IELTS: Complex sentences practice

15th January 2021

Two young Asian woman studying on the desk — Stock Photo © hans3513  #17626271

Being able to use complex sentences, effortlessly, is vital in attaining a respectable IELTS score. With that in mind, this blog is to help students practise.

Quite simply, give more information about your subject.

Extra exercises and vocabulary may be found on a previous blog: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/11/23/ielts-introduction-to-complex-sentences/

Without further ado, let’s dive right in !

Tips To Ace All Bands In Your IELTS Test - Skoolmates

To form a complex sentence, we simply need to combine two pieces of information in one sentence, linked by a relative pronoun.

As with all grammar exercises, it makes far more sense to show than tell:

10 Awesome Facts About Rabindranath Tagore Which Show His Prominence

This is Rabindranath Tagore. He was a poet. He was born in Kolkata, India. He won the Noble Prize for literature in 1913.

So, we have several pieces of information. Let’s start by making a long but simple sentence:

Rabindranath Tagore won the Noble Prize for literature in 1913.

As you see, we start with the subject (Rabindranath Tagore) therefore we don’t need the pronoun ‘he’ in this new sentence.

To make this sentence complex, we just add a further piece of information about the subject, by using a relative pronoun:

who = for a person // which for a thing // where = for a place // whose = possession

The name is clearly not English, so let’s talk about his background:

Rabindranath Tagore, who was born in Kolkata, won the Noble Prize for literature in 1913.

Rabindranath Tagore won the Noble Prize for literature in 1913 is our main clause (clause being part of a sentence containing a subject and a verb).

who was born in Kolkata gives extra information but it makes no sense on its own. Therefore, it needs the main sentence to give it meaning. In grammar, this is known as a subordinate clause.

Now – we could develop this further:

Rabindranath Tagore, who was born in Kolkata which is in India, won the Noble Prize for literature in 1913.

The first subject was Rabindranath Tagore, so we used ‘who’ to give more information.

The second subject was the city, Kolkata ‘which’ is in India.

Confusion by New Order - Songfacts

Yes, confusion ! Kolkata is a place so why use ‘which’ and not ‘where’ ?

Good question; it depends on the clause:

Kolkata which is in India

India is not a person, therefore we treat it as a thing and use ‘which’. Again, show don’t tell:

London, where I was born, is the capital of the UK. [object is ‘I’, a person, so we use ‘where‘.]

London, which is the capital of the UK, is where I was born. [object is ‘capital’, not a person, so we use ‘which‘]

Let’s get back to our Indian poet. The third subject is the Noble Prize … you could add more information here (awarded every year in Sweden).

Naturally, one could write endlessly, constantly adding more information about subjects but, for this exercise, just focus on a main clause and a subordinate clause.

NOW … Your turn

Subject (comma) + relative pronoun + (comma) main clause starting with a verb:

Rabindranath Tagore, who was born in Kolkata, won the Noble Prize for literature in 1913.

Make complex sentences:

Stockholm. Capital city of Sweden. Is very expensive. Is very cold in winter.

Louise Glück. Born in 1943. Born in New York, USA. Won Noble Prize for Literature in 2020. She is a poet.

Starbucks is a coffee chain. Company founded in 1971. Company started in Seattle in north-west USA. Starbucks is the world’s largest coffeehouse chain (information from Wikipedia).

Seattle is in USA. Seattle is famous for Grunge music. Many bands such as Nirvana, Pearl Jam and Soundgarden came from Seattle.

Mozart. A famous composer. Born in Austria. Died in 1791. Buried in a common grave.

Vincom Centre. In District 1 by Hotel Continental. Largest shopping mall in Sai Gon. Has many international brands such as Hugo Boss and Ralph Lauren.

Frida Kahlo was an artist. She was born in Mexico. She was born in 1907. She painted many portraits and self-portraits.

Sergei Eisenstein is a famous film director. He was born in Latvia (then part of Russia). In 1930 he began a film in Mexico. It is about the Day of the Dead festival. This festival is every year at the beginning of November.

Louise Glück wins Nobel Prize in Literature 2020
Louise Glück – Noble Prize winner 2020
Nirvana Uploads Full Live and Loud Concert to YouTube: Watch | Consequence  of Sound
Nirvana
How a Horrific Bus Accident Changed Frida Kahlo's Life - Biography
Frida Kahlo
Films > Sergei Eisenstein
Day of the Dead, Mexico. Film by Sergei Eisenstein.
Asian Woman With Thumb Up Stock Photo, Picture And Royalty Free Image.  Image 42574102.
Good luck !

Young Learners, level 2: What are they doing in Sweden ?

Review Everybody Up 2 Unit 1 – 5

31st December 2020

Before you arrive | Lund University
Pin on Ethnic Fashion - European III

A condensed version of a longer lesson on Sweden, available here: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/05/17/young-learners-level-2-focus-on-sweden/

Review of 1st, 2nd & 3rd person continuous verbs in positive, negative & question form.

Warm Up: What are these children wearing ? I expect at least two adjectives before the noun as well as telling me how the children feel.

Moving on up, Swedish food: What do YOU want ? Ask your partner – what does he or she want ? tell the class.

I want / I don’t want // She wants / She doesn’t want

EXAMPLE:

I want meatballs however I don’t want fish.

He wants eggs however he doesn’t want semla (cake).

Swedish meatballs
Swedish fish
Swedish cheese
Filled eggs halves garnish with prawns and Swedish caviar Filled egg halves  Fyllda ägghalvor | Scandinavian food, International recipes, Swedish recipes
Swedish eggs
Swedish Potato Salad · How To Cook A Potato Salad · Recipes on Cut Out +  Keep
Potato salad
Semal cake – delicious !
Juicy Strawberry Fruit In Swedish Garden Stock Photo, Picture And Royalty  Free Image. Image 16292965.
Strawberries

NOW – what are these Swedish people doing ?

Sweden's Abba reunite to save Mamma Mia island - The Local

They are … however, they aren’t …

Pippi Longstocking, rebel and role model
15 Things Not to Do When You Travel to Sweden
81 Swedish Girls Drawing Stock Photos, Pictures & Royalty-Free Images -  iStock
File:Skilla – Wilwarin Festival 2014 05.jpg - Wikimedia Commons
Skilla, with Lisa on guitar, Nina on violin and Vanja on bass guitar
What is the Swedish Midsommar festival? | Ritual Trip

Are they writing ? No, they’re …….

Where are the children ? What can you see in the room ?

Where is the table ? Where is the bookshelf ?

Where is the globe ? Where is the window ? What would you like in your bedroom ?

Swedish Fans Parade. People Singing And Dancing. Editorial Photography -  Image of scandinavian, fifa: 121120057

Subject Index: Beginners’ English

4th December 2020

Beginners’ English

Compilation of exercises: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/12/11/beginners-english/

The verb ‘to like’ // Beginners’ English // 24th June 2020

Beginners‘ short conversations // Beginners’ English: Short dialogues // 8th April 2020

Grammar exercises // Beginners’ English // 23rd June 2020

Grammar past continuous // Beginners’ English // 2nd July 2020

How was your day ? // Beginners’ English // 26th May 2020

Introductions – what’s your name (video) // Beginners’ English, Part 2

Introductions // Beginners’ English: dialogues // 5th June 2020

Introducing Yourself // Beginners’ English: dialogues // 25th June 2020

Past tense exercise // Beginners’ English, Part 2

Past tense // Beginners’ English // Beginners’ English Part 4

Past continuous // Beginners’ English: I was reading your blog // 2nd July 2020

Past tense pronunciation // Begs’ English: The past is passed // 7th July 2020

Phrasal verbs & collocations // Beginners’ English Part 4

Present perfect exercises // Beginners’ English

Regular & irregular verbs // Beginners’ English Part 4

Sentence building & irregular verbs // Beginners’ English // 27th May 2020

Sentence building // Beginners’ English // 5th June 2020

Sentence building // Beginners’ English // 24th June 2020

Useful sounds ‘en’ and letter ‘g’ // Beginners’ English // 20th May 2020

Vowels and it’s a / it’s an // Beginners’ English: vowels // 20th May 2020

What did you do yesterday ? // Beginners’ English // 26th May 2020

What’s it for ? // Beginners’ English // 25th June 2020

Subject Index: Dialogues and conversation used in ESL Classes

4th December 2020

Dialogues

Accountancy & business chat // Business English: Office chat // 6th May 2020

Afternoon plans // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2, Part 4

Beginners‘ short conversations // Beginners’ English: Short dialogues // 8th April 2020

Introductions // Beginners’ English: dialogues // 5th June 2020

Black Friday shopping // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2

Calling a friend at work // Adult Speaking Class, Level 1

Catching up // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2, Part 5

Canada holiday // Adult Speaking Class, level 2, Part 2

Cinema tickets // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2, Part 4

Coffee shop // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2 // 20th December 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/12/20/adult-speaking-class-level-2/

Coffee shop chat // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2, Coffee shop // 11th June 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/category/adult-speaking-class-level-2/page/2/

Eating out // Adult Speaking Class, level 2

English course //Adult Speaking Class, Level 3: Dialogue practice // 14th June 2020

Environment // Adult professionals // Adult mechanics: What can go wrong ?

General review: // Adult Speaking Class, level 2: dialogue practice // 4th June 20202

Germany // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3. Theme: Germany // 26th Feb 2020

The gym and keep fit // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3. Theme: Health // 27th January 2020

Idioms & grammar // Adult Speaking Class, level 2: Long time, no see // 12th June 2020

Idiom practice // Cat got your tongue ? // Teaching Notes // 6th June 2020

Law, embezzling // Adult professionals // Adult mechanics: What can go wrong ?

Low-frequency words and phrasal verbs // Adult Speaking Class, level 2, Part 6 24th Jan. 2020

McDonalds ordering food // Adult Speaking Class, level 2

Money // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2, Part 3

New boss // Adult Speaking Class, level 2, Part 2

Office small talk // Adult Speaking Class, level 2 // 15th May 20202

Phrasal verbs & collocations // Teaching Notes // 15th June 2020

Phrasal verbs & idioms // Teaching Notes // 15th June 2020

Poland holiday // Adult Speaking Class, level 2

Present perfect exercises // Adult Class, Level 2 // 4th July 2020

Reflexive verbs // Adult Speaking Class, level 2, Part 2

Russian meets Englishman // Adult Class, Level 3 // 4th December 2019

Short scenarios // Adult Speaking Class, level 3: Short scenarios // 10th June 2020

Small talk, idioms, dialogue practice // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2 // 8th July 2020

Symbols // Adult Speaking Class, level 2, Part 2

Tet Holiday // IELTS // 28th January 2019

Traffic // Adult C, L 3 // 25th December 2018 //Adult Speaking Class. Theme: Traffic

Young Learners, Level 2: Unit Review 1 – 4

25th November 2020

Everybody Up Units 1 – 4.

Subjects: Feelings, sensations, occupations, places, clothes, food

Grammar: Yes, I am / No, I’m not ||he is / she isn’t ||Is she / is she / Are they ? ||Where is ? ||What do you want ? || He does / she doesn’t ||What’s he wearing ? / She’s wearing a …

Adjectives: plain, flowery, striped, checked, delicious, intelligent, brave, scared, hard-working

Song: “I would go out tonight, but I haven’t got a stitch to wear.”

this charming man the smiths gif | WiffleGif
The Smiths with ‘This Charming Man.’

As usual, divide the class into teams, give points to make the games more exciting.

First up: feelings

Choose some top cat students, one by one. Outside of the class, show them a flashcard (happy, sad, thirsty etc). The student has to mime or act the emotion.

Next up:

Have a small group of students hold the flashcards. Model a question e.g. “Is Tina thirsty ?” Students reply, “Yes, she is,” or “No, she isn’t,” depending on whether she is holding that card. Appoint a new teacher (thay in Viet) to ask the next question.

Moving on up: Pronunciation, intonation and stress

Thay Paul loves coffee so does his friend Agent Cooper: Students can act out the scene. Not only does it require stress and emotion, but also pacing.

No time to lose: Run ‘n’ write

What are the five senses ? One student from each team writes a sense on the board. Then say a noun – one student from each team will tick which sense applies e.g. ‘Pizza.’ Students can tick ‘see,’ ‘taste,’ ‘smell’ & ‘touch.’ ‘Guitar‘ (‘see,’ ‘hear,’ ‘touch.’)

Nouns: bird / flower / ball / juice / ice cream / coffee

What’s my line ?: What are these jobs ?

ahretec // crodot // okoc // usb rrvied // hrifgefirte //

Use students as teacher and ask :

Are they pilots ?

Answer with Yes, they are OR No, they aren’t. They’re ________

The Nurses Union of Thailand keep fighting for fair compensation - PSI -  The global union federation of workers in public services

Are they police officers ?

Jobs - Baamboozle

Are they students ?

Làm thế nào tôi có thể trở thành một đầu bếp trong 2020? Trường học tốt  nhất, chi phí, tiền lương.

Are they football players ?

Could This Be ITV's Best Sitcom? - British Classic Comedy

Are they The Smiths ?

Smiths - The Sound of the Smiths - Amazon.com Music

Snack time: What do you want to eat ? Choose six students and give them a food flash card. They must say what they want (the card they hold) and then name something they don’t want e.g.

I want soup however I don’t want salad

Change students, then model a question, “Does Max want eggs ?” Students answers could include,

“No, he doesn’t want eggs, he wants spaghetti.”

Quick fire round: Have the students ask each other, “What do you want ?” and they have to answer,

“I want [french fries] however I don’t want [steak].”

Dress to impress:

Finally, have the students describe other student’s clothes, using at least two adjectives e.g. Thay Paul is wearing a plain white shirt.

What is this young lady wearing ?

Levi's® Tie Dye T-Shirt - Women's T-Shirts in Tie Dye | Buckle

Young Learners, Level 4: intelligent insects, amazing animals

7th November 2020

Objectives: review comparatives (big, bigger than // small, smaller than // fast, slower)

Is a leopard as fast as a cheetah?

Cheetah vs Leopard - how to tell the two cats apart - The Wildlife Diaries
What are the Differences Between a Leopard and a Cheetah? - Thomson Safaris
C

Cheetahs are the fastest animals in the world. They can run up to 120 kilometers per hour. Leopards can run up to 58 kilometers per hour.

So the answer is:

No, a leopard is not as fast as a cheetah. A leopard is slower.

Is a great white shark bigger than a blue whale ?

Scientists Surprised When They Examine Stomach Contents of Great White  Sharks and Find Out What They Really Eat
blue whale | Facts, Habitat, & Pictures | Britannica

A great white shark can be 4.9 metres but a blue whale can be over 30 metres

So the answer is:

No, a great white shark isn’t as big as a blue whale. It’s smaller.

Now … your turn

Have the students take turns being teacher or Thay

Is an eel longer than a seal ?

An eel can be 4 metres long, a seal can be 5 metres

Is a panda heavier than a gorilla ?

A panda can weigh 150 kg, a gorilla can weigh 227 Kg

Is a cat as intelligent as a dog ?

Pin on Fun and Funny Stuff
The dumbest cat breed in the world

Dogs can learn over 160 words AND understand basic English grammar. Scientists think dogs are more intelligent: https://safarisafricana.com/smartest-animals-in-the-world/

Which fact or facts did you like the most ? Which was the most interesting ?

Test

When do ants sleep ? How do dolphins sleep ?

What can’t elephants do ? Is a giraffe noisy ?

How many hearts does an octopus have ?

How do butterflies taste ?

Why do camels have three eyelids ?

What is different about a hummingbird ?

How does a man penguin ask a woman penguin to marry him ?

Video captures lavish wedding ceremony for inseparable gay penguins - The  Irish News
Sea Creatures Keep The 'Love' Alive with Romantic Gestures | Oceana

The man penguin offers a stone, to help build a nest.

Young Learners, Level 2: Review … and Buster Keaton !

30th October 2020

A quick recap of recent language. Tell me what you like.

Example

Google Images (photostockeditor.com)

I like playing guitar as well as playing with elephants.

Premium Photo | Little boy who is playing with the baby elephant closely  shows love, the bond between people and elephants.
freepik.com

I love playing loud music as well as playing with big grey intelligent elephants.

Elephants are very strong as well as very hungry.

Sometimes Mr Elephant is so clever, he can play piano

Elephant decides to give piano playing a try while listening to man play

What does he like ?

Estrellas de cine clásico pasando tiempo con sus mascotas
DVD Talk

NOW, who works in a:

hospital // a school // a restaurant // a bus ?

Does she work in an airport ?

Free Photo | Smiling asian doctor with stethoscope and folder

Does he work in a school ?

The black cop who has a problem with 'Black Lives Matter' - BBC News

Do they work in a school ?

ETE Teacher Interview Questions (2018) - Isrg KB

Do they work in a school ?

la-solidaire-du-chocolat_mexican cooks – TIMEZERO Blog

What do you want ?

I want some delicious spaghetti

Spaghetti with Garlic and Olive Oil - Veggies Save The Day

Why ? Because I’m very hungry.

I want some delicious spaghetti because I’m very hungry.

What does he want ?

Vietnamese Food - The BEST Breakfast I Ate in Saigon (Bánh Mì Hòa Mã) -  YouTube
The Best Breakfast I Ate in Vietnam - Banh Mi Hoa Ma

He wants _______________ because he’s ______

What does she want ?

Why women need to drink water, especially when pregnant - Sanford Health  News

She __________________ because she’s _______

Does he want salad ?

How to Eat Healthy When You Don't Like Vegetables

Does she want steak ?

Disgust Emotions: Woman Raw Meat Hater - Stock Picture I3875973 at  FeaturePics

What do you want to eat ?

192,733 Sushi Stock Photos, Pictures & Royalty-Free Images - iStock
The Ultimate Hamburger recipe | Epicurious.com
GIANT ICE CREAM CONE! Kids Pretend Play Ice Cream Truck In Real Life -  YouTube
This pub has put the UK's biggest steak on its menu costing £125 | Metro  News
What are the top 10 foods you must try once visiting Bangkok Chinatown? -  BestPrice Travel
Full English breakfast – The Nosey Chef

Please Note: All photos are taken from Google Images or free photo sites, and are used for educational purposes only. No copyright infringement or offense is intended. If I have used your photo or image, and you wish me to remove it, just ask. This site is not monetized, I run it on my own dollar. Thank you.

Past Tense: Various exercises

21st October 2020

An omnibus of past tense exercises

Most common verbs infinite / past / past participle

Exercises

Pronunciation guide

TOP 25 REMEMBERING THE PAST QUOTES (of 78) | A-Z Quotes
because practice makes perfect

15 most common verbs:

infinite \ present // past // past participle (verb 3)

1to bewas werebeen
2to havehadhad
3to dodiddone
4to saysaidsaid
5to gowentgone
6to getgotgot/gotten
7to makemademade
8to knowknewknown
9to thinkthoughtthought
10to taketooktaken
11to seesawseen
12to comecamecome
13to wantwantedwanted
14to useusedused
15to findfoundfound

Regular verbs: just add -‘ed’. However, as you see, in this list only one common verb, ‘want’, is regular.

NOTE: ‘to be’ is different:

I am hungry / You are hungry / She is hungry / We are hungry

Now, practice: In groups of three or four, ask each other questions in order to feel more natural using the past tense. Let’s start simply:

What did you do today ? 

Each student takes turns describing their day. Use these photos to help you.

Related image
Related image
Image result for go to school
Image result for easy rider bike
Related image

Extra practice:

buy / drink / surf the internet / help parents / cook / do homework

Present tense ——– Past tense

act —— acted

go —- went

learn —— learned OR learnt

play — played

read —– read (pronounced ‘red)

ride —— rode

sleep —– slept

watch —- watched (pronounced ‘watch -t‘)

win —- won

What is the past tense ?

I act in a film. Last week I ______ in a film.

I go to London. Last year I _______________ to London.

I ride an elephant. Last month I ___________ an elephant.

I learn English.

Last Saturday, we ___________ English with Mr Paul.

Piano playing monkey | Playing piano, See monkeys, Gershwin

The monkey plays piano.

Last night, the monkey _________ piano.

ally gong asian girl cute mug reading book inspiration milan kundera  ignorance - Ally Gong

She reads a book. Last Sunday she _____ a book.

He sleeps all day. Yesterday he _______ all day.

Sleep may trigger rhythmic power washing in the brain | Science News

I watch the amazing Spiderman.

Last week I ______ the amazing Spiderman.

Sam Raimi's original Spider-Man is a great New York movie

Put these verbs into the past tense, then complete the sentences:

want ———

take ———

decide ———

see ——–

buy ——–

think ——–

learn ——–

I —— to stay in bed this morning

She —– great photos with her new iPhoneX

We have —— to go to Thailand for Tet 

Last night I —- a great film !

He —- food for Christmas from Harrods.

Tuesday ! I —— today was Wednesday

We —– about past simple in our lesson.

Pronunciation guide

In English, verb can be regular or irregular.

Regular verbs add -ed or -d in the past tense.

EXAMPLE:

I walk to work // I WALKED to work

I play guitar // I PLAYED guitar

She smiles on TV / She SMILED on TV

They dance in T-ara // They DANCED in T-ara

Want to learn T-ara's Roly Poly dance? Shinsadong talks about how he  created it on Strong Heart! | T ara eunjung, Pop t, Retro fashion

-ed past tense verbs pronunciation

Words have 3 end sounds:

‘t’

‘d

‘id’

If the word ends with: 

ch / f / k / p / s / sh / thi – The sound is ‘t’ look = ‘lookt’

t /or / d/ – The sound is ‘id’ visit – ‘visitid’

Other sounds are ‘d’ bang = ‘bangd’

What is the correct pronunciation for these regular verbs ?

Look = Looked // laugh = laughed // end = 

beg = / visit = / kiss = 

brush = / breath = / love =

Read these sentences:

He cleared up the mess / He rolled up the newspaper / I have visited India

No Homework ! That sounded good / Teacher shouted, ‘No way !’

We all worked hard today / Tom talked so much / 

The students played many games and laughed.

Top 10 Places to visit in India for First Time Traveler
They have visited India
8-year-old girl stuns playing 'complicated' Led Zeppelin song on drums -  National | Globalnews.ca
She has banged the drum !

Please Note: All photos are taken from Google Images or free photo sites, and are used for educational purposes only. No copyright infringement or offense is intended. If I have used your photo or image, and you wish me to remove it, just ask. This site is not monetized, I run it on my own dollar. Thank you.

Adult Speaking Class, level 1: Where were you and what were you doing ?

16th August 2020

Past simple/ past continuous

Look at the house map – say where you were last night and what you were doing ?

House Plan 77400 - Country Style with 1311 Sq Ft, 3 Bed, 2 Bath

EXAMPLE:

Last night, I was on the porch watering my plants

Last night (time), I was (past tense) on the porch watering (verb + ing – past continuous) my plants.

The Front Porch: An American Tradition - American Profile
Watering plants on the porch

Last night, I was in the dining room, eating dinner

Family Dinners Beneficial for Youth Development – Youth First
I was Eating in the dining room with my family

NOTICE – ON the porch / ON the deck but IN the room

To help you, match the rooms with the activities:

kitchen / dining room / great room or living room / bedroom / laundry room / bathroom / deck

watching TV / washing clothes / sleeping / cooking / studying English / sunbathing / reading / online / ironing clothes / taking a shower

Extended exercise – say who was with you

Example: I was in the bedroom reading a story to my daughter

Bedtime stories: Reading bedtime stories to kids, Child habits ...

Beginners’ English: Introducing yourself

25th June 2020

Saying Hello To Students From Home Stock Image - Image of students ...
Happy Student Greeting A Friend Stock Photo - Image of beige ...

Introducing youself:

Hello, my name is Paul and I’m from London. I’m an English teacher, and I have been in Vietnam for about 2 years. My hobbies are reading books, watching films and listening to music. In Vietnam, I have been to Ha Noi and Hue and I really want to visit Hoi An and Halong Bay.

about: with time. I have been studying English for about 6 months.

really: adverbs I am happy / I am really happy – stronger and more interesting

continuous verbs: I like to read / I like reading / She likes to read

5 amazing Nigerian books to read while traveling - Jumia Food ...

She likes reading

East indian people watching movies Stock Photos - Page 1 : Masterfile

They like watching movies

SOLO ARTIST | IU

She likes listening to music

Introduce yourself, and answer the questions:

Name

What is your hometown ?

How long have you lived in your town or city ?

What are your hobbies ?

Where do you want to visit ?

World heritage in Turkey: Historical areas of Istanbul with ...
Istanbul, Turkey
MOSCOW - RUSSIA [ HD ] - YouTube

present perfect: 

sub + have/has + verb 3 (past participle)

I have visited Ha Noi

She has eaten Thai food

We have seen Barcelona play football

COOK WITH ME | Easy Peasy Red Thai Curry Meal Prep - YouTube
She has eaten Thai food

Look out for plurals and 3rd person verb endings

I like sports / he loves cooking /

I don’t like smoking / She doesn’t like smoking

I like playing computer games/ reading books/ watching films.

He likes playing football / going to the park / studying English

VIDEO: Turkish man proposes to his fiance in front of the Kaaba ...
Brooklyn, NY - Alphabet City Chess Match Photo Captures Moment Of ...