Adult Professionals. Mechanics, Part 3

7th February 2020

Contents

Architecture: Arabia / The Middle East // Chicago Willis Tower

The Concorde

Entropy

Friction

Famous scientists: Nikola Tesla

Project: make a presentation about your favourite scientist.

Architecture

Arabia / The Middle East

Burj Khalifa

Work in pairs: https://www.365tickets.com.au/burj-khalifa-dubai

Tell me about the Burj Khalifa – the facts; what you can see and do, and practical information

Prepare an information sheet for a guest – be careful to read the website carefully.

Chicago

TowerByNumbers

The Willis Tower: Why doesn’t it fall over ?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KjhM7Z5YPGg

Image result for willis tower

The Concorde

Image result for concorde

What do you know about this commercial supersonic plane ?

This video is quite long (10 minutes+) but has lots of engineering terms and everyday expressions.

Fortunately, it also utilises subtitles which seem quite accurate: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a_wuykzfFzE

Write down any words you don’t know – watch the video in short stages, then you can watch at home at your leisure.

The Concorde stopped: why ? What reasons can you suggest ?

Science: Entropy

Image result for entropy for kids

Entropy: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YM-uykVfq_E

The video contains some good expressions.

Famous Scientists

If I say ‘Tesla’, what do you think of ?

Image result for nikola tesla

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ty1Fk0JZfQk

Project:

Make a presentation about your favourite scientist or science writer.

Feel free to use slides, pictures, diagrams.

Image result for famous scientists

Shinkansen

Image result for shinkansen

Bullet Train – top ten facts: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b4CD1vErEQQ

This is as much as listening exercise, as an engineering one. How much can you understand ?Which presenter is easier to understand, the young lady or the man from USA ?

Engineering terms

Match the term to the definition:

friction: the product of a body’s mass and its velocity

compression: not of natural origin; prepared or made artificially

momentum: the resistance when a body is moved in contact with another

synthetic: an increase in the density of something

What is ‘friction’ ?

Friction: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x_24FBNa788&index=4&list=PL3qtH4RtP-D1xazLKdUeN7QExjbeuCH1n

Listen out for ‘thus’ / exert a force / kinetic (UK pronunciation) / 

Rephrase (put it in your own words):

  • what is friction ? 
  • How is it caused ? 
  • What types of friction are there ? 
  • What are the three types of dynamic friction
Image result for friction

Adult Professionals: Architecture and engineering

7th January 2020

Architecture in history

Gothic Architecture

The Gothic style of architecture first emerged in Northern France during the 12th century. In engineering terms, it was a major step forward from the Romanesque style that had dominated European architecture up to that time. It allowed people to construct cathedrals, churches and other buildings on a scale that dwarfed anything that had gone before. The technological superiority of the Gothic approach was the result of three engineering breakthroughs: the pointed arch, the ribbed vault and the flying buttress.

The pointed arch offers benefits in terms of structural engineering: A greater proportion of the weight above thearch is channeled down into the ground, instead of exerting a sideways force: https://www.theclassroom.com/engineering-breakthroughs-gothic-architecture-12682.html

Ribbed Vault

The stone ceilings of Romanesque buildings were heavy and inefficient, and placed severe limitations on the size of buildings that could be constructed. The situation changed dramatically with the advent of the Gothic style.

One of the greatest innovations was the flying buttress. This system allowed builders to construct soaring cathedrals with massive interior spaces, while allowing walls to exhibit expansive stained glass windows. 

The engineering innovations of pointed arches, ribbed vaults and flying buttresses meant such buildings could be the longest, widest and tallest of their day.

Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris. An example of the Gothic style. Note the flying buttresses.

Fillipo Brunelleschi (1377 – April 15, 1446)

Early in his career as an architect, Brunelleshi came forward as a mover and a shaker. He discovered, or rather, rediscovered the lost Greek and Roman rules of perspective, such as the principle of having a single vanishing point. His (re)discovery of these rules had a profound influence on the artists of his time

In 1420, the church awarded Brunelleschi the commission to design a dome to top the Florence Cathedral, which had been left, for many years, with a 140″ diameter hole gaping atop. The problem was not a new one to the world of architecture; for decades architects had been trying to design the perfect dome to crown the Cathedral but had been defeated by the restrictive structural limitations inherentin the Cathedral’s design. Brunelleschi, managed to succeed, however, were all others had failed by 1446.

Brunelleschi’s dome for the Cathedral in Florence, Italy.

Mies van der Rohe, 1886 – 1969

Famous for his saying “less is more,” was one of the preeminent modernist architects, well known for pioneering the extensive use of glass in buildings. His works introduced a new level of simplicity and transparency, and his buildings were often referred to as “skin-and-bones” architecture for their emphasis on steel structure and glass enclosure.

Adult Class, level 3: The Russian Soul

3rd December for 4th December 2019 AEF 7B pp. 70 – 71

Tonight we focus on a reading, extrapolating information from a chunk of text, and listening. Additionally, there is a test which may occupy thirty minutes so we’ll need to hit the ground running (not so easy when students arrive at various times but it’s Viet Nam … what ya gonna do ?) … so let’s test their knowledge of Mother Russia:

Word Bomb: Russia – Famous people / cities / famous for / history / food / language / artists /

Image result for russian food
Image result for russian doll
Image result for russian church

Do they know this man ?

Image result for tchaikovsky
Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Maybe they know this:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9cNQFB0TDfY

Because we have a lot of reading and comprehension, I want to create opportunities for speaking. Here is a short dialogue practice:

New vocabulary:

surprised // surprising

disappointed // a disappointment

confused // confusing

Image result for disappointed date
This man is … ? Why ?

DIALOGUE


Excuse me, sorry to bother you but do you speak English ?

Yes, a little. Are you German ? Your accent sounds German, maybe Czech …

No, I’m Russian. My name is Anna. I come from Moscow and it is freezing.

I’m Tony. Pleased to meet you, Anna. What do you do ? (what is your job)

I’m a student, reading architecture. How about you ?

I’m a musician. I play piano, guitar, clarinet but mostly cello.

Wow, how interesting. Do you know any Russian music ? We have great composers.

I simply adore Tchaikovsky. Are you surprised ? However modern music is confusing.

Yes, I agree. I went to a concert but I was very disappointed. It was just tuneless noise !

What can the students tell me about this famous house:

Image result for ho chi minhs house

Then depending on the time remaining, we can choose some activities from this list: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/11/27/adult-class-level-3-games-without-frontiers/