Adult Speaking Class, Level 3. Theme: Job interviews

12th February 2020

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Interview Language

Many interviews have similar questions. Read the following and then role-play with a partner. Feel free to add your own information, or make up something new.

Possible questions:

What experience do you have ? // What do you know about the company ? // Have you ever had to work to a deadline ?

Image result for great job interviews

Tell me about yourself

I was born in …. and I graduated from …. University in 2014 with a major in Business Administration. Since then I’ve had two year’s experience in administrative work at ABC and XYZ Corporation.

I’m a very organised person, well-balanced and efficient. I’m hard-working and dedicated.

In my free time, I like to travel and I love to paint. Furthermore, I enjoy going out having coffee with friends.

What do you know about (COMPANY) ?

XXX are an established company with a good reputation. They help …….. and there are over (xx) sites in VN (or your country).

What are your strengths ?

I feel I am easy-going, hard-working, careful and diligent. I think my greatest strength is my positive outlook, even during times of stress. I can work under pressure and I really enjoy a challenge. Lastly, I like working in a team.

What are your weaknesses ?

Well, my English isn’t perfect, so this will be a great chance to improve. Maybe I can be a little quiet sometimes; that’s why working as part of a team will help bring me out.

Can you give an example of when you had to deal with an angry customer ?

One time, a customer didn’t like the price of a visa, and he began shouting and getting angry. I asked him if I could explain the reason. I then told him how it wasn’t our fault, but that I understood his anger and said sorry. Then I told him he could check elsewhere, but we would still be happy to serve him. He calmed down, said sorry to me and bought the visa and was happy.

Where do you see yourself in two years ?

My short-terms goals are to work hard and efficiently, so I can master this job. However, in the long-term, I would be interested in possibly doing more courses so I could be a manager.

What can you bring to the job ?

I’m very friendly and enjoy working with people. I always try to be happy at work and share my positive outlook. I’m very motivated and open to learning. I’m very excited about being a part of this great company.

Do you have any questions ?

May I just ask, what career opportunities are there at XXX ?

It is not a good idea to ask immediately about salary, money and bonuses, although this is an important part of the interview process.

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Congratulations, when can you start ?

Listening practice

From BBC Learning English: http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningengli0sh/english/features/english-at-work/02-the-interruption

A good example that comes to mind…

I’m particularly proud of…

Time-keeping is important to me.

Firstly, this job is an ideal match for my skills and experience.

Secondly, …

Above all, the reason I want this job is …

Image result for great job interviews

Key words: 

highly motivated

can work on my own initiative

proactive

team-player

ready for a challenge

Speaking Practice:

Now you have some new words and phrases, interview each other again, making sure to really sound like the ideal person for the job.

Working in English. Being a TA (teaching assistant)

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Image result for angry parents

How would you handle (answer) these questions ?

How often do you communicate in English ? Have you ever used English in a work environment ?

Two teachers need things at the same time; how would you prioritise ?

How would you deal with a rude teacher ? What would you do if you had a problem with a certain teacher ?

Could you work as a team member ? Could you take orders from a younger person ? 

Some students come to you and say they don’t like a certain teacher. What would you tell them ?

Teachers earn much more than Viet staff. How do you feel about that ?

Some parents may be very angry about a grading a teaching gave. If they came and shouted at you, how would you cope ?

Can you give an example of a time when you dealt effectively with an angry customer ?

How do you see this role ? What do you imagine you’ll be doing ?

The work may become routine. Do you think you will get bored ?

Part of the job-description involves keeping a safe environment. What do you think that means ?

A child has a nosebleed; what would you do ?

A child is being noisy and shouting when the teacher speaks. What would you do ?

A child swears in class, but his parents are angry at you when you criticise the student. However, the teacher insists you phone the parents to complain.

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Adult Speaking Class, Level 3. Theme: Crime and punishment.

1st February 2020

Contents

Free speaking: Students’ personal experiences.

Listening practice: A non-native speaker talks about a crime.

Reading exercise: Sherlock Holmes

Vocabulary: exercises

Warm up game: Eyewitness

Crime and detection. Being an eyewitness. 

Crime and Punishment

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This is a famous book by the Russian author Fyodor Dostoevsky. Give students five to ten minutes to research information about him, then present it to the class. This practises extracting relevant information. Reading verbatim from Wiki or other sites is forbidden !

Warm up game:

Eyewitness: Show students a slide or picture of three people for two minutes. Tell them that today some computers were stolen from the office and these people were seen. Ask them to describe the people they just saw. Prompt for as much detail as possible. This will test the students’ ability to use adjectives and learn new vocabulary from each other:

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Do you like detective shows ? Which are your favourites ?

Image result for NYPD Blue
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The above shows are from USA, UK & South Korea. Detective shows are popular all over the world. Even famous film directors can write detective novels:

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By the famous Indian director Satyajit Ray

An eyewitness account: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7RuFGkqYAL4

Look for new vocabulary and expressions – this is a Romanian man living in London.

FREE SPEAKING

Have you witnessed any crimes ? 

Image result for crime eyewitness

Vocabulary:

procedure / happened / suddenly / officially / relatively / contents / grabbed

I was walking with a friend along Main Street, around 4 in the morning. The street was ………….quiet, just some tourists and a little traffic. 

I was wearing a small bag, strung across my shoulder. A security guard was behind me, talking to a person in a car. …….., a motorbike came towards me on the pavement. He stopped, …………..my strap, then drove away.

Naturally, I shouted but it was too late; he was gone. My friend was worried but I told her it was OK, nobody was hurt. The ………of the bag were really worthless: pens, some medicine, a book, but also my designer glasses.

The security guard was comical in his incompetence. He shook his head, mouth open wide, and said, “It all ………. so quickly, there was nothing I could do.” 

I should, …….. , have reported it to the police, that was the ……….. but people told me the thief would never be found. What I learnt from this unfortunate experience was to be very careful and never walk around with valuables.

Could you be a good eyewitness ? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x6fRH5MLBIU

What information is helpful to the police ? (1.46 – 1.50)

Detective story: 

type of popular literature in which a crime is introduced and investigated and the culpritis revealed.

The traditional elements of the detective story are: 

(1) the seemingly perfect crime; 

(2) the wrongly accused suspect at whom circumstantial evidence points;

(3) the bungling of dim-witted police; 

(4) the greater powers of observation and superior mind of the detective .

(5) the startling and unexpected , in which the detective reveals how the identity of the culprit was ascertained.

Detective stories frequently operate on the principle that superficially convincing evidence is ultimately irrelevant.

The first detective story was “The Murders in the Rue Morgue” by Edgar Allan Poe, published in April 1841.

The greatest of all fictional detectives, Sherlock Holmes, along with his loyal companion Dr. Watson, made his first appearance in Arthur (later Sir Arthur) Conan Doyle’s novel A Study in Scarlet (1887) and continued into the 20th century in such collections of stories as The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes (1894) and the longer Hound of the Baskervilles (1902).

Image result for edgar allan poe murders in the rue morgue
Image result for sherlock holmes basil
Basil Rathbone as Sherlock Holmes

New Vocabulary Practice:

What is the ……… for reporting a crime. (noun)

Most of what we learnt on the first day was ………… (adj)

His wife ……….. (verb) him of eating the cake but the real ….. (noun) was the dog !

Jet Mart had two cases of Tiger beer boosted (stolen). In Mr Wall’s house, there were two cases of Tiger beer but, his lawyer defended, this is not proof, merely ……….. …………….

Reading exercise: 

An extract from a Sherlock Holmes short story: http://www.eastoftheweb.com/short-stories/UBooks/AdveDanc.shtml#2

Adult Speaking Class. Theme: Love and Marriage, Part 3

13th January 2020

Children

Image result for married with young babies

Personality adjectives for children:

adorable / angelic / boisterous / demanding / messy / noisy / talkative 

Phrases:

good as gold / butter wouldn’t melt in his\her mouth / a little rascal / a handful

well-behaved / a little madam / a young gentleman / full of him\herself

What are the pros and cons (The benefits and drawbacks ) of having children ? 

Pros: makes us responsible / patient / sometimes they can be funny

they can enrich our lives

Cons: sometimes they misbehave ( are naughty) / no free time / they need a lot of energy / need a lot of money for toys, sweets, uniform, books, equipment.

Is there pressure from family to have children in your culture ?

Niece (girl) and nephew (boy) = children of my brother/sister

How would you describe these children ?

She has an angelic smile.

Remember – for sentence building, use adjectives and discourse markers (linking words or phrases). Never start with a pronoun (she, it, he, they) but say what the subject is – in this example, the subject is a girl. Now we can keep building up more information:

The girl has an angelic smile.

The young girl has blonde hair and an angelic smile.

The young girl, who has long straight blonde hair, has lovely big green-grey eyes, and is smiling angelically. She wears a multi-coloured T-shirt as well as some flowers around the neckline.

Now – your turn:

Here, you can also add some verbs and background information. Where do you think he is ? How is he feeling ? Who taught him this behaviour ? Do you think his mother is with him ?

These young gentleman attend a very expensive, possibly elitist, private school. Such schools are named ‘public schools’ in the UK. they include Eton, Harrow and Gordonstoun.

Listening Practice

Phrasal verbs and family situations: http://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/grammar-vocabulary/phrasal-verb-videos/family

He cannot look clearly – he cannot see clearly

Phrasal verbs are verbs + preposition. They are pronounced, where possible, as one sound unit hence ‘turn off the light’ sounds ‘turnoff the light’.

He lived with me – he stayed with me

when we become old – when we get old

look after / think about / wear out / give up / grow up / takes after 

tell off / look up to / hang up / go for / passed away

Which phrasal verbs fits here ?

She really …………. her father, they are so alike.

I can’t go out, I have to ……….. my nephew.

Vietnamese is too hard, I just …………. (past tense verb)

Many Vietnamese ………………. Uncle Ho

I’m not sure which bank is best. Let me ………. it and get back to you.

I had to ………….. my son because he ate all the cakes.

My manager is very immature. He needs to ………… and quickly !

Speaking practice:

Pam Your daughter is gorgeous. Like an angel. She looks like you.

Uma Yes, but she takes after her father. She is very grumpy when she’s tired or hungry.

Pam My son is usually very good, he sleeps like a log, but now he’s teething.

Uma Ahhh, poor little thing but it will pass. Does he still keep you up at night ?

Pam Well, a little but not too much. I had to give up reading or watching films. Too tired.

Uma I get it ! We have a reading group, it doesn’t take up too much time. Sounds good ?

Pam Hmmm … let me think about it and get back to you. OK, I must run … bye.

Speaking practice:

Kit Hey, how was your weekend ? What did you get up to ?

Will Oh, nothing special. I had to look after my niece. She’s a real handful. 

Kit Sounds like my nephew. He’s very boisterous, I had no time for myself.

Will Exactly. My niece looks so angelic but what a little rascal ! I gave her some milk …

Kit I can guess … she spilt it ! My nephew is so damn messy, food everywhere.

Will She takes after her father; he’s always spilling his beer. By 5 o’clock, I gave up.

Kit There are some nice things about children … they can be cute and adorable.

Will The best thing about nephews is that we can give them back ! Too much trouble.

Adult Speaking Class. Theme: Love & marriage Part 2

12th January 2020

How would you describe the emotions / feelings of these people ?

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Maori wedding in New Zealand
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Scotland
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A shotgun wedding

FREE SPEAKING: What is a traditional wedding in your country ?

In the UK and many western countries, the bridegroom waits in the church next to the Best Man, who has the rings. The church music starts and the Bride walks down the aisle next to her father, who will ‘give her away.’ Behind the Bride are her Bridesmaids. The Vicar will start the service. At the end, the Bride and Groom kiss.

Pictures of typical UK wedding.

Identify Bride, groom, best man, vicar, bridesmaids, father of the bride.

Image result for uk bride
Image result for uk wedding service church vicar
Image result for drunk best man
Image result for cute asian bridesmaids
Image result for father of the bride

Weddings can be a nerve-wracking time. What wedding people can you see in this clip. Do you recognise anybody famous ? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dKkT8_RGDYg

Image result for rowan atkinson in 4 weddings

Vocabulary booster

Match words with meaning

Honeymoon // a secret relationship

Romantic // promise to do something/ be loyal to someone.

Divorce // when people decide they will get married

Affair // after you legally separate

Engaged // a holiday after getting married 

Listening Practice

Wedding vocabulary and listening exercise: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CPsrWWyTRz8

The lady speaks slowly and clearly; try to understand without subtitles.

Wedding planning

New vocabulary 

to consider / to decide / to weigh up (phrasal verb) / to mull over [all mean ‘to think about’]

let me sleep on it (idiom = need time to think).

the final call / the final decision on a subject

logistics (n) // logistical (adj) organising people at the same time. 

co-ordinating // arranging things to happen at the same or at an arranged time

It’s a logistical nightmare ! (very hard to co-ordinate all the different factors).

likewise / also, in the same way

therefore / so, for that reason

value for money /deciding if something is good quality and good price.

a multitude / so many 

not to mention / additionally, adding a stronger point (expression)

potential minefield / an area of possible dangers and serious trouble (metaphor)

There are a multitude of things to consider when organising a wedding. The tasks range from choosing the dress and accessories, to booking the cars and flowers, not to mention the potential minefield of the food. What do people like to eat, what do they hate ? Are they on special diets, do they have allergies, are they restricted by religious considerations ?

What sort of things have to be planned for a successful wedding ?

Put them in order of importance – if that is possible ! (they are ALL important)

food / dress / invitations / venue / music / guests / honeymoon / flowers / transport / photographs / paperwork !

(Venue – place for the party)

Let’s start with the dress

Whose decision is this ? Who makes the final call ?

Do you go traditional ? Modern ? Discrete ? 

What are your opinions of these dresses:

Some dresses can average at over £1 400 (over 43 million VND), so people try to make their own dresses, or consider using cheaper materials. 

Listen to this clip: https://www.newsinlevels.com/products/very-special-wedding-dress-level-2/

What are the dresses made out of ? (made from ?)

For how long has this event been taking place ?

In which city is the festival held ?

What was the name of the winning design ?

Traditions

These vary (change) from country to country, but a traditional UK wedding would be something like this:

A church for a Christian service (synagogue for Jewish, mosque for Moslems)

Vicar to perform the service

Bride and Groom

Bridesmaids and Best Man 

Father of the Bride 

Guests

Order of Service

The minister will give plenty of advice on hymns to choose, but order of service is basically broken into six parts:

  1. Introductory Medley
  2. Entrance of the bride,
  3. Hymns, marriage vows and prayers
  4. Hymn or psalm blessing
  5. Signing the register
  6. Leaving for the reception (party, lunch)

As the party leaves the church, the order should be bride and groom, chief bridesmaid and best man, bride’s mother and bridegroom’s father, bridegroom’s mother and bride’s father, bridesmaids and other attendants.

At the party or reception, people are usually told where to sit. Before the food, there are a number of speeches. Some are serious, but the Best Man usually makes a humorous one, saying funny things about the Groom :

This is from the British film ‘Four Weddings and a Funeral’, with actor Hugh Grant delivering the speech: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S6GPicVYCvs

Decision – making

The menu – which do you prefer ? The food, the choice and the design.

The party (and after-party !)

A Jewish wedding party with traditional music https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5k3sH8AmeJk

A Mexican wedding: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TCa-tXL4miM

Today’s song: Sweet ‘Love is like oxygen’  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L9XYaEsfuU0

Adult Speaking Class, Level 2: Easter

1st January 2020

Image result for easter in uk"

This lesson is about Easter, a public holiday throughout many western countries. Unlike Christmas, Easter does not have an exact date (similar to Tet in Asia). This year, easter falls on Sunday April 12th.

The videos will introduce you to the celebration as well as teaching new words and expressions.

Easter traditions

New vocabulary:

to experience – to feel something, to do something. 

I have experienced Tet holiday in Viet Nam

resurrection – to come back to life after death.

festivities – things to do at parties or what happens on a public holiday

symbol – a sign or logo – yellow star is a symbol of Viet Nam, golden arches McDonalds

hang on a minute ! – stop and wait !

mythical – something that is like a legend, probably not real

coincides – happens at the same time. John’s wedding coincides with the World Cup.

break up – phrasal verb – to have a school holiday. The kids break up on the 24thJuly.

British traditions:(0 – 1.31) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UWtMkskB2Qg

This video is intermediate to advanced level, but it’s a chance to listen to naturtal speaking from a British lady.

Another video, this time from the newsinlevels website. Here, you are able to select the level (1, 2 or 3) that is best for you. Furthermore, the speaking is designed for English learners, so has less intonation and chunking: https://www.newsinlevels.com/products/gold-easter-bunnies-level-1/

What holiday is next week ? In which city ?

What is special about one egg ? Do people like them ?

Speaking practise:

Nina Have you seen this western tradition ? They give chocolate eggs at Easter.

Eva Are you serious ? I adore chocolate. Who gives them ?

Nina Well, parents give to children, husbands give to wives, boyfriends to girlfriends.

Eva I haven’t seen them. Can you tell me about them ?

Nina Sure, I saw them in England. It is a large piece of chocolate shaped like an egg.

Eva I like the sound of that. A giant chocolate egg, sounds like heaven.

Nina That’s only part of it. Inside the egg, there are more chocolates.

Eva Ok, next year I am going to England. I will eat like a pig. A chocolate pig !

Image result for easter eggs"
chocolate Easter eggs

Adult Mechanics: What can possibly go wrong ?

A boxed-set of lesson notes and exercises initially designed for professional engineers and mechanics. The levels vary from beginner to advanced.

Contents:

Listening: Far Flung Floyd BBC TV (advanced)

Listening: Robot dog (advanced)

Listening: World’s strongest robot (beginner to advanced)

Listening: Top Gear BBC TV program (advanced)

Speaking practice and vocabulary (advanced)

breaking the law / Coffee shop talk / going green / buying a motorbike /

Video clip: China’s high-speed train.

Vocabulary: Cars / Car manufacturers / Environmental concerns (advanced) / tools (beginner)

Listening

Keith Floyd (TV chef) ‘Far Flung Floyd’

Image result for keith floyd vietnam"

Floyd in Vietnam (12.53 – 15.29): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fO6cSQ8Vly8

What ingredients does he use ?

What does he say as he starts cooking ?

How long does it simmer for ?

What does ‘moisten’ mean ?

Listening: robot dog (advanced) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=op0bhZNUJFE

Image result for robot dog"

Do you understand any of the engineering terms / words in English ?

Newsinlevels.com (World’s strongest robot – choose your own level, 1,2 0r 3) https://www.newsinlevels.com/products/strongest-robot-in-the-world-level-2/

What country produced this robot ?

How much can it lift ? That is the same as … ?

Is it delicate or sturdy ? What word is used to describe this ?

Top Gear

Image result for top gear"

Break for the border part 1: (0 – 0.52)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I0K8AXUEH8E

How much petrol do the chaps (men) have ? How many points for getting to the border ?

What is the phrasal verb for using all the petrol ? What is the punishment for this ?

What does Richard say about this ? Which country has the closest border ?

Break for the border part 2:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K3StTHXS2Ic&t=3s

What word does James use to mean ‘the winner’ ?

What expression does Richard use to mean he will stop trying to beat James ?

What expression does James use to show he is in trouble ?

We hear the word ‘gloat’ twice … what does it mean ?

What is the phrasal verb for using up ALL the petrol ?

What is the ‘hard shoulder’ ?

What does Richard say when he sees Jeremy ?

Top Gear: £1500 Porsche challenge: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_jPaYnaKVDk&t=317s&list=PL97HViQblvdEM3zsauRxnIg1baFTNmsDM&index=16

Top Gear in Vietnam

Image result for top gear vietnam"

Full video on Facebook:

https://www.facebook.com/richardhammondtgt/videos/706329819546314/?v=706329819546314&external_log_id=45059a07d87e44e56f7250b63bf526de&q=top%20gear%20special%20episodes

Vietnam clip (39.00 – 43.00)

New Vocabulary / expressions

set about = to do something

pay someone back for something = to get revenge

cross = angry / furious = very angry

(people have) turned out = arrived

borrow = to get something from someone, then give back

hang on = wait a little

metaphor = phép ẩn dụ

What does Jeremy say is a metaphor for Vietnam ?

What phrasal verb does James use to mean he stops trying ?

What does the Viet lady do to the bikes in the car park ?

Speaking & vocabulary practice

Exercise 1: New vocabulary:

prosperity / represent / footage/ annoyed / superior / essentially

to sue / suing / law suit / (law) case / ruling / embezzle/ lawyers / judge

pocketing (UK slang) / cost of living (rent, food, travel etc) / can vary

therefore / out and about / basically / you see / obviously /though (although)

Dale Sorry I’m late. Hope you’re not annoyed, I’ve been out and about.

Gordon Not at all. It’s been very exciting here. Mr Smith was caught

embezzling company money. The boss is suing.

Dale What the hell !How much was he pocketing ? 

Gordon Who knows ? A lot, that’s for sure. Basically, he’s been stealing

for the last six months.

Dale I know the cost of living is increasing, but he was essentially a

great worker though he did always drink superior cognac.

Gordon And buy superior clothes, particularly designer shirts.

Mr Kim and Mr Chi also discuss this incident 3rdMarch 2018

Kim He was caught on CCTV footage. He’s had to engage a lawyer.

Chi If the ruling goes goes against him, it could mean a fine and prison.

Kim Yes, it can vary from two to twenty years. When’s the case ?

Chi The suit will be heard later this year. The company are shocked.

Kim Obviously. You see, they trusted him, he had been here for years.

Chi That’s awful. This year has started out terribly, therefore it can only

get better !

Kim Yes, it mustn’t get us down, we need to learn from this experience.

Exercise 2: Coffee shop talk / talking shop / the environment

Don, Joe & Tim are on break at work. Tim looks stressed. 

Don Hi guys, what’s happening ? What’s wrong with Tim ?

Joe The supervisor has been giving him a hard time because of his punctuality.

Tim Sorry, I’ve gotta lot of things on my mind … and tons of work.

Don In my experience, work’ll lighten up. Do you agree, Joe ?

Joe Spot on ! Although, less work, less money, obviously.

Tim Actually, it’s my girlfriend; she has a terrible habit.

Don Oh, what is it ?

Tim She has a habit of spending MY money !

Later, at lunch at Coffee House

Joe We should think more about the environment. Our company should go green.

Tim What’s on your mind ? What do you recommend ?

Don Yeah, aside from recycling what steps can we take ?

Joe Well, switching to unleaded petrol, saving water and making sure we turn off …

Tim Our brains ? No, I’m pulling your leg. In fact, those are brilliant ideas.

Don I agree totally. Anyway, what are you having to eat ?

Joe I’m not hungry, I had a snack earlier. I’ll just take a coffee.

Tim Ah, here comes our coffee. Things are looking up.

Joe WAIT ! … mmmmm, this is a damn fine cup of coffee !

NOTE: the colour green is associated with the environment

Exercise 3: buying a motorbike

Jim is talking with his buddy (friend) Kev about buying a motorbike. He asks for advice.

Jim Which do you suggest ? The Honda or the Yamaha ? I’m miserable without a bike.

Kev Buy both … no,I’m pulling your leg.In my opinion, Yamaha looks cool.

Jim Yeah, I agree totally. Blue and white. However, Yamahas are uncomfortable.

Kev Good point. In my experience, Hondas are very reliable. Good engineering.

Jim Maybe I should buy a German bike ? Sounds good ?

Kev Sure, buy a luxury BMW, really cool … but really, really expensive !

Jim Ok, so I’ll take the Honda. Wait … what is that awful sound ?

Kev Oh no ! The karaoke has started. All day, every day. I want to scream !

Video Clips

AC / DC current explained: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vN9aR2wKv0U

High-speed trains in China: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0JDoll8OEFE

Tech flops: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P4Rzd21U-1c

Vocabulary

Cars:

Car parts vocabulary: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aazWo7OeJJY

Which of these cars would you like ? 

Land Rover / Toyota / Volva / Dacia 

Image result for land rover"
Land Rover
Image result for Toyata"
Toyata
Image result for volvo"
Volvo
Image result for darcia car"
Darcia

I choose the …

because it’s …. cool /economical /fast / beautiful / reliable

however, it’s also … expensive / ugly /unreliable /uneconomical /slow 

Vocabulary: Car parts

How many parts can you name ?

Automobile companies

1. Abarth16. Ford31. MG46. Smart
2. Alfa Romeo17. Honda32. Mini47. Ssangyong
3. Aston Martin18. Hyundai33. Mitsubishi48. Subaru
4. Audi19. Infiniti34. Morgan49. Suzuki
5. Bentley20. Jaguar35. Nissan50. Tesla
6. BMW21. Jeep36. Noble51. Toyota
7. Bugatti 22. Kia 37. Pagani52. Vauxhall
8. Cadillac23. Lamborghini38. Peugeot53. Volkswagen
9. Caterham24. Land Rover39. Porsche54. Volvo 
10. Chevrolet25. Lexus40. Radical55. Zenos
11. Chrysler26. Lotus41. Renault
12. Citroen27. Maserati42. Rolls-Royce
13. Dacia28. Mazda43. Saab
14. Ferrari29. Mclaren44. Seat
15. Fiat30. Mercedes-Benz45. Skoda

This is a list of the 15 largest manufacturers by production in 2016.[35]

RankGroupCountryVehicles
1ToyotaJapan10,213,486
2Volkswagen GroupGermany10,126,281
3HyundaiSouth Korea7,889,538
4General MotorsUnited States7,793,066
5FordUnited States6,429,485
6NissanJapan5,556,241
7HondaJapan4,999,266
8Fiat Chrysler AutomobilesItaly / United States4,681,457
9RenaultFrance3,373,278
10PSAFrance3,152,787
11SuzukiJapan2,945,295
12SAICChina2,566,793
13DaimlerGermany2,526,450
14BMWGermany2,359,756
15ChanganChina1,715,871

Tesla, Inc. (formerlyTesla Motors) is an American multinational corporation that specialises in electric vehicles, energy storage and solar panel manufacturing based in Palo Alto, California. Founded in 2003, the company specialises in electric cars, lithium-ion battery energy storage, and residential photovoltaic panels(through the subsidiary company SolarCity).The additional products Tesla sells include the Tesla Powerwall and Powerpack batteries,solar panels and solar roof tiles.

CEO Elon Musk said that he envisions Tesla as a technology company and independent automaker, aimed at eventually offering electric cars at prices affordable to the average consumer.

Tesla Vs Jeremy Clarkson (Top Gear) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_KEN-cxmGw8


Some famous UK car companies

Rolls-Royce and Bentley have been owned by VW since 1998

The Mini is owned by BMW

Jaguar and Land Rover are owned by Tata Motors (India)

Who owns the ‘British’ car companies ? https://www.borro.com/uk/borro-blog/british-car-brands-owners

The second biggest car manufacturer is VW. Why are they so big ?http://The second biggest car manufacturer is VW. Why are they so big ?

BMW = beemer

Cadillac = Cadi = gas guzzler (guzzler = drink a LOT!)

Environmental concerns / issues (advanced) http://shanghaiist.com/2017/06/15/polluting-companies.php

Does this news story surprise you ? Is China worse than Vietnam (in your opinion).

recent/ investigate / emission standards / specifically

ignore / strict / established


World’s biggest polluters

Which countries do you think are in the top ten worst ?https://www.reuters.com/news/picture/who-are-the-worlds-biggest-polluters-idUSRTXRKSI

Any surprises here ?

I’m surprised to see …. on the list / make the list

It doesn’t surprise me that …

Identify these tools. What are they used for ?

There is one black and red hammer. It is used …

Beginners' English

A miscellany of lesson notes aimed specifically at basic-level English

Contents :

Introductions

Daily routines

Describing clothes

Discourse markers

Driving expressions

Grammar – adjectives // helping verbs // comparatives & superlatives // I used to // modal verbs // much or many ? // past tense exercises // possessives // relative pronouns // should or shouldn’t // some or any // I need // verbs – most common verbs present, past and past participle.

Listening comprehension

Vocabulary – new words and expressions

Vocabulary – film

Vocabulary – Kitchen

Vocabulary – what do you need ?

Sentence building

Speaking practice – introductions // repairs // future tense

Travel language

Warm-up activities

Introducing yourself:

If you meet a new friend or business acquaintance 

Hello, how are you ? Very well, thank you, and yourself ? / I’m great

How do you do ? How do you do ?

How’s it going ? (inf)All good, going well. Yeah, I’m fantastic !

What do you do ? I’m a designer at VMin company

What line are you in ? Engineering.

What’s your profession ? I’m a nurse.

Are you a family man ? Yes, I have a wife and two kids

You married ? No, my job leaves me no time for romance !

Do you have kids ? Ha, I’m married to my job

Where did you train ? I got my degree from …….. University

I majored in business admin.

I studied at ……..

How do you relax ? I enjoy sports and meeting up with friends

How do you unwind ? I just crash on the sofa and watch movies

What do you do in your spare time ? I love to travel and drink beer.

Where do you see yourself in five years ? Senior manager !

On an island in Thailand / Still working here !

Daily routines

My routine:

In the morning: 

07.00: Get up. Wake up 

07.05: Brush my teeth, (Get washed / have a wash / shower) put on clothes / get dressed

07.15: Eat breakfast.

07.45: Go to work / go to my company/ go to my job

08.00 -17.00: Work.

09.45 – 10.00: Coffee break

12.00 – 13.00: Go out for lunch / lunch

17.00: Check out and go to eat dinner. Take another break and eat

17.30: Go back to company and continue working. Knock off / finish work 

19.00: Go to swimming pool. Go swimming 

20.00: Go home and talk with family. Hang out / spent time with my family

22.00: Read books or play games

23.00: Go to bed / Go to sleep. 

Grammar note:

we can use an infinite or continuous form

She starts to work at 7.30 OR she starts working at 7.30.

What is your typical free day ?

How was your day ?

Did you have agood day ? A so-so day or a bad day. 

Did anything unusual happen or was it same old, same old ?

In the morning, I went to my company then I went to the bank.

After that, I went home. 

[NOTE: never ‘to home’, ‘to swimming’ or ‘to shopping.’ I went shopping, then went home]

After lunch I went to a customer and we spoke about the new project. After we said goodbye, I came here to study English.

Replace ‘went‘ with: 

visited / travelled to / had to go to (means very important) / drove / saw / met with

Describing clothes

Patterns

Plain T-shirt – no pattern, no writing or design.

A striped dress
A striped shirt
A checked jacket or coat
A flower or floral skirt
A spotted tie
A polo shirt
A tracksuit
Baggy jeans made from denim
Tight jeans
Cardigan
lace blouse
designer trainers or sneakers
Business suit, shirt and tie

Material

leather / lace / fur / cotton / silk / denim / wool / velvet / plastic

Vocabulary:

awful / beautiful / cool / cute / designer / elegant / gaudy / old-fashioned /scruffy / smart

Adjectives – when we use more than one before a noun, they are in this order:

opinion / size/ age / colour / origin / pattern / material noun

a great small new blue Japanese plain silk dress

some stupid big old pink American flowery plastic shoes

Put these in the correct order:

leather / at / miniskirt / Look / fabulous / that

Look at that fabulous leather miniskirt.

wearing / an / blouse / elegant / white / She’s / lacy

shoes / high-heeled / bought / ridiculous / She

tight / socks / I hate / nylon

skirt / wearing / velvet / a / She’s / spotty

stripy / green / like / your / tracksuit / I / baggy

Discourse Markers

And: also, as well as, additionally

But: however, having said that, on the other hand

I enjoy whisky however I dislike vodka with snake blood !

Driving expressions

hit the brakes / run a red light / cut someone off

tailgate / road rage /pull over (the police officer pulled me over) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zXt5ceU67wg

Grammar – adjectives

Adjectives for coffee and tea: 

hot, cold, sweet, bitter, Vietnamese, weak, strong, expensive, Indian

Now add a reason – ‘because’, ‘as’

I love good strong coffee because it wakes me up and I also adore sweet Indian tea in the evening as it helps me to unwind.

Make longer sentences:

I like Sai Gon but I don’t like Ha Noi

I like films and I like games

My friend likes street food but he doesn’t like restaurants

Vocabulary – adjectives

standard / higher / / opposite / higher

good / brilliant // bad / terrible

beautiful / gorgeous // ugly / hideous

interesting / fascinating // boring / tedious

expensive / over-priced // cheap / bargain

modern / hip / trendy // old-fashioned / out-dated

gentle / calm // angry / hot-headed

big / massive / huge // small / tiny

important / significant // unimportant / insignificant

tiring / exhausting // relaxing / peaceful

Helping verbs: have / want / need /go / like

Subject + helping verb + infinite ….. 

I have to find my mobile phone // She goes to work // He needs to relax

Write sentences for these pictures:

He wants ….

She likes ….

Negative: He doesn’t …

Grammar – comparatives and superlatives:

big / bigger / biggest (-er / -est for small words)

interesting / more interesting / the most interesting (more / the most for longer words)

Sai Gon is bigger than Ha Noi

Chinese is the most difficult language to learn

Make sentences:

London expensive Sai Gon

Thailand hot Canada

Moroccan food spicy French

Action films exciting rom-com (romantic-comedy)

I used to …

When I was young, I used to play football. Now I am too old !

I do NOT play football NOW. I played football when I was young

Write sentences. Example: When I was young, I used to read comics.

When I lived in Germany I used to …

Grammar: possession

This pen belongs to me, it is mine.

The laptop belongs to Jane, it is _______

It’s John’s book, it belongs to ______

We all work for HLS, it is ______ company.

Give this to Anna and Gary, it is _______

Grammar: modal verbs

Modal verbs are helping verbs that show 

permission (sự cho phép)

possibility (khả năng)

can / could / have to / must / might / should

can’t / couldn’t / don’t have to / mustn’t / mightn’t / shouldn’t

1. Ted’s flight from Amsterdam took more than 11 hours. He must be exhausted after such a long flight. He might prefer to stay in tonight and get some rest.

2. Hiking in the mountains ______ be dangerous. You _____ research the route a little more before you start.

3. You _____ take your umbrella today. The weatherman said there’s a storm in Nha Trang and it ______ rain this afternoon.

4. When you have a small child, you ______ leave small objects lying around. Such objects _____ be swallowed.

5. I _____ believe she said that to the supervisor! 

6. Jenny’s wedding ring is enormous! It ______ be very expensive.

7. Please water the plants. If they don’t get enough water, they _____ die.

Try to make sentences:

I need to…. She wants to… You have to… We like to … He hates to …

Much or many ? A little or a few ? 

[a few = countable / little = uncountable]

Is there much work left ? I really want a little free time to run some errands.

There are ….. shops in the mall. I need to buy …… items

Is there ….. beer in the fridge, or do I need …… more ?

There are only a … millionaires inVietnam but they have so ….. money.

There are far too ….. karaoke singers. I need …….. peace.

PAST TENSE EXERCISE:

Complete the exercise with the verbs inside the box.

buycatchcostdrink / fall / hurt / sell
teachthrowwinspend  / write
choose one of these verbs and use the past tense form


1. Mozart   ……. more than 600 pieces of music. 


2. ‘How did you learn to drive?’ ‘My father  …….. me.’ 

3. We couldn’t afford to keep our car, so we …….   it. 

4. I was very thirsty. I ……… the water very quickly.

5. Paul and I played tennis yesterday. He’s much better than me, so he ……. easily. 


6. Don …….   down the stairs this morning and  his leg.

7. Jim …….. the ball to Sue, who  ……..  it.

8. Ann  …….. a lot of money yesterday. She …….  a dress. It  ……. £100

Grammar – Present Perfect

Present perfect:

Subject + have/ has + past participle

I have been to Ha Noi

She has visited London

They have seen that film so many times but (they) have never understood it.

I have read ‘My Sassy Girl 1’ although I have not read ‘My Sassy Girl 3’

(I haven’t read) 

Have you read any good books recently ?

To talk about something in the past but not when it happened

He has looked at the report – YES

He has looked at the report last week – NO 

(He looked at the report last week) just use simple past

Can use with ‘for’ and ‘since’

I have lived in HCM since 2010

I have lived in HCM for seven years

Exercises: Put these sentences into present perfect

I John (read) your email several times. John has read your email ….
2. She (wear) that skirt many times. 
3. My family (visit) Brazil a few times.
4. I (eat) already.
5. Mia (finish) her homework.
6. You (break) the glass again.
7. They (pay) for everything.
8. It (never snow) like that.
9. I (meet) Anna once.
10. We (see) him before.

GrammarRelative Pronouns:

who For people: This is the man who sold me the fake Rolex ! 

which For things: We tried fish and chips which is delicious.

where For places: Let’s go to the shop where we saw the great bargins.

Whose Possessive: That’s the singer whose record we heard last night.

The car, whose driver was young, won the race.

Exercises

We arrived at a nice beach ______ we could swim and lie in the sun.

A man ______ mobile phone was ringing did not know what to do.

The patient, ______ had a serious disease, was taken to hospital immediately.

Smithsfield is a small village ______ people live a quiet life.

A boy ____ sister is in my class was in the bank at that time.

I know a person ____ can speak seven languages.

We visited the church _____ is in the middle of the square.

It is a protected area of land _____ you can see a lot of interesting wildlife.

This dress is made of silk, _____ is a very expensive and delicate material.

Grammar: should / shouldn’t

Complete the sentences.
Use the verb in brackets. Sometimes the verb will be nagative
Use contractions where possible.

  1. It’s cold. You … a cardigan. (wear)
  2. She’s always tired. She … to bed late every night. (go)
  3. … now? (we / leave)
  4. You … some fruit or vegetables every day. (eat)
  5. The students … their mobile phones in the exam. (use)
  6. You … the teacher to help you if you don’t understand the lesson. (ask)
  7. People … fast in the town centre. (drive)
  8. … the dress or the skirt? (I / buy)

Grammar: ‘some’ or ‘any’

we use ‘some’ for a statement

we use ‘any’ for a negative or a question 

There are some great websites for learning English. PLURAL / countable

There is some Czech beer on sale at VinMart. PLURAL / uncountable

There aren’t any beer clubs near here

We don’t have any French cheese

Are they any good films playing ?

Do you have any English tea?


1 Do you have ______ questions about the new project ?

2 Let me give you _______ advice.

3 You don’t need to bring ____ pens or paper. There will be ______ print-outs available.

4 There will be _____ visitors from Germany coming. Do you know ____ German ?

Speaking practice:

Jim I can’t wait for Tet. Do you have any plans ?

Alf Of course ! I’m going to watch some films and get some rest.

Jim Have you bought any special food ?

Alf I don’t have any time for shopping. I’ve still got some beer. How about you ?

Jim I need to buy some fruit, some biscuits, and do I need any special food for Tet ?

Alf Absolutely ! You must buy some cakes and some sweets. 

Jim Anything else ? I need some advise.

Alf Just make sure you have some beer. A LOT of beer. Cheers !

Grammar: I need

subject need (helping verb) infinite verb (to + verb) completion

I need to visit a dentist

She needs to stop buying clothes !

subject need (helping verb) article / determiner noun

He needs a laptop / I need the report

We need some overtime / She needs a bottle of water

I need tôi cần // I want tôi muốn

1 I ____ to visit Thailand. 2 He ______ to find a job now !

3 Her mother ____ her to get married. 4 Do you ____ to see Twin Peaks ?

5 She can’t go out, she _____ to finish her homework.

6 They _____ new shirts but they ______ to buy computer games instead.

Grammar: common verbs

More common verbs (numbers 15 – 20)

15to findfoundfound
16to givegavegiven
17to telltoldtold
18to workworkedworked
19to callcalledcalled
20to trytriedtried

Make sentences with these verbs:

I lost my keys but last night I found them

We always ____ lucky money at Tet to children. 

This year I _____ lucky money to all my neighbours (past tense).

I have ______ my Thai girlfriend 20 times, but no answer !

The supervisor ____ the staff to come in early (past tense).

She wants _______ German food.

You have ______ at HLS for how long ?

Before, I ______ in Chicago but now I need _______ a job in Sai Gon

Listening comprehension

Comprehension: Listen for comparatives,superlatives and adjectives

Vietnam is exciting and lively (7 fun facts about Vietnam)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZONkSvEf3nY

When do people eat pho ? How is it made ? How is coffee made ?

From what is the traditional hat made ? Who used to wear it and why ?

What is the English word for a small motorbike ? How many motorcycles are there in Saigon ?

What is the game shuttlecock like ? A mix …….

Do men do park dancing ? What exercise can men do ?

Sundays – what do you usually do on Sundays ?http://esol.britishcouncil.org/content/learners/skills/listening/my-sundays


Listening practice:
(1:21 – 1:48) & (11.30 – 12:45) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FpMjYXxScCQ

What are the names of the two people ?

Where did they meet ?

What does the lady order ?

What is the name of the manager and the waitress ?

Where does she live ?

What is her phone number ?

What do you think of the manager and waitress ?

I think he is ……. because ……..

In my opinion, the waitress is …

New vocabulary and expressions

boring = tedious ( it’s like watching paint dry ! – expression)

Like: enjoy, love, adore

Dislike: hate, dislike, detest (very strong)

Ubiquitous = everywhere

In Sai Gon, coffee shops are ubiquitous.

take a load off = have a seat / take a seat

I am so naïve (innocent) 

Vocabulary – adjectives

standard / higher / / opposite / higher

good / brilliant // bad / terrible

beautiful /gorgeous //ugly/ hideous

interesting / fascinating // boring / tedious

expensive/ over-priced // cheap / bargain

modern / hip / trendy // old-fashioned / out-dated

gentle/ calm // angry //hot-headed

big / massive / huge // small / tiny

important / significant //unimportant / insignificant

tiring / exhausting // relaxing / peaceful

Make sentences with the new vocabulary

detest / gorgeous / hustle and bustle / peace and quiet / tedious / fascinating

Anh’s Thai girlfriend is simply ………

She loves shopping, however Anh ……… it !

Bangkok is ……….. lots of energy, lots of ……….

He will take her to Hoi An for some …………….

Now he’s going to work. Sometimes it’s great, but sometimes it’s ………

Vocabulary – Film

box office / trailer / concessions / multiplex / genre / adverts / Dolby surround 

What genre of films are there ? Which are your favourites ?

How often do you go to the cinema ? Once a week, once a month, less often, only if there is a good film playing. http://www.english-in-chester.co.uk/e-learning/lesson/film-vocabulary/

What do you think about this trailer ? 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q0CbN8sfihY

Vocabulary: kitchen equiptment

What do I need for my kitchen ?

Some items are essential (very important) Some are useful

Some are luxury items (don’t really need them)

EXAMPLE: I think a fridge is essential. However, a meat slicer is a luxury item.

toaster
cooking pots
set of knives (one knife, two knives)
food mixer
microwave oven
plates and cups
meat slicer
refrigerator (fridge)
kettle
vegetable peeler
kitchen timer

What are they made of and what are they used for ?

EXAMPLE: A toaster is made of metal and is used to toast bread.

What do you need …. ?

What do you need to make pho ?

What do you need to ride a motorbike ?

What do you need for a party ?

What animals do you need for a zoo ?

What do you need to do before you go out ?

Women wear perfume, men wear after shave

Sentence building

Sentence building – verb practice

REMEMBER: ‘to be’ is different:

I am busy / you are busy / she is busy

I was busy / you were busy / she was busy

I was quite busy / really busy / I was extremely, incredibly busy !

I have been busy / you have been busy / she has been busy

Look at this picture: describe what you see

First – what is the subject ? A man

What does he look like ? Adjectives

What is he wearing ? Colour, material, pattern

Where is he ? What is he doing ?

A young man with short dark hair, dressed in a dark suit, white shirt and black and white spotted tie is sitting in a restaurant or coffee shop. He is drinking from a small white cup. We know he is drinking damn fine coffee !

Write the subject first ( A young man ). THEN, you can use pronouns (he).

Write long sentences for one of these pictures.

Speaking Practice

Colin Good morning, I’m Colin.

Mike Pleased to meet you, Colin. I’m Michael but call me Mike.

Colin Thanks, Mike. Have you worked at ….. long ? (a long time ?)

Mike Yes, quite long; about five years. Oh, I like your phone.

Colin Thank you. It’s an LG which is much better, I think, than Apple.

Mike Where did you get it ? (buy it)

Colin Tokyo, where there are so many phone stores.

Mike I really want to go ! Have you met Ms Mi who works in HR ?

Colin Not yet … but she looks very pretty ! (gorgeous / adorable)

Exercise 2

Ben Excuse me … is this seat taken ?

Fred I’m sorry ?

Ben May I sit here ?

Fred Oh,by all means. I’m Fred.

Ben Pleased to meet you, Fred. I’m Ben. Are you German ?

Fred Yes, from Berlin, which is the capital. I’m here for three days.

Ben Then you should go to Ben Thanh market where you can buy a Rolex.

Fred Too expensive. My job is great but the salary is terrible !

Ben Ms Na, who works in HR , has a Rolex. Only 400 000 VND.

Fred Really … ? Fake ?

Ben That’s it ! Made in China ! You have a meeting here ?

Fred Yes, with Ms Na; she is gorgeous and so adorable… is she married ?

Ben Yeah … she’s my wife !

Exercise 3

Something is either working OR not working

The watch is working The watch is broken – it is not working

I am repairing it – it WAS broken, now it is working again. It has been repaired.

The motorbike is broken. It needs to be repaired / fixed / mended

The mechanic is repairing / fixing / mending the motorbike

It is repaired / fixed / mended

Peter Hi, Mark. How’s it going ? (how are you ?)

Mark Not bad. However, I have a problem. My laptop’s broken.

Peter Oh, dear. What kind is it ?

Mark It’s a PC (personal computer).

Peter Oh, I understand. They are good but sometimes are flawed.

Mark Where can I get it fixed? Do you know somewhere ?

Peter Sure, no problem. There are many shops near here.

Mark Can you take me ?

Peter Sorry, my bike has a problem. It’s not working.

Mark I’ll take a look. Maybe I can mendit. I enjoy fixing engines.

Peter Brilliant. It costs so much to repair a bike.

Mark And it costs so much to use Grabbike every day !

Exercise 4

Dialogue practice (ordinal numbers, phrasal verbs, future tense)

Harry and Martin are chatting at work.

Harry What are you going to do tonight ?

Martin I will knock off about 6, then I’m going to the cinema.

Harry What are you going to see ?

Martin Not sure. My girlfriend’ll choose. I’m picking her up later. 

Harry Sounds fun ! I’m going to drop off my laundry, then I’ll go swimming.

Martin What days are your taking off for Tet ?

Harry The 14th, 15th and 16th. Then I’ll come back to work.

Martin Why ? Do you have to finish off some work ?

Harry No, I want to start working on the 4th German project.

Now practice – in small groups or pairs, what are YOU going to do tonight or on your free day ?

Tokyo Deli for sushi
Keep fit, join a gym
VinCom centre, Vietnamese shopping mall.
Play computer games

Example:

After work, I will go to the cinema // This weekend I want to drink beer

Tonight, I’m going to meet some friends // I will hang out with my Thai girlfriend.

Use adjectives and extend the sentences:

After work, I will go to the big cinema at Diamond Plaza to see a new American movie.

On Saturday, I’ll (I will) meet my beautiful Thai girlfriend and we will eat delicious and healthy sushi.

Travel Language

What do we do when we go to the airport to catch a flight ?

Take a taxi/ buy a ticket / board the aeroplane / go through security

claim baggage / go thorough immigration / go though customs 

check in / buy duty-free / pack your bags

Questions:

You are flying from Sai Gon to Hue. Where do you go in the airport ?

What will you do at check in ?

What documents do you need ?

How can you check in ? Two ways …

What happens at security ?

Warm up exercises

Things you love, things you hate ! Try to make long sentences using adverbs and discourse markers (linking words such as furthermore, additionally, however, although etc)

What do you see here ?

Start with the subject or subjects.

What are they doing ? Where do you think they are ?

Describe them – use adjectives

Describe the area.

Adult Class, Level 3: The Times They Are A-Changing

2nd December for 3rd December 2019 AEF Listening p. 72 & Review p. 103

This block of lessons is something of a mixed bag; there’s a long listening piece, a review with a chunk of text, and a printed scenario for speaking practice. Listening is perhaps the hardest. Consequently, the students can be less than engaged with the lesson, faces fall and participation plummets. Although my hands are tied – I have to teach this assigned lesson – I can endeavour to bring it alive, take it off the page and into context.

To kick off – let’s go over the highlighted text and focus on ‘less than’.

In plain English, I would say, “The students will be bored.” This is rather hard and sets a negative tone so, using British politeness, I soften the language. We practised a similar technique in a previous lesson. To recap, how would you describe this gentleman:

Image result for fat man

We can all see that the gentleman could benefit from going to the gym and maybe reducing his intake of unhealthy food, but we want to be polite and not blunt (or indeed, rude). Consequently, we would say:

“He’s not the thinnest man in the world.”

Here’s how it works – we take the negative adjective (here, and excuse the impolite word, it would be ‘fat’, maybe even ‘obese‘), then apply the opposite (‘thin’) and use it in the superlative form (thin, thinner, thinnest). We simply form the sentence by saying that the subject IS NOT the opposite superlative form – he IS NOT the thinnest man … Try these two for practice – there may be more than one negative adjective you could use:

Image result for Urkel
Image result for confused by computer

Now, today’s expression (and expressions are vital for boosting students’ English up to the next level) – ‘less than’ – what sentences could you make here ? The subject could be the man, the film or, more generally, cinema today.

Image result for bored by film

Examples: The man is less than excited by the film // The man is less than engrossed with the movie // The film is less than thrilling // Films today are less than intelligent.

This item comes from China:

Image result for bad product from China

Products from China are less than perfect // less than top quality // less than well-made. Finally:

Image result for Terrible karaoke singer

Movin’ on; Tonight’s listening is about a ‘boys’ night out’. What do you think that means ? If they had a friend visit Sai Gon and he asks for a ‘boys’ night out’, where would they take him ?

Image result for Food shopping
Shopping in a supermarket ?
Related image
Bui Vien backpacker street ?
Image result for saigon opera
Sai Gon Opera House ?
Image result for visiting relatives in hospital
Visting elderly people in hospital ?
Image result for clubbing in Asia
Going to a club and meeting new people ?
Image result for library
Late night at the library ?

How do you think this man spent his boys’ night out ?

Image result for massive hangover

And now for something completely different; what do you think of this man ?

Image result for bob dylan in hoodie

What’s My Line. I will pretend to be this man answering questions truthfully, and the class have to guess what this man does.

Firstly, are the following true or false ?

This man is said to be worth $180 million.

He is married to the Queen’s grand-daughter

He was arrested in 2009 because the police thought he was a homeless person.

He travels a lot for work, around the world.

In 2016, he tried to become President of the USA

He has a Noble Prize for Literature in 2017 although he has only published two books.

Class must now ask open questions and from my responses, have to guess why I am famous.

He is, of course, a singer-songwriter, an icon of the 1960s, and still releasing music to this day.

Here’s one of Dylan’s early songs:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=90WD_ats6eE

Now the students chance. In small groups, they can select a famous person and the other team(s) have to guess who they are. We can limit the guessing to a certain number of questions, or fix a time limit.

A variation on this game is to have a student sit in front of the board and write a name behind them. The student has to ask question and the rest of the class can only answer ‘Yes,’ or ‘No.’ For example, I could write HARI WON and the student could ask:

Am I a man ? // Am I alive // Am I famous ? // Am I old ? // Am I on TV ? // Do I play sports professionally ? // Do I act ? // Am I in the news a lot ? // etc