18th February 2022
By using discourse markers, students will be able to link their ideas together as well as increasing their fluency. Consequently speaking for two minutes without pauses or hesitation will be a piece of cake.
There is a great list on another blog: https://aliciateacher2.wordpress.com/grammar/discourse-markers/
I recommend students learn at least two from each section
Using discourse markers: I give teams two words which they have to incorporate into a short passage.
EXAMPLE: ‘therefore‘ and ‘subsequently‘
The class had an extremely important speaking test, therefore they should have studied hard. One student preferred to play video games all night. Subsequently, he failed the exam and his mother, who is a real tiger mum, was absolutely furious.
having said that & furthermore
moreover & consequently
initially & eventually
likewise & specifically
meanwhile & notwithstanding
on the whole & instead
Using discourse markers to tell a story
An exercise where students have to relate a story based on several photos may be found on this previous blog: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/01/06/ielts-4-5-speaking-class/
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