beatles: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vH6v9JS26xc

Every day, what does the girl in the song do ? Does the song mean her life is exciting or tedious ?

What do you think of this video ? (Talking Heads ‘Once In A Lifetime’): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5IsSpAOD6K8

The man is: funny / amusing / weird / strange / entertaining / has a screw loose

His dancing is: highly unusual / very comical / somewhat crazy / charming

Poland:

Salt Mine near Krakow, Poland

14 miles from Krakow in South Poland is this deep salt mine. Everything here has been hand-carved from blocks of salt. The mine has nine levels with over 300km of tunnels. Part of the mine is open to visitors. There are 22 galleries from 64 metres to 135 metres underground. Guided tours take about two hours.

There is a chapel here measuring 54 m by 18m and 12 m high. It took two men over thirty years to build. 

There is also an underground lake, and musicians playing brass instruments.

Pope John Paul and Bill Clinton are some of the famous visitors.

New vocabulary

ordinary

valuable

UNESCO

consists

unique

majestic

encounter

Speaking Practice: Three friends are planning where to go on holiday.

Pete Any suggestions ? I’d really like to go to Norway. They have some great sights.

Burt Yeah, I agree, but the weather could be an issue. I hate the cold.

Doug The scenery is amazing, true. However, it’s gonna be incredibly expensive.

Pete I found a tour; it consists of flights, hotels, boat trips and sightseeing.

Burt I’ve heard Norway is terribly expensive. If we go to Europe, I’d prefer Poland.

Doug Sounds good. Great architecture, lots to see and do, and brilliant beer.

Pete Perfect. Let me look up some info on Google … look at this !

Burt That’s so majestic. I’d say we forget Norway and head for Poland

Doug I’d love to see the salt mine, amazingly unique. It’s a UNESCO sight. 

Image result for Krakow"
Krakow, Poland

Speaking Practice: Three friends are discussing their holiday.

Doug This bed and breakfast has a good reputation, as well as being central.

Pete Good point. We don’t want to be in the suburbs, waste time, travelling.

Burt Yeah, keep it simple: good location, good price. Shall we book ?

Doug Go for it ! Wait … damn internet, so slow. Oh, we’ve encountered a glitch.

Pete It’s taking it’s time ! Look, we’re connected. Better be quick.

Burt OK, let me see … three beds for five nights. Arrival date … enter … done !

Doug Poland, here we come ! This is no ordinary trip. Look at these churches

Pete Absolutely majestic ! Maybe we’ll keep going back, every year.

Burt Well, I’d also love to visit Austria, Prague, Barcelona … everywhere !

Image result for krakpw hotels"

Speaking Practice: Three friends are in Krakow.

Doug Man, this place is really buzzing. What shall we do now ? 

Burt We could head towards the Palace, maybe grab some food on the way.

Pete Yeah, I’m up for that. Could use some coffee, as well. Either of you peckish ?

Doug Sure, I’m always hungry. Do you fancy going on the booze cruise ? 

Burt How much is it gonna cost ? 

Pete Surprisingly cheap. But I’m not sure, It’s not really my cup of tea.

Doug Fair enough. Maybe we’ll just chill out later in the old quarter. A beer or two.

Burt Or twenty. We should get a move on;the Palace closes at five.

Pete Take it easy. Let’s hit the Palace tomorrow early. It’s now beer o’clock !

Image result for Polish beer"
Polish beers

It’s beer o’clock ! What does our friend think of this Polish beer ?https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XUjQhsbAi6k

New vocabulary: infamous / indication / originally / generic /bouquet / aroma /synthetic

Instead of saying ‘ let’s smell it’, he says ……..

What does he say before he drinks ?

Just by watching his expression, can you tell if he likes it ?

How does he describe the taste ?

Speaking Practice: Three friends have their last night in Krakow.

Burt Three beers, please. Not Lech ! What a fantastic trip, don’t you think ?

Doug Absolutely, the best. It’s beena blast from beginning to end. Here’s the beer.

Pete Ready ? Twoje zdrowie ! Polish is easy. Easier than English, hands down.

Burt Are you serious ? I can’t pronounce anything. Anyway, ‘cheers’.

Doug What were your personal highlights ? I loved the big square. Always buzzing.

Pete The castle was majestic but I was overwhelmed by the crowds. And .. the beer !

Burt The Gothic altarpiece was incredible and, of course, the salt mine.

Doug Truly unforgettable. The city has a marvellous atmosphere, friendly and mysterious

Pete So where to next year ? Or maybe we don’t go home, we go to Prague instead ?

Listening and new vocabulary (0 – 3.15) and food (4.00 – 5.33) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hivlYF-4Mk8

Do you think they planned their trip well ? If not, why not ?

story of (my / your / our) life / lives / our mood / for starters / hop aboard

simmer down / booze cruise / place was buzzing

Did you notice any superlatives ? (the highest, smallest, most fascinating etc)

What do you think about Krakow ? How does it compare with HCMC ?

Polish food and drink.Would you like to try any of these ?

Were there any expressions you heard ? 

Shopping:

Vocabulary:

range of choice / quality / cost / location / crowded

store layout (what does it look like ? Is it easy to find things ?)

staff helpfulness / average (normal), put themselves out (very helpful) surly (unhappy)

value for money (good quality at a good price)/ on offer / sale /over-priced / bargains

Vocabulary for malls:

lift / elevator/ display /salesperson / free parking /restroom / lost property /receipt

credit cards / take away / fitting room / returns policy / shoplifting /Black Friday

Speaking practice:

When was the last time you went to a mall ? Why did you go ? What did you buy ?

Did you buy more than you intended ? Was it a pleasant experience ? Which do you like and would you recommend them to a friend … why ?

Where would you go to buy these shirts or T-shirts ? How much would you expect to pay ? Can you haggle (argue over the price ?) or are they fixed price ? How would you rate the quality ?

You want to buy a present for your: father / your teacher 🙂 / your young brother / a new friend from a different country. Which would you buy ?


What was the last thing you bought ? Was it for yourself, or a present ?

Don’t you love a bargain ? When is the best time to buy at discounted prices ?

In the UK, after Christmas we have the sales – many items are MUCH cheaper. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QSKrVh-3U3E

Black Friday: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FlPVAUulKZE

What do you think about these scenes ?

Are they dignified / horrific / shameful / appalling / materialism gone mad ?

Dialogue:

Ben Did you pick up anything on Black Friday

James Yeah, one or two things. I got a cool new shirt and shoes, half price.

Ben Sounds a bargin ! I was after a big screen TV but the store was crowded

James Tell me about it ! It was crazy. Apparently, it was the busiest day ever.

Ben I’m not surprised. That’s why I detest shopping; no where to park …

James People screaming and pushing, can’t even get in the lift …

Ben When you do find something, you have to queue for ages.

James I wanted to pay by credit card but the salesperson was really surly.

Ben Must have been rushed off her feet (very busy).

James She could have been more pleasant. Could have smiled once !

Ben What did she look like ?

James You decide … I tried out my new phone camera:

Image result for angry asian lady"

Vocabulary review

essential /useful / luxury / arrogant / dependable /witty 

A degree in engineering is …….. to work as an engineer.

Tom is so funny, always telling jokes. He is so ……

Ronaldo is a great player but some people think he can be very …….

A Rolls-Royce car is certainly a ………. item

Japanese appliances are known for being very ……….

There are many ……. websites to help you learn English

Exercise 2

ordinary / valuable / consists /unique /majestic /encounter

(sentimental / sentimental value)

You should go to Hoi An; it is a ……… town.

Don’t leave anything …. in your car or hotel room.

I had a terrible … with the new boss

The palace in Krakow is absolutely ……..

So far, it’s been an ……. day.

The course …. of three parts: speaking, writing and listening.

Exercise 3

I feel under the weather because of the air pollution as well as lack of sleep, which makes my body weaker.

You work every day – it’s no wonder you are ill !

shocked / delighted / lonely /frustrated /overwhelmed /surprised / confused/ relieved

snowed under / swamped = too much work

I was delighted when I received your wedding invitation.

Karen was so …….. when Roger popped the question.

Mr Jones was very ……. by the instruction book.

I was …….. at the price ! 

She was so ……. when she found her phone.

I was so ……. at waiting for Grabbike that I cancelled and got a taxi instead.

All the new information completely ……….. the new worker on his first day.

If you travel alone, it can be very ……..