Young Learners, Level 4: Fun Facts about Space

30th January 2022

New Vocabulary

solar system

planet (Earth, gas giant, rock)

moon (the Moon)

star

asteroid

vacuum

Sol was the Roman God of the Sun. All stars are suns

All the planets are names after Roman Gods, except Uranus who was a Greek God, and Earth which is an English-German word.

The first four planets from the sun are small, and have a rock centre (core).

The outer four are mostly made of gas.

When Voyager gave us the first close-up pictures of Saturn's rings |  Astronomy.com

The rings of Saturn, which look amazing and so beautiful, are just made of dust and ice, with bits of rock.

FUN FACTS:

The speed of sound is 343 metres per second (usually given as 330 m p s)

The speed of light is 299 792 458 metres per second or approximately 300 000 000 m p s or 300 000 km per second.

Sound cannot travel through a vacuum

To demonstrate the last point, show NOT tell. Here’s a good example (start around the 0:24 second mark): An iPhone not making sound in a vacuum.

Space Cadets Quiz

Who was the first man on the moon ?

Buzz Aldrin / Michael Collins / Neil Armstrong

What is the biggest planet ?

Jupiter / Saturn / Mars

The sun is a … ?

planet / star / moon

What is faster ?

light / sound / Ms Bao Tran speaking (just give the name of any talkative students, and then elicit the adjective talkative).

In space, people are … ?

heavier / lighter / weigh the same

The first animal in space was a … ?

monkey / elephant / dog

The crew of Apollo 11

Answers: Neil Armstrong / Jupiter / star / light / lighter / dog

The Last one could seem to be a trick question. The answer is Laika, the Russian dog. Fruit flies and then monkeys were first put into rockets but they didn’t go high enough to officially enter space.

Laika, the Russian space dog

Please Note: All photos are taken from Google Images or free photo sites, and are used for educational purposes only. No copyright infringement or offense is intended. If I have used your photo or image, and you wish me to remove it, just ask. This site is not monetized, I run it on my own dollar. Thank you.

Young Learners, Level 4: what can you do ?

23rd December 2021

Mind-Blowing Drum Solo From Senri Kawaguchi (VIDEO) | 102.9 The Buzz

Student Survey

Students ask each other:

Can you play football ?

If not, what sports can you play ?

Can you swim ?

Can you sing in English ?

Can you play piano ?

Image result for Mozart as a child"
Young Mozart from Austria

Can girls play drums ? Yes, they can or no, they can’t.

The amazing, incredible Senri Kawaguchi from Japan

Can boys dance ? Yes, they can or no, they can’t ?

Madu Mmesoma Anthony from Nigeria

Can you eat a huge sandwich ?

Image result for eat a giant sandwhich"

Can you wiggle your ears ?

Finally, can anybody walk on water ?

Yes they can or no, they can’t ?

The brilliant magician Dynamo from the U.K.
Bear waves goodbye to photographer at Olympic National Park in Washington |  Metro News
Bye bye from the big brown friendly bear

Please Note: All photos are taken from Google Images or free photo sites, and are used for educational purposes only. No copyright infringement or offense is intended. If I have used your photo or image, and you wish me to remove it, just ask. This site is not monetized, I run it on my own dollar. Thank you.

Young Learners, Level 4: Starting the Past Tense

4th May 2021

Hangul Celluloid: Il Mare (2000 South Korea) Review
Jun Ji-hyun in ‘Il Mare’ a Korean time-travel film

A simplified version of an omnibus blog which may be accessed here: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/10/21/past-tense-various-exercises-2/

15 most common verbs:

infinite \ present // past // past participle (verb 3)

1to bewas werebeen
2to havehadhad
3to dodiddone
4to saysaidsaid
5to gowentgone
6to getgotgot/gotten
7to makemademade
8to knowknewknown
9to thinkthoughtthought
10to taketooktaken
11to seesawseen
12to comecamecome
13to wantwantedwanted
14to useusedused
15to findfoundfound

NOW … PRACTICE

What did you do yesterday ?

I (have) __________ some expensive soup

I (go) _________ to school. After class I (come) ________ home. Then I (do) ________ my homework.

Moby Dick (1956) with Gregory Peck – Classic Film Freak

I (see) _______ a great film called Moby Dick. It is about a whale. A whale is (very big) ________ and ______________ (very clever).

Run and Write game: Teacher calls out a present tense verb, students (in teams), have to run to the board and write the correct past tense.

say // make // think // take // use // find // come // go

Extra verbs: Bonus points – what is the past tense for:

eat // drink // play // practice // visit // read

Example: What did you do yesterday ? Yesterday, I played the drums.

8-year-old girl stuns playing 'complicated' Led Zeppelin song on drums -  National | Globalnews.ca

NOW … YOUR TURN

What did you do yesterday ? Yesterday, I …

The Film Sufi: “The 400 Blows” - Francois Truffaut (1959)

What did you do yesterday ? Yesterday I …

What did the dog do yesterday ? Yesterday the dog …

What did he do yesterday ? Yesterday he …

DGA Quarterly Magazine | Winter 2006 | Shot to Remember - Amadeus

What did she do yesterday ? Yesterday she …

Young Learners, Level 4: Longest, heaviest, shortest, lightest

24th November 2020

Everybody Up 4 U 3, L 1 [review of previous unit before starting a new subject]

A chance to review the superlatives as well as encouraging students to look for, and then supply, information.

Small, Smaller, Smallest — Big Universe
The Largest and the Smallest Animals Are Threatened by Extinction

Play the video then ask the class questions: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=urTHzUaZ5DY

What is the largest mammal ? // What is the smallest one ?

How much does a blue whale weight ?

What is the largest bird ? // What is the smallest one ?

What is the largest reptile ? // What is the smallest one ?

How long is the crocodile ? // How long is the dwarf gecko ?

What is the largest fish ? // What is the smallest one ?

How long is the whale shark ?

A whale shark can be up to 10 meters long

The text book, which I follow, uses the USA spelling (meters not metres).

Activity: Make two crosses at the front of the class. Have two students stand on them; one will ask the question, the other answer. Repeat until all the class has participated.

Encourage full answers:

How long is the whale shark ?

It’s up to 10 meters long

OR

The whale shark can be up to 10 meters long

Answers:

The blue whale // the bumblebee bat // [up to] 200 tonnes // ostrich // hummingbird // saltwater crocodile // dwarf gecko // whale shark // stout infantfish

Bonus points for additional facts such as a hummingbird can fly backwards, an ostrich can’t fly etc

Young Learners, Level 4: Which one ?

10th November 2020

E Up 4, U 2 review

Let’s kick off with an appropriate song – REM and ‘The One I Love.’

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j7oQEPfe-O8

I love playing guitar but I really want a new guitar.

I love playing guitar but I really want a new one.

The noun is ‘guitar‘. We can use the word ‘one‘ so we don’t need to say the same noun twice.

OK, which guitar would you like ?

Fender Player Jaguar PF, Tidepool at Gear4music
Gibson Custom Shop 1957 Les Paul Goldtop Left Hand #77121 - vos antique  gold Solid body electric guitar yellow
Rickenbacker 330 Left-Handed, Jetglo at Gear4music

I would like the black guitar.

OR

I would like the black one.

T-shirts – which one would you like ?

ROARR! - Hand Printed Kids T-Shirt | DESIGNSMITH
Star Wars™ Yoda READ kids t-shirt — Out of Print
Kid t-shirt print ideas

Doughnuts – what is the question ?

Best Baked Doughnuts Ever Recipe - Food.com

Animals – which one is the fastest ?

Protecting big cats is the call of next year's World Wildlife Day, 3 March  2018 | CITES

QUIZ

Birds – which one can fly backwards ?

Insects – which ones never sleep ?

Mammals – which ones can fly ?

Which ones can’t jump ?

Which one can’t make a sound ?

Review

What do you like doing ? Are you good at it ?

Thay Paul's Notes – General Notes about my English lessons and life in Viet  Nam.

I like riding elephants. I really like riding elephants. I’m good at it.

What do you not like doing ? What are you not good at ?

Confused man is confused. | I can explain

I don’t like speaking Vietnamese. I’m not very good at it.

Young Learners, Level 4: intelligent insects, amazing animals

7th November 2020

Objectives: review comparatives (big, bigger than // small, smaller than // fast, slower)

Is a leopard as fast as a cheetah?

Cheetah vs Leopard - how to tell the two cats apart - The Wildlife Diaries
What are the Differences Between a Leopard and a Cheetah? - Thomson Safaris
C

Cheetahs are the fastest animals in the world. They can run up to 120 kilometers per hour. Leopards can run up to 58 kilometers per hour.

So the answer is:

No, a leopard is not as fast as a cheetah. A leopard is slower.

Is a great white shark bigger than a blue whale ?

Scientists Surprised When They Examine Stomach Contents of Great White  Sharks and Find Out What They Really Eat
blue whale | Facts, Habitat, & Pictures | Britannica

A great white shark can be 4.9 metres but a blue whale can be over 30 metres

So the answer is:

No, a great white shark isn’t as big as a blue whale. It’s smaller.

Now … your turn

Have the students take turns being teacher or Thay

Is an eel longer than a seal ?

An eel can be 4 metres long, a seal can be 5 metres

Is a panda heavier than a gorilla ?

A panda can weigh 150 kg, a gorilla can weigh 227 Kg

Is a cat as intelligent as a dog ?

Pin on Fun and Funny Stuff
The dumbest cat breed in the world

Dogs can learn over 160 words AND understand basic English grammar. Scientists think dogs are more intelligent: https://safarisafricana.com/smartest-animals-in-the-world/

Which fact or facts did you like the most ? Which was the most interesting ?

Test

When do ants sleep ? How do dolphins sleep ?

What can’t elephants do ? Is a giraffe noisy ?

How many hearts does an octopus have ?

How do butterflies taste ?

Why do camels have three eyelids ?

What is different about a hummingbird ?

How does a man penguin ask a woman penguin to marry him ?

Video captures lavish wedding ceremony for inseparable gay penguins - The  Irish News
Sea Creatures Keep The 'Love' Alive with Romantic Gestures | Oceana

The man penguin offers a stone, to help build a nest.

Young Learners, Level 4: Safety First … and the gunpowder plot !

29th October 2020

E up U 1, L4 & U 2, L1

Objectives:

review recent vocabulary

sentence building

develop the use of intonation and stress in natural speech.

Warm Up:

Two teams – on the board, six sports but the letters are tangled. One member of each team has to write the correct spelling.

kis // odosabrnw // cie-etksa // ni-niel akste // aabkrdoset // furs

Next up:

Three boys and three girls holding the six sports flashcards. Three hold the cards the right way up, the others hold their cards upside down.

If the card is the right way up, it means the student is good at the sport.

First I will ask: Is he or she good at (surfing) ? The class will answer, using previously taught vocabulary,

“Yes, he’s / she’s very good at it.”

“No, he’s / she’s not very good at it.”

Partner work:

Ask each other, or in small groups, “What are you good at ?”

Examples:

Safety Last (Harold Lloyd, 1923, USA, 73', BW, silent) | BOZAR Brussels

I’m very good at climbing

67 Best Big Fish images in 2020 | big fish, fish, monster fishing

I’m very good at fishing

I was so happy': 8-year-old Japanese drummer talks viral fame, Robert Plant  and the secret to great drumming | CBC Radio

Is she good at playing drums ? Yes, she ….

frank spencer is rollerskating.wmv on Make a GIF

Is he good at in-line skating ? No, he …

Adjective round up:

A chance to encourage students to extend their English skills.

First, opposites

Big _______ // huge ________ // scared ________ // dangerous _______ // happy ______ // cheap ________ // boring ________ // hard-working ____

Next, tell me about the man. What does he look like ? What does he wear ? What is he doing ? Is he scared ? Is he brave ?https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QEcTjhUN_7U&t=148s

start clip at 03.00

Which brings us to the theme of safety and the book work for the Saturday Class.

E up U 2, L 1

British culture

As a break, a little introduction to the UK and its history and traditions. The beginning of November sees Bonfire Night or Guy Fawkes Night

Image result for guy fawkes mask

In 1605, a group of men wanted to kill the King of England, James I. They wanted to blow up the building where the King was going to be, so they hid 36 barrels of gunpowder under the building. However, the King’s soldiers found one of the men, Guy Fawkes, and arrested him. The King was safe ! To celebrate, people made giants fires called bonfires : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wnq7aqHLCSM

Start and play up to 0:52 to explain the background, then from 3:25 and have the class copy the children in the video. This helps with pronunciation as well as learning new words, and learning about Britain.

Image result for guy fawkes dummy

We still do this today. Also, children help to make a Guy Fawkes from old clothes and old bags, and then adults put it on the fire. Finally, there are fireworks, sometimes at home, sometimes in parks so everyone can see.

Image result for guy fawkes dummy

Many different types of fireworks are used:

Some young children are holding sparklers – they have to wear gloves and be VERY CAREFUL.

Image result for 5th nov fireworks
5th November fireworks in London

Young Learners, Level 4: Final activity sheet.

4th December for 7th December 2019 E Up 4 pp. 80 – 81

This is my final lesson with this relatively ‘easy’ class. There are only 13 students, and the class is well-behaved compared to many others. Today, there is a final checkup and a creative project. To keep the festivities going, I’m going to prepare an activity list, covering various subject. These can be done in small teams, maybe pairs or threes.

  1. Name three things we can have for lunch

2. What did this man eat and drink ?

Image result for man eating curry and tea

I need the whole sentence using the past tense for ‘eat’ & ‘drink’ and a linking word.

3. Make a sentence: Jane – models 😡 cloths 😀

Jane likes to design clothes but she doesn’t like to make models

Peter – songs 😡 movies 😀 // Tina – pictures 😡 stories 😀

4. Draw a picture of Dali !

Image result for Dali

5. Tell me four types of art.

6. What are you going to do this afternoon ?

7. Tell me three things we can make.

8. What does Teacher Paul like ? Two thing …

9. Someone who plays guitar is a … // someone who tells the news is a …

10. This is my friend Mark:

He works in films and in plays. What is his job ?

11. Where does he live ?

Image result for Venice

12. How does Mark go home ?

13. If I go to Nha Trang, what do I need to take with me ? Three things …

14. Space – What is the biggest planet ? // What is the sun ? // Can we hear in space ?

15. Watch Mr Mark. What did he eat for breakfast ? What words did Mr Mark use ? Can you smile like him ?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=crPVJ3CXs1g&list=PL97HViQblvdEM3zsauRxnIg1baFTNmsDM&index=20&t=165s

Image result for mark wiens face

Finally … who can say:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KxwcQ1dapw8&list=PL97HViQblvdEM3zsauRxnIg1baFTNmsDM&index=26&t=0s

Young Learners, Level 4: We’re all going on a summer holiday

23rd November 2019 E Up 4 U8 L2 (updated from June 15th 2019)

Warm Up: Summer Holiday and ‘Screen Test’ game. First watch the clip: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xddl8fpf2uA

Class put into groups of three or four. Each team given a name of a European city, such as London, Venice, Barcelona and Paris.

First question – in which countries are your cities ?

Next ‘Screen Test’: The students watch the opening song then have to answer multiple choice questions.

1) What was the road sign at the beginning of the clip ?

London // Berlin // Paris ?

2) What was the number of the bus ?

9 // 19 // 28 ?

3) What colour was the first car behind the bus ?

red // white // blue ?

4) How many children wore a hat ?

1 // 2 // no children

5) How many men were riding bicycles ?

3 // 4 // 6 ?

6) How many women were in the car ?

3 // 4 // 5 ?

BONUS POINTS – Can anyone sing the song – just two lines

“We’re all going on a summer holiday // we’re all going for a week or two.”

Image result for cliff richard driving bus

Last lesson the subject was future tense and activities. Therefore, I shall board some times – this afternoon /  tomorrow / next Monday / next Thursday / next weekend / next month

Under these, I shall write some scrambled nonsense, e.g. ‘who as ees’. The students, placed in teams, have to elect one person to find the corresponding flash card somewhere in the room (‘see a show’) and then say a third-person sentence e.g. “He’s going to see a show this afternoon.’

Information gathering: Class into three or four groups. One member will be going away and the others in the team have to get information from him or her, then present to the class.

Team 1: Going to Phu Quoc island / is going next month / will be staying in a hotel near the beach / will be going swimming / is going with family

Team 2: Going to London / is going next week / is going to see a show / is staying with family / is going with older sister.

Team 3 : Going to Ha Noi / is going next Tuesday / is going on a bus tour / is going to stay in a big hotel / is going with school

Team 4: Going to Dak Lak Province / is going tomorrow / is going to ride an elephant / will stay in a tent / is going with VUS TAs

The selected member will stand at the front of the class with the information sheet. One teammate must run up, ask one question then tell the rest of the team, who will write the information down. Then a different teammate will run up and ask.

Planning a day out

I have a niece and nephew coming to Saigon. The teams have to plan a day for them including what to see and do, how to travel and what to eat. Of course, they need to but some souvenirs, so where are the best places ?

My ‘niece & nephew’.

We shall probably have to board many ideas first. Where do tourists go in HCM ? What is traditional food ? How can they travel ? Do the girls want to take the niece and the boys take the nephew only ?

Hopefully, this will encourage a lot of speaking and ideas and I can show a map of HCM to help.

And if the students are still drawing a blank (or being too lazy to think), this could inspire them: It’s spoken in English, with text, but with Viet accent (can start at 0:20 seconds)

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G0tncoIxT1s

As with all ‘real-world’ videos, the film should be stopped and new words or expressions boarded. The students are later made to write the words down (the majority will simply NOT do any kind of writing unless pressured), and then encouraged to use them where appropriate.

That should easily cover the first hour. After the break, we hit the books, do the workbooks and fast-finishers get an activity sheet, while I can spend at least some time checking the pronunciation and grammar.

Young Learners, Level 4: “Can you hear me, Major Tom ?”

15th November 2019 E Up 4 U7 L4 (edited from June 8th 2019)

Today’s lesson is about space, astronauts and basic science. It is a mighty theme and so, to paraphrase Melville, we need a mighty beginning … for cinema fans, there really is no other choice … the opening of Stanley Kubrick’s ‘2001: A Space Odyssey’.

So what do the students know about the solar system ? I’ll let them tell me, after boarding some key words:

solar system

planet (Earth, gas giant, rock)

moon (the Moon)

star

asteroid

vacuum

I’ll put a flash card of planet Earth on the board, towards the right-hand side. The students can them fill in the gaps … what planets do they know ? How big is the sun relative to the planets ? What exactly is the sun ? Where does light come from in space ? What exists in space ? 

FUN FACTS:

The speed of sound is 343 metres per second (usually given as 330 m p s)

The speed of light is 299 792 458 metres per second or approximately 300 000 000 m p s or 300 000 km per second.

Sound cannot travel through a vacuum

To demonstrate the last point, show NOT tell; here’s a good example (start around the 0:24 second mark): An iPhone not making sound in a vacuum.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JrU9LouWY18&t=24s

Group work: Would you like to go to space ?

What would be the pros and cons ? In small groups, discuss the question, trying to use some of the recent vocabulary.

Song time: A British classic, and the first hit for David Bowie, an artist with a deep connection with space. This video has lyrics, but how many words can they recognise ? They can shout them out as they hear them.

‘Space Oddity’; lyrics start around the 0:30 second mark

Board any new words or phrases such as ignition / made the grade / peculiar /

Runaround

This is based on the UK children’s show from the 1970s. The class will be split into small groups. One member from each has to stand in front of the board. I will read a question and then give three answers. The students have to run to the correct number. They then have three seconds to change their minds.

Who was the first man on the moon ? Buzz Aldrin / Michael Collins / Neil Armstrong

What is the biggest planet ? Jupiter / Saturn / Mars

The sun is a: planet / star / moon

What is faster ? light / sound / Ms Bao Tran speaking (just give the name of any talkative students, and then elicit the adjective talkative).

In space, people are: heavier / lighter / weigh the same ?

The first animal in space was a: monkey / elephant / dog

(Last one could seem to be a trick question. The answer is Laika, the Russian dog. Monkeys were first put into rockets but they didn’t go high enough to officially enter space).

Bookwork. Today there is a fair amount of reading. I’ll use the passages to show a little grammar, introduce the students to adverbs.

The princess was very beautiful (very = adverb, beautiful is an adjective)

Here, the adverb ‘very‘ goes before the adjective. For concept checking (do the students understand and can use this formula ?) some quick questions:

Correct these sentences:

The very student was clever 

Laika, the dog, was scared very 

Very David talented is

During the reading, I’ll be asking the students to point out the adjectives and adverbs in the short pieces of text.

Then the students complete a workbook with more concept checking exercises. Those who are fast finishers, rising stars, will get a worksheet, a word-search and comprehension questions about space. Then it’s back down to Earth … and next week the subject is …

Image result for cliff summer holiday

Please Note: All photos are taken from Google Images or free photo sites, and are used for educational purposes only. No copyright infringement or offense is intended. If I have used your photo or image, and you wish me to remove it, just ask. This site is not monetized, I run it on my own dollar. Thank you.