Adult Speaking Class, Level 2: Present perfect exercises

4th July 2020

Fourth of July Celebration | Chesterfield County, VA

present perfect

Subject + have/ has + past participle [verb 3]

She has been to New York

Asian girl in Brooklyn, New York,US | Free backgrounds

They have visited London

What is the biggest draw to visit England for non-brits? - Quora

They have seen that film so many times but have never understood it.

Mulholland Drive (2001), dir. David Lynch – musings on films

NEGATIVE:

I have not read My Sassy Girl 

I haven’t read The Great Gatsby

Question:

Have you read On The Road ?

[Have / has + subject + verb 3 … ?]

On the Road by Jack Kerouac
  • To talk about something in the past but not when it happened

He has looked at the report YES

He has looked at the report last week NO He looked at the report last week

  • Can use with ‘for’ and ‘since’

I have lived in Los Angeles (LA) since 2010

I have lived in Chicago for seven years

Change the verb into the correct form:

  1. I (read) your book several times. I have read your book several times
    2. She has (wear) that skirt many times. [worn /wear / wore]
    3. My family (visit) Brazil a few times.
    4. I (eat) already.
    5. Marta (finish) her homework.
    6. You (break) the glass again.
    7. They (pay) for everything.
    8. It (never snow) like that.
    9. I (meet) Anna once.
    10. We (see) him before.
Worst Snowstorms in New England History - New England Today
Snow in New England, USA
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Dialogue

Hello, how’s it going ? Long time no see.

Yes, I’ve been in Texas 

Amazing! I want to go. I’ve never been there.

Really ? You must go, the food is great.

I’ve heard the people are incredibly nice and friendly.

And they just love a barbecue. I’ve never eaten so much in my life !

English school in Seattle | Kaplan International
Seattle Pictures & Report (Golden Dawn)… | The Velvet Rocket

Have you been trying to call me ? I was in Seattle.

What were you doing there ?

I was working. I had an interview for a new company.

I’ve also been on the lookout for a new job. My job is so tedious !

Mine too. Same thing, day in, day out. But … it’s a job. Oh, Tom has been fired.

No ! Why ? I’ve known him for a long time.

He hasn’t been pulling his weight. He’s been incredibly lazy !

Lazy Office Worker Playing Mobile Game With Smartphone During ...
Tom hasn’t been doing his work
E-Racism | Holy Dog Water
Cambridge & Boston | Harvard

Have you heard about John Jones ?

Yes ! He’s been transferred to Boston. He’s gotten a promotion.

I knew he’d do well. He’s a bright spark. I’ve seen Boston. I visited my friends.

I know Boston very well. I went to Harvard.

To study ?

No, to visit hahahahaha.

LOOK FOR:

Past simple 

Past continuous

Present perfect

Idioms and expressions

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Adult Speaking Class. Theme: Travel, traffic

9th January 2020

Contents

Dialogues

Listening practice: Vietnamese driving school (Top Gear).

London Underground (the Tube)

Sentence building: describe pictures.

Vocabulary and speaking practice.

Listening Practice

Vietnamese driving school from ‘Top Gear’ BBC TV: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V1xNTBLgq4c&t=11s

Dialogues

Traffic Dialogue 

Examples of how to use the new vocabulary in everyday situations

Ian and Tom are driving to a business meeting.

Ian Look at all this congestion ! It’s chockablock. What’s that idiot doing ?

Tom He’s trying to cut in. The other car’s blocked him. Oh … he’s getting out.

Ian He’s punching the car !Ha, over there, a traffic cop. Now he’s screwed !

Tom Yeah, road rage. Oh, at last, we’re on the move … and stop. What can we do ?

Ian Make the second turning at the roundabout. Take the ring road. 

Tom Cool ! Avoid the rush hour in the city. Wish we were on the motorway.

Ian Yeah, put your foot down get there in next to no time. Why’s it so busy ?

Tom I get it, roadworks. They’re building a new flyover. That should ease traffic.

Sara & Vic are arguing in the car. Sara is driving.

Vic Why did you come this way ? District 7 at the rush hour, are you nuts ?

Sara I thought we could beat the traffic. There’s too many containers in D. 2

Vic Too many cars here and we’ve hit every red light ! Women drivers !

Sara That was sexist ! Anyway, you drive like a madman. Foot down and go !

Vic Cars are for driving, not stopping ! Take that turning, it’s quicker.

Sara That’s a one-way street, Einstein ! I hate back-seat drivers. 

Vic Next time I’m driving. Women are terrible … what are you doing ?

Sara Pulling over. You can get out and walk ! Hope it doesn’t rain. See ya !

London Underground (the Tube)

This is how I get to work (go to work) when I am in London. This video describes how to use the London Tube:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=StFAuGQf2mM

But this is what the Tube is like at peak times (rush hour – 6.30 – 9. 30 / 4.30 – 7.30) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LxfX2Y9og8E

What do you need / need to do to travel around London ?

Sentence building

What is happening here:

Try to build long complex sentences. The first one is the Tokyo subway.

Street scene in Vietnam. The light brown uniform is the traffic police.

What phrasal verbs could you use here ? What are the ladies doing wrong ? What do you think will happen to the ladies ?

What the heck is happening here ?

What do you think will happen to the driver ? In your opinion …

Vocabulary

rush hour // ring road // metro/subway/ U-Bahn/ the Tube // congested

blind spot / flyover / motorway / roundabout / road rage / one-way street

traffic jam / chockablock / cutting in / cut me off / hit every red light !

What are the issues facing you when you travel around Sai Gon ?

[what problems do you have]

This is an opinion question, so start your answer with:

In my opinion // In my experience // For me // I think // I believe // It seems to me

First – think of the positives – Is it easy to travel around ?

Is petrol / gas cheap ? Many stations ?

Can anyone attain a driver’s licence ?

What about public transport ? Cheap, reliable ?

Conversely, think of the negatives – time spent travelling.

Accidents 

Costs – insurance, petrol, maintenance

Dangers – pollution

Condition of roads

Is traffic getting worse in HCM ? Why do you think so ? 

What can be done to ease this situation ?

Finally – what is your conclusion. There will probably be both good and bad points.

Adult Speaking Class, Level 2 part 2

Contents

At the bank

Complaining in shops

Grammar / past tense exercise / reflexive verbs

Past time expressions

Pronunciation quiz

Sentence building and speaking exercises

Telephone speaking

Vocabulary booster

At the bank

A typical High Street bank
bank interior with counter

What can you do at a bank ?

Deposit money: put money into your account

Withdraw money: take money out of your account (at the counter or by ATM)

Exchange money: buy foreign currency

Check the exchange rate. How the Vietnamese Dong compares with other currencies

Open or close an account

Speaking practice:


Clerk: 
Good morning. Can I help you?

Customer: Yes, please. I would like to open an account here.

Clerk: OK. Do you have any ID?

Customer: I have my driving licence; is that enough?

Clerk: Well, we need two forms of ID, and something with your home address.

Customer: OK, well I also have an electric bill with my name and address on it.

Clerk: That’s fine. Just give me a few minutes to open your new account.

People at the bank

bank manager / bank clerk (UK) / bank teller (US) / security / customer adviser 

Teller: Hello. Can I help you?

Customer: Yes, please. I’d like to deposit this cheque into my account.

Teller: Certainly. Do you have your account number?

Customer: No, but I have my bank card. Is that enough?

Teller: Yes, that’s fine. OK, that’s all done!

Customer: Thanks!


What else can you do at a bank ? 

Bank charges – interest 10% APR

mortgage – a loan for a home or building

What are your opinions of this cash-flow solution ? (payday loans) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=37YZREaPvI4

Complaining in shops, returning items

https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/article/rants-raves-returning-goods-a-shop

What is the problem with the shoes ?

What are the shop asking for ?

What is the situation in your country ? Is is possible to return items ? Do you get money back or shop credit ?

What do you think of this complaint ? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xNxaDllhMyg

Grammar: Past Tense exercise

Past Tense exercise. Use the appropriate verb.

Tom (to be) born in Sydney and (arrive) in Viet Nam in 2015. He (work) as an engineer in District 1 but (want) to work near his home in Go Vap. Last week, his wife (have) a party. Firstly, she (buy) a fancy new dress and shoes then (cut) her hair. She (dance) all night and we (hear) her singing. In the morning, she (catch) a plane and (fly) to Australia.

Grammar: Reflexive verbs:

Notice the reflexive verbs: 

You may find yourself / you may ask yourself

What are they doing ?

He is shaving … /// She is looking at …

The man is teaching …… lip-reading
They are enjoying …

Past time expressions

Not for a long time / not recently / oh, I can’t recall it was so long ago

quite recently / fairly recently / about a month or so ago 

last week / last month / last year / yesterday / just this morning

the day before yesterday / a fortnight ago / ages ago / I’ve never done that

Pronunciation Quiz

What words are being said ?

Cheese or cheers / Ship or sheep / close (the door) or close (near) 

work or walk / heard or hurt / house or ours / open or a pen 

Sentence Building & Speaking Subjects

laptops / holidays / engineering / travelling

motorbikes / family / living in your hometown / modern life / traditions

Introduction

1st point

2nd point

anecdote (personal story)

conclusion

Laptops are an incredibly useful piece of technology. They can be used for work, hobbies, music, and to stay in touch with friends.

I use my laptop every day. I plan lessons and use the internet to search for lesson notes, English language games and interesting video clips to show my students.

Because I live so far from my home country, I find the internet essential. I can maintain contact with friends and family by using: Skype, Facebook, Viber, Instagram … well, there are so many social media sites.

I like Apple; I know there are very expensive, but they seem to work so well. I rarely have a problem with my computer which is great because I know nothing about IT.

There was one issue I had in Vietnam. My plug snapped and I had to buy a new cable. I eventually found a store in Quan 3. I had to wait 30 minutes but finally a man came with an ‘Apple’ plug … and it was less than half the UK price.

To conclude, laptops are part of my life. I use them every day for work, relaxing and chatting with friends.

Tips: If you need time to think before answering, use one of the following phrases:

Let me think (about it)

How can I put it … ?

What’s the word … ?

What is happening ?

Make long sentences: what are the people doing, what are they wearing, what do they look like ? Then, why are they doing it ? What is the story ?

Speaking Practise:

Holiday in Canada

Ron and Sid are on holiday in Canada. They are hungry but it’s cold outside.

Ron Come on, there’s a KFC franchise nearby. I’m starving !

Sid Sounds good, let me get my coat … and hat and gloves and scarf.

Ron Yeah, it’s freezing outside. This is worse than Sapa.

Sid Tell me about it ! It takes me 10 minutes to put all these clothes on.

Ron They have shovelled the snow so the path is safe. Are you ready ?

Sid Ready ! I love staying here although it’s so cold.

Ron According to the news, this is the worst winter for 16 years.

Sid Let’s go. I need some hot chicken.

Ron And some damn fine coffee.

Note the expressions ‘this is worse than …’ & ‘according to’

It is cold in Sapa BUT it is much colder in Canada: This is worse than Sapa.

John said Peter was leaving: According to John, Peter was leaving.

Try these sentences:

It is noisy in New York but much nosier in Sai Gon: This is worse than New York !

Karaoke was loud on Friday but louder on Sunday:

The test was hard on Monday but much harder on Tuesday:

New Boss

Nick and Fred are discussing (talking about) their new boss

Nick Have you seen the new boss ? She looks very professional and a little scary.

Fred No, I have spoken to her. She’s quite friendly although a bit serious.

Nick I like her business suit. Is it a designer label ? It looks expensive.

Fred Maybe it’s French or Italian. I think she will be dependable.

Nick She can’t be worse than the old boss. He had a screw loose !

Fred He was a little arrogant and very bossy. And hard as nails.

Nick He was crazy. According to Jerry, he didn’t want to pay any bonuses.

Fred That’s why he got such a negative backlash. I’m glad he’s gone.

Nick Jerry and I are also very glad.

Reflexive verbs:

Sam Allow me to introduce myself. My name’s Sam and I’m Australian. Good day !

Pat Hi, Sam, nice to meet you. How did you get here ? By Uber or taxi ?

Sam No, mate, I drove myself. My wife and I always drive ourselves.

Pat Yeah, taxis are a luxury. Sorry, I’m Pat. Please help yourself to beer.

Sam I like the sound of that. Are you the one that wrote me the email ?

Pat Yeah. Sorry if my English is not perfect; I’m teaching myself.

Sam No problems, you speak well. Those people are really enjoying themselves.

Pat Of course, Vietnamese love free beer but we behave ourselves.

Sam Not me ! Last time I had too much, I fell down and hurt myself.

Pat Where’s your wife ? I think I saw her earlier ? She has blonde hair, right ?

Sam Nah, she’s a brunette. She’s out buying herself a new dress. And new shoes !

Pat I get it ! I do the working, my wife does the spending.

Symbols

Sid It’s so cold in Germany. Have you ever experienced snow or minus temperatures ?

Lyn No, never, I hate the cold. Hang on a minute … yes, I was in Sapa once.

Sid I’m going there once the schools break up. Are you going to the staff party ?

Lyn Possibly. What time do the festivities kick off ?

Sid Around seven I guess. What are those pictures ? Is it for a project ?

Lyn Yeah, exactly. I have to make a presentation about countries so I’m using symbols.

Sid OK, let’s see … I know three lions means England and the eagle represents USA

Lyn The hammer and sickle, of course, is Russia. Do you know the towers ?

Sid Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur. I was there on business once. Amazing food.

Lyn How about the other two ? The first one is a mythical creature.

Sid From Egypt, near the pyramids. Remind me of the name.

Lyn The Sphinx. She has a woman’s face, a lion’s body and an eagle’s tail.

Sid The last one ? That’s Jesus … hang on a minute … I know, in Brazil, right ?

Telephone speaking

Listening practice: IELTS listening to phone numbers (0.55 – 3.06)

Listen out for:

You can get hold of me / you can reach me at (phone number) = my number is …. 

Mia:Hello, you’ve reached the marketing department. How can I help?
Rich:Yes can I speak to Rosalind Wilson, please?
Mia:Who’s calling please?
Rich:It’s Richard Davies here
Mia:Certainly. Please hold and I’ll put you through.
Rich:Thank you.

Mia:Hello, marketing.How can I help?
Rich:Could I speak to Jason Roberts please?
Mia:Certainly. Who shall I say is calling?
Rich:My name’s Richard Davies .
Mia:Just a second – I’ll see if he’s in. Hang on a moment, I’m just putting you through.

Vocabulary booster:

Match the words with their opposite meanings

generous // hard working

reliable // light-hearted

serious // arrogant

lazy // selfish

modest // unreliable