Last night I was speaking with my wonderful TA about boosting her IELTS score. Our lesson used the Greek hero Achilles. Furthermore, we had both been standing more or less for four hours. I gave her two expressions then realised they were connected – Achilles heel and my dogs are barking. Therefore, here’s a quick list of foot-related expressions.
Achilles heel – this hero was invincible because his mother immersed him in a special river, as shown in the painting. However, she held her son by the heel so the water didn’t touch the boy’s skin. This was his one weak spot, and he was killed by Paris who shot an arrow into Achilles’ heel.
In everyday English, an Achilles heel refers to a person’s weak point, or flaw.
John’s vocabulary was excellent but his pronunciation was his Achilles heel.
This means John knew many words, but his pronunciation was so bad, he would lose points in a speaking test.
My dogs are barking – this mean your feet are very sore or hurting. Bob Dylan uses the expression in his song ‘Summer Days’
My dogs are barking, there must be someone around My dogs are barking, there must be someone around I got my hammer ringin’, pretty baby, but the nails ain’t goin’ down
copyright Bob Dylan 2001
To foot the bill – means to pay for something, or all of something.
We went out drinking but I had to foot the bill !
To put your foot in your mouth – means to say something that you shouldn’t have said – maybe you tell a secret, or you hurt somebody or get somebody in trouble.
Tony said the man was very stupid but he didn’t know he was talking about her husband ! He really put his foot in his mouth.
Foot and mouth disease – this is a very serious disease affecting cows, pigs and sheep. We can also use it to speak about a person who always puts his or her foot in their mouths.
Shelia can’t keep her mouth shut, she always says the wrong thing. She has foot and mouth disease.
To stand on your own two feet – means to be independent, not to need anybody’s help.
It’s time you stood on your own two feet, young man.
To toe the line – to do as you are told, to follow orders, or to follow the rules.
You better start toeing the line, mister, or look for a new job !
You won’t have a foot to stand on – you have no rights, or evidence to help you. You have no chance. Sometimes you may hear you won’t have a leg to stand on.
Without photo evidence or a witness, you won’t have a foot to stand on.
Two left feet – refers to someone who can’t dance.
No, I can’t dance, I have two left feet.
Footloose and fancy free – a person who is not in a relationship, so they can go out and meet new people. Someone who is ‘single and loving it.’
Footnotes – information or explanatory notes at the bottom of the page in academic books. The fiction author, David Foster Wallace was famous for using footnotes in his novels.
Legless – slang for being totally drunk.
You should have seen Peter last night – he was absolutely legless !
To have a hollow leg – someone who can drink a lot of alcohol but doesn’t get drunk, or appear to be drunk.
That’s her 7th beer and she looks fine. She must have a hollow leg.
To be a heel – this is now old-fashioned, but it means to be a bad person, to cheat people or be unfair.
He tricked the man out of $100. What a heel !
Please Note: All photos are taken from Google Images or free photo sites, and are used for educational purposes only. No copyright infringement or offense is intended. If I have used your photo or image, and you wish me to remove it, just ask. This site is not monetized, I run it on my own dollar. Thank you.
1965 ended with The Beatles throwing down the gauntlet with the ‘Rubber Soul’ LP. The musical Cold War between The Beatles and the Beach Boys was on !
Bob Dylan had released ‘Highway 61 Revisited’ which would be a very tough act to follow, while The Who had debuted on LP with ‘My Generation’.
Ravi Shankar issued his ‘Sound of the Sitar’ LP, an instrument that George Harrison would use on ‘Rubber Soul’, and would be heard on several big hits over the next two years.
Some of the early 60s beat bands were fading away while garage bands were on the rise. Meanwhile London was swinging, and the UK was getting ready for the World Cup
Please note, most dates are from Wikipedia so there may be some errors. Also, some LPs were only issued in the States, while UK and US release dates varied; I have usually given the UK date. This is a selective discography, showcasing just some of the amazing music of 1966.
1st Paul Jones ‘My Way’ LP
7th ‘Sonny Boy Williamson and the Yardbirds’. Live recording from December 1963, featuring Eric Clapton.
7th Spencer Davis Group ‘The Second Album’ LP
14th London-born singer David Jones changes his name to David Bowie. Bowie would release four singles in 1966 but none entered either the UK or US charts.
17th Simon & Garfunkel ‘Sound of Silence’ LP
21st Them ‘Them Again’ LP, featuring Van Morrison on vocals, but the LP failed to chart.
31st Tony Bennett ‘Movie Song Album’ LP
4th Rolling Stones ’19th Nervous Breakdown’ single
9th Death of Blues singer Sophie Tucker
11th The Animals ‘Inside-Looking Out’ single
14th Bob Dylan ‘One of us Must Know’ single. Reached 33 in the UK, but didn’t crack the Billboard 100 in the US.
18th The Hollies ‘I Can’t Let Go’ single
19th The Lovin’ Spoonful ‘Daydream’ single
21st Cher ‘Bang Bang (My Baby Shot Me Down)’ single
25th The Kinks ‘Dedicated Follower of Fashion’ single
25th The Yardbirds ‘Shapes of things’ single. Some critics have labelled this as the first psychedelic rock song.
28th The Mamas and the Papas ‘If You Can Believe Your Eyes and Ears’ LP
1st Elvis ‘Frankie and Johnny’ soundtrack LP
4th The Who ‘Substitute’ single
4th The Beatles ‘Yesterday’ EP
4th John Lennon quoted in the London Evening Standard saying that the Beatles were “More popular than Jesus.” This causes protests and record burnings, especially in the Bible belt of the USA
7th The Who ‘A Legal Matter’ single. Issued by Shel Talmy (producer) without the band’s permission.
8th Crispian St. Peters ‘the Pied Piper’ single. Peters also covered the Phil Ochs song ‘Changes’ but it failed to chart.
14th The Byrds ‘Eight Miles High’ single. Record is widely banned due to perceived drug references.
15th Nancy Sinatra ‘Boots’ LP
25th Dusty Springfield ‘You Don’t Have to Say You Love Me’ single
28th Cher ‘The Sonny Side of Cher’ LP
The Mamas and the Papas ‘Monday, Monday’ single
Percy Sledge ‘When a Man Loves a Woman’ single
The Fugs ‘The Fugs’ LP
Love ‘Love’ LP
The Lovin’ Spoonful’ Daydream LP
The Monks ‘Black Monk Time’ LP
Phil Ochs ‘In Concert’ LP
1st Sam & Dave ‘Hold On, I’m Coming’ LP
7th Manfred Mann ‘Machines’ EP
15th Manfred Mann ‘Pretty Flamingo’ single
15th The Beach Boys ‘Sloop John B’ single (March 21st in USA)
15th Rolling Stones ‘Aftermath’ LP (2nd July in USA)
22nd The Troggs ‘Wild Thing’ single
James Brown ‘It’s a Man’s Man’s Man’s World’ single
Bob Dylan ‘Rainy Day Women #12 & 35’ single
The Seeds ‘The Seeds’ LP
Otis Redding ‘The Soul Album’ LP
3rd The Temptations ‘Ain’t Too Proud to Beg’ single
4th Stevie Wonder ‘Uptight’ LP
6th Small Faces ‘Small Faces’ LP
7th Rolling Stones ‘Paint it Black’ single
13th the Animals ‘Animalisms’ LP
21st The Animals ‘Don’t Bring Me Down’ single
27th The Yardbirds ‘Over Under Sideways’ single
30th The Beatles ‘Paperback Writer / Rain’ single
Dave Clark Five ‘Look Before You Leap’ single. Only reaches number #50 in the UK charts.
Simon & Garfunkel ‘I Am A Rock’ single
Frank Sinatra ‘Strangers in the Night’ single
‘When The Boys Meet The Girls’ soundtrack LP. The first film starring Herman’s Hermits. The LP is an eclectic mix, featuring the British band alongside Connie Francis, Liberace & Louis Armstrong
3rd The Kinks ‘Sunny Afternoon’ single
3rd Jimmy Ruffin ‘What Becomes of the Brokenhearted’ single
3rd Manfred Mann ‘Instrumental Asylum’ EP
10th Elvis ‘Paradise, Hawaiian Style’ soundtrack LP
15th The Beatles ‘Yesterday and Today’ LP (US only)
Beatles producer George Martin stated that his first disagreement with the band was over this LP cover. Capital Records recalled the sleeve which today is a valuable collector’s item.
17th The Hollies ‘Bus Stop’ single
17th Death of Jazz musician Johnny St. Cyr
20th Bob Dylan ‘I Want You’ single
20th Bob Dylan ‘Blonde on Blonde’ double LP
27th The Beach Boys ‘Pet Sounds’ LP (May 16th in USA). The LP peaked at number 2 in the UK, but only reached 10 in the USA
27th Mothers of Invention ‘Freak Out’ LP
The Count Five ‘Psychotic Reaction’ single
Bobby Hebb ‘Sunny’ single
‘What’s Shakin” compilation LP featuring The Lovin’ Spoonful, Paul Butterfield and Powerhouse, a supergroup comprising Eric Clapton, Jack Bruce & Steve Winwood.
1st Donovan ‘Sunshine Superman’ single
1st The Hollies ‘Would You Believe ?’ LP
4th The Lovin’ Spoonful ‘Summer in the City’ single
8th The Beatles ‘Nowhere Man’ EP
11th Cher ‘Alfie’ single
15th The Kinks ‘Dedicated Kinks’ EP
15th The Yardbirds ‘Yardbirds’ LP, more commonly known as ‘Roger the Engineer’
18th The Byrds ‘Fifth Dimension’ LP
18th The Beach Boys ‘Wouldn’t it be Nice’ / ‘God Only Knows’ single.
Paul McCartney proclaims ‘God Only Knows’ “The greatest song ever written.”
22nd John Mayall ‘Blues Breakers with Eric Clapton’ LP
25th The Supremes ‘You Can’t Hurry Love’ single
25 The Troggs ‘From Nowhere’ LP
29th Manfred Mann ‘Just Like A Woman’ single
30th World Cup Final. England beat West Germany 4 – 2 after extra time.
31st Death of Jazz pianist Bud Powell
Lee Dorsey ‘Working in the Coal Mine’ single
The Left Banke ‘Walk Away Renée’ single
Wilson Pickett ‘Land of a Thousand Dances’ single
The Troggs ‘With a Girl Like You’ single
The Butterfield Blues Band ‘East – West’ LP
Tim Hardin ‘Tim Hardin 1’ LP
Paul Jones leaves Manfred Mann for a solo career, and is replaced by Mike d’Abo
5th The Beatles ‘Yellow Submarine / Eleanor Rigby’ single
5th Small Faces ‘All or Nothing’ single
5th The Beatles ‘Revolver’ LP
12th The Who ‘The Kids are Alright’ single. This iconic track didn’t even enter the UK Top 40.
15th Jefferson Airplane ‘Jefferson Airplane Takes Off’ LP with original singer Signe Toly Anderson, and Skip Spence on drums
16th The Monkees ‘Last Train to Clarksville’ single
18th Bob Dylan ‘Just Like a Woman’ single (US only)
18th The Four Tops ‘Reach Out I’ll Be There’ single
26th The Who ‘I’m a Boy’ single
26th Spencer Davis Group ‘Autumn ’66’ LP
26th The Walker Brothers ‘Portrait’ LP
29th The Beatles play their last ever public concert at Candlestick Park, San Francisco.
? and the Mysterians ’96 Tears’ single
6th The Byrds ‘Mr Spaceman’ single
12th The Mamas and the Papas ‘The Mamas and the Papas’ LP
23rd Rolling Stones ‘Have You Seen Your Mother, Baby’ single
Ike & Tina Turner ‘River Deep, Mountain High’ LP
The Incredible String Band ‘The Incredible String Band’ LP
John Lennon begins filming How I Won the War
7th The Hollies ‘Stop Stop Stop’ single
7th Death of Johnny Kidd
10th The Beach Boys ‘Good Vibrations’ single
10th The Seekers ‘Georgy Girl’ single
10th The Monkees ‘The Monkees’ LP
12th Supremes ‘You Keep Me Hanging On’ single
21st Manfred Mann ‘Semi-Detached Suburban Mr Jones single
21st The Yardbirds ‘Happenings Ten Years Time Ago’ single. One of the few Yardbird tracks to feature both Jeff Beck & Jimmy Page.
21st Manfred Mann ‘As Is’ LP
22nd Simon & Garfunkel ‘A Hazy Shade of Winter’ single
24th Simon & Garfunkel ‘Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme’ LP
28th The Kinks ‘Face to Face’ LP
31st Elvis ‘Spinout’ soundtrack LP
Bobby Darin ‘If I Were A Carpenter’ single
Tim Buckley ‘Tim Buckley’ LP featuring Lee Underwood, Van Dyke Parks & Jack Nietzsche
The Deep ‘Psychedelic Moods’ LP
Herman’s Hermits ‘Both Sides of Herman’s Hermits’ LP
John Lee Hooker ‘The Real Folk Blues’ LP
13th Floor Elevators ‘The Psychedelic Sounds of the 13th Floor Elevators’ LP
2nd Death of Bluesman Mississippi John Hurt
10th Los Bravos ‘Black is Black’ LP, featuring the hit single by this Spanish band fronted by a German singer.
11th The Who ‘La-La-La-Lies’ single. Another track released by producer Shel Talmy without permission.
12th The Monkees ‘I’m a Believer’ single
16th Martha and the Vandellas ‘Watchout !’ LP
16th Smokey Robinson & The Miracles ‘Away We a Go-Go’ LP
18th The Kinks ‘Dead End Street’ single
21st Joan Baez ‘Noël’ Christmas LP
28th Tages ‘Extra Extra’ LP a beat group from Sweden
The Bee Gees ‘Spicks and Specks’ LP
James Brown ‘Handful of Soul’ LP
Love ‘Da Capo’ LP
The Lovin’ Spoonful ‘Hums of The Lovin’ Spoonful’ LP
Booker T & The MGs ‘And Now!’ LP featured one single ‘Sweet Potato’ which was nowhere near as successful as ‘Green Onions.’
3rd The Who ‘Happy Jack’ single
5th Buffalo Springfield ‘Buffalo Springfield’ LP. Future pressing replaced an LP track with the ‘For What it’s Worth’ single.
9th The Hollies ‘For Certain Because’ LP
9th The Who ‘A Quick One’ LP
9th Cream ‘Fresh Cream’ LP
10th The Beatles ‘A Collection of Beatles Oldies’ compilation LP
18th The Family Way film released, music by Paul McCartney, the first solo Beatles recording.
26th ‘Not Only, But Also’ TV comedy Christmas Special aired on the BBC, featuring John Lennon
The Left Banke ‘Pretty Ballerina’ single
‘After the Fox’ film released. The Hollies released a single of the title track in August but it failed to chart.
December Eric Burdon of the Animals, releases his first solo single ‘Help Me Girl’. His first LP in 1967 is credited to Eric Burdon and the Animals.
December Gerry and the Pacemakers ‘Girl on a Swing’ LP. Fails to chart in either UK or USA
Wes Montgomery released ‘Tequila’ & ‘California Dreaming’
Miles Davies released the live ‘Four & More’ LP and Lee Morgan issued the ‘Charisma’ LP.
In Free Jazz, Ornette Coleman had two LPs, ‘Chappaqua Suite’ and ‘The Empty Foxhole’.
John Coltrane released ‘Ascension’ and ‘Meditations’
In Folk and Country:
Bob Lind, whose songs have been covered by Glenn Campbell, Nancy Sinatra, Sonny and Cher, and Eric Clapton among others, released ‘The Elusive Bob Lind’. Glen Campbell issued ‘The 12 String Guitar’ LP.
Waylon Jennings issued 3 LPs including ‘Folk-Country’ while Johnny Cash released 2, including ‘Happiness is You’.
B.B. King released ‘Confessin’ the Blues’, Muddy Waters issued ‘Muddy, Brass & the Blues’ & Lightning Hopkins had ‘Lightnin’ Strikes’.
Please Note: All photos are taken from Google Images or free photo sites, and are used for educational purposes only. No copyright infringement or offense is intended. If I have used your photo or image, and you wish me to remove it, just ask. This site is not monetized, I run it on my own dollar. Thank you.
From mid 1966 – 1967, Brian Wilson recorded tracks for the ‘Smile’ LP, while The Beach Boys were on tour. For years, ‘Smile’ would be regarded as the greatest LP never released.
On the 24th November 1966, The Beatles went into Abbey Road to begin work on ‘Sgt Peppers Lonely Hearts Club Band’.
Resting after a motorcycle accident in July 1966, Bob Dylan spent the spring of 1967 writing songs with The Band in his house near Woodstock, New York. In June 1967, they switched to Big Pink, a house The Band shared, and began recording in the basement. These recordings were heavily bootlegged, and finally released in 1975.
Also in July 1966, Peter Green officially replaced Eric Clapton in John Mayall’s Bluesbreakers.
The new year was only days old when out of LA came the debut album by The Doors …
Please note, most dates are from Wikipedia so there may be some errors. Also, UK and US release dates varied; I have usually given the UK date. This is a selective discography, showcasing just some of the amazing music of 1967.
December 23rd 1966 Buffalo Springfield ‘For What It’s Worth’ single (charted in Spring 1967)
December 1966 The Electric Prunes ‘The Electric Prunes’ LP
4th The Doors ‘The Doors’ LP
4th The Doors ‘Break On Through (To The Other Side)’ single
9th The Byrds ‘So You Wanna Be A Rock ‘n’ Roll Star’ single
9th The Monkees ‘More Of The Monkees’ LP
13th The Rolling Stones ‘Let’s Spend The Night Together’ / ‘Ruby Tuesday’ double A-side single
20th The Rolling Stones ‘Between The Buttons’ LP (UK). Album released Feb 11th USA.
23rd The Supremes ‘Sing Holland-Dozier-Holland’ LP
1st Jefferson Airplane ‘Surrealist Pillow’ LP
3rd Herman’s Hermits ‘There’s A Kind Of Hush’ single
3rd Death of Joe Meek (record producer. Produced ‘Telestar’, the second British song to top the US charts)
6th The Byrds ‘Younger Than Yesterday’ LP
10th The Hollies ‘On A Carousel’ single
12th Keith Richards & Mick Jagger arrested for drug possession at Redlands, home of Richards.
13th The Beatles ‘Strawberry Fields Forever’ / ‘Penny Lane’ double A-side single
16th Miles Davis ‘Miles Smiles’ LP
17th John Mayall And The Bluesbreakers ‘A Hard Road’ LP
27th Simon & Garfunkel ‘At The Zoo’ single
27th Elvis Presley ‘How Great Thou Art’ LP
February The Mamas & The Papas ‘Dedicated To The One I Love’ single
February The Left Banke ‘Walk Away Renne’ LP
February Gene Clark ‘Gene Clark With The Gosdin Brothers’ LP
February The Mamas & The Papas ‘Deliver’ LP
3rd The Walker Brothers ‘Images’ LP
7th Sandie Shaw ‘Puppet On A String’ single (Sandie won the Eurovision Song Contest with this song, the first time the UK won the contest)
8th The Monkees ‘A Little Bit Me, A Little Bit You’ single
10th Pink Floyd ‘Arnold Layne’ single
12th The Velvet Underground “The Velvet Underground and Nico’ LP
13th The Byrds ‘My Back Pages’ single
16th Otis Redding with Carla Thomas ‘King & Queen’ LP
17th Jimi Hendrix ‘Purple Haze’ single
17th Grateful Dead ‘The Grateful Dead’ LP
24th Manfred Mann ‘Ha Ha Said The Clown’ single.
31st The Move ‘I Can Hear The Grass Grow’ single
March The Dave Clark Five ‘You Got What It Takes’ single
March Neil Diamond ‘Girl, You’ll Be A Woman Soon’ single
March Frank Sinatra And Nancy Sinatra ‘Something Stupid’ single
1st Jefferson Airplane ‘Somebody To Love’ single
7th Lulu ‘The Boat That I Row’ single
14th Bee Gees ‘New York Mining Disaster 1941’ single
21st The Yardbirds ‘Little Games’ single. This is the last UK single by the band, and it failed to chart.
22nd The Who ‘Pictures Of Lily’ single
24th The Doors ‘Light My Fire’ single
29th Aretha Franklyn ‘Respect’ single
29th The 14 Hour Technicolour Dream, a concert held at Alexandra Palace, London. Pink Floyd are the headline act.
April The Mamas & The Papas ‘Creeque Allee’ single
April Anti-Vietnam War protests in Washington DC, New York and San Francisco
1st Pat Martino ‘El Hombre’ LP recorded. Released later in 1967
1st The Association ‘Windy’ single
5th Jimi Hendrix ‘The Wind Cries Mary’ single
5th The Kinks ‘Waterloo Sunset’ single
11th Country Joe And The Fish ‘Electric Music For The Mind And Body’ LP
12th Procol Harum ‘A Whiter Shade Of Pale’ single
13th Scott Mackenzie ‘San Francisco (Be Sure To Wear Flowers In Your Hair)’ single
13th The Grass Roots ‘Let’s Live For Today’ single
19th Traffic ‘Paper Sun’ single
19th Strawberry Alarm Clock ‘Incense And Peppermints’ single
22nd The Byrds ‘Have You Seen Her Face’ single
22nd The Monkees ‘Headquarters’ LP
26th The Hollies ‘Carrie Anne’ single
26th The Beatles ‘Sgt Peppers Lonely Hearts Club Band’ LP
26th Mothers Of Invention (Frank Zappa) ‘Absolutely Free’ LP
29th The Tremeloes ‘Silence Is Golden’ single
1st David Bowie ‘David Bowie’ LP
1st Elvis Presley ‘Double Trouble’ Soundtrack LP
6th Moby Grape ‘Moby Grape’ LP
8th The Association ‘Insight Out’ LP
16th Pink Floyd ‘See Emily Play’ single
16 – 18 Monterey International Pop Festival
Performers include Simon & Garfunkel, The Byrds, Grateful Dead, The Who, Big Brother and The Holding Company, Buffalo Springfield, The Jimi Hendrix Experience and The Mamas & the Papas. Electric Flag, comprising Mike Bloomfield on guitar and Buddy Miles on drums, made their live debut. The band’s first LP, issued in 1967, was the soundtrack to the film ‘The Trip’
23rd The Small Faces ‘The Small Faces’ LP
24th Jefferson Airplane ‘White Rabbit’ single
25th Our World TV. The Beatles perform ‘All You Need Is Love’ from Abbey Road, EMI studio. The program was broadcast by satellite, and watched by more than 400 million people in 25 countries.
26th The Hollies ‘Evolution’ LP
30th The Who ‘The Last Time’ / ‘Under My Thumb’ single (the single was recorded just two days previously, to support the legal fees of Mick Jagger & Keith Richards.
June Cream ‘Strange Brew’ single
June Captain Beefheart ‘Safe As Milk’ LP
June The Kaleidoscope (USA band) ‘Side Trips’ LP
7th The Beatles ‘All You Need Is Love’ single
7th Dave Davies ‘Death Of A Clown’ single (solo from Davies of The Kinks)
7th Simon & Garfunkel ‘Fakin’ It’ single
13th The Byrds ‘Lady Friend’ single
14th Bee Gees ‘Bee Gees 1st’ LP
17th Death of John Coltrane
24th The Beach Boys ‘Heroes and Villains’ single
28th Keith West ‘Excerpt From A Teenage Opera’ single
July The Monkees ‘Pleasant Valley Sunday’ single
July The Box Tops ‘The Letter’ single
July Canned Heat ‘Canned Heat’ LP
July The Yardbirds ‘Little Games’ LP (USA only. This lineup has Jimmy Page as sole guitarist)
4th The Flower Pot Men ‘Let’s Go To San Francisco’ single
4th The Small Faces ‘Itchycoo Park’ single
4th Pink Floyd ‘The Piper At The Gates Of Dawn’ LP
18th The Rolling Stones ‘We Love You’ single (UK)
19th Jimi Hendrix ‘Burning Of The Midnight Lamp’ single
21st Bobbie Gentry ‘Ode To Billie Joe’ LP
23rd Big Brother & the Holding Company ‘Big Brother & the Holding Company’ LP
23rd Jimi Hendrix ‘Are You Experienced LP
25th The Move ‘Flowers In The Rain’ single
27th Death of Brian Epstein (Beatles manager)
28th Merle Haggard ‘Branded Man’ LP
August Traffic ‘Hole In My Shoe’ single
August Glenn Campbell ‘Gentle On My Mind’ LP
August The Seeds ‘Future’ LP
August Vanilla Fudge ‘Vanilla Fudge’ LP
1st John Mayall and the Bluesbreakers ‘Crusade’ LP, featuring new guitarist and future Rolling Stone Mick Taylor.
1st Procol Harum ‘Procol Harum’ LP
4th The Doors ‘People Are Strange’ single
15th The Kinks ‘Something Else’ LP
16th Scott Walker ‘Scott’ LP
18th The Beach Boys ‘Smiley Smile’ LP (USA). The ‘Smile’ concept was abandoned, and this LP was cobbled together to fulfil record company commitments. The Album was released in November in the UK
19th Bee Gees ‘Massachusetts’ single
22nd The Hollies ‘King Midas In Reverse’ single
25th The Doors ‘Strange Days’ LP
End of September John Coltrane ‘Expression’ (First posthumous release) LP
September Gene Pitney ‘Something’s Gotten Hold Of My Heart’ single
30th Radio One starts broadcasting in the UK. The first song is ‘Flowers In The Rain’ by The Move.
3rd Death of folk singer Woody Guthrie (a major influence on Bob Dylan)
6th David McWilliams ‘Days of Pearly Spencer’ single
10th Elvis Presley ‘Clambake’ Soundtrack LP
13th The Who ‘I Can See For Miles’ single
13th The Kinks ‘Autumn Almanac’ / ‘Mr Pleasant’ single
13th The Troggs ‘Love Is All Around’ single
20th The Byrds ‘Goin’ Back’ single
23rd The Beach Boys ‘Wild Honey’ single
23rd Miles Davis ‘Sorcerer’ LP
25th The Monkees ‘Daydream Believer’ single
25th The 13th Floor Elevators ‘Easter Everywhere’ LP
27th Ten Years After ‘Ten Years After’ LP
31st Phil Ochs ‘Pleasures Of The Harbour’ LP
1st Love ‘Forever Changes’ LP
2nd Scott Walker ‘Jackie’ single
2nd Cream ‘Disraeli Gears’ LP
6th The Monkees ‘Pisces, Aquarius, Capricorn & Jones Ltd’ LP
10th Moody Blues ‘Nights In White Satin’ single
10th Moody Blues ‘Days Of Future Passed’ LP
18th Buffalo Springfield ‘Buffalo Springfield Again’ LP
24th The Beatles ‘Hello, Goodbye’ / ‘I Am The Walrus’ double A-side single
24th Dave Davies ‘Susannah’s Still Alive’ single
24th Traffic ‘Here We Go Round The Mulberry Bush’ single
24th Kaleidoscope (UK band) ‘Tangerine Dream’ LP
November The Dave Clark Five ‘Everybody Knows’ single. Their first Top 10 hit since July 1965
November the Lemon Pipers ‘Green Tambourine’ single
November Glenn Campbell ‘By The Time I Get To Phoenix’ LP
November Country Joe And The Fish ‘I Feel Like I’m Fixin’ To Die’ LP
November The Hollies ‘Butterfly’ LP
November Lee Morgan ‘Delightfulee’ LP
November Van Dyke Parks ‘Song Cycle’ LP
November or December The Doors ‘Love Me Two Times’ single
1st Jimi Hendrix ‘Axis: Bold As Love’ LP (UK. Released 1968 in USA)
8th The Beatles ‘Magical Mystery Tour’ double EP (in USA, this is released as an LP with the inclusion of all singles and B-sides from 1967)
8th The Rolling Stones ‘Their Satanic Majesties Request’ LP
8th Traffic ‘Mr Fantasy’ LP
9th Jim Morrison of The Doors is arrested onstage at New Haven, charged with obscenity and incitement to riot. He becomes the first rock star to be arrested onstage.
10th Death of Otis Redding
13th Jimi Hendrix ‘Foxy Lady’ single
15th The Who ‘The Who Sell Out’ LP
18th The Beach Boys ‘Wild Honey’ LP
18th The Beach Boys ‘Darlin” single
26th The Beatles ‘Magical Mystery Tour’ broadcast on the BBC. The film, which is shown in black & white, is poorly received. A colour version in screened on 5th January 1968
27th Leonard Cohen ‘The Songs Of Leonard Cohen’ LP
December The Loving Spoonful ‘Everything Playing’ LP
Richard decided to go straight home after work, a rare event, as he usually took two night buses to get to Friedrichshain, to get to the Czar Bar, to get blind drunk.
As he entered the Hof, he looked up and saw his lights on. Chris was there.
He came in, expecting warm greetings, shouts of, “Hey, how ya doin’ ?” and such like. The odds were against Richard returning home early and sober, so it was quite an event.
But Chris was sitting in the kitchen, drinking tea and looking nervous, even scared. Richard also noticed Chris’ bag in the room, full of clothes.
He didn’t wait for Richard to ask, but offered two words that explained everything,
It had begun at the Sawhead concert. Playing a different bar with different bands had created a festival feeling amongst the band members and their entourage.
Chris had been telling everyone about the concert. He had asked Arizona Al to appear, and to bring his own posse.
Another new person was Carla, Veronica’s friend, who had just arrived in Berlin.
Chris and Richard went to the Russian’s house mid afternoon on the Saturday to help them move the equipment. This time, it was only the drum kit and guitars, as the bar had their own P.A. System and amps.
The drinking began early, but it was controlled, just beers to maintain the natural high.
As they were setting up, they could sense that it was going to be special; a lot of people were milling around, either bar workers, their friends, other bands, their friends, other squatters, passers-by, those who were curious about the event, those who themselves were merely curious.
One such was a man who was very tall, slightly cross-eyed, and wore a suit of fluffy fabric with a pattern that resembled a Dalmatian dog. He had bits of coloured paper tied to strands of his hair, and wanted to play. Apparently, he was a one-man band named Necrophilia, and played Goth-Death-Experimental-Electronics.
The bill was a little light and he was told that if he could get his equipment here within an hour, he could go on, after Arizona Al and before Perry Coma. Chris had insisted that Sawhead The Bear close the show. They were the main event.
Daniel now dressed the part. He had a long black leather coat, more like a cloak, and wore large sunglasses, always. He had spent a lot of time with Arizona Al, gathering tips. Daniel appreciated that Arizona was the kind of guy who could throw on any old thing, and look so naturally cool. Daniel mentioned this to Richard,
“Undoubtedly, but you have heard him ?” came the uncharacteristically cynical reply.
The bar had a front room, long and deep, but the stage area, much larger and square, was reached by a corridor, guarded by two squatters acting as security. It was decided to charge 2 Marks entrance, to be split between the acts. The bar was expecting to make a killing.
Jake allowed Chris to go on the understanding that after Sawhead played, he would bring the entire audience back to the Czar Bar so they too could make a killing, in the name of vodka.
There was the usual controlled and semi-controlled and completely uncontrolled anarchy when it came to sound checking. The man on the controls was part of the Heidelberg contingent that had descended on east Berlin, a group of ten or so young men from that western university town. His name was Thomas, a sensible-looking young man with a real job and career, working as an audio engineer for a radio station.
Thomas approached this gig with the same level of professionalism as to his normal work. Unfortunately, the bands didn’t and it proved impossible to assemble all members of a band at the same time.
Daniel was too busy talking to some women who had arrived, and even suggested that Chris should stand in to test the mic level. Thomas said no to Pavel, who told Chris, who told Andrei who marched out to get Daniel to rehearse, to drag him by force, if necessary. Daniel tore himself away, predicting that tonight would be his first Berlin three-some.
The only one who matched Thomas for professionalism was Arizona Al, who turned up early, with just his acoustic guitar. He was told he’d only have time for two numbers, and he was happy with that.
Necrophilia appeared, a large keyboard under his arm and began setting up while Arizona played. The sounds he produced made everyone listening think that the mics were set too high and were feeding back, but Thomas nodded his head and understood that this was part of the act. Thomas also seemed to be the only one who appreciated it, as well.
Perry Coma swaggered in, acting as if they owned the place and, being the local band, they kind of did.
Boris listened to them for a while, checking out the guitarist, but soon walked away, seeing no competition there.
He conferred with Andrei and Sascha then asked Daniel if he could do an extended solo in one of the songs, but Daniel wasn’t too happy, and said that they can’t start messing around with the songs now. Boris knew that Daniel just didn’t want anyone else getting any attention, and was not going to be told how and when to play.
Both complained to Chris,
“Fucking hell,” he moaned to Richard, “all I get are problems. Not one fucking thank you for getting the gig, for bringing in people, making sure they get paid, go on last . . . Veronica ! Bella !”
Veronica and a friend walked in, nervously looking around. She saw Chris and walked over, taking a kiss on the cheek. She introduced Carla, and Richard ordered drinks. Suddenly the evening took an almighty upswing.
The concert began with Arizona Al, who commanded the stage, made two or three thumps on the floor for a time beat and launched into Johnny Cash’s ‘Ring Of Fire’. He had the crowd from the first strum. He followed it by an original number, but the good feeling initiated kept up. As he walked off, he was patted and cheered, and there were unanimous calls for an encore.
Chris and Richard were amazed. Why hadn’t he played like that before ? They were going to have to reassess their whole opinion of him. He was simply amazing, and to improve things further, Arizona came over to them, which raised the profile of Chris and Richard in the eyes of everyone. Especially two very beautiful Italian girls.
Necrophilia played next. And it was bad. So bad and so noisy that it was funny. Both girls laughed, charming the men.
Thankfully, the performance was over in ten minutes, as the entire room had cleared. The bar made good business.
Next up were Angry Black Men, an attempt at hip hop, some Germans dressed as they thought angry black men dressed in the hoods of New York. They got the crowd going, had some good beats, but the pretend accents caused laughter from the native English speakers.
After a small intermission, Perry Coma played and their fans marched down the front, and began jumping up and down, pogoing, throwing beer and spitting as the band played a distorted hybrid of punk and Death Metal.
A couple of singer-songwriters did an unplugged set that nobody paid much attention to, then it was time for Sawhead The Bear.
The Czar Bar contingent screamed and shouted out. Daniel made sure he entered the stage last, wanting the band to be playing, but they just stood around, lost, waiting for their singer.
Daniel stood, back to the audience, then thumped his foot, twice. Richard looked over at Chris and mouthed ‘Arizona Al !’ and Chris nodded.
They got a great reception and their set was getting tighter, but they played such a wide selection of music, it weakened their impact. One song was pure Indie Pop, the next, a country song, followed by Boris playing a funky guitar pattern. It was their covers that got the best response.
They played an encore which was a much looser version of a song played earlier. Now Boris wasn’t going to be restrained, and launched into a lengthy solo, turning his back to Daniel. But it was shit hot. He was on fire. He allowed himself one look into the audience and focused on Olga. Andrei finished the song early and unplugged his bass. He walked off the stage and took a fresh beer. Daniel stayed behind to get all the applause.
Chris pulled himself away from Veronica, saying he had to see to, “My band.” There was stress on, “My band.”
After their equipment was packed up, there was a little spat. Daniel wanted to go straight up to the bar, where he had two women waiting. The band said they needed help to get the drums and guitars home. Daniel said that they could do it without his help, it was their stuff, not his.
Chris didn’t want anything to spoil the evening. He found a solution. Everything could be stored upstairs, in Pavel’s room, where it would be safe. They could collect it tomorrow afternoon. All they had to do now was wait for the money, then go to the Czar Bar.
Agreement and fresh beers.
The reason Chris was so happy was a piece of news Veronica had let slip; Johan had left that day. He wasn’t in Berlin.
The girls had another effect on them; they steadied the drinking. Despite being in a bar most of the evening, they were tipsy but no more. The walk in the cold air to the Czar Bar took fifteen minutes, and sobered them further. The girls walked slowly, but that wasn’t a problem.
The Czar Bar was in full swing and got renewed energy from the influx of new people. Chris had to work but spent every spare second looking at or talking to Veronica.
The girls finally got tired long before the night was anywhere close to ending. Richard held Carla’s hand and told her how happy he was to meet her, desperately playing up the polite Englishman angle. He gave her two kisses on the cheek, and their hands remained touching until she walked away, with a wave.
Chris also got an innocent kiss on the cheek, but there was a little whisper between them.
After the girls had gone, Chris smiled, shook Richard’s hand, and poured them and Jake a well-deserved vodka. Then the night began to fade to blackout.
The next night, with Carla sleeping, Veronica went to Chris’ room, to borrow a book. She stayed for an hour.
This was repeated several times over the next two weeks.
On the Wednesday following the gig, Richard got a call at work. Chris reminded him that he and Jake had the bar that night and that he should come over. Carla had been asking about him.
The worst of the summer was over and although the garden was still open, it was quiet, the people there drinking rather than ordering food; less food, less washing up.
The new chef appeared to be much better, albeit very messy. He made Richard a special dinner every night, on a giant plate, and would return from the cellar with a glint in his eye. He carried a large bucket full of onions and packets of spice and milk and put this in a far corner of the kitchen. He then got two ice cream glasses. He went back to the corner and there was the unmistakable hiss of a bottle of gassy alcohol being opened. He made a ‘pssss’ sound to Richard and beckoned him over, handing him a glass of expensive Sekt. After they had drunk, the chef, Jürgen, hid the piccolo bottle deep in the trash bin.
But there was a delay in getting paid, as giving the Spüler his money was the lowest priority of the staff, so much so that he missed a connection and had to wait nearly half an hour for the next night bus.
When he got to the bar, he was in the mood for drinking and drinking hard. He took three vodkas in the first ten minutes. Carla joined him for one, looked surprised at his second and horrified at his third. Chris laughed, and jokingly mentioned that he should perhaps slow down.
So Richard asked Jake instead.
He next memory was waking up, semi-undressed at home. Half of his money was gone, spent in the bar. He couldn’t sleep but couldn’t move either. He stayed in bed, hoping to get some sleep. After this proved impossible, he made coffee after coffee and smoked the remainder of his cigarettes.
Tonight it was the east German chef. And the staff he hated. He felt like having a drink before going into work, but didn’t want a Nuremberg Part II. Then a blurred flashback; he had a vague recollection of Carla tapping him on the shoulder, telling him he drank too much.
Carla, witnessing Richard’s drunken transformation, was no longer interested in even seeing him again, let alone starting any kind of relationship.
Veronica was unhappy with Johan, had been for a long time, was sure he was seeing other women, but was still in love with him. She was fond of Chris, and tried convincing herself that he could be the new man. But she was unwilling to listen; she knew herself too well.
Chris was also having misgivings. He was in love with Veronica and now had her. He told himself that Johan would understand, and that he and Veronica could be together. But . . .
One Friday afternoon, going to visit Richard and bumping into him on Schönhauser Allee, as he was returning with two bottles of wine, he opened up.
Richard’s main priority was getting the wine open, and Chris knew better than to start his story before Richard had taken a drink.
“Just one or two, set me up for work,” Richard explained.
“Oh, I hear that,” replied Chris before speaking about Veronica,
“I just don’t know. I love her. Really, I’m crazy about her. Been wanting her for . . . ever. “
“I don’t know. Something’s not right.”
“The sex ?”
Chris was surprised by Richard’s bluntness, but saw that he was already well into his second glass. And he had got the point. Chris finished his wine, poured some more and began,
“I’m not even sure if I . . . I mean, if she . . . you know ?”
“Pop goes the weasel ?” Richard confused Chris further by launching into an exaggerated Bob Dylan voice and saying, “Ya mean she’s a slow train coming ?”
Chris laughed, then followed it up,
“She says she does, but . . . “
“You mean you asked her ?”
“Why ‘of course’ ? You got some kinda satisfaction guarantee ?”
“Well, yeah, pretty much. No complaints so far. I used to blow Monika’s mind. And she would blow my mind.”
“Well, come on, there’s a lot of pressure. You’re not able to be relaxed, right ? She’s your friend’s girl. Lucky you can get it up at all.”
“Hey, it’s up, man, I’m the fucking TV Tower, I’m the Siegessäule. Nothing wrong with . . . that end of things. No collapsing new building there.”
“Glad to hear it. But she must have a lot of stress. She obviously needs things to be sorted. Away from Rigaer Str . . . Oh, I get it. You want to borrow my flat.”
“I’ll wash the sheets.”
“Oh, fuck, man, I don’t want the details. Damn right you will though. So when do you want to . . . you want to tonight, don’t you ?”
“I want to right now, man !”
“Can’t help you there, Mush. Another drink, or will it interfere with your TV Tower reception ?”
Richard then got the giggles and went to work in a good mood. It lasted about twenty minutes in the nine circles of Biberkopf’s Kitchen.
Chris borrowed the flat twice more over the next week.
Richard had no idea what had deterred Carla. He was in the bar one night, Andrei working alone, when she came in, saw Richard, avoided eye contact and left. Richard kept drinking, asking, perhaps too much, where Olga was.
The next time Andrei saw him, the Russian was worried,
“Hey, Richard what happen to you ? You were . . . “ and he waved a hand in front of his face. “I don’t know if you get home.”
Sascha joined in,
“Yes, you got a taxi home.”
“You were there ?” he asked Sascha. “I got a taxi home ? No, that doesn’t sound right.”
“And you were trying to kiss that girl,” Sascha broke out into uncontrollable laughter.
But Richard had no idea what had happened in the bar, whom he had seen, or talked to, or tried to kiss, or anything.
But he was back the next night, drinking until he passed out on the bar. This time Chris and Jake were working. He woke up sometime after six and Jake gave him a lot of ice tea to drink.
After he had staggered out, refusing the offer of crashing over, Jake spoke to Chris, also very concerned, as to his mind, there was no question; Richard was an alcoholic and heading for a different sort of crash.
Chris thought he should do something, but had no idea what.
Two days later, Chris was going to work the bar again. He walked along Rigaer Str, thinking how to approach Richard, when a violent scream made his heart stop. It was Claude, shouting at him from across the street and pointing a finger like a loaded gun,
“You ! You fucking boy ! You fucking boy !”
Chris, totally pale and sweating, ran into Carla, outside of the street door to the squat. She told him. Johan was back and was having a serious talk with Veronica. It was nasty. Carla was afraid to go inside.
Jake walked past, on his way to the beer shop. Chris told him what had happened. Jake just nodded and said,
Chris ran upstairs and packed as much as he could, then ran out, ran all the way to the Storkower S-Bahn, looking back all the time.
Meanwhile, Richard, confronted with a never-ending pile of plates and work, accepted that getting drunk wasn’t helping the workload, it only made it infinitely worse. He was feeling truly awful, all the time.
If he carried on he would end up like the drunks prowling Berlin’s streets, looking in bins, smoking old dog ends, huddling around Imbisses to buy cheap grain alcohol and asking people, “Kleingeld, bitte.”
Not how he wanted to be.
He decided to go straight home, waiting at Zoo Station for a later bus, destination Prenzlauer Berg, not Friedrichshain, sobriety not stupor.
That was when he saw the lights on in his flat, and hoped that Chris had brought some wine with him.
Richard awoke and, jolting up, looked around the strange flat, wondering where the hell he was. Then it came back to him, with the audio aid of Chris’ snoring. He looked on the sofa and saw that Chris hadn’t moved for … he looked around, feeling for his watch, but it was too dark to make out the time. The next stage was to search for his wallet. It was in his jeans pocket. He opened it and though depleted, there were still some Deutsche Marks remaining.
Domestic noises from behind the large, double doors; footsteps on creaking floorboards, a tap running, a container lid popping open.
A door slowly opened, and Burkhardt peeked in, raising his hand to Richard’s wave. Richard got up, put on his jeans and went to the bathroom, grateful that he always had a travel toothbrush with him.
He would have preferred waking up next to a beautiful German girl, but that would have to wait.
After brushing, and washing his hands and face, he went into the kitchen, where the coffee was waiting for him. Burkhardt offered him one of his Marlboros.
“Your friend is still sleeping. I hope he is OK. I was going to look at him, to make sure he was breathing, then he began snoring. Was it that loud all night ?”
“Oh, yes. The brandy really helped.”
Burkhardt had to go to his shop, so Richard thanked him for his help, and went to wake up Chris But, again, the irresistible force of Richard’s shaking met the immovable object of Chris’ comatosed slumber, until Burkhardt suggested leaving him to sleep it off.
“Well,” said Richard, “that may take a few hours.”
“Do you want to see my shop ? I have to make office things, but we can play records and drink coffee. Just leave a note, saying we’ll be back later.”
“Good idea, but I’m guessing he’ll still be asleep.”
“Haha. We can see.”
The small shop was on Stargarder Strasse, at the Prenzlauer Allee end, which Chris considered the poor man’s Schönhauser Allee. The two north-south main roads ran almost parallel, tapering into Wilhelm Pieck Strasse at the southern end, were linked by the S-Bahn, and dissected by the dreaded Danziger Str.
It was mid morning, and apart from the occasional bakery and general paper-drink-sweet shop, everything was closed and quiet.
Burkhardt opened up, turned on the lights, and told Richard to feel free to look around. Then he went behind the counter to turn on the sound system.
“We have a CD player, cassette deck and stereo, of course,” he laughed, waving his hand over the carefully arranged racks of vinyl records. “Please, play anything you like and I’ll make some coffee.”
“Can I smoke in here ?”
Burkhardt came back and with an expression indicating what he thought of such a silly question, answering,
“Ja, of course!”
Richard looked around, acquainting himself with the organization of the shop, the different areas for different genres.
Records, tapes, books, magazines and CD’s were everywhere, yet clearly ordered. The walls had various picture discs on them, or posters and magazine covers. Behind the counter were more records, either Burkhardt’s choices or rarer pieces.
Richard moved over to the Jazz selection, a small, but quite comprehensive collection, with most of the giants represented. He picked up a Miles Davis disc, ‘Star People’, turning it over in his hands, then a Dizzy Gillespie compilation, a Mingus LP and was studying a Charlie Parker double set.
Burkhardt came back with two mugs of coffee, a Marlboro firmly grasped in the corner of his mouth.
“Anything you want to hear ?”
Burkhardt had on black leather trousers, a shirt of bold colourful vertical stripes, leather jacket and thick square glasses. Richard was expecting some hard-core industrial German noise from the early Eighties. Instead, the jaunty, almost twee introduction of The Beach Boys’ ‘Wouldn’t It Be Nice ?’ came on, the thump of a bass drum launching the song into its infectious verses.
“Sixties music is my passion. I try to buy everything I can from that time. It sells OK. I don’t have anything really rare, just some interesting albums from different countries. I wish I had been there. Imagine, living at that time, all this great new music coming out. Not knowing what was going to happen next.”
Richard moved over to the book section and saw that most of them were indeed about Sixties artists.
“Have you read these ? Some of them ?”
“All of them. I’m very boring, I know !”
“No, not at all.”
“But they only tell a part of the story, they only focus on one particular artist, but I think the power of The Sixties was that they were all part of a much larger scene, it was all connected, they all influenced and helped change each other.”
“Like The Beatles hearing Dylan, The Stones hearing The Beatles ?”
“Yes, but much more, much … “ Burkhardt searched for the appropriate word in English, but his gesture and expression were eloquent enough.
“That is what I want to do; write a book on all the music, how it all fitted together. I always read the same things, as you said, Dylan went electric after hearing The Beatles, who began writing longer songs, then The Stones made their concept album. What I want to show is how all of the competition lead to greater and greater music and creativeness.”
He broke off to listen to a particular section of the ‘Pet Sounds’ record that was playing. He continued,
“Let’s take the big three: Dylan, coming from the Folk background, The Beatles from Rock ‘n’ Roll, The Stones from Blues. The Beatles take their influence and give it something of their own. This gives an example to The Stones, to write their own music. The Who follow The Stones, seeing that it was possible to be successful, without looking like Paul McCartney, and that writing original songs was what separated the great bands from all the others. Meanwhile, in America, The Byrds listen to Dylan and Folk, but see ‘A Hard Day’s Night’ and Roger McQuinn goes to buy a 12-string Rickenbacker and make one of The Sixties most iconic guitar sounds. They cover Dylan, making his name bigger. He already has critical approval, now comes mass success. All the time the music is going back and forth over the Atlantic, The Beatles hear all these great words, and feel embarrassed by their simplistic lyrics, and Dylan loves the power of the beat. He goes electric at a folk festival, the crowd go crazy, half love it, half hate it, hate him for doing it. Meanwhile, we have these boys, The Beach Boys, Brian Wilson writing, playing, producing. He gets into a contest with Lennon-McCartney, who can write the most perfect, sophisticated pop song ? The Beatles, listening to Dylan, listening to The Byrds, mix jangly guitars with deeper lyrics, come out with ‘Rubber Soul’, The Beach Boys hear this, as well as Dylan’s ‘Highway 61 Revisited’ and start working on Pet Sounds.
Burkhardt pointed off behind him at the music coming out of the speakers.
“The Beatles hear Pet Sounds and realize the bar has been lifted, not by a small amount, but higher than they thought possible. McCartney calls ‘God Only Knows’ the best song ever written. They have to top it. Meanwhile, Mr Dylan releases ‘Blonde on Blonde’. In August 1966, The Beatles put out ‘Revolver’, what a collection of songs, what a cover. German artist, naturally. Brian Wilson hears this, begins work on an album to be even better. The first result is soon heard: ‘Good Vibrations’. They use a theremin, and create a totally new sound. Now the race is really on. Who is going to win ? The Beatles are working on what will be ‘Sgt. Pepper’ but rumours come over about a project called ‘Smile’, a work so powerful that it will blow the minds of all who hear it. Then The Beatles had ‘Strawberry Fields Forever’ and ‘Penny Lane’. Brain Wilson, for … whatever reasons, put the ‘Smile’ project aside. And it was never released.”
Burkhardt let out a sigh, a requiem for all the great music that never was.
“Some songs crept out, some bootleg recordings of backing tracks and finally a watered down version, to fill the contract. Never more would The Beach Boys be a major band. Their following LP’s sold bad, some not even making the Top 100.
“Music is like an arrow that never falls, but carries on, forever. Bands get to ride along, for a while, then fall away. After ‘Smile’, The Beach Boys fell away.
“Meanwhile, The Beatles won the contest. ‘Sgt. Pepper’ came out in 1967, the ‘Summer of Love’. Of course, I have seem photos, they recorded it in the freezing cold London winter. Then what happened ? No more Brian Wilson, Dylan had disappeared. And they bring out ‘Magical Mystery Tour’, not exactly a flop, but no masterpiece. And The Stones continue to follow The Beatles, and release ‘Their Satanic Majesty Requests’. I’m a Stones fan, but even I have a hard time listening to that. It seemed as if the arrow has fallen. What better time for Mr Dylan to reappear. Missing all of the hippy scene, in January 1968, one of his best, ‘John Wesley Hardin’. People always write about The Stooges, or The Ramones making simple Rock ‘n’ Roll, or stripping down the music to the bare essentials and starting again. Ah, Mist ! (bullshit). I love those bands, but it is shit, they played like that because they couldn’t play any better ! Johnny Ramone said, in interviews, “We didn’t play any covers, because we couldn’t play anybody else’s songs.” It was Mr Dylan, and The Band who really stripped music, cut out all the excess and brought it all back home. And after Mr Dylan comes back ? The Beatles make ‘The White Album’ and The Stones make ‘Beggar’s Banquet’.
“Then we have the trio of Rock deaths, Jim Morrison, Janis Joplin and Jimi Hendrix. But what about the other trio of drug casualties ? Pink Floyd’s Sid Barrett ? Peter Green, a guitarist as good as, if not better than Clapton ? And, our old friend, Brain Wilson ? If he had finished ‘Smile’, how would he have followed it ? What would The Beatles have written in response ? Not ‘I Am The Walrus’, I’m sure. Who knows what great music was waiting to be written ?
“Do you know what the first bootleg was ?” Burkhardt asked, rather abruptly.
“Yeah, it’s Dylan, ‘Great White Hope’, I think.”
Burkhardt smiled and gave a single nod. He moved over to a corner, to the Classical section that Richard hadn’t seen, and pulled out a record with a dark sleeve, showing a wooden Crucifix.
“Good answer, but not right. This: ‘Miserere Mei’ by Allegri. Do you know the story ?”
Richard didn’t, so Burkhardt changed The Beach Boys for the new disc and waited for the first notes, so as to adjust the volume.
“It was kept by The Vatican. One of the Pope’s thought it was so beautiful, that it mustn’t be allowed to leave Rome. Not only that, it was only to be played in the Sistine Chapel, only at Easter. One year, a young man was able to hear it, maybe once, possibly twice, but certainly no more than that. He went straight to his room and wrote it out, note by note, from memory. The boy’s name was Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. He was facing excommunication from the Church, but the new Pope was so impressed by his talent, that he permitted it. And if Mozart hadn’t been there, in Rome, at the time, maybe we wouldn’t be able to listen to it today.”
They sat in silence, just listening to the extraordinary heavenly singing. Burkhardt spoke, but no longer to Richard, his remarks were addressed to an unseen audience.
“I like to think that the arrow continues, that other bands can get a little of that creativeness and inspiration and, who knows, maybe again, we will have a Golden Age of classic after classic, after classic.”
After the piece had finished, Burkhardt caught up on paperwork, and Richard played Pet Sounds and John Wesley Hardin.
When they returned to the flat, Chris had only just woken up and was feeling hideous. He refused a coffee, made a very embarrassed ‘thank you’ and left with Richard, who agreed to re-visit the store in the near future. He kept putting it off and when he finally did go back, it was gone, a Head Shop taking it’s place, a store selling Oriental merchandise and marijuana paraphernalia.
On returning home, Chris went straight to his bed and was asleep immediately. Richard took a shower, then went to the Kino (Cinema) and later to a few bars in Kreutzberg, just hoping to bump into Monika and therefore Lorelei. But he saw no one and drank alone.
On September 28th 2004, a re-recorded ‘Smile’ was finally released.
What are your first impressions of the man above, Mr Bob Dylan. What do you think of first – his appearance or his personality ? Probably the way he looks.
First impressions count
Today we’re having an advanced class using new words and expressions to describe both the physical and personality attributes of famous musicians.
So, as a warm up, how would you describe Mr Bob Dylan ?
Start with his looks, which are more factual, though subjective (i.e. to some young people, he will look ancient, while to older people, he may look distinguished and wise).
Then, tell me what you think he is like. You probably don’t know Mr Dylan, personally, so you can’t say, “He is incredibly friendly,” or, “He is extremely stand-offish.”
Therefore, you must employ opinion phrases:
He seems to be …
In my opinion …
I don’t know him personally, but I would say he is …
However, would it surprise you to know that Mr Dylan won the Noble Prize for Literature in 2016, and that his music has been unbelievably influential all over the world ?
I will show you some photos of rock stars, and you will practice sentence building. tell me what they look like, and what you think they are like as people. Can you explain why ? Finally, to practice complex sentence, I will give you basic information, and you have to incorporate these facts into long sentences using discourse markers and relative pronouns.
normal-looking // weird- looking // looks more dead than alive // bags under eyes
How would you describe these rock stars ?
Johnny Rotten, Real name John Lydon. Born 1956. Was in the Sex Pistols from 1975 – 1978. Formed band PIL. Changed name back to Lydon. Married Nora Forster in 1979. He was going to be on the Pan Am flight that crashed in Lockerbie, Scotland. He wrote a book, published in 2008.
John Lydon, who performed under the name Johnny Rotten while he was in the Sex Pistols from 1975 – 1978, is married to Nora Forster, and has been married since 1979. After leaving the Sex Pitols, he formed a new band, PIL, and had a book published in 2008. He escaped certain death by missing his flight on the doomed Pan Am flight that exploded over Lockerbie in Scotland.
Look at how much information I pack into the first, complex sentence:
Name – John Lydon
Stage name – Johnny Rotten
Band name – Sex Pistols
Time of band – 1975 – 1979
Marital status – married
Wife’s name – Nora Forster
How long married – since 1979
Now – how does he look ? Friendly ? Sweet and quiet ? What do you think ?
Make complex sentences:
David Bowie born 1947 and died 2016. Born in Brixton, south London. First big record was ‘Space Oddity’ in 1969. Record was in the Top 5. ‘Ziggy Stardust’ was released in 1972. It was incredibly influential. Many musicians say it is one of their favourite records. In 1976 he was in a film called ‘The Man Who Fell To Earth.’ In 1977 he moved to Berlin, Germany and made two important records, ‘Low’ and ‘Heroes.’ He was married to the super model Iman. She is Somali-American. Bowie made records up until his death in 2016. He died of Cancer.
Choose a musician; what do you think they are like ?
Which one would you like to meet, and why ?
Which one makes music you would like to hear ?
If these musicians are too old for you, tell the class about your favourite modern musician. Is it …
Rewrite the following texts using new vocabulary, phrasal verbs or idioms, where appropriate. Feel free to change verbs into continuous. Correct the mistakes and use better syntax (sentence structure).
Use clauses to combine sentences about the same subject.
Use ‘however’, ‘having said that’ etc in place of ‘but’.
Incorporate any new language style you have learnt on the course e.g. negotiation language, polite language, and see if you can use alliteration (words beginning with the same letter).
Warm up: Here’s a short exercise. Try to rewrite using as few sentences as possible, which will entail employing complex sentences, linked by discourse markers. An example answer follows.
My friend will come to visit me. In HCM. I will show him city. In my city is many things to show him. Him like market. I show him market. And restaurants. And museums. Many museum in HCM. I hope he will likes.
My friend will soon pay me a visit here in Ho Chi Minh City and there is such an abundance of things to see and do, for example my friends enjoys markets therefore I shall take him to several, followed by some great local food in one of the countless restaurants. Additionally, he adores museums and we are spoilt for choice here with many fascinating exhibitions.
Now … your turn.
Firstly, this is one large chunk of text, no paragraph breaks, so organise the writing.
Avoid repeating the same word or words. Use a thesaurus to search for synonyms.
I’ve started you off with two example sentences however, the rest is up to you.
My name is Tony. I am 23 years old. I am a accountant. I very much don’t like my job. It is not exciting. Because I do the same thing every day. All day. I like travel. I like Thailand. I very want to go there. At there I can eat food spicy. I like football. I don’t like baseball. Sometimes I watch on TV football. I like very much listen music. I play piano. I play recorder. My friend asked me to be in his band but his music I don’t like. He is my friend. His music is horrible. He is very bad guitar man. I live in HCM. I don’t like sometime. Now it rain every day, very heavy. We have to live with bad rain. Every day. The traffic is bad. Much motorbikes. Air very not good. I like to shopping. I buy shirt. I have many shirt but I buy more shirt because I like shirt, I have red blue green yellow shirt and black. Today I gets email. Email is from friend. I have not see friend for long time. I was surprise.
My name is Tony and I am 23 years old. By profession, I’m a accountant. However,I don’t like my job very much . I do the same thing everyday so It is not that exciting.
I like travelling and I really want to visit Thailand where I can eat spicy food as well as seeing golden temples.
Who knows … maybe if you keep writing, you will become a Noble laureate like our writers
2nd December for 3rd December 2019 AEF Listening p. 72 & Review p. 103
This block of lessons is something of a mixed bag; there’s a long listening piece, a review with a chunk of text, and a printed scenario for speaking practice. Listening is perhaps the hardest. Consequently, the students can be less than engaged with the lesson, faces fall and participation plummets. Although my hands are tied – I have to teach this assigned lesson – I can endeavour to bring it alive, take it off the page and into context.
To kick off – let’s go over the highlighted text and focus on ‘less than’.
In plain English, I would say, “The students will be bored.” This is rather hard and sets a negative tone so, using British politeness, I soften the language. We practised a similar technique in a previous lesson. To recap, how would you describe this gentleman:
We can all see that the gentleman could benefit from going to the gym and maybe reducing his intake of unhealthy food, but we want to be polite and not blunt (or indeed, rude). Consequently, we would say:
“He’s not the thinnest man in the world.”
Here’s how it works – we take the negative adjective (here, and excuse the impolite word, it would be ‘fat’, maybe even ‘obese‘), then apply the opposite (‘thin’) and use it in the superlative form (thin, thinner, thinnest). We simply form the sentence by saying that the subject IS NOT the opposite superlative form – he IS NOT the thinnest man … Try these two for practice – there may be more than one negative adjective you could use:
Now, today’s expression (and expressions are vital for boosting students’ English up to the next level) – ‘less than’ – what sentences could you make here ? The subject could be the man, the film or, more generally, cinema today.
Examples: The man is less than excited by the film // The man is less than engrossed with the movie // The film is less than thrilling // Films today are less than intelligent.
This item comes from China:
Products from China are less than perfect // less than top quality // less than well-made. Finally:
Movin’ on; Tonight’s listening is about a ‘boys’ night out’. What do you think that means ? If they had a friend visit Sai Gon and he asks for a ‘boys’ night out’, where would they take him ?
How do you think this man spent his boys’ night out ?
And now for something completely different; what do you think of this man ?
What’s My Line. I will pretend to be this man answering questions truthfully, and the class have to guess what this man does.
Firstly, are the following true or false ?
This man is said to be worth $180 million.
He is married to the Queen’s grand-daughter
He was arrested in 2009 because the police thought he was a homeless person.
He travels a lot for work, around the world.
In 2016, he tried to become President of the USA
He has a Noble Prize for Literature in 2017 although he has only published two books.
Class must now ask open questions and from my responses, have to guess why I am famous.
He is, of course, a singer-songwriter, an icon of the 1960s, and still releasing music to this day.
Now the students chance. In small groups, they can select a famous person and the other team(s) have to guess who they are. We can limit the guessing to a certain number of questions, or fix a time limit.
A variation on this game is to have a student sit in front of the board and write a name behind them. The student has to ask question and the rest of the class can only answer ‘Yes,’ or ‘No.’ For example, I could write HARI WON and the student could ask:
Am I a man ? // Am I alive // Am I famous ? // Am I old ? // Am I on TV ? // Do I play sports professionally ? // Do I act ? // Am I in the news a lot ? // etc
Objectives: increase vocabulary and sentence building skills. Encourage more talking, especially between students, using target language.
Warm up: Just to get the student’s settled in (and to allow for students arriving up to an hour late) and to help them build longer sentences. Compare the following:
We have two public transport vehicles, two buses. The first is from Singapore, the second from Sai Gon.
EXAMPLE: The bus from Singapore is cleaner than the Sai Gon bus.
To extend this, using a relative clause:
The first bus, which is from Singapore, is cleaner than the second bus, which is from HCM City.
To further extend, using relative clauses and discourse markers:
The first bus is from Singapore, which is known for its cleanliness, and is the most attractive as well as looking the most modern of the two. Having said that, buses in HCM City, despite being somewhat dirty, are remarkably cheap, just 2 000 VND for students, 6 000 for adults.
Try making complex sentences from these pairs of images:
Now compare these two songs: The former (first) is British from the 1980s. The band is The Specials, the song is called ‘Stereotypes’, the latter (last) is a modern pop song from Vietnam.