Subject Index: Beginners’ English

4th December 2020

Beginners’ English

Compilation of exercises: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/12/11/beginners-english/

The verb ‘to like’ // Beginners’ English // 24th June 2020

Beginners‘ short conversations // Beginners’ English: Short dialogues // 8th April 2020

Grammar exercises // Beginners’ English // 23rd June 2020

Grammar past continuous // Beginners’ English // 2nd July 2020

How was your day ? // Beginners’ English // 26th May 2020

Introductions – what’s your name (video) // Beginners’ English, Part 2

Introductions // Beginners’ English: dialogues // 5th June 2020

Introducing Yourself // Beginners’ English: dialogues // 25th June 2020

Past tense exercise // Beginners’ English, Part 2

Past tense // Beginners’ English // Beginners’ English Part 4

Past continuous // Beginners’ English: I was reading your blog // 2nd July 2020

Past tense pronunciation // Begs’ English: The past is passed // 7th July 2020

Phrasal verbs & collocations // Beginners’ English Part 4

Present perfect exercises // Beginners’ English

Regular & irregular verbs // Beginners’ English Part 4

Sentence building & irregular verbs // Beginners’ English // 27th May 2020

Sentence building // Beginners’ English // 5th June 2020

Sentence building // Beginners’ English // 24th June 2020

Useful sounds ‘en’ and letter ‘g’ // Beginners’ English // 20th May 2020

Vowels and it’s a / it’s an // Beginners’ English: vowels // 20th May 2020

What did you do yesterday ? // Beginners’ English // 26th May 2020

What’s it for ? // Beginners’ English // 25th June 2020

Subject Index: Dialogues and conversation used in ESL Classes

4th December 2020

Dialogues

Accountancy & business chat // Business English: Office chat // 6th May 2020

Afternoon plans // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2, Part 4

Beginners‘ short conversations // Beginners’ English: Short dialogues // 8th April 2020

Introductions // Beginners’ English: dialogues // 5th June 2020

Black Friday shopping // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2

Calling a friend at work // Adult Speaking Class, Level 1

Catching up // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2, Part 5

Canada holiday // Adult Speaking Class, level 2, Part 2

Cinema tickets // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2, Part 4

Coffee shop // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2 // 20th December 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/12/20/adult-speaking-class-level-2/

Coffee shop chat // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2, Coffee shop // 11th June 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/category/adult-speaking-class-level-2/page/2/

Eating out // Adult Speaking Class, level 2

English course //Adult Speaking Class, Level 3: Dialogue practice // 14th June 2020

Environment // Adult professionals // Adult mechanics: What can go wrong ?

General review: // Adult Speaking Class, level 2: dialogue practice // 4th June 20202

Germany // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3. Theme: Germany // 26th Feb 2020

The gym and keep fit // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3. Theme: Health // 27th January 2020

Idioms & grammar // Adult Speaking Class, level 2: Long time, no see // 12th June 2020

Idiom practice // Cat got your tongue ? // Teaching Notes // 6th June 2020

Law, embezzling // Adult professionals // Adult mechanics: What can go wrong ?

Low-frequency words and phrasal verbs // Adult Speaking Class, level 2, Part 6 24th Jan. 2020

McDonalds ordering food // Adult Speaking Class, level 2

Money // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2, Part 3

New boss // Adult Speaking Class, level 2, Part 2

Office small talk // Adult Speaking Class, level 2 // 15th May 20202

Phrasal verbs & collocations // Teaching Notes // 15th June 2020

Phrasal verbs & idioms // Teaching Notes // 15th June 2020

Poland holiday // Adult Speaking Class, level 2

Present perfect exercises // Adult Class, Level 2 // 4th July 2020

Reflexive verbs // Adult Speaking Class, level 2, Part 2

Russian meets Englishman // Adult Class, Level 3 // 4th December 2019

Short scenarios // Adult Speaking Class, level 3: Short scenarios // 10th June 2020

Small talk, idioms, dialogue practice // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2 // 8th July 2020

Symbols // Adult Speaking Class, level 2, Part 2

Tet Holiday // IELTS // 28th January 2019

Traffic // Adult C, L 3 // 25th December 2018 //Adult Speaking Class. Theme: Traffic

Young Learners, Level 6: Round, Round, Get Around

19th November 2020

Everybody Up 6, Unit 1, Lesson 4

A Beautiful South Korean Girl Wearing A Traditional Red And Black Dress  Hanbok In A Royal
flamenco | music and dance | Flamenco dancers, Flamenco dancing, Flamenco
Ronaldinho endorses far-right Brazilian presidential candidate

Can you guess the three countries ?

Divide the class into three teams, named after Brazil, South Korea and Spain. On the board write three columns or project an image like this:

Numbers One Two Three 1 2 3 Stock Photo, Picture And Royalty Free Image.  Image 8101098.

Ask questions and one player from each team has to run to the board and slap the correct number

Example: The capital of the UK is: 1 Manchester 2 Cardiff 3 London

What language do people speak in Brazil 1) Portuguese 2) Spanish 3) French

The Great Wall is in 1) Japan 2) Germany 3) China

How do you say ‘Hello’ in Spanish ? 1) Xin chao 2) Hola ! 3) Annyeonghaseyo

You can walk under 1) the street 2) the fountain 3) the train tracks

Walk around 1) the fountain 2) the stairs 3) the river

Which country doesn’t have camels (not in zoos) 1) China 2) Egypt 3) Japan

Now, run and write

Where can you:

see fish, sharks and sea creatures ? buy clothes and shoes and books and toys ? ride a rollercoaster ? borrow books ?

Now, sentence building

Show students two flashcards from previous lessons. They have to combine to form a long sentence, using the past tense.

EXAMPLE:

First I walked over the bridge then took the train to the museum

First I walk__ ______ the river then _____ the ferry to the aquarium

First we walk__ _____ the train tracks then _______ the subway to the department store.

He walk__ ______ the fountain then ______ a car to the library

She (run) ________ the stairs then __________ a taxi to the zoo

Now, guess the country: This music is from ?

Start clip around 0:40

If the class is active and outgoing, they may want to try some Flamenco dancing, in which case, Ole !

Young Learners, Level 5: What are you doing, how do you feel ?

18th November 2020

E Up Units 1 & 2 Review.

On stage | Reuters.com
What did the man do in the afternoon ? How did he feel ?

Objectives:

Ensure students have learnt the Unit adjectives (as well as new vocabulary from class)

Give students confidence to build longer, more interesting sentences

Give students sense of security to speak in class

Stress the importance of practice and practice and practice

A Warm up game:

Split class into teams. Read out a sentence in the present tense. Students have to write using the past tense. Depending on class size, students can run to the board, or work in small groups on a board in which case, make sure the writers are changed each turn.

EXAMPLE: I win a game. Yesterday …

I sleep all night. Last week I …

He rides a motorbike. He …

She acts in a school play. She ….

We read about Marco Polo. We …

They learn English at school. They …

I see a film. I …

We eat pizza. We …

Mr Paul drinks coffee. Mr Paul …

Now … pronunciation practice

From Twin Peaks: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4EsqvYBeyws

(play from 0:10 onwards)

“Damn good coffee … and hot !”

Points for the best performance

Now, sentence building

What were you doing // when were you doing it // How did you feel ?

Use the flashcards to help students form sentences

Past tense – Thay Paul's Notes

In the morning, I was riding an elephant and I felt very confident.

Adjectives are: relaxed // nervous // confident // sleepy // wide-awake // shy

Facts tell, but stories sell - Untapped Resources, Inc.

In the evening, they were telling stories and they felt very relaxed.

New vocabulary and Screen Test game

Vietnam’s famous cave: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L3zIhJrPHDQ

New vocabulary:

massive // discover (discovered) // breathtaking // even // skyscraper

Have students shout out the words as they hear them.

Questions:

1) Who discovered the cave ? 2) What kind of forest is in the cave ? 3) How long is it ? 4) How long would it take to walk ? 5) A skyscraper of how many stories (floors) could fit inside ? 6) How old is the cave ?

Vietnam beauty queen rocks Son Doong Cave - VnExpress International
In the afternoon she was exploring a cave and she felt very excited

Answers

1) a farmer 2) a rainforest 3) over 5 kms 4) a week 5) 40 stories (floors) 6) 2- 5 million years old

Young Learners, level 5: What were you doing when … ?

4th November 2011

E Up 5 Unit 2 review

First up, divide class in two teams, after playing a warm-up song: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jMcWldfg28s

One of my students has chosen the English name ‘Cherry’, so this song goes down well (especially when I try, and fail, to hit those high notes).

Now, down to business

Past tense – what is the past tense for:

eat // drink // see // become // live // travel // ride // sleep

Moving on – complete the sentence:

Why Do Jews Eat Chinese Food on Christmas? | The Nosher
The history of Jews, Chinese food, and Christmas, explained by a rabbi - Vox

Last night I _____ Chinese food

How Young Mountain Tea helped change the tea industry with Indian farm –  Aldea Coffee

Yesterday he ______ hot, sweet tea

Research seeks to help Black women sleep better - DefenderNetwork.com

She ______ all night

The Travels of Marco Polo - YouTube

Marco Polo _______ famous for his travel stories.

He ______ from I___ to C________

Thay Paul's Notes – General Notes about my English lessons and life in Viet  Nam.

In Thailand, Mr Paul _____ a large grey intelligent elephant.

20 Must-See Temples in Bangkok - Bangkok's Most Important Temples and Wats

Also he _____ many beautiful colourful temples

Now, past continuous

Make sentences using continuous form. Remember – verb + ing

Telling Stories | Heroes and villians Wiki | Fandom

What are they doing ? They are telling stories

Use flashcards. Have students ask and answer the questions. Call two students, one from each team and have them stand on a mark. Awards points for pronunciation as well as correct answers. Drill class to make sure everyone is taking part.

Next hand out six flashcards, three to each team.

Ask them, “What were you doing when I drank coffee ?” They must answer in the present continuous e.g. I was setting up the tent.

Finally, have a student mime an activity. Only that student’s team may answer.

Moving on, today’s subject is a reading exercise about exploring a cave. As a lead-in, show this video about a famous cave in Viet Nam:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L3zIhJrPHDQ

New vocabulary:

massive // discover (discovered) // breathtaking // even // skyscraper

Map Since 2001, we've provided sophisticated travelers with authentic  one-of-a-kind private luxury journeys, s… | Vietnam tours, Adventure  holiday, Vietnam holidays

Past simple and past continuous

28th October 2020 E Up 5 U 2, L 2

Warm Up: A kinetic run ‘n’ write exercise. I will say a simple sentence in the present tense; students have to write the past tense. Class can be split into two or three, depending on size, each with a different colour marker.

You act in a play / I ride an elephant / She win a competition / He read a big book / We learn English /

In English, we often talk about what we were doing at some time in the past.

For example:

Drinking Coffee Can Be Good for You, but a New Study Suggests There's a  Limit - EcoWatch

Last night I was in a café drinking coffee.

We show past tense by

1 a word or words that show the past e.g. Last night, yesterday, this morning

2 the past tense form of the verb e.g. I am = I was / he is = he was

Then we use a continuous verb to say what someone was doing i.e. verb+ing (playing, reading, working)

Young man playing guitar sitting on bed at home. by BONNINSTUDIO - Guitarist,  Home - Stocksy United

Last night he was in his room playing guitar.

Bowdon Preparatory School | Independent School for Girls, Altrincham

Yesterday she was at school writing in her book.

Round1 Moreno Valley - Temp. CLOSED - Updated COVID-19 Hours & Services -  249 Photos & 273 Reviews - Bowling - 22500 Town Cir, Moreno Valley, CA -  Phone Number - Yelp

Last week they were at a party singing songs.

How did the children feel ? They felt …

Now we can use past simple and past continuous:

When I came to class, the student was sleeping.

Fostering Curiosity in the Classroom: "What Percentage of Animals are  Insects?" |Education & Teacher Conferences

When I called my sister, she was studying insects.

Looking at the stars images on Favim.com

When I found my friends, they were looking at the stars.

Now … Your turn

When I found my friends, they were …

You Pick Strawberries - Carandale Fruit Farm
Identify Trees With Our Tree ID app - Woodland Trust - Woodland Trust
Indentifying Trees
Finding Tracks in the Snow! — Birches School

To make your English more interesting, we can change the word order:

When I found my friends, they were collecting leaves

They were collecting leaves when I found my friends

NOTICE: no comma in the second sentence

Change the word order:

When I found my friends, they were identifying trees

When I found my friends, they were picking strawberries

When I found my friends, they were finding animal tracks

And, yes, I DID ride an elephant

Past Tense: Beginners’ exercises

17th October 2020

Young Learners, Level 5 E Up 5, Unit 1

The younglings have just started learning the past tense, so here’s a brief review lesson:

London Tourist Travel Woman With UK Flag Umbrella, Telephone.. Stock Photo,  Picture And Royalty Free Image. Image 108085390.

Present tense ——– Past tense

act —— acted

go —- went

learn —— learned OR learnt

play — played

read —– read (pronounced ‘red)

ride —— rode

sleep —– slept

watch —- watched (pronounced ‘watch -t‘)

win —- won

What is the past tense ?

I act in a film. Last week I ______ in a film.

I go to London. Last year I _______________ to London.

I ride an elephant. Last month I ___________ an elephant.

I learn English. Last Saturday, we ___________ English with Mr Paul.

The monkey plays piano. Last night, the monkey _________ piano.

Piano playing monkey | Playing piano, See monkeys, Gershwin

She reads a book. Last Sunday she _____ a book.

ally gong asian girl cute mug reading book inspiration milan kundera  ignorance - Ally Gong

He sleeps all day. Yesterday he _______ all day.

Sleep may trigger rhythmic power washing in the brain | Science News

I watch the amazing Spiderman. Last week I ______ the amazing Spiderman.

Sam Raimi's original Spider-Man is a great New York movie

England win the football game.

In 1966, England _______ the World Cup.

1966 FIFA World Cup England ™ - FIFA.com

New Vocabulary

plastic // brilliant // amazing // huge // freezing // expensive // however // busker

shy // wide-awake // sleepy // confident // relaxed // nervous

City centre tribute planned for Leeds busker who died in hospital - here's  how to pay your respects - Leeds Live

This man is a __________

Humanitarian superpower' Sweden struggles to house refugees as harsh Nordic  winter looms | The World from PRX

They are very cold, they are ____________

How did they feel ?

She felt _________ however he felt ________

10 Signs A Shy Girl Likes You - See if she likes you too!

He felt ________________ however she felt ______________

Is Your Child Getting Enough Sleep? Here's How to Tell – Health Essentials  from Cleveland Clinic

Young Learners, Level 1: Final Review

29th August 2020 (E. Up 1, Lessons 1 – 8)

A chance to review the language learnt over the course

What can these animals do ?

Penguins | Newport Aquarium

A penguin can jump

A penguin can swim

A penguin can’t fly

A penguin can swim however it can’t fly

Maybe Elephant Poachers Aren't as Evil as You Think – Mother Jones

An elephant can ________________

An elephant can’t _____________

An elephant can _____ however an elephant can’t ____

70 Best Fish Names for Clever, Funny, Cute, Punny Ideas

A fish can ________________ however a fish can’t ________

How many legs does an octopus have ?

Octopus PNG

An octopus has _______ legs however I have ______ .

Ask each other:

How many arms do you have ?

How many fingers do you have ?

How many feet do you have ?

How many eyes do you have ?

How many wings do you have ?

Sunday Matinées - Wings of Desire (Der Himmel über Berlin) | Karachi -  Bookitnow.pk

What is it ? What are they ?

Strauss Bronx KD Skateboard for Kids 23 inch x 6 inch Skateboard - Buy  Strauss Bronx KD Skateboard for Kids 23 inch x 6 inch Skateboard Online at  Best Prices in India - Street Skating | Flipkart.com

What is it ? It is a ___________

REUZEL SKATEBOARD DECK – Custom Made Limited Edition by Michiel Walrave –  Schorem. Haarsnijder & Barbier

What are they ? Those are _________

What is the question: What is it ? OR What are they ?

Disney Princess 14" Fashion Doll Styles May Vary 78845-PKR1 - Best Buy
Rolls-Royce Phantom VIII - Wikipedia
Kangaroo tấn công làm 3 người bị thương ở Australia - Thế giới
We are the robots | Robots vintage, Robot, Nono le petit robot

Now … ask each other and answer

What is it ? It is a _______

What are they ? They are ______

Adjectives

Write down as many adjectives as you know … two minutes. Then write them on the board

[put class into small teams, making sure every student has a chance to write]

Join Oncub | To be a great online ESL teacher
Korean students look very happy

Tell me about these photos:

Tired students surrendering to fatigue - Strategic Psychology Canberra
Mytokri Review – Latest Coupons for Delicious Food -
Fast Car Tracey Chapman - Home | Facebook
Rolling Stones returning to North America for 15-city tour - ABC News

Beginners’ English: ‘Have to’ or ‘must’ ?

1st July 2020

Two Asian College Girls Doing Stock Footage Video (100% Royalty ...

‘must’ or ‘have to’

‘have’ is a main verb, ‘must’ is a modal auxiliary verb

have can be followed by to + verb, and can be used in different tenses 

e.g. I have to go home

He has to do his homework

I had to write two reports (past tense)

A lot of fear': Asian community a target of racism amid ...
We have to wear a face mask

‘must’ is an auxiliary verb so:

is followed by a main verb

is never used with ‘to’

I must exercise NOT I must to exercise

Why exercise is best medicine | The Guardian Nigeria News ...
They must keep fit, they must exercise

‘have to’

an obligation made by someone else

‘must’

an obligation made by yourself

I have to get a visa to enter China OR not allowed into China

New Entry-Exit Measures Issued for Foreigners Traveling to China ...

I must do more exercise [This is MY choice, not forced.]

Rapid rise in obesity in India: Facts and reasons - Education ...
I must do more exercise … I must do A LOT more exercise. I must stop eating pizza and pasta !

‘have to’

Sub + have to + infinite

POSITIVE: She has to try harder

NEGATIVE: He does not have to work tomorrow

QUESTION: Do you have to be so noisy ?

‘must’

Sub + must + base verb

I must sleep soon

You must go shopping

He must be nicer to his sister

Negative: Students must not (mustn’t) cheat in class

Question: Must we visit your family ?

Exercises: (answers at end of blog)

1. Yesterday I ________ finish my geography project.

 must
 mustn’t
 had to

2. She will ________ wait in line like everyone else.

 must
 have to
 has to

3. All employees ________ on time for work.

 must be
 mustn’t
 have to

4. We ________ forget to take the chicken out of the freezer.

 have to not
 must
 mustn’t

5. If you are under 13 you _____ to get your parents’ permission.

 have
 must
 musn’t

6. Your daughter may ________ try on a few different sizes.

 have to
 had to
 must

7. You _____ get here as soon as you can.

 must
 mustn’t
 have to

8. Do you _____ work next weekend?

 have to
 must
 mustn’t

9. Bicyclists _____ remember to signal when they turn.

 mustn’t
 must
 has to

10. Angela, you _____ leave your clothes all over the floor like this.

 mustn’t
 must
 have to

Not In My House! When You Can't Take the Mess in Your Teenager's Room

ANSWERS

1 had to // 2 had to // 3 must be // 4 mustn’t // 5 have // 6 have to // 7 must // 8 have to // 9 must // mustn’t //

Beginners’ English: vowels

20th May 2020

What is it ?

Charles Dickens: Five Novels (Barnes & Noble Collectible Editions ...

It is a book

When we speak we say ‘It’s’

it is = it’s

it’s a book / it’s a dog / it’s a pen

The words ‘pen’, ‘dog’ and ‘book’ are things; they are called nouns.

When the noun begins with a vowel (a,e,i,o,u) we use:

It is an = It’s an

EXAMPLES:

It’s an  // a e i o u

What is it ?

it’s an apple

it’s an elephant

it’s an ice cream

Orange Fruit | Fruit photography, Fruit picture, Orange fruit

it’s an orange

it’s an umbrella

Now … your turn

Ask each other:

“What is it ?” and answer “It’s an …”

An egg is number one on Instagram — Diet Doctor News
ONION | meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary
Yes, the Avocado "Epidemic" Has Come to DC, Too | Washingtonian (DC)

egg // onion //

Octopus PNG
Cute Little Pink Magical Unicorn Vector Design On White Background ...

avocado // octopus // unicorn