Adult Class Level 3: Storytelling, part 3

31st March 2020

The story so far … we have two young Asian cousins who are about to meet each other, after a long time. Boram, a caring, thoughtful young music student, is going to the train station to meet Leon, also a musician, who is travelling to Seoul but doesn’t know the city. Despite having a busy schedule, Boram insists upon meeting Leon and making sure he is safe.

After his journey, Boram feels certain Leon must be hungry and in need of coffee. She decides to take him to a great cafe near the station. They can talk and get to know each other.

CafeHopping in Korea – 6 Cafes You Must Not Miss In Seoul ...

Boram pays for the drinks, and they go to find a table:

SEOUL, SOUTH KOREA - Image & Photo (Free Trial) | Bigstock

Here, there are introducing themselves. The conversation may go something like this:

Boram: How was the journey ? Are you tired ?

Leon: No, I’m Ok, thanks. This coffee looks great. Wow, how long has it been ?

Boram: Hhmmm, let me think … it must be six years since we last meet. How are your parents ?

Leon: Both very well, thank you, and they send you a little present. So, mum says you play piano ?

Boram: Violin. I play in the university orchestra. You’ve grown so much !

Leon: Of course, I’m not ten anymore haha. You play ? Can I hear you sometime ?

Boram: Actually, I’m playing this afternoon. If you like, I can take you and introduce you to some of my friends.

Leon: That would be cool. You are so kind. I insist on buying you lunch to say thank you.

That was a fairly natural exchange of pleasantries. They both appear nice people, and very polite. However, it is not very exciting or interesting. So, let’s make Leon less grateful and more self-centred:

Korea's Unique Coffee Culture | Seoulinspired

Boram: How was the journey ? Are you tired ?

Leon: Oh, man … it was like … boring, you know. No hot girls on the train.

Boram: Oh. Sorry. How is your coffee ?

Leon: It’s terrible, We have much better in Busan. This place is lame. Don;t you know any cooler joints ? You look a bit boring. Mum says you’re a musician ?

Boram: Yes, I play vio…..

Leon: I’m a musician, I play bass in a radicle hip-hop, thrash-metal band.

Boram: I’d love to hear your band.

Leon: Ha ! I don’t think so. We don’t make music for little girls. This is real music.

Boram: Oh, well, would you like to hear my orchestra play ?

Leon: Yeah.

Boram: Great ! We are playi …

Leon: No, idiot, I’m joking, I can’t listen to that old crap ! Hey, can you give me some money ?

What do you think of Leon now ? Not so nice, hey ? See how he interrupts Boram, mocks her music and then demands money ? He’s a ‘nasty piece of work.’

Let’s turn the tables. How about if Boram, despite looking angelic and ‘butter-wouldn’t-melt- in-her-mouth’ appearance, is in reality arrogant, impatient and thoughtless.

Leon: It is so nice of you to meet me. I haven’t been to Seoul before on my own.

Boram: I had no choice. My mum made me, I don’t want to waste my time here.

Leon: And thank you for buying the coffee. I was really tired.

Boram: Mum gave me the money. Come on, drink it then I can go. I’ve got more important things to do.

Leon: Oh, I don’t want to keep you if you’re busy …

Boram: ‘Busy’ ? I have rehearsals in two hours and I have to go all the way across the city to meet you. Ridiculous, a grown man like you needs me to hold his hand.

Leon: Really, if you need to go, it’s ….

Boram: Well, if you say it’s Ok, I’ll go. You know the way ? If not just ask someone or, I don’t know, get a taxi. Do you have my phone number ?

Leon: No, what is i… ?

Boram: Oh, it doesn’t matter, I’m to busy to pick up. I gotta go.

That should change our perception of Boram. Not so friendly now, is she ?

Try writing short dialogues for different situations:

1: Leon really wants to see the top museums

2: Boram wants Leon to meet her friend, she thinks they would be good together

3: Leon is having an interview for a job and he is very nervous. Boram supports him.

4: Boram wants to take Leon shopping for new clothes. Leon likes his clothes and they have a playful argument.

5: They discover they really don’t like each other but they have to stay together because they are family.

I'm Stuck At Home. So I'm Making Dalgona Coffee! - YouTube

And now … what to do if you’re stuck at home, self-isolating, and have lots of time to kill. My internet friend, Rachel Kim, from South Korea has a tip about a new craze sweeping her homeland:Dalgona coffee:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s8mw3qbSjBQ&t=735s

Adult Speaking Class, level 3: Storytelling

29th March 2020

This lesson is to encourage students to think creatively, and to help them with sentence buildings by encouraging the use of discourse markers and complex sentences.

Additionally, here is a golden opportunity to utilise adjectives and adverbs, so often conspicuous by their absence, not to mention a chance to create dialogues where characters can use idioms, expressions and features of everyday real English.

Let’s kick off (start) with an example.

Storytelling

Describe these two people. What are they wearing ? What are their personalities ? What do you think they do ? How do they meet ?

Students can here perform a task suited to their level.

Firstly, just describe the photos. Remember do not start with a pronoun (he, she, it). Instead, tell me what you see.

Example: I see a young lady with a bow in her hair NOT She has a bow in her hair.

For more advanced students, explain more about the young lady. Do you think she is beautiful (or pretty, cute, adorable, gorgeous) ? What are her origins ? She looks Asian, but she could live anywhere in the world. Describe how she looks and what she’s wearing. What do you think her personality is ?

After, do the same with the young man.

For advanced students, look at the background. The young lady is standing in a white room, with a book and some flowers. What does that suggest to you ? White is often associated with purity and innocence. Flowers could be sweet and feminine (although different flowers have different significance in different cultures), while the book indicates education and intelligence. Her hair bow appears to have musical notes as a pattern, so possible she is a musician ?

As for IELTS students, write a description then replace any basic words with low-frequency vocabulary (example, replace beautiful with gorgeous, stunning etc).

Now, let’s get creative:

Write a short story using dialogue and adjectives.

MOTIVATION: why do the characters do what they do ?

PLOT: what happens … and why ?

CHARACTERS: make sure each one is an individual and speaks differently.

Ideas:

Where do they meet ?

How do they meet ?

How do they know each other ?

What do they think of each other and how do they express it ?

EXAMPLE:

Boram, a young Korean lady, is at home getting ready to go out. She has put on her favourite white and pink dress and, with her lucky pink bow in her luscious chestnut hair, looks absolutely stunning.

Today she is going to meet her cousin who is coming to Seoul for the first time. Boram needs to practice violin, because she plays in the university orchestra and they have an important concert coming up, however, she is concerned about her cousin getting lost in the big bewildering city. That is typical of Boram, always putting other people first. She is a very sweet and thoughtful caring lady.

[In the first sentence I named the lady – Boram. Therefore, we can use a pronoun – she – because we know the subject]

Tell me about her cousin, Leon.

Now, try the same exercise with any of these situations:

Ethnic indian mixed race girl and black guy in library | Premium Photo
American Jewish Committee | The Electronic Intifada
Lost Pensions – SJ Financial Solutions Blog

Next time, we can work on dialogue … have fun and STAY SAFE

Adult Speaking Class, Level 2. Theme: Plan a luxury day

12th March 2020

Grammar: second conditional

Object: encourage creative thinking and sentence building.

Vocabulary: expressions related to money

Image result for luxury life

What would you do IF you were a millionaire ?

What would you do IF you were a millionaire for a day ?

Image result for trading places

Second conditional – this is used for a situation that is not impossible … but not very probable.

If I had a million pounds, I would … (stop working !)

If you had a billion $, you could … (buy an island)

If + Sub + had …, Sub + would / could

If you had unlimited money, what would you do ?

Plan a luxury day

How would you spend a luxury day ? 

To develop narrative writing / speaking – use words/phrases such as:

Firstly, initially, I would start, it would kick off with …

secondly, thirdly etc

after that, afterwards, following that, and then …

for a change, as a contrast, for a break, to take a break from all the …

lastly, I’d end up, I’d round the day off with

Example:

To kick off, I would have salmon breakfast at a five-star … no, seven-star hotel. After that, I would go shopping for some suits and ties and then drive around London in a Rolls-Royce car, chauffer-driven, of course.

To take a break from the hustle and bustle, I’d relax at my hotel spa, then go for afternoon tea at another top hotel.

Lastly, I’d round the day off with a helicopter trip around the city and then fly direct to a stadium and go to my VIP (Very Important Person) seat to see one of my favourite bands play live.

Your turn:

You could:

luxury breakfast
luxury spa treatment
horse-carriage ride
shopping
luxury yacht
Attend a play at a London theatre
See Barcelona play

OR add your own ideas

Where would you go ? What would you do ? What would you buy ?

Expressions connected to money

A ton of money = very much money

Having money to burn = having more money that someone needs

It costs an arm and a leg = something very expensive

Money talks ! = having money can solve many problems

Rolling in it = having so much money (‘it’ refers to money)

Swanky = slang for very expensive or elegant (it’s a swanky restaurant)

However, as Shakespeare said,

Image result for all that glisters is not gold quote

Would money make you happy ?

Can money buy you health, love or happiness … maybe that is for another lesson.

Adult Speaking Class, Level 3. Theme: London

3rd March 2020

Image result for london

London, my hometown, is a multi-cultural world city. However, there are some problems. For students who live in S.E. Asia, the weather will be awful; grey skies, bitter wind, freezing, depressing rain.

A second factor is money. Unless one has a good job and a good income, London can be a hard place to live.

How can you afford to live in London ?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qz9fZLamyy0

Image result for how can you afford to live in London ?

How many words and expressions do you recognise ?

How does she link her ideas together and keep talking ? 

REMEMBER: listening to native speakers in a great way to improve your English. I suggest you only listen to SHORT pieces … maybe just ten or twenty seconds. Write down any new words or phrases. Listen again, then repeat. Speak along with her. Listen to how native-speakers link words and use intonations. Notice how often we use expressions.

Quick thinking

What famous buildings or attractions can you think of in London ?

Image result for london
Image result for london
Image result for Harrods
Image result for british museum

To help you, here’s a video about Top 10 London Attractions

London Attractions: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L0r0VTos_wU

Which ones appeal to you ? Expand your sentences. Explain why you are interested. Conversely, say which ones don’t appeal to you, again giving your reasons. Try to incorporate these idioms:

Not my cup of tea – a polite way of saying you don’t like something

Right up my street – something that you really like or enjoy

EXAMPLE: I don’t want to go to the ballet, it’s not my cup of tea. However, watching a football game is right up my street.

London, naturally, is a big city and you will probably have to use buses or the Tube (underground trains) at some point. So how to get around ?

Getting around in London

Travelling in London – buy an Oyster Card: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LlZ_xDx2Zl0

Image result for London oyster car

Watch the video then explain how someone can travel on public transport in London.

Now, this video is chockablock (full) of new words and expressions. I’ve selected a sample:

about which more later  / bank fees on transactions / hang around

get in everybody’s way / money put onto / top-up / cap

pay-as-you-go / stick (as verb) / as long as it’s nice and fresh / escalator

as far as …. concerned / obvious /on no account swipe

you’ve got to / the thing about …… is / particularly weirdos

get charged  / get skinned / reasonable  / Routemaster

Now, by listening to the video, and using a dictionary, you try to make some sentences using these new words or phrases.

Here are some examples for you:

On no account tell anybody your PIN number for your bank card.

Prices are so high in central London, you can easily get skinned (pay TOO much).

The thing about the British Museum is that is can get so crowded.

Don’t stand in front of the escalators or you will get in everyone’s way.

Give a summary of ‘getting around’ London by public transport. 

What are the ‘dos and don’ts’ ? 

How many different kinds of transport is the Oyster valid on ?

Famous Londonders – real and fictional

Who is the most famous detective in literature ? Most of you would probably say Sherlock Holmes … but have you read him ? This is a great site for English learners – literature but in simple, everyday English

Image result for sherlock holmes

Sherlock Holmes Investigates: https://www.english-online.org.uk/reading/elementread.htm

Description Game

Describe a household object

Image result for union jack kettle

Example – a kettle

I am an English man, so I always drink damn fine tea. In order to make tea I naturally need boiling water. In my house I have an appliance which boils water. It plugs in to the electric and can boil water in just a few minutes. However, it has no other purpose.

Think of something you use everyday – but don’t make it too obvious.

Maybe: a rice cooker / washing machine / laptop / motorbike / food blender etc

Image result for union jack purse
Image result for umbrella
Image result for remote control

Adult Speaking Class, Level 3.

17th January 2020

A collection of exercises and features aimed at the advanced student.

Contents

British culture (Charles Dickens, William Shakespeare)

Politics

Speaking games

Speaking practice

British culture

Image result for british culture

Charles Dickens

Related image

Here’s a little video about the famous short story, ‘A Christmas Carol’ by the British writer (start video at 1.27 – 1.55):

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SrYIMmUTFdo

Debtor’s prison = people were sent to prison if they couldn’t pay their debts.

Famous Shakespearean quotes:

Image result for shakespeare

Match the quote to the play !

To be or not to be // Romeo and Juliette

Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears // Hamlet

Now is the winter of our discontent // A Midsummers’ Night Dream

A plague on both your houses // Julius Caesar

Lord, what fools these mortals be ! // Richard III

Watch an excerpt from a performance at Shakespeare’s Globe in London

Image result for globe theatre

How much can you understand ? : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2WiVaQheUfE

Politics

In December 2019, The UK had a general election. USA have their election at the end of 2020.

Image result for british general election 2019
Image result for us election 2020

Idioms and collocations

campaign / victory / vote / party / voter 

It was a long and dirty election _________which divided the country. The Conservatives won a landslide _________ in the last general election. I usually cast my _________ for the candidate who is more business friendly. The problem with two _________systems like the USA’s, is not all views are represented. I’m a typical floating _________ , I never decide how to vote until the day of the election. 

If you elect me for President, I will make a difference. I will lower taxes for every citizen and I will make sure that every worker gets a fair deal. I will not stand by and watch the poor and the needy being downtrodden. 

Conversation:

How long is a political term in your country ? 

Do you think it’s important to vote? 

If you were elected leader of your country, what law would you change first? 

Watch this clip. Could this happen in your country ? (politicians attacked) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kKdDnMwnV_o

Image result for politicians attacked
Protests in Hong Kong Parliament

Speaking game

Build a character

You will see some character information. Use this to create a character for yourself. 

Take some time to think. Put some effort into this by using the facts and incorporating them. 

EXAMPLE:

Lee Morgan 27 musician born Chicago resides Sai Gon not married

Likes music ! barbecue and spicy food cinema going to clubs and dancing

Dislikes early mornings 9 – 5 jobs Vietnamese food traffic no-smoking ban

Hi, my name’s Morgan, Lee Morgan. I’m 27 and I hail from Chicago, Illinois, which is a dynamic city, but pretty damn cold in winter; icy winds and snow. I’m currently living here, in HCM or Sai Gon, whatever. I’m still single, haven’t found the right girl yet but there are a heap of cute ladies in Vietnam, right ?

I’m a professional musician so, of course, I love music, it’s my passion. I also really love barbecue and hot, spicy food like chilli or gumbo. Yeah, what else … oh, I also enjoy taking in a movie, but at the cinema, not on DVD … no atmosphere at home. Because I finish work late, I often find myself going to clubs and dancing the night away. Great way to meet women, too !

What I’m not crazy about is getting up early. I never get up before noon, no way ! Oh, yeah, sorry to say, I really can’t find any Vietnamese food I like, hey, sorry. Some of it’s OK, but it’s just soup and noddles and bones ! The traffic is another pet hate, it’s hellish and absolutely dangerous. Lastly, I’m a smoker and I want to smoke where and when I want. I hate that I get told not to smoke.

If you have just met, what questions could you ask Lee ?

Remember – nothing too personal. When he answers, show interest, maybe add information about yourself.

BACKCHANNEL – say ‘yeah’, ‘oh, right’, ‘really ?’ etc

Example:

I was born in Hue but I grew up in Na Trang.

Really ? I’m from Na Trang. When did you move to HCMC ?

I like sports.

Me too. I play badminton every week and football every Sunday. 

We’ve been married for three years but no kids.

Why not ? What is wrong with you, or is your wife too lazy to have kids ?

(this is not considered a correct or polite thing to say. Instead, change the subject)

Kenjie Ozu 24 medical student born Tokyo resides Sai Gon engaged

Likes Jazz music / keep fit / karaoke / meeting friends / computer games

Dislikes noise and pollution / smoking / animal cruelty / fast food 

Rob Forster 31 lawyer born Sydney resides Sai Gon married, 2 children

Likes barbecue and beer / jogging / investing money / repairing cars / rugby

Dislikes lazy people / Vietnamese traffic / nagging wife / housework / liars

Vu Nugyun 43 security guard born HCMC resides HCMC married, 2 kids

Likes sitting / sleeping / smoking / beer / karaoke / gambling / shouting

Dislikes work / his boss / exercise / when his wife asks for money / foreigners

Hank Douglass 30 shop manager born San Francisco resides Ha Noi single

Likes investing / gambling / baseball driving / fast cars / action movies

Dislikes housework / romantic films / tipping / drunk people / police / recycling

Speaking practice:

Boz I don’t get much time to read, but I’d like to improve my English. Any tips ?

Pip Well, maybe you could give Dickens a go. Oh, some of his books are 1000 pages.

Boz Bloody hell ! Who has time or energy to read 1000 pages ! 

Pip Hold your horses, he also wrote short stories. ‘A Christmas Carol’ is very famous.

Boz Hang on … yes, I know … Ebenezer Scrooge, right ? I’ll download it later.

Pip Of course, the most famous writer is Shakespeare. ‘To be or not to be…’

Boz Not sure that’s my cup of tea. I prefer something a bit more modern.

Pip Conversely, watch a version. I went to see a play in London, at the Globe.

Boz The reconstructed theatre ? I saw it on the news. It looks really cool … and cold !

Adult Speaking Class. Theme: Love and marriage

11th January 2020

Love and marriage

Image result for wedding

Idioms, collocations, expressions, phrasal verbs

tie the knot / getting spliced / = getting married

(collocation – to get married)

He went down on one knee and popped the question = proposed.

It was love at first sight. She knew he was Mr Right.

He proposed but she turned him down = he asked but she said ‘no.’

They changed their minds, he got cold feet now they have called off the wedding.

I love weddings; it’s a chance to dress up and show off.

How do these differ ?

Going on a date / going out / meeting for coffee 

Philipe and Julie have been ………. for five months (they have been dating)

You want to speak more with someone as a friend

You want to meet someone alone, and maybe start a romantic relationship

FREE SPEAKING

What’s the best thing about being in a relationship? What’s the best thing about being single? 

What headings would you put these under ?

Life is more fun than being alone. Problems are easier to solve.

We have total, 100% freedom ! Do what we want, when we want.

We have less responsibility.

No lonliness

If you meet someone you like, you can ask them out on a date.

There’s a time to play and a time to settle down and raise a family.

No in-laws !

How do couples meet ?

How did you meet your: wife / husband / boyfriend / girlfriend / partner ?

Image result for meeting people for dates

Listening practice: How did these couples meet ? This video was shot (filmed) in New York, so it will be American English: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n6rYRyoqpeI

New Vocabulary

Make sentences based on the pictures:

shocked / delighted / lonely / frustrated /overwhelmed /surprised / confused / relieved

Remember: you can increase sentences by using adjectives – just say what you see. Basic adjectives such as colours, sizes or materials will all add to your word count and make your speech more interesting (as well as improving scores in tests).

How does the woman feel ? What does she look like ? What is she wearing ?

I was delighted when I received your wedding invitation. (FIRST PERSON ‘I’, or use the THIRD PERSON – he/she/it/ a name)

The lady was delighted.

The young lady was delighted.

The beautiful young lady with long straight blonde hair, and wearing a pretty pink top, was delighted.

The young woman, who has long straight blonde hair, was delighted by the invitation.

Now you try:

Blind date TV show (this is from UK 1994)

Do you have game shows like this is your country ? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dj_ewz53Frk

Image result for Blind date tv uk

Blind Date game:

Look at the photos of the three men and three women.

Read their likes and dislikes, and what they want out of life. 

Try to arrange matches.

How successful will the dates be, do you think ?

PETER. Age 46. Lawyer. Likes cooking, travelling, wine, driving, tennis. Divorced, 2 children. Looks for quiet lady with no children, to look after the house and him.

JAMES. Age 26. IT worker. Likes music, dancing, going to clubs, beach holidays. Single. Looks for young lady who is loud and fun, likes to party.

David. Age 22. Model. Likes fashion, clothes, cocktail bars, smoking cigars. Looking for a women who is a model so we can look great together. Must be very beautiful and wear expensive clothes.

And now the ladies: which woman would be the best match for these men ?

Jane. Age 22. Likes fashion, clubbing, kittens, holidays in the sun. Looks for a man with a steady job and ‘down-to-earth’. Non-smoker only.

Lisa. 28. Banker. Likes quiet restaurants, badminton, travelling. Looks for a mature man with good income for long term relationship. No boys, please !

Emily. 20. Likes dancing, fashion, going out with my friends. Movies. Wants a young, cute boy-friend so we can go to parties together. No boring old men, please !

If the dates are successful, they could lead to weddings, married life and children … but we’ll save that for the next blog. In the meantime, here’s some clips of when the big day doesn’t go to plan. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NCkcU9h5ggc

Image result for wedding fails

Beginners’ English, Part 2

Various exercises designed for people who have just started learning English.

Contents

Grammar / contractions & questions / past continuous exercise / past tense exercise / present simple & continuous /

Pronunciation

Snow (listening & vocabulary). Theme: the weather.

Speaking practice

Vocabulary

What’s your name and basic introductions (listening & vocabulary)

Grammar

Contractions & questions (31.35 – 42.16): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IeaadwctbD4

I am John = I’m John // You are Anna = You’re Anna

Past Continuous exercise

Write positive sentences in past continuous.

I was reading a great book

subject + was / were + verb ing (+ noun, adjective + noun)

  1. you / play / cards /// you were playing cards
  2. Alice / walk / around the lake
  3. Fiona and Sam / visit / the castle
  4. we / read / a book about Australia
  5. my sister / feed / the birds
  6. Greg and Phil / count / their money

Past tense

Write in the past tense

Andrew (am) born in New York and (come) to Viet Nam in 2016. He (live) in District 1 but it (is) too expensive so he (move) to District 9. Last week, he (have) a party and he (dance) all night and (drink) too much Tiger and Sai Gon Special beer. In the morning, he (catch) a plane and (go) to Ha Noi.

In Vietnam’s capital he (see) Uncle Ho, (hear) traditional music and (buy) many Rolex watches … but they (are make) in China.

Present simple & Present continuous

Present simple & continuous exercise: use always + ing

Tony has lost the key again. He’s always losing the key. [This is permanent.]

My motorbike has broken down again. It is ………… (break + ing)

The rice is burnt ! She is ………. the rice. (burn + ing)

The security guard is asleep. He is ……………… on duty. (sleep + ing)

Pronunciation

Long vowels part 1: http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningenglish/english/features/pronunciation/longvowel1

Snow

Listening Practice: (0.20 – 1.30) cartoon – snow – beginners https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=emQSVdW-Ee4

What is the date ? Listen for the adverb ‘finally’. Why doesn’t Mum like the snow ?

What does the boy ‘put on’ ? Listen for ‘My sister and I’ What happens to the jacket ?

What do the siblings do outside ? What do they do at night and why ?

Vocabulary

shovel / mitten / scarf / jacket / zipper

What is happening here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Kp3p539C2f4

Image result for wenger zip gif"

Theme: the weather

Vocabulary:

storm = heavy rain // heatwave = time of very high temperature

flood = lots of water on the roads and streets. The street is flooded.

Idioms– it’s raining cats and dogs = it raining very heavily. 

I’m melting = I’m very hot

Reading & listening

There are often powerful storms in Vietnam. There are floods in Vietnam every year, too. This year’s floods are very bad.

Over 16,000 homes are covered in water. The situation is the worst in Yen Bai and How Bing provinces. Thousands of people are homeless. Forty people are dead. Forty people are missing: https://www.newsinlevels.com/products/floods-in-vietnam-level-1/

powerful (very strong), flood (big water), missing (we do not know where these people are, or if they are alive).

Speaking practice: 

Image result for new york cab driver

Hello, my name is John and I’m from New York. I’m a taxi-driver, and I have been in Vietnam for one year. My hobbies are dancing, watching films and playing computer games. In Asia, I have been to Thailand and Laos and I really want to visit Japan and Korea.

continuous verbs (verb + ing): I like reading.

How many continuous verbs can you see ?

Interests / hobbies 

Now you write something and introduce yourself.

Name / Job / How long have you been at (your company or school ?)

Hometown / Hobbies/ Where you want to visit

Vocabulary

Try to learn these words / expressions:

like / love / adore /

dislike / hate / detest /

and / as well as / additionally

but / however / on the other hand /

usually / normally / often /

sometimes /occasionally

And these adverbs: very / really / extremely / highly / quite / somewhat

Now make short sentences. For example:

I adore coffee as well as tea (I like coffee and tea)

London is extremely expensive. On the other hand, Thailand is quite cheap.

Vocabulary booster.

Match the words or expressions:

tired // considering

sometimes // selfish

thinking about // kind of 

type of something // exhausted

Not generous // occasionally 

Now practice using them:

I can’t go out tonight, I’m ………..

Bill is ……………. buying a new motorbike

Ms Vi only goes to visit her family in Hue ………….. because it is so far.

What ………… laptop are you using ?

Share your sweets with your friends ! Don’t be ……..

What is the best word ?

want / like / need / prefer

She likes coffee but …….. tea 

I ….. to speak English to study in USA.

He …. to buy a new Yamaha Exciter but he …… to save up money.

realise / suppose / understand / remember

I ……. we could go shopping and then go swimming.

Do you ……… when you were at school ?

She didn’t …… he was Chinese, so she spoke Korean to him !

What’s Your Name (Introductions)

What is your name ? / Possession. (listening & vocabulary 0.00 – 5.03) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IeaadwctbD4

Adult Speaking Class, Level 2 part 2

Contents

At the bank

Complaining in shops

Grammar / past tense exercise / reflexive verbs

Past time expressions

Pronunciation quiz

Sentence building and speaking exercises

Telephone speaking

Vocabulary booster

At the bank

A typical High Street bank
bank interior with counter

What can you do at a bank ?

Deposit money: put money into your account

Withdraw money: take money out of your account (at the counter or by ATM)

Exchange money: buy foreign currency

Check the exchange rate. How the Vietnamese Dong compares with other currencies

Open or close an account

Speaking practice:


Clerk: 
Good morning. Can I help you?

Customer: Yes, please. I would like to open an account here.

Clerk: OK. Do you have any ID?

Customer: I have my driving licence; is that enough?

Clerk: Well, we need two forms of ID, and something with your home address.

Customer: OK, well I also have an electric bill with my name and address on it.

Clerk: That’s fine. Just give me a few minutes to open your new account.

People at the bank

bank manager / bank clerk (UK) / bank teller (US) / security / customer adviser 

Teller: Hello. Can I help you?

Customer: Yes, please. I’d like to deposit this cheque into my account.

Teller: Certainly. Do you have your account number?

Customer: No, but I have my bank card. Is that enough?

Teller: Yes, that’s fine. OK, that’s all done!

Customer: Thanks!


What else can you do at a bank ? 

Bank charges – interest 10% APR

mortgage – a loan for a home or building

What are your opinions of this cash-flow solution ? (payday loans) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=37YZREaPvI4

Complaining in shops, returning items

https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/article/rants-raves-returning-goods-a-shop

What is the problem with the shoes ?

What are the shop asking for ?

What is the situation in your country ? Is is possible to return items ? Do you get money back or shop credit ?

What do you think of this complaint ? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xNxaDllhMyg

Grammar: Past Tense exercise

Past Tense exercise. Use the appropriate verb.

Tom (to be) born in Sydney and (arrive) in Viet Nam in 2015. He (work) as an engineer in District 1 but (want) to work near his home in Go Vap. Last week, his wife (have) a party. Firstly, she (buy) a fancy new dress and shoes then (cut) her hair. She (dance) all night and we (hear) her singing. In the morning, she (catch) a plane and (fly) to Australia.

Grammar: Reflexive verbs:

Notice the reflexive verbs: 

You may find yourself / you may ask yourself

What are they doing ?

He is shaving … /// She is looking at …

The man is teaching …… lip-reading
They are enjoying …

Past time expressions

Not for a long time / not recently / oh, I can’t recall it was so long ago

quite recently / fairly recently / about a month or so ago 

last week / last month / last year / yesterday / just this morning

the day before yesterday / a fortnight ago / ages ago / I’ve never done that

Pronunciation Quiz

What words are being said ?

Cheese or cheers / Ship or sheep / close (the door) or close (near) 

work or walk / heard or hurt / house or ours / open or a pen 

Sentence Building & Speaking Subjects

laptops / holidays / engineering / travelling

motorbikes / family / living in your hometown / modern life / traditions

Introduction

1st point

2nd point

anecdote (personal story)

conclusion

Laptops are an incredibly useful piece of technology. They can be used for work, hobbies, music, and to stay in touch with friends.

I use my laptop every day. I plan lessons and use the internet to search for lesson notes, English language games and interesting video clips to show my students.

Because I live so far from my home country, I find the internet essential. I can maintain contact with friends and family by using: Skype, Facebook, Viber, Instagram … well, there are so many social media sites.

I like Apple; I know there are very expensive, but they seem to work so well. I rarely have a problem with my computer which is great because I know nothing about IT.

There was one issue I had in Vietnam. My plug snapped and I had to buy a new cable. I eventually found a store in Quan 3. I had to wait 30 minutes but finally a man came with an ‘Apple’ plug … and it was less than half the UK price.

To conclude, laptops are part of my life. I use them every day for work, relaxing and chatting with friends.

Tips: If you need time to think before answering, use one of the following phrases:

Let me think (about it)

How can I put it … ?

What’s the word … ?

What is happening ?

Make long sentences: what are the people doing, what are they wearing, what do they look like ? Then, why are they doing it ? What is the story ?

Speaking Practise:

Holiday in Canada

Ron and Sid are on holiday in Canada. They are hungry but it’s cold outside.

Ron Come on, there’s a KFC franchise nearby. I’m starving !

Sid Sounds good, let me get my coat … and hat and gloves and scarf.

Ron Yeah, it’s freezing outside. This is worse than Sapa.

Sid Tell me about it ! It takes me 10 minutes to put all these clothes on.

Ron They have shovelled the snow so the path is safe. Are you ready ?

Sid Ready ! I love staying here although it’s so cold.

Ron According to the news, this is the worst winter for 16 years.

Sid Let’s go. I need some hot chicken.

Ron And some damn fine coffee.

Note the expressions ‘this is worse than …’ & ‘according to’

It is cold in Sapa BUT it is much colder in Canada: This is worse than Sapa.

John said Peter was leaving: According to John, Peter was leaving.

Try these sentences:

It is noisy in New York but much nosier in Sai Gon: This is worse than New York !

Karaoke was loud on Friday but louder on Sunday:

The test was hard on Monday but much harder on Tuesday:

New Boss

Nick and Fred are discussing (talking about) their new boss

Nick Have you seen the new boss ? She looks very professional and a little scary.

Fred No, I have spoken to her. She’s quite friendly although a bit serious.

Nick I like her business suit. Is it a designer label ? It looks expensive.

Fred Maybe it’s French or Italian. I think she will be dependable.

Nick She can’t be worse than the old boss. He had a screw loose !

Fred He was a little arrogant and very bossy. And hard as nails.

Nick He was crazy. According to Jerry, he didn’t want to pay any bonuses.

Fred That’s why he got such a negative backlash. I’m glad he’s gone.

Nick Jerry and I are also very glad.

Reflexive verbs:

Sam Allow me to introduce myself. My name’s Sam and I’m Australian. Good day !

Pat Hi, Sam, nice to meet you. How did you get here ? By Uber or taxi ?

Sam No, mate, I drove myself. My wife and I always drive ourselves.

Pat Yeah, taxis are a luxury. Sorry, I’m Pat. Please help yourself to beer.

Sam I like the sound of that. Are you the one that wrote me the email ?

Pat Yeah. Sorry if my English is not perfect; I’m teaching myself.

Sam No problems, you speak well. Those people are really enjoying themselves.

Pat Of course, Vietnamese love free beer but we behave ourselves.

Sam Not me ! Last time I had too much, I fell down and hurt myself.

Pat Where’s your wife ? I think I saw her earlier ? She has blonde hair, right ?

Sam Nah, she’s a brunette. She’s out buying herself a new dress. And new shoes !

Pat I get it ! I do the working, my wife does the spending.

Symbols

Sid It’s so cold in Germany. Have you ever experienced snow or minus temperatures ?

Lyn No, never, I hate the cold. Hang on a minute … yes, I was in Sapa once.

Sid I’m going there once the schools break up. Are you going to the staff party ?

Lyn Possibly. What time do the festivities kick off ?

Sid Around seven I guess. What are those pictures ? Is it for a project ?

Lyn Yeah, exactly. I have to make a presentation about countries so I’m using symbols.

Sid OK, let’s see … I know three lions means England and the eagle represents USA

Lyn The hammer and sickle, of course, is Russia. Do you know the towers ?

Sid Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur. I was there on business once. Amazing food.

Lyn How about the other two ? The first one is a mythical creature.

Sid From Egypt, near the pyramids. Remind me of the name.

Lyn The Sphinx. She has a woman’s face, a lion’s body and an eagle’s tail.

Sid The last one ? That’s Jesus … hang on a minute … I know, in Brazil, right ?

Telephone speaking

Listening practice: IELTS listening to phone numbers (0.55 – 3.06)

Listen out for:

You can get hold of me / you can reach me at (phone number) = my number is …. 

Mia:Hello, you’ve reached the marketing department. How can I help?
Rich:Yes can I speak to Rosalind Wilson, please?
Mia:Who’s calling please?
Rich:It’s Richard Davies here
Mia:Certainly. Please hold and I’ll put you through.
Rich:Thank you.

Mia:Hello, marketing.How can I help?
Rich:Could I speak to Jason Roberts please?
Mia:Certainly. Who shall I say is calling?
Rich:My name’s Richard Davies .
Mia:Just a second – I’ll see if he’s in. Hang on a moment, I’m just putting you through.

Vocabulary booster:

Match the words with their opposite meanings

generous // hard working

reliable // light-hearted

serious // arrogant

lazy // selfish

modest // unreliable