Beginners' English: Present perfect

25th March 2020

Grammar: Present Perfect

To talk about something that happened in the past – but we don’t say when:

Subject + have/has + past participle / verb 3

I have been to Ha Noi // You have eaten sushi // He has worked in Germany

NOT He has worked in Germany last year 

Can use ‘for’ and ‘since’

I have lived in Sai Gon for 5 years // We have been working since 6.00 am

POSITIVE I have seen 

NEGATIVE I haven’t seen

QUESTION Have you seen … ?

Practice: Make these sentences present perfect

EXAMPLE – I / study / French // I have studied French

  1. She / tell / her boss she wants a holiday (tell  told)
  2. They / walk / to the shop [ verb ‘walk’ is regular so add -ed]
  3. You / work / with David for four years. regular (add -ed)
  4. His wife / not make / dinner [make made]
  5. You / take / the engineering exam ? [take took taken]

Adult Speaking Class, Level 3, Part 5

4th February 2020

Contents

Conversation practice.

Free speaking exercise: organise food for a work or university party.

Grammar: as ……. as // comparatives & superlatives // reported speech // similes //

Grammar ‘as ….. as’

Structure: as + adjective + as

Bangkok isn’t as cheap as HCM

He feels German beer is as good as Belgian beer, if not better.

Image result for man drinking 2 beers"

At 27% alcohol, Samuel Adams Utopias isn’t as strong as Nuclear Penguin which comes in at 32%.

comparative & superlative

bigger // biggest

more confusing // the most confusing

Example: 

Ha Noi is not as big as HCM but is bigger than Hue.

For me, learning German is not as confusing as learning Korean, but Mandarin is the most confusing language to learn.

We use animal similes a lot in English:

Image result for animal similes"

Example

He’s as busy as a bee

Try these: lamb // lion // mouse // dodo // bird // skunk

As drunk as a ….. // As dead as a ….. // As brave as a ……

As free as a ….. // As gentle as a …… // As quiet as a ……

Image result for drunk as a skunk meme"
If you need some help with the ‘drunk as a ……’ question.

Conversation Practice

Make sentences with these words or expressions:

In a class, write out the words on paper and distribute to the students, either individually or in groups. Give them a time limit and award points for each word used, plus bonuses for interesting or creative sentences.

spectacular / visually stunning / you get what you pay for / mouth-watering / a waste of money / significantly / according to / how can I put it ? / Somewhat / incredibly / as good as gold / as drunk as a skunk /

Reported Speech

Also known as ‘indirect speech’, reported speech is used to tell what someone has said.

Example:

Three Japanese students, Keiko, Rina & Mei are looking at their new university. Keiko, in the black cardigan says:

Keiko: Now I feel as wise as an owl.

However, with all the street noise, Mei didn’t hear so she asks Rina (who wears a pink and white striped top).

Mei: The building is stunning, but what did Keiko say ?

Rina: She said that she felt as wise as an owl.

Image result for three japanse students"

Rina uses the past tense to tell Mei what Keiko said – she said she felt as wise as an owl.

Look at these:

Susan: “Mary works in an office.” This is Susan speaking directly.

Susan said (that) Mary worked in an office. This is someone telling what Susan said.

Notice how the verb changes from present to past tense (‘works’ to ‘worked’).

Susan: “I work in an office.” 

Susan said (that) she worked in an office.

Notice how the pronoun changes from first to third person (‘I’ to ‘she’).

Exercises:

Rewrite the sentences using reported speech

1 ‘Ellie can use my phone,’ said my brother.

1 My brother said that Ellie could use his phone.

2 Benjamin: “I often have a big hamburger.”

2 Benjamin said (that) he often has a big hamburger.

(Pronoun changes from ‘I’ to ‘he’). Here Benjamin is talking about an event that happens frequently, so we keep the present tense ‘have’ but change it to the third-person form ‘has’.

Image result for african eats giant hamburger"
Benjamin frequently eats big hamburgers. Because this is a repeated action, we always use present tense, even in reported speech.

3 ‘I don’t want to sit next to Sam,’ said Jenny.

4 Hannah: “They live in Boston.” Again, this is a present tense situation.

5 Tyler: “Ian doesn’t invite girls to his parties.”

6 Linda: “Did Max fly to London two weeks ago?”

7 Robert: “Dennis often downloads the latest tunes.”

Free speaking exercise

There is a work party and the managers want to know which food to serve.

Image result for work party food"

The options are:

vegetarian / Korean / sea-food / western fast-food / traditional German cuisine

Image result for korean food"
Korean food
Image result for fast food party"
Burgers, french fries, fried chicken
Image result for traditional German food"
Traditional German food … and beer.

Discuss which food to choose. Run through the pros and cons of each one. Also think about entertainment. Use recently acquired vocabulary:

Expressions:

I adore / I really enjoy / I’m into

I don’t mind … I quite like …. I can take it or leave it

I’m not keen on …. It’s not my cup of tea (idiom, means I don’t like it)

I can’t stand (noun or pronoun) ……. (seafood) / I can’t stand it !

Spicy / bland / hard to eat / unhealthy / fatty 

not used to it / doesn’t appeal

you can’t please everyone / each to their own / fussy eater 

it’s free food – who cares ?

Image result for quotes on food"

Beginners’ English Part 3

14th January 2020

Contents

Corrections

Introductions

Student questionnaire : What do you like, What does he like, she like ?

Vocabulary booster: likes and dislikes

What are they doing ?

Corrections

Correct all the mistakes in this piece of writing:

Every days I wokes up at between 6.00 am and 6.15 am. I always usually do the same thing namely get up, brush my tooth, put the kettle in and make coffee. Nowever, on last yesterday I getted up at 5.00 because I must to go to the airport to meeting my friend.

I had a hard time get a taxi because it was cats and dogs raining. On the airport there was so much people, all looking exhausted and depressed by the weather bad. I have never come on a plane without one time when I flyed to Ha Noi.

I seemed to wait forever for my friend. Maybe she had a problem immigration. But no I seed her and she looked very cute but also exhausted and also a little smelly.

She needed to freshen up after her long flight.

Instead of wenting to home, we came to a nice coffee shop with great coffees and good music and also so many people so we having to waited for a sit. The coffee made us to wake up so then we came to home but first she wants to doing some shop. 

I taked her to Diamond plaza and we saw many shops, a whole multitude of things to see and do. We saw beatiful ao dai from silk made but it was too very expensive; it cost a leg and an arm. So instead we did window shopper which is more cheaper.

It costs an arm and a leg = an idiom that means very expensive.

Introductions:

What is your name / What’s your name ?

What is your job ? What do you do (for a living) ?

Are you married ? Do you have any children ?

[Culture note – in English, we don’t ask people’s age. It is impolite.]

How are you ?

I’m very well, thank you

I’m great / I’m good

I’m so so / I’m OK / I’m not bad = depends on intonation

I’m under the weather (this is an idiom which means a little bit unwell)

[Culture note – in English, we always say ‘please’, ‘thank you’ & ‘sorry’]

Student Questionnaire

do / have / like / love

What does he / she do ? What does she / he love but doesn’t like ?

On Mondays I have / On Mondays he has / She has …

For lunch I eat / He eats / She eats …

What do I like to do ? He likes to / She likes to …

Lessons – I love / He loves / She loves …

I don’t like / He doesn’t like / She doesn’t like …

What do I do after school or work ? What does he do ? What does she do ?

Can I juggle 3 balls ?/ Can he ? / Can she ?

Can I sing a song in English ? Can he ? Can she ?

Which songs can you sing in English ?

Vocabulary builder:

Like – love / adore

dislike – hate / detest 

Note: hate & detest are very strong !

What do you like ?

Give me two examples of things you like, and two you don’t like.

Example: I adore dogs. I detest cold weather.

He loves … He hates …. They adore …

Use adverbs to make sentences stronger: 

I really like films OR I like films very much. I really hate karaoke !

NOT: I very much like films

Negative: I don’t like Karaoke very much. They don’t enjoy karaoke.

What are they doing ?

Try to build long sentences using the continuous verb (verb + ing)

Example: What is he doing ?

He is reading

The dog is reading

The small black and white dog is reading an orange book and smiling.

Now your turn. Match the picture with the sentences then add more information:

eating and talking / singing / playing / sleeping NOT working / drinking / walking / laughing