Past simple and past continuous

28th October 2020 E Up 5 U 2, L 2

Warm Up: A kinetic run ‘n’ write exercise. I will say a simple sentence in the present tense; students have to write the past tense. Class can be split into two or three, depending on size, each with a different colour marker.

You act in a play / I ride an elephant / She win a competition / He read a big book / We learn English /

In English, we often talk about what we were doing at some time in the past.

For example:

Drinking Coffee Can Be Good for You, but a New Study Suggests There's a  Limit - EcoWatch

Last night I was in a café drinking coffee.

We show past tense by

1 a word or words that show the past e.g. Last night, yesterday, this morning

2 the past tense form of the verb e.g. I am = I was / he is = he was

Then we use a continuous verb to say what someone was doing i.e. verb+ing (playing, reading, working)

Young man playing guitar sitting on bed at home. by BONNINSTUDIO - Guitarist,  Home - Stocksy United

Last night he was in his room playing guitar.

Bowdon Preparatory School | Independent School for Girls, Altrincham

Yesterday she was at school writing in her book.

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Last week they were at a party singing songs.

How did the children feel ? They felt …

Now we can use past simple and past continuous:

When I came to class, the student was sleeping.

Fostering Curiosity in the Classroom: "What Percentage of Animals are  Insects?" |Education & Teacher Conferences

When I called my sister, she was studying insects.

Looking at the stars images on Favim.com

When I found my friends, they were looking at the stars.

Now … Your turn

When I found my friends, they were …

You Pick Strawberries - Carandale Fruit Farm
Identify Trees With Our Tree ID app - Woodland Trust - Woodland Trust
Indentifying Trees
Finding Tracks in the Snow! — Birches School

To make your English more interesting, we can change the word order:

When I found my friends, they were collecting leaves

They were collecting leaves when I found my friends

NOTICE: no comma in the second sentence

Change the word order:

When I found my friends, they were identifying trees

When I found my friends, they were picking strawberries

When I found my friends, they were finding animal tracks

And, yes, I DID ride an elephant

Young Learners, Level 5: Amazon Rain Forest … quiz and comparisons.

19th October 2020

E Up 5, U 4 L 4

Warm Up – In teams, write three animals you would find in the Amazon Rain Forest.

Animals In The Amazon Rainforest: Pictures, Info & Facts
Giant Anteater
Giant ant-eater

Let’s delve deeper (let’s learn more).

Use comparatives and superlatives:

A jaguar is a big cat BUT not as big as a lion. A lion is not as big as a tiger.

A lion is bigger than a jaguar but a tiger is the biggest.

A capybara is a rodent (like a mouse or rat).

Capybara
A Capybara

A rat is _______________ than a mouse but a capybara is the ____________ rodent.

What is wrong with this sentence ?

Black Caiman
A caiman – a type of alligator.

A caiman is big but an alligator is more big and a crocodile is most big.

A caiman is a reptile – it is _______________ dangerous reptile in the Amazon. Reptiles have thick or scaly skin. They can live in hot weather and salt water.

A frog is amphibian – amphibians need water to live and only have soft delicate skin. They cannot live in salt water (like the sea). If you see frogs or toads, it can mean that the water is good.

Next put these animals in order of danger, first, second and third then write a sentence using a comparative and the superlative

poison dart frog
poison dart frog
bullet ant
bullet ant
jaguar
jaguar

The answers

Why We Should All Care About the Amazon Rainforest - ethical.net

Number 3: bullet ant

Number 2: jaguar

Number 1: poison dart frog

Did you know ?

A jaguar has ___ _____ powerful bite. A jaguar bite is _____ powerful than a lion.

A bullet ant has _____ _____ painful insect sting. The sting is 30 times ______ painful than a bee sting.

The poison dart frog has different colours. The golden poison dart from is ____ _____ poisonous.

NOW … time to relax:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VIQSAm2MbZY

QUIZ

Where is the Amazon Rain Forest ?

How many countries does it spread across ?

It is known as the lungs of the planet … why ?

How many different types of fish are there ?

Name 3 deadly creatures.

What is the loudest creature ?

The Santo Angel waterfall is the ___________________ in the world

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Answers: South America // 9 // it produces 20% of the world’s oxygen // 3 000 // poison dart frogs, jaguars, snakes, spiders, piranhas // a tucan // largest at 979 metres.

Goodbye from the Amazon

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Kids' Project (Project Abrazos) — Factor-H

Past Tense: Beginners’ exercises

17th October 2020

Young Learners, Level 5 E Up 5, Unit 1

The younglings have just started learning the past tense, so here’s a brief review lesson:

London Tourist Travel Woman With UK Flag Umbrella, Telephone.. Stock Photo,  Picture And Royalty Free Image. Image 108085390.

Present tense ——– Past tense

act —— acted

go —- went

learn —— learned OR learnt

play — played

read —– read (pronounced ‘red)

ride —— rode

sleep —– slept

watch —- watched (pronounced ‘watch -t‘)

win —- won

What is the past tense ?

I act in a film. Last week I ______ in a film.

I go to London. Last year I _______________ to London.

I ride an elephant. Last month I ___________ an elephant.

I learn English. Last Saturday, we ___________ English with Mr Paul.

The monkey plays piano. Last night, the monkey _________ piano.

Piano playing monkey | Playing piano, See monkeys, Gershwin

She reads a book. Last Sunday she _____ a book.

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He sleeps all day. Yesterday he _______ all day.

Sleep may trigger rhythmic power washing in the brain | Science News

I watch the amazing Spiderman. Last week I ______ the amazing Spiderman.

Sam Raimi's original Spider-Man is a great New York movie

England win the football game.

In 1966, England _______ the World Cup.

1966 FIFA World Cup England ™ - FIFA.com

New Vocabulary

plastic // brilliant // amazing // huge // freezing // expensive // however // busker

shy // wide-awake // sleepy // confident // relaxed // nervous

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This man is a __________

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They are very cold, they are ____________

How did they feel ?

She felt _________ however he felt ________

10 Signs A Shy Girl Likes You - See if she likes you too!

He felt ________________ however she felt ______________

Is Your Child Getting Enough Sleep? Here's How to Tell – Health Essentials  from Cleveland Clinic

Young Learners, Level 2: Review

10th October 2020

Everybody Up 2     Lesson Review

Young Learners English |Cambridge Young Learners|( PTE) Pearsons Young  Learners Hong Kong

A review of the new vocabulary and sentence building skills the students should know:

and – as well as                but – however

Adjectives:

big / huge             small / little / tiny

brave / scary /      smart / clever       hungry / thirsty

cold / freezing      hot      //          strong /      fast / slow          

bored / excited / sick / tired / sleepy

yummy / delicious    //   noisy / quiet

An elephant is very big, strong as well as very smart

English teaching children games – Thay Paul's Notes
Mr Paul and his elephant friend

Exercises

A mouse is very ______ as well as ______

Pizza is ______ as well as ____________

A runner is very f—   __________ very s—–

A doctor is ______ _____

Verbs

cook / dance / draw / drink / eat / fly / go / hear / hop / jump / look / play / run / see / sit / sleep / smell / stand / swim / talk / taste / touch / walk / work / write /

verb                     verb + ing

I drink   //               I am drinking

You drink  //            You are drinking

He drinks  //           He is drinking

She drinks  //          She is drinking

They drink // They are drinking

What are they doing ?

History of Olympic swimming

They are ________

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They are ________

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He ________________________________

A little cute girl studying and drawing Stock Video | Knot9

She ______________________

He dances in the rain                 He is dancing in the rain

Romanticando - Gene Kelly Singing In The Rain | Facebook

She looks at a book in school She ____________________

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She walks very fast 

  

Russians finish 1-2 in women's race walk - YouTube

           He plays guitar so loud

12 Things You Never Knew About Jimi Hendrix | Features | Clash Magazine

He jumps over a chair  

  

Bill Gates jumps over a chair in a 1994 CBS TV interview with Connie Chung  - Business Insider

               She cooks delicious pizza

Happy Young Woman Cooking Pizza at Home. Oven stock photo © Vasily  Pindyurin (chesterf) (#4333461) | Stockfresh

What can you do ? What can’t you do ?

I can play guitar however I can’t play violin

She can play drums however she can’t play piano

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He can speak Japanese however he can’t speak _____

Let's Talk About Japanese Cram School

A bird can ______ however a bird can’t _______

A fish can _______ however a fish can’t ______

Young Learners, Level 2: Classroom Activities

26th September 2020 Based on E Up Textbook 2

A compendium of classroom activities, warm up games and reviews.

Firstly, let’s get rid of this despicable habit of teaching younglings “How are you ?” “I’m fine.”

NO ONE says “I’m fine,” in the real world !

In my class, we get down and get funky. When I ask my group how they are, they reply:https://youtu.be/U5TqIdff_DQ

What better way to start a Sunday morning class ?

One purpose is to encourage writing; a senior Vietnamese official explained to me that Vietnamese customers are not used to writing. In my own experience, I have seen how hard it is to make the class, regardless of age, write down new words. It can take up to ten minutes to get the whole class to write down as little as five words. They have to find paper, pen etc, then they look bewildered at the task presented to them … they will often write down one, maybe one and a half words, then simply stop.

Therefore, I want to get them used to writing from an early age. To facilitate this, allocate a specific time when the lesson stops and the class have to write down new words.

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From the Chinese film ‘Not One Less’ Dir Zhang Yimou, 1999 and starring a young, non-professional actor Wei Minzhi

I’ve found that using hand gestures can serve an a mnemonic; allow me to illustrate. I put my thumb up, I then hold my palm up, finally I put my thumb down. This has been used to help students build a sentence with a positive verb, a negative one and an advanced discourse marker.

Why Does a Thumbs-Up Gesture Mean “okay”? | guernseydonkey.com
Open Hand, Palm To Camera With Fingers, Isolated. Man or male open hand,  fingers , #Sponsored, #Fingers, #Isolated, #Man, #Camera, #… | Open hands, Hand  palm, Image
Red thumbs down icon - Free red hand icons

This helps the younglings remember how to produce a sentence such as:

I can swim however, I can’t fly

The sentence introduces younglings to a contraction (can not = can’t) as well as a higher level discourse marker (or connector) ‘however’ (instead of merely using ‘but’). Furthermore, I drill the STRESS on the negative ‘can’t‘.

So, what vocabulary do they know ?

Thank you for your question. At this stage, they know many animals, basic body parts (finger, thumb, hand etc), about twenty adjectives, and basic verbs.

Additionally, they are able to form basic sentences.

It’s now time to move into present continuous, from “I drink” to “I am drinking.” We shall start by celebrating Mid Autumn Festival, a major holiday in Viet Nam. Here’s a song which uses the continuous “singing,” as well as new vocabulary such as “holiday,” and “lantern.” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JTWwgI17kTs

It is correct to capitalise the ‘m’ in moon IF we are referring to our Moon. We only have one, let’s not upset it (yes, I know it’s a popular question, ‘How many moons does Earth have ?’ and the answer seems to increase every year due to space debris both natural and man-made, not to mention that now some scientists think Earth actually DOES have two … but this is Level 2, let’s not confuse the poor blighters too much).

And now, without further ado …

Warm up games: If possible, make these team games as friendly competition makes the activities more engaging.

Teacher Says – this is great because it is kinetic, and helps to pass the opening minutes while students are arriving.

Word Bomb or Mind Map – board a simple word (e.g. animals), younglings have to shout out answers. Could try colours, body parts, food, clothes depending on class ability.

Magic Bag – I open my bag and ask “What’s in my bag ?” Class has to shout out (or write) possible items I would have in a school bag. This reviews vocabulary from a previous book. As an extension, when they see the item, they have to describe it with two or three adjectives.

Screen Test (based on a children’s TV show from the 70s) – show a short video clip, just a minute or so. Then ask questions. For example, in the Mid Autumn Festival Song, we could ask:

What is the first word we see ?

How many windows does the house have ?

How many lanterns were orange ?

What lantern did the boy hold ? A star, a fish or a doll ?

What colour dress does the girl wear ?

How many dancing moon cakes were there ?

Bonus Question: Can you name 4 different lantern shapes ?

Run and Write – any game that involves the younglings leaving their seats and writing on the board. One version is to have students write a word that begins with ‘a’, then ‘b’ … and so on. Just one person at a time (to avoid possible accidents … I only have limited space in my classroom).

Memory Recall – choose 4 – 6 students and give them a flashcard from a previous lesson. Today, we could use feelings (sad, happy, hungry, thirsty, hot & cold). Younglings stand at the front of the class and hold their card up. Class shout out the words. Then the younglings hide the cards behind their backs and change the order in which they are standing. Now I ask, for example, “What does Ms Linh have ?”

Pair work talking – this is vital in breaking the teacher- student dynamic; we need to promote more student to student interaction, but making this work is a slow train coming. Arrange class in pairs and make them ask each other basic questions. At this age (my class is in the 7 – 9 age range), it may be difficult to get boys talking to girls … at 17 – 19 it may be impossible getting boys to STOP talking to, or trying to impress, girls … but that is a different story.

Subjects could include:

How are you ? (to which the answer must not be “I’m fine.”

What animals do you like ?

What is your favourite colour ?

Do you have a brother or sister ? How many ?

What food do you like ? Can you swim ? Can you play piano ?

663 Asian Girl Piano Stock Photos, Pictures & Royalty-Free Images - iStock
Young Boy Asian Boy Art (Page #8 of 13) | Fine Art America

Hope this helps. Feel free to leave any comments or suggestions.

Drew's Reviews (at home): Good Night, and Good Luck (2005) | WRGB

Young Learners: Warm-up questions and surveys

2nd August 2020

What Is the Model Minority Myth? | Teaching Tolerance

Some sample questions to help get a class speaking to each other IN ENGLISH, and prepared to do some work. I use these with students aged about 9 – 12, at lower-intermediate level.

We start with a survey where the students have to walk around, speaking to each other and trying to …

Find 3 people who:

Name // 1 // 2 // 3 //

Hobby

Play an instrument
Draw or paint
Read books
Watch films
Learn English
Have a pet
What pet ?
Student painting mural - art - Warren Wilson College
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Are all pets harmful for kids

For advanced students, encourage them to probe for more information – what books are read, what instrument(s) are played, etc.

Bright Young Things | High Wycombe Tuition Centre - Red Kite Days

Speaking exercise

This can be done in pairs, small groups or as a class survey.

What was the last film you saw ? Did you like it ?

How many people live in your house ?

What is hard about learning English ?

How often do you chat online ?

Which social media sites do you use ?

What is your favourite food ?

Do you often eat western food ? Do you sometimes eat fast food ?

Have you tried Korean or Japanese food ? What did you think ?

What sports do you play ?

What would you most like to buy ?

Do you like living in the city or countryside ?

What country would you like to visit ?

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South Korea / India / New Zealand