IELTS: Mindset 1, Lesson 4: Review

7th April 2021

No photo description available.
Photo by Thay Paul. Sai Gon

Vietnamese coffee kept warm in a three lions bowls, the lions being a symbol of England. If you love coffee, you’ve come to the right place; coffee shops are _________________ in Sai Gon, and throughout Viet Nam.

The missing word … ?

24 Ubiquitous Antonyms. Full list of opposite words of ubiquitous.
Google Images

New vocabulary:

disappointed

faith (noun) faithful (adjective) faithfully (adverb)

endeavour

genuine

reasonable

on the ball

This is gonna be a doodle !

How to use them ?

Lady Thu stated that she would (try) ___________ to learn more vocabulary.

I expected the students to pass with flying colours, but instead I was very _______________________ by their low scores.

Mr Sang knew every answer, he was really _________________________ last night.

Passing a driving test in Vietnam is easy. _______________________________ .

Those Armani T-shirts are absolutely fake ! At that price, no way are they ____________ .

Street food stalls are ubiquitous in my neighborhood; the food is (tasty) ______________________ and the prices are quite ___________________ .

Mr Lee (adverb) _____________ promised me he would be on time for the meeting.

We also covered some basic introduction phrases which you categorically have to memorise:

Some standard opening lines:

That’s a very interesting question

Well, that’s a great question

Well, there is so much to say about that subject, where shall I start ?

It’s funny you put that question to me because earlier today I was just thinking about …

As a young Vietnamese (add your own nationality), I …

And now, a typical IELTS question: What do you do in your free time ?

Remember the first rule of introductions: never answer the question immediately. Remember the second rule of introductions: never answer the question immediately.

So, how to pass with flying colours ? Ah, c’mon, Man, you should know by now ! OK, breaks down like this. Give me:

A great introduction

An organised speech, point by point (use ‘signpost’ language).

At least one idiom

Several L-FWs

Ideas linked by discourse markers

Appropriate intonation, stress & body language

May be an image of 3 people
Thay Paul, can you give us an example, please ?

Sure thing

Well, that’s quite an interesting question because, as a young Vietnamese student, I don’t really have much free time. I have to study all day, then do homework in the evening; I’m really burning the candle at both ends. However, when I have time to myself, I like to hang out with my friends and forget about school.

Firstly we meet in coffee shops, which are ubiquitous in Sai Gon, and talk and laugh. Highlands in my favourite because it has free WiFi as well as being very comfortable although some of the coffee prices are sky-high.

Additionally, I love swimming which, in my opinion, is incredibly healthy, and it doesn’t require much equipment. Subsequently, it doesn’t cost an arm and a leg.

However, my absolute favorite past time is to sing karaoke, which I believe comes from Japan, in a private, sound-proof room. For me, it’s a perfect way to relax and forget all my stress about work, life and my parents !

May be an image of 8 people and people smiling
Piece of cake, right ? 23 / 9 Park, District 1, Sai Gon

A link to previous blogs for this class may be accessed here: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2021/03/24/ielts-mindset-1-lesson-2-review/

Ethan Hawke Sticks Up For Texas, Reps Beto and Turns a Dead ...

Next Lesson, you’ll be planning a day out in Sai Gon (or your city) for my friend Ethan. You can read up here: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/12/16/ielts-planning-a-day-out/

Coffee in Sai Gon

7th December 2020

Describe these pictures, using adjectives and your opinions.

Highlands Coffee has great coffee, air-con and free wifi. Having said that, the service is a little slow, there are no waiters and the cost is unbelievably expensive !

Vietnam is famous for coffee; coffee shops are ubiquitous. In fact, there are so many, it’s hard to see (difficult to understand) how they stay in business let alone turn a profit.

Be that as it may, let’s use this as a learning opportunity. To practice making longer sentences, and as a warm up exercise, the students can ask each other, “Where do you go for coffee ?”

Tips:

Don’t answer the question directly and immediately; Begin with a short introduction:

Sai Gon has so many coffee shops, some are cheap while others can be quite expensive although they have a wide range of delicious coffee. Personally, I like going to …

Then

Explain:

  1. How MUCH do you like it (adverbs) ?
  2. What kind of coffee (adjectives) ?
  3. What do you think about this ? (opinions)
  4. WHY do you like it (give reasons)
  5. Interesting words, phrases, idioms

Personally, I like Tap Coffee which is an independent shop where I live. I enjoy going there so much because the owner is very friendly and tries to speak English with me. There isn’t a lot of choice, so I order cappuccino with hot, fresh milk. In my opinion, it is good value and tastes delicious. What I like about the shop is the free wifi, the comfortable chairs and the atmosphere. Furthermore, it is usually very quiet and it therefore a good place to read. I love to put my feet up, kick back and sip my damn fine coffee.

Before the exercise, elicit and board as many relevant words and phrases as required. The students have a discourse marker list, so I could insist that they use certain words (moreover, therefore, consequently etc). Additionally, I’ll need to explain vernacular phrases such as ‘kick back’ and ‘put my feet up’.

IF a student doesn’t like coffee, then they can say where they go and what they drink. IF they don’t go anywhere or like anything (yes, I have had that in a class), then they can explain WHY NOT!

Key vocabulary: ambience // aroma //atmosphere

Grammar Note:

In a list of three, use one comma and a linking word (and):

The service is a little slow, there are no waiters and the cost is unbelievably expensive !

In a list of two, just use a linking word (and): 

Mega Mart has amazing choice and is good value for money.

How to make Vietnamese coffee

Tell me: what do I need ? What type of coffee is best ? Where can I buy it ?

New verbs: pour / stir / fill up / 

Make a long, fluent presentation.

Signpost expressions: used to help tell a story or a narrative. They allow the listener to help organise the information.

Useful words or expressions:

Firstly / afterwards / and then / following that /

don’t forget to … / you can always ….

lastly / finally / at the very end …

In your experience, what coffee is best ? Trang Nguyen, Highlands or Milano ? Maybe street coffee ?

Speaking practice:

Old Compass Cafe Saigon - Vietnamese cuisine, wine, cafe, events

Pat Well, I’m exhausted. I need a damn fine cup of coffee and a big piece of pie.

Sam There’s a Highlands over the road, or we can go to Coffee Bean or Milano.

Pat I’d prefer Tran Nguyen but it costs an arm and a leg. Highlands is also incredibly expensive.

Sam But great quality and superb cakes. Come on, I’m starving, I need coffee now !

Pat OK, hold your horses hahaha. After we can meet up with Thay Paul.

Sam Sounds good. Now … shall we have chocolate cake or fruit cake … ?

costs an arm and a leg = very expensive

hold your horses = please be patient and wait

Inside Highlands Coffee Shop

Quán cà phê “trong mơ” của những người Việt trẻ có gì? | Báo Dân trí
Highlands Coffee, a Vietnamese coffee chain

Sam Hi, I’ll have a large cappuccino, please. What do you fancy ?

Pat Tough decision. I’m going for the cheesecake and a slice of blueberry pie.

Sam Oh, me too. Big slice, no, only joking, I have to watch my weight.

Pat I think you look great. Lets also get some chocolate cake and we can share.

Sam Brilliant. Oh, did I show you my recent photos ? Here, on my phone.

Pat Let me see … oh, so funny. Who’s that ? The man next to Niall ?

Sam That’s Jimmy, he’s in Niall’s band. He plays drums and drinks like a fish !

Pat And that’s you, a selfie. You look adorable. Butter wouldn’t melt in your mouth !

VietnamCupid on Twitter: "Selfie tip of the week: Know your angles… "
A very sweet young lady – butter wouldn’t melt in her mouth

drinks like a fish = drinks a lot of alcohol

Butter wouldn’t melt in your mouth ! = looks very sweet and nice … but can be very naughty

IELTS: Be “industrious, hard-working, incredibly energetic” students

6th November 2020

IELTS Mindset 2 Unit 1:Listening

How to start turning standard English into IELTS-style answers

Tips:

Introduce your answer

Paraphrase the question

Use low-frequency words (LFW)

Think what idiom or expression is appropriate

Use intonation and stress

Speak fluently and pace yourself

For a database of idioms and IELTS – language you will need to know, click here:

https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/10/22/ielts-language-bank-idioms-and-l-fws-you-need-to-have-at-your-beck-and-call/

Example:

Last week we used these words:

city centre / industrial / residential / suburban

quite / safe / vibrant / boring / peaceful

bustling / gritty

Which adjectives could describe the four types of area ?

NEXT UP:

Speaking exercise – imagine you live in the first picture. Describe the neighbourhood and your life. However, when you get a high-paying job, you want to take out a mortgage and move to the second picture. Describe that neighbourhood.

New Barlinnie super-prison to be moved next to iconic Provan gasworks -  Glasgow Live
The Impact Of Covid-19 On Residential Living - London Belgravia Real Estate

NEXT UP:

Introducing and expanding your answer

Coffee Shop (Jin and Ru) | Cute korean girl, Ulzzang korean girl, Ulzzang  girl
Starbucks in Seoul: How the Seattle Chain Flooded South Korea

Do you like coffee ?

I like many drinks however coffee is my favourite because it tastes great and makes me wake up although too much will stop me from sleeping at night but, in my opinion, the benefits far out weigh the disadvantages.

NB (Latin – nota bene = note well, please read, important information)

  1. I didn’t answer immediately but introduced the question.
  2. Use of discourse markers to extend the answer
  3. Saying something positive and negative about the subject
  4. This was all one sentence – a complex sentence which you will need to start using in order to pass IELTS with flying colours

Try these:

  • Living in HCM
  • Free time
  • Working and studying.

New vocabulary

ubiquitous everywhere, very common

naïve innocent, inexperienced

stroll a gentle walk, for exercise (collocation: take a stroll)

a bazaar (noun) a permanent, covered market 

bizarre (adjective) very strange, unusual

absent-minded extremely forgetful

sky-high, astronomical very expensive, maybe too expensive

predictable it is possible to guess the answer, people doing the same thing

hawkers

Street _______ are common in Vietnam, and they are _________ in District 1. It is nearly impossible for a westerner to take a ________ without being approached. Some claim to sell Ray Bans or designer sunglasses, but you would have to be extremely ________ to believe they are genuine ! They are all fake, probably made in China. Many people try to _____(collocation) money by selling to tourists especially around Ben Thanh Market, a kind of _______, though this is strictly for tourists as the prices are ____________ !

Pronunciation Practice

First time in Viet Nam – First impressions of Viet Nam

A vlog by Divert Living, posted just over two years ago and which has already received more than a million hits:

[American English accent]

Try 04:44 – 04:53

” … and I asked them, ‘How much is aqua (water) ?’ Aqua’s fifteen thousand, beer’s twenty thousand … of course I’m gonna get the beer, now … it’s just as expensive as the water.”

09:00 – 0913

“Fun fact, Vietnamese cuisine is considered one of the healthiest cuisines in the world … and, to go with the food, the size of the dining tables and chairs are super small.”

IELTS, Theme: Shopping

5th August 2020

A compilation of shopping activities to promote longer sentences, idiomatic language and fluency.

Exercise 1: compound nouns

Exercise 2: devil’s advocate

Exercise 3: role-play

Exercise 4: coffee in Saigon

Exercise 1: compound nouns to do with shopping

window shopping

binge shopping

bulk shopping

impulse shopping

dumpster diving

Match the compound noun with the photos:

Did the lady go out to buy this top or did she decide only when she was in the store ?

Vocabulary:

Prices are sky-high / It cost an arm and a leg /

marked down / on sale / discount / what a bargain !

I couldn’t resist it / I simply had to have it / retail therapy

Make sentences using some of the above language.

Talk about shops in your city:

Do people go dumpster diving ? Why or why not ?

Have you ever used retail therapy (buying something to make you feel happy) ?

Have you ever gone out to buy just one thing and come back with many items !

Does your husband/ wife / partner like shopping ?

Exercise 2: Devil’s advocate.

This is to develop argument skills, how to politely disagree with someone.

Example: one student wants to buy a beautiful, luxurious Rolex watch. It really is an outstanding timepiece:

Image result for Rolex

Without doubt, this is a luxury item. The pros

It is gorgeous and so elegant. I will feel so special wearing it. People will admire and look up to me. They will think I am wealthy and have a great career. I will attract many cute women (or handsome men). I may feel superior to other people who only have cheap watches or nasty fake knock-offs.

Now play Devil’s advocate. Say what are the cons of owning such an item.

Firstly, agree with the first student – it is without question a luxury item. Having said that …

It will attract attention … but maybe from thieves or pickpockets. It is a lot of money, maybe an obscene amount of money when so many people are poor. Can you justify owning such a materialistic item ? Will it make you arrogant ? Will you think you are better than other people BECAUSE of a thing ? Finally … what does it DO ? Fundamentally, it tells the time. My fake Rolex will tell the same time … but it cost $20 NOT $ 5 000 !

Now students’ turn. Similar concept but this time, the latest iPhone:

Image result for iphone 11

The iphone 11 (woooooowwwwwwww !)

One student wants to buy it, the other must give reasons why it is not such a good idea.

Useful phrases: 

a waste of money / not necessary // a fashion accessory // you can’t afford it //

How to Hire and Keep Quality Retail Staff - SBIA

Exercise 3 Role play game:

Three students will act out working in a department store, a shop with a sale on, and a street market. Other students have a set budget (say £100) and have to buy three items.

They can practice with the following language:

How much is this, please ? // Could you bring the price down for cash ? // Do you take plastic (credit cards) ? // If I smile, can you take off 10% ?

Wow, that’s a bargain ! // Sorry, that’s too much // Is that your best price ?

I’ll take it ! // Wrap it up ! // Let me think about it and come back // Sorry, that’s too much.

The items can be T-shirts, pens, bags, shoes, watches etc and the teacher can print out photos and hand them out.

Image result for van heusen shirts store
A department store selling expensive designer shirts
Image result for clothes on sale
Image result for london street market
London street market.

Exercise 4: Coffee in Sai Gon

Describe this picture; use adjectives and opinions.

Highlands Coffee has great coffee, air-con and free wifi. Having said that, the service is a little slow, there are no waiters and the cost is unbelievably expensive !

Vietnam is famous for coffee; coffee shops are ubiquitous. In fact, there are so many, it’s hard to see (difficult to understand) how they stay in business let alone turn a profit.

Be that as it may, let’s use this as a learning opportunity. To practice making longer sentences, and as a warm up exercise, the students can ask each other, “Where do you go for coffee ?”

Tips:

Don’t answer the question directly and immediately; Begin with a short introduction:

Sai Gon has so many coffee shops, some are cheap while others can be quite expensive although they have a wide range of delicious coffee. Personally, I like going to …

Then

Explain:

  1. How MUCH do you like it (adverbs) ?
  2. What kind of coffee (adjectives) ?
  3. What do you think about this ? (opinions)
  4. WHY do you like it (give reasons)
  5. Interesting words, phrases, idioms

Personally, I like Happy Coffee which is an independent shop where I live. I enjoy going there so much because the owner is very friendly and tries to speak English with me. There isn’t a lot of choice, so I order cappuccino with hot, fresh milk. In my opinion, it is good value and tastes delicious. What I like about the shop is the free wifi, the comfortable chairs and the atmosphere. Furthermore, it is usually very quiet and it therefore a good place to read. I love to put my feet up, kick back and sip my damn fine coffee.

Adult Speaking Class, Level 2: Coffee shop chat

11th June 2020

As always, I use these exercise to introduce idioms and expressions, as well as demonstrating how adverbs and adjectives can be used in everyday conversation.

Speaking practice:

Old Compass Cafe Saigon - Vietnamese cuisine, wine, cafe, events

Pat Well, I’m exhausted. I need a damn fine cup of coffee and a big piece of pie.

Sam There’s a Highlands over the road, or we can go to Coffee Bean or Milano.

Pat I’d prefer Tran Nguyen but it costs an arm and a leg. Highlands is also incredibly expensive.

Sam But great quality and superb cakes. Come on, I’m starving, I need coffee now !

Pat OK, hold your horses hahaha. After we can meet up with Thay Paul.

Sam Sounds good. Now … shall we have chocolate cake or fruit cake … ?

costs an arm and a leg = very expensive

hold your horses = please be patient and wait

Inside Highlands

Quán cà phê “trong mơ” của những người Việt trẻ có gì? | Báo Dân trí
Highlands Coffee, a Vietnamese coffee chain

Sam Hi, I’ll have a large cappuccino, please. What do you fancy ?

Pat Tough decision. I’m going for the cheesecake and a slice of blueberry pie.

Sam Oh, me too. Big slice, no, only joking, I have to watch my weight.

Pat I think you look great. Lets also get some chocolate cake and we can share.

Sam Brilliant. Oh, did I show you my recent photos ? Here, on my phone.

Pat Let me see … oh, so funny. Who’s that ? The man next to Niall ?

Sam That’s Jimmy, he’s in Niall’s band. He plays drums and drinks like a fish !

Pat And that’s you, a selfie. You look adorable. Butter wouldn’t melt in your mouth !

VietnamCupid on Twitter: "Selfie tip of the week: Know your angles… "
A very sweet young lady – butter wouldn’t melt in her mouth

drinks like a fish = drinks a lot of alcohol

Butter wouldn’t melt in your mouth ! = looks very sweet and nice … but can be very naughty

Drinking Too Much of This Kind of Beer Might Be Giving You Man ...
Don’t invite him to your party – he drinks like a fish !

Speaking practice: Adverbs of probability

definitely / probably / possibly / unlikely / definitely not !

Toni What are you doing tonight ?

Anna Not sure. I’ll probably go home and watch TV

Toni Sounds boring. Do you want to see a film ?

Anna Let me think … possibly. Where will we go ?

Toni Lotte Cinema. We will definitely get tickets on a Thursday night.

Anna Great idea. I’ll ask John but it’s unlikely he’ll be free

Toni Cool ! Then we’ll (we will) meet at 6.30. Don’t be late.

Anna Me ? Definitely not ! I’ll call you if I’m late.

How to start exciting conversations with women in girl random chat

Gil & Zoe are on a coffee break

This has many new words and expressions for you to learn and practice.

Gil Who’s that in the photo ? The tall bald guy ?

Zoe That’s Peter. He works in IT. I get him to fix my laptop when it crashes.

Gil Have you seen our IT guy ? He’s so arrogant, and very bossy.

Zoe Really ? In what way is he bossy ? Give me an example.

Gil Well, he shouts at everyone and tells them how to use their computers.

Zoe A real computer geek. I bet he has no friends. Do you like Peter ?

Gil He seems nice, honest and reliable. Will he be at the party later ? 

Zoe If he’s free. His office is just over the road. Maybe he’ll play piano for you.

Gil Cool, I adore music. Karaoke, however, is not my cup of tea. Will there be karaoke?

Zoe Oh, I hope not. Anyway, how was your day ? Another fun happen ?

Gil In my job ? No way, same thing day in, day out. Total boredom, in a nutshell.

Zoe Oh, poor you. I hope you will find a better job … and very soon.

Geek GIFs | Tenor
Peter, the tall bald computer guy
Left wing politics should be kept out of schools, say right wing ...
Arrogant and bossy IT computer geek

Adult Class, Level 2: Dialogue practice.

4th June 2020

ปักพินในบอร์ด Stock photos ☆

A sample of different speaking situations to help you practice:

Past simple

Idioms

Picture description

Going to a bank

Coffee shops

Talking about your children

Easter in UK

Elderly people talking - The Jewish Federation of Greater Los Angeles

Simple Past

To kick off, two friends, Kim & Lyn are catching up, asking what they have done recently.

Kim Good evening, how are you ?

Lyn Very well, thank you. Long time no see.

Kim Yes, I’ve been out and about.

Lyn Really ? What did you do ?

Kim Well, I found a great restaurant in District 1. I went there with Peter and Jenny. We tried food from England. 

Lyn Yes, I heard about it. I got an email from Mary. What did you eat ?

Kim We ate roast beef and potatoes, and drank lots of hot, sweet tea.

Lyn Wonderful! Did you try the beer ?

Kim You know beer’s not my cup of tea !

Lyn How about Peter ?

Kim Oh, my goodness, he drank so much. He nearly fell over. What he didn’t drink, Jenny finished off.

Lyn I didn’t know she drank.

Kim She drinks like a fish. I spoke to Mary as well. She went to Thailand and brought back some gifts. The children loved them.

Lyn She is very sweet. I began to write her an email but then Peter phoned me. Would you like some tea ?

Kim Oh, now you are like an Englishperson.

Lyn Certainly !

Idiom: bear with me = wait a little time / a few minutes / a moment

Describe what you see in this photo. Use as many adjectives as you can.

I notice a lack of adjectives and adverbs in my students’ speech; they are able to complete abstract exercises, but I want to hear them incorporate what they’ve learnt into everyday talk, a natural feature. Therefore, the best way is practice … and practice.

Tell me what you see in the above photo. Adjectives can apply to what YOU think of the ladies (beautiful, gorgeous, plain, ugly), their age, origin, size, hair, clothes. However, I want to hear sentences.

Example: The gorgeous young Asian lady with the long black hair, is wearing a cute floral dress

(floral = flower pattern)

Now, verbs … describe their actions

Subject first; do NOT start with ‘She,’ or ‘They.’

Where are they ? What are they doing ? What have they been doing ?

How are they dressed ? How do they look (emotions)

What do you think they are talking about ?

Conversation practice Bank

Two friends are in a coffee shop

Cath This is a great cup of coffee ! Ok, what shall we do next ?

Di I have to run to the bank. I need to deposit some money.

Cath Good idea, I want to use an ATM. I also need to buy some dollars.

Di You can check the exchange rate at my bank. It’s not far, we can walk.

Cath Oh, I love your earrings. They are so cute. Mine are so ordinary !

Di No, yours are sweet. Mine look valuable but they are fake.

Cath Really ? They look amazing. A very unique design.

Di So kind. OK, have you finished your coffee ?

Cath Bear with me … oh, no … it’s started raining cats and dogs !

How many adjectives can you see ?

Speaking practice:

25 Best Mother-Daughter Songs That Celebrate Their Special ...

Pam Your daughter is gorgeous. Like an angel. She looks like you.

Uma Yes, but she takes after her father. She is very grumpy when she’s tired or hungry.

Pam My son is usually very good, he sleeps like a log, but now he’s teething.

Uma Ahhh, poor little thing but it will pass. Does he still keep you up at night ?

Pam Well, a little but not too much. I give up reading or watching films.

Uma I get it ! We have a reading group. Sounds good ?

Pam Hmmm … let me think about it and get back to you. OK, I must run … bye.

Speaking practice:

100 Instagram Captions for Friends - Cute BFF Caption Ideas for Insta

Bea What a day ! It was non-stop. No time to think. I need some coffee

Lyn Here you are. Tell me all about it, from start to finish.

Bea Firstly, I overslept, so I had to jump in the shower and skip breakfast. I was grumpy.

Lyn You ? No, you are always so sweet. Nearly always haha.

Bea Then I nearly got into an accident with some stupid Grabbike man.

Lyn Oh, some are so nice but others are total idiots !

Bea Exactly. Afterwards, my computer crashed at work and my boss yelled at me

Lyn What a terrible day. Now you need some coffee and a big piece of pie.

Speaking practice:

Aldi to donate almost half a million easter eggs to local ...

Nina Have you seen this western tradition ? They give chocolate eggs at Easter.

Eva Are you serious ? I adore chocolate. Who gives them ?

Nina Well, parents give to children, husbands give to wives, boyfriends to girlfriends.

Eva I haven’t seen them. Can you tell me about them ?

Nina Sure, it’s a large piece of chocolate shaped like an egg.

Eva I like the sound of that. A giant chocolate egg, sounds like heaven.

Nina That’s only part of it. Inside the egg, there are more chocolates.

Eva Ok, next year I am going to England. I will eat like a pig. A chocolate pig !

Easter in uk

Adult Class Level 3: Storytelling, part 3

31st March 2020

The story so far … we have two young Asian cousins who are about to meet each other, after a long time. Boram, a caring, thoughtful young music student, is going to the train station to meet Leon, also a musician, who is travelling to Seoul but doesn’t know the city. Despite having a busy schedule, Boram insists upon meeting Leon and making sure he is safe.

After his journey, Boram feels certain Leon must be hungry and in need of coffee. She decides to take him to a great cafe near the station. They can talk and get to know each other.

CafeHopping in Korea – 6 Cafes You Must Not Miss In Seoul ...

Boram pays for the drinks, and they go to find a table:

SEOUL, SOUTH KOREA - Image & Photo (Free Trial) | Bigstock

Here, there are introducing themselves. The conversation may go something like this:

Boram: How was the journey ? Are you tired ?

Leon: No, I’m Ok, thanks. This coffee looks great. Wow, how long has it been ?

Boram: Hhmmm, let me think … it must be six years since we last meet. How are your parents ?

Leon: Both very well, thank you, and they send you a little present. So, mum says you play piano ?

Boram: Violin. I play in the university orchestra. You’ve grown so much !

Leon: Of course, I’m not ten anymore haha. You play ? Can I hear you sometime ?

Boram: Actually, I’m playing this afternoon. If you like, I can take you and introduce you to some of my friends.

Leon: That would be cool. You are so kind. I insist on buying you lunch to say thank you.

That was a fairly natural exchange of pleasantries. They both appear nice people, and very polite. However, it is not very exciting or interesting. So, let’s make Leon less grateful and more self-centred:

Korea's Unique Coffee Culture | Seoulinspired

Boram: How was the journey ? Are you tired ?

Leon: Oh, man … it was like … boring, you know. No hot girls on the train.

Boram: Oh. Sorry. How is your coffee ?

Leon: It’s terrible, We have much better in Busan. This place is lame. Don;t you know any cooler joints ? You look a bit boring. Mum says you’re a musician ?

Boram: Yes, I play vio…..

Leon: I’m a musician, I play bass in a radicle hip-hop, thrash-metal band.

Boram: I’d love to hear your band.

Leon: Ha ! I don’t think so. We don’t make music for little girls. This is real music.

Boram: Oh, well, would you like to hear my orchestra play ?

Leon: Yeah.

Boram: Great ! We are playi …

Leon: No, idiot, I’m joking, I can’t listen to that old crap ! Hey, can you give me some money ?

What do you think of Leon now ? Not so nice, hey ? See how he interrupts Boram, mocks her music and then demands money ? He’s a ‘nasty piece of work.’

Let’s turn the tables. How about if Boram, despite looking angelic and ‘butter-wouldn’t-melt- in-her-mouth’ appearance, is in reality arrogant, impatient and thoughtless.

Leon: It is so nice of you to meet me. I haven’t been to Seoul before on my own.

Boram: I had no choice. My mum made me, I don’t want to waste my time here.

Leon: And thank you for buying the coffee. I was really tired.

Boram: Mum gave me the money. Come on, drink it then I can go. I’ve got more important things to do.

Leon: Oh, I don’t want to keep you if you’re busy …

Boram: ‘Busy’ ? I have rehearsals in two hours and I have to go all the way across the city to meet you. Ridiculous, a grown man like you needs me to hold his hand.

Leon: Really, if you need to go, it’s ….

Boram: Well, if you say it’s Ok, I’ll go. You know the way ? If not just ask someone or, I don’t know, get a taxi. Do you have my phone number ?

Leon: No, what is i… ?

Boram: Oh, it doesn’t matter, I’m to busy to pick up. I gotta go.

That should change our perception of Boram. Not so friendly now, is she ?

Try writing short dialogues for different situations:

1: Leon really wants to see the top museums

2: Boram wants Leon to meet her friend, she thinks they would be good together

3: Leon is having an interview for a job and he is very nervous. Boram supports him.

4: Boram wants to take Leon shopping for new clothes. Leon likes his clothes and they have a playful argument.

5: They discover they really don’t like each other but they have to stay together because they are family.

I'm Stuck At Home. So I'm Making Dalgona Coffee! - YouTube

And now … what to do if you’re stuck at home, self-isolating, and have lots of time to kill. My internet friend, Rachel Kim, from South Korea has a tip about a new craze sweeping her homeland:Dalgona coffee:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s8mw3qbSjBQ&t=735s

Adult Speaking Class, level 2

20th December 2019

More advanced speaking and writing exercises.

Contents

Christmas (in UK and Germany) / food expressions and dialogue

Cinema (grammar: must or have to)

Coffee in Sai Gon

Collocations (put, get)

Directions, giving and asking

Elvis

Expressions and practice

Holidays

Karaoke (noise pollution)

Listening Practice: 5 weird things Vietnamese do // making a video

McDonalds

Music and vocabulary (Paul McCartney / Talking Heads)

Poland: salt mine, speaking practice, beer guide, travel guide.

Shopping (buying presents, Black Friday)

Vocabulary review

Christmas

Describe these German Christmas pictures

Image result for german christmas market"
Image result for german christmas"
Image result for germans celebrating christmas santa lucia"

At Christmas we have decorations, Christmas cards and an excessive amount of food !

We have a Christmas tree. The tree is decorated with fairy lights and bells and also there are presents on the floor around the tree. In the west, at the top of the tree, traditionally there is an angel.

How many free days do you have or do you have to work ?

Christmas Dinner – British traditons

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YzSGEeaYvJc

What do you think of the food ? Listen out for adjectives and adverbs.

Image result for traditonal uk christmas dinner"
Image result for traditonal uk christmas pudding"

Food expressions and dialogue

It’s not to my taste = I don’t like it

It’s a little spicy for my palate

I find it somewhat bland

I’ll try anything once

I like my meat rare / medium / well done

I’m vegetarian / vegan

Speaking practice:

Mick Fancy eating out at lunch ? (Fancy – do you like / want to)

Jack Great idea. What do you have in mind ? (What is your idea / plan ?)

Mick Wanna try that new Indian place ? 10% off promotion this week.

Jack Sounds cool but I’m not into Indian food. Too spicy for my palate. (don’t like)

Mick I could go for some Korean. Sink my teeth into some juicy rare steak !

Jack I prefer my meat well done. Get a side order of kimchi too.

Mick I’ll pass; it’s not to my taste. Too much garlic.

Cinema Choice

Vocabulary

I prefer /choice \ choose /my taste / not my taste / trailer / concession stand /

all-star cast / director / film studio / controversial / family film / book online

What’s on at the cinema ? What’s playing this week ? Not my cup of tea.

What types of film can you name ?

Horror Stories // about people’s lives and emotions

Biopic //Space films, or films set inthe future

Romance Films // about fighting and soldiers

Comedy // Loud, exciting films with explosions and fast cars

Western // Stories about real famous people

Sci-fi // True stories with real people, not actors

Drama // Stories about police or spies or crime

Animation (Anime) // Scary films about ghosts or monsters

Musical // A film about cowboys, set in USA

Documentary //A cartoon, illustrated film

War // Love stories

Thriller // Funny films

Action // Stories with singing and dancing

Look at a cinema listing. Discuss what is on this week, what is playing.

Which films (if any) appeal to you ?

Grammar Note:

must or have to / don’t have to or mustn’t ?

have to = other people tell you // must = your decision

don’t have to = not necessary // mustn’t = is forbidden

You have to have a degree in order to be an engineer

I must stop eating at Lotteria !

You don’t have to bring any beer to the party.

You mustn’t run a red light or use your mobile phone on your motorbike.

Exercises:

The new James Bond film may be sold out. We ______ buy tickets NOW !

I hate comedies ! Do I _____ go ?

You _______ eat too much popcorn; it’s bad for you.

You ________to be over 18 to see this film

You don’t ____ bring your passport to get intoa cinema in Viet Nam.

Coffee in Sai Gon

Describe this picture; use adjectives and opinions.

Highlands Coffee has great coffee, air-con and free wifi. Having said that, the service is a little slow, there are no waiters and the cost is unbelievably expensive !

Vietnam is famous for coffee; coffee shops are ubiquitous. In fact, there are so many, it’s hard to see (difficult to understand) how they stay in business let alone turn a profit.

Be that as it may, let’s use this as a learning opportunity. To practice making longer sentences, and as a warm up exercise, the students can ask each other, “Where do you go for coffee ?”

Tips:

Don’t answer the question directly and immediately; Begin with a short introduction:

Sai Gon has so many coffee shops, some are cheap while others can be quite expensive although they have a wide range of delicious coffee. Personally, I like going to …

Then

Explain:

  1. How MUCH do you like it (adverbs) ?
  2. What kind of coffee (adjectives) ?
  3. What do you think about this ? (opinions)
  4. WHY do you like it (give reasons)
  5. Interesting words, phrases, idioms

Personally, I like Tap Coffee which is an independent shop where I live. I enjoy going there so much because the owner is very friendly and tries to speak English with me. There isn’t a lot of choice, so I order cappuccino with hot, fresh milk. In my opinion, it is good value and tastes delicious. What I like about the shop is the free wifi, the comfortable chairs and the atmosphere. Furthermore, it is usually very quiet and it therefore a good place to read. I love to put my feet up, kick back and sip my damn fine coffee.

Before the exercise, elicit and board as many relevant words and phrases as required. The students have a discourse marker list, so I could insist that they use certain words (moreover, therefore, consequently etc). Additionally, I’ll need to explain vernacular phrases such as ‘kick back’ and ‘put my feet up’.

IF a student doesn’t like coffee, then they can say where they go and what they drink. IF they don’t go anywhere or like anything (yes, I have had that in a class), then they can explain WHY NOT!

Key vocabulary: ambience // aroma //atmosphere

Grammar Note:

In a list of three, use one comma and a linking word (and):

The service is a little slow, there are no waiters and the cost is unbelievably expensive !

In a list of two, just use a linking word (and): 

Mega Mart has amazing choice and is good value for money.

How to make Vietnamese coffee

Tell me: what do I need ? What type of coffee is best ? Where can I buy it ?

New verbs: pour / stir / fill up / 

Make a long, fluent presentation. Useful words or expressions:

Firstly / afterwards / and then / following that /

don’t forget to … / you can always ….

lastly / finally / at the very end …

In your experience, what coffee is best ? Trang Nguyen, Highlands or Milano ?

Watch the happy couple. What are they planning to do ?(0 – 0.43) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PvMxbRCBalk&list=PLA1EC9692E5B92C14

How does Pumpkin (man) say why not ?

What happens if you ‘stick up’ (rob) a gas (petrol) station ?

Are restaurants expecting to be robbed ? How does Pumpkin describe them ?

Collocations

Put

the cat out / the fire out / on your red shoes /on a happy face /

it in your own words / up or shut up ! / it away / it another way

Get

well soon / over it ! / on with it / away with murder / on the bus /

back to work ! / with the program (US) / some fresh air

His Thai girlfriend left him months ago. He needs to get ……….

Directions

Giving and asking how to go somewhere.

Useful vocabulary

turn left / turn right / go straight / go as far as / opposite /walk past

take the first left / take the second right / cross the street / go over the road

take a taxi / jump on a bus / order Grabbike / it’s about a 15-minute walk

Example: How do I get from LVT Park to the Post Office ?

Walk along Hai Ba Thang and cross over Dien Bien Phu. Keep walking straight and walk past the church. It is the huge yellow building. You can’t miss it.

How do I get from Ben Thanh Market to the Opera House ?

How do I get from Reunification Palace to the History Museum ?

I’m at the zoo and I need to go to work at HSL. What should I do ?

Where is the best place to get a coffee around here ? How do I get there ?

Elvis

Image result for elvis"

Elvis (0 – 1:54) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TsqwT3oX0rI

What do you know about Elvis ?

  • Elvis was born in Tupelo, Mississippi in 1935

Elvis has sold over one billion records worldwide.

Elvis has had over 150 different albums and singles certified gold, platinum and multi-platinum.

Elvis starred in 31 feature films and two concert documentaries.

Elvis Presley is called the King of Rock ‘n’ Roll.

Elvis’ first gold record was for “Heartbreak Hotel” and was received in 1956.

  • Elvis passed away in 1977 at Graceland in Memphis.

Expressions

New expressions:

a bright spark – someone who is very clever

cooking the books – Writing wrong information in the company accounts

on the lookout – looking for something

same thing, day in, day out – everyday is exactly the same, very boring.

Ken I’ve also been on the lookout for a new job. My job is so tedious !

Chin Mine too. Same thing, day in, day out. But … it’s a job. Oh, Tom was fired.

Ken No ! Why ? I’ve known him for a long time. He’s a bright spark.

Chin He was cooking the books.

Ken You’re pulling my leg !

Chin Yes ! Actually, he went to Boston. He’s going to study at Harvard.

Ken I’ve been to Harvard.

Chin Sure, but to visit, not to study hahahahaah.

Holidays

Choose a holiday – which do you prefer and why ?

I would choose / select ….. because …..

peace and quiet / hustle and bustle / get away from the city / fresh air 

lots of culture / lots places to visit / culture shock / activity holiday

What is good about these places ? What could be a drawback ? (bad, negative)

Karaoke (noise pollution)

Karaoke outside is a form (kind) of noise pollution https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O1-W7gz6Znk

blaring = very loud: the music was blaring out, all night. The police siren was blaring.

Listening Practice:

5 Weird Things Vietnamese People Do

weird = unusual / strange

Listening practise: Vietnamese culture(0.23 – end) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tBAi_b__l_c

Do you agree with the video ? To what extent ?

BONUS: can you spot any English mistakes ?

I agree totally / I agree to an extent / I disagree / I disagree strongly

She makes a good point / She misses the point

She is spot on / She is way off 

In my experience …

Exercises:

EXAMPLE: People in Ha Noi are very unfriendly

Give your opinion and then qualify it with the reason(s). 

I agree to an extent. People are generally friendlier in Sai Gon but there are many nice people in Ha Noi too.

Vietnam is a great place to live // Karaoke is lots of fun for everyone

Being an engineer is a dream come true // Learning English is such fun

Everyone in Viet Nam really wants to live in USA

Listening Practice: making a video (0.13 – 1.17) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZTwIOZD877A

Listen out (phrasal verb) for these words / phrases:

therefore / out and about / footage (what has been filmed) / basically / you see obviously / annoyed.

Listen out for changes in intonation (stressing words in a sentence)

What did he film ?

Why couldn’t he use the footage ?

What did he leave at home ?

McDonalds

McDonald’s is a fast food company that was founded in 1940 as a restaurant operated by Richard and Maurice McDonald, in California, United States.

The first time a McDonald’s franchise used the Golden Arches logo was in 1953 at a location in Phoenix, Arizona.

McDonald’s is the world’s largest restaurant chain by revenue, serving over 69 million customers daily in over 100 countries across approximately 36,900 outlets as of 2016.

Although McDonald’s is known for its hamburgers, they also sell cheeseburgers, chicken products, french fries,breakfast items, soft drinks, milkshakes, wraps, and desserts. 

In response to changing consumer tastes and a negative backlash because of the unhealthiness of their food,the company has added to its menu salads, fish, smoothies, and fruit.

According to a BBC report published in 2012, McDonald’s is the world’s second largest private employer with 1.5 million (behind Walmart with 1.9 million employees).

People who buys things are called customers or …

A big company has many shops. Each one is called a …

When people react against something it is called a …

A symbol for a company is known as a …

When you say something that you heard from somewhere else, you use the phrase …

Which word means when a company or institute began or was established ?

Listening and speaking practice: Ordering fast food.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nk4GGIx-5tI

What would you choose for a McDonald’s breakfast ?

How would you order it ?

Is junk food healthy ? What do you think ? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cRZe7AhO_i8

McD Good morning, may I help you ?

Jeff Yes, I’d like a/the ………

McD Sure. That comes with black coffee, is that OK ?

Jeff Can I have beer instead ? No, I’m pulling your leg (I’m joking)

McD Milk and sugar ?

Jeff Oh, yeah, bring it on ! (let’s do it !)

McD Would you like to supersize your breakfast ? Extra fries and super large coffee ?

Jeff Just for an extra 10 000 VND ? Sounds a bargain ! Supersize me !

McD OK, here you are. Enjoy your meal !

Jeff WAIT ! …. this is a damn fine cup of coffee !

Listening Practice: http://www.videosinlevels.com/breakfast-recommendation/

How does the man like eggs ? // What kind of omelets are there ?

What is wrong with a large lunch ? //Why is fruit good ?

Do you know what you want to get ?

Music

Learn vocabulary and listening practice

Listen to Paul McCartney‘s ‘Another Day’. Paul McCartney used to bein the Beatles: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vH6v9JS26xc

Every day, what does the girl in the song do ? Does the song mean her life is exciting or tedious ?

What do you think of this video ? (Talking Heads ‘Once In A Lifetime’): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5IsSpAOD6K8

The man is: funny / amusing / weird / strange / entertaining / has a screw loose

His dancing is: highly unusual / very comical / somewhat crazy / charming

Poland:

Salt Mine near Krakow, Poland

14 miles from Krakow in South Poland is this deep salt mine. Everything here has been hand-carved from blocks of salt. The mine has nine levels with over 300km of tunnels. Part of the mine is open to visitors. There are 22 galleries from 64 metres to 135 metres underground. Guided tours take about two hours.

There is a chapel here measuring 54 m by 18m and 12 m high. It took two men over thirty years to build. 

There is also an underground lake, and musicians playing brass instruments.

Pope John Paul and Bill Clinton are some of the famous visitors.

New vocabulary

ordinary

valuable

UNESCO

consists

unique

majestic

encounter

Speaking Practice: Three friends are planning where to go on holiday.

Pete Any suggestions ? I’d really like to go to Norway. They have some great sights.

Burt Yeah, I agree, but the weather could be an issue. I hate the cold.

Doug The scenery is amazing, true. However, it’s gonna be incredibly expensive.

Pete I found a tour; it consists of flights, hotels, boat trips and sightseeing.

Burt I’ve heard Norway is terribly expensive. If we go to Europe, I’d prefer Poland.

Doug Sounds good. Great architecture, lots to see and do, and brilliant beer.

Pete Perfect. Let me look up some info on Google … look at this !

Burt That’s so majestic. I’d say we forget Norway and head for Poland

Doug I’d love to see the salt mine, amazingly unique. It’s a UNESCO sight. 

Image result for Krakow"
Krakow, Poland

Speaking Practice: Three friends are discussing their holiday.

Doug This bed and breakfast has a good reputation, as well as being central.

Pete Good point. We don’t want to be in the suburbs, waste time, travelling.

Burt Yeah, keep it simple: good location, good price. Shall we book ?

Doug Go for it ! Wait … damn internet, so slow. Oh, we’ve encountered a glitch.

Pete It’s taking it’s time ! Look, we’re connected. Better be quick.

Burt OK, let me see … three beds for five nights. Arrival date … enter … done !

Doug Poland, here we come ! This is no ordinary trip. Look at these churches

Pete Absolutely majestic ! Maybe we’ll keep going back, every year.

Burt Well, I’d also love to visit Austria, Prague, Barcelona … everywhere !

Image result for krakpw hotels"

Speaking Practice: Three friends are in Krakow.

Doug Man, this place is really buzzing. What shall we do now ? 

Burt We could head towards the Palace, maybe grab some food on the way.

Pete Yeah, I’m up for that. Could use some coffee, as well. Either of you peckish ?

Doug Sure, I’m always hungry. Do you fancy going on the booze cruise ? 

Burt How much is it gonna cost ? 

Pete Surprisingly cheap. But I’m not sure, It’s not really my cup of tea.

Doug Fair enough. Maybe we’ll just chill out later in the old quarter. A beer or two.

Burt Or twenty. We should get a move on;the Palace closes at five.

Pete Take it easy. Let’s hit the Palace tomorrow early. It’s now beer o’clock !

Image result for Polish beer"
Polish beers

It’s beer o’clock ! What does our friend think of this Polish beer ?https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XUjQhsbAi6k

New vocabulary: infamous / indication / originally / generic /bouquet / aroma /synthetic

Instead of saying ‘ let’s smell it’, he says ……..

What does he say before he drinks ?

Just by watching his expression, can you tell if he likes it ?

How does he describe the taste ?

Speaking Practice: Three friends have their last night in Krakow.

Burt Three beers, please. Not Lech ! What a fantastic trip, don’t you think ?

Doug Absolutely, the best. It’s beena blast from beginning to end. Here’s the beer.

Pete Ready ? Twoje zdrowie ! Polish is easy. Easier than English, hands down.

Burt Are you serious ? I can’t pronounce anything. Anyway, ‘cheers’.

Doug What were your personal highlights ? I loved the big square. Always buzzing.

Pete The castle was majestic but I was overwhelmed by the crowds. And .. the beer !

Burt The Gothic altarpiece was incredible and, of course, the salt mine.

Doug Truly unforgettable. The city has a marvellous atmosphere, friendly and mysterious

Pete So where to next year ? Or maybe we don’t go home, we go to Prague instead ?

Listening and new vocabulary (0 – 3.15) and food (4.00 – 5.33) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hivlYF-4Mk8

Do you think they planned their trip well ? If not, why not ?

story of (my / your / our) life / lives / our mood / for starters / hop aboard

simmer down / booze cruise / place was buzzing

Did you notice any superlatives ? (the highest, smallest, most fascinating etc)

What do you think about Krakow ? How does it compare with HCMC ?

Polish food and drink.Would you like to try any of these ?

Were there any expressions you heard ? 

Shopping:

Vocabulary:

range of choice / quality / cost / location / crowded

store layout (what does it look like ? Is it easy to find things ?)

staff helpfulness / average (normal), put themselves out (very helpful) surly (unhappy)

value for money (good quality at a good price)/ on offer / sale /over-priced / bargains

Vocabulary for malls:

lift / elevator/ display /salesperson / free parking /restroom / lost property /receipt

credit cards / take away / fitting room / returns policy / shoplifting /Black Friday

Speaking practice:

When was the last time you went to a mall ? Why did you go ? What did you buy ?

Did you buy more than you intended ? Was it a pleasant experience ? Which do you like and would you recommend them to a friend … why ?

Where would you go to buy these shirts or T-shirts ? How much would you expect to pay ? Can you haggle (argue over the price ?) or are they fixed price ? How would you rate the quality ?

You want to buy a present for your: father / your teacher 🙂 / your young brother / a new friend from a different country. Which would you buy ?


What was the last thing you bought ? Was it for yourself, or a present ?

Don’t you love a bargain ? When is the best time to buy at discounted prices ?

In the UK, after Christmas we have the sales – many items are MUCH cheaper. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QSKrVh-3U3E

Black Friday: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FlPVAUulKZE

What do you think about these scenes ?

Are they dignified / horrific / shameful / appalling / materialism gone mad ?

Dialogue:

Ben Did you pick up anything on Black Friday

James Yeah, one or two things. I got a cool new shirt and shoes, half price.

Ben Sounds a bargin ! I was after a big screen TV but the store was crowded

James Tell me about it ! It was crazy. Apparently, it was the busiest day ever.

Ben I’m not surprised. That’s why I detest shopping; no where to park …

James People screaming and pushing, can’t even get in the lift …

Ben When you do find something, you have to queue for ages.

James I wanted to pay by credit card but the salesperson was really surly.

Ben Must have been rushed off her feet (very busy).

James She could have been more pleasant. Could have smiled once !

Ben What did she look like ?

James You decide … I tried out my new phone camera:

Image result for angry asian lady"

Vocabulary review

essential /useful / luxury / arrogant / dependable /witty 

A degree in engineering is …….. to work as an engineer.

Tom is so funny, always telling jokes. He is so ……

Ronaldo is a great player but some people think he can be very …….

A Rolls-Royce car is certainly a ………. item

Japanese appliances are known for being very ……….

There are many ……. websites to help you learn English

Exercise 2

ordinary / valuable / consists /unique /majestic /encounter

(sentimental / sentimental value)

You should go to Hoi An; it is a ……… town.

Don’t leave anything …. in your car or hotel room.

I had a terrible … with the new boss

The palace in Krakow is absolutely ……..

So far, it’s been an ……. day.

The course …. of three parts: speaking, writing and listening.

Exercise 3

I feel under the weather because of the air pollution as well as lack of sleep, which makes my body weaker.

You work every day – it’s no wonder you are ill !

shocked / delighted / lonely /frustrated /overwhelmed /surprised / confused/ relieved

snowed under / swamped = too much work

I was delighted when I received your wedding invitation.

Karen was so …….. when Roger popped the question.

Mr Jones was very ……. by the instruction book.

I was …….. at the price ! 

She was so ……. when she found her phone.

I was so ……. at waiting for Grabbike that I cancelled and got a taxi instead.

All the new information completely ……….. the new worker on his first day.

If you travel alone, it can be very ……..