Young Learners, Level 6: adjectives and adverbs review.

8th April 2021

No photo description available.
A typical Vietnamese breakfast; pork, noodles, fresh vegetables and noodles.

Objectives:

Encourage students to speak in long, interesting sentences.

Making the use of adjectives and adverbs a natural part of their English

Develop their ability to express themselves, giving reasons (because) and examples (like, such as)

Show them how much fun English can be by the use of idioms (once in a blue moon, it’s raining cats and dogs)

VOCABULARY BANK

Match the word(s) to the meaning

gigantic / enormous __________ everywhere

tiny / petit _____________________on time

delicious / mouth watering ___very rarely

difficult ________________________ yummy / tasty

once in a blue moon ______ big / huge

punctual______________________ clever

intelligent ____________________ hard

ubiquitous ____________________ very small

IDIOMS:

once in a blue moon

piece of cake (very easy, no problem)

it’s raining cats and dogs (very heavy rain)

NOW … practice:

Street food in Vietnam is (everywhere) ___________________ .

No photo description available.
Traditional English fish and chips. Very yummy … but what are better words for ‘yummy’ ?

Thay Paul loves fish and chips because it is (yummy)_________________ and _____________________. However, it is not very healthy so he only eats it __________________________________________(very rarely)

The man is (very big) however the lady is (very small)

May be an image of 1 person

Mr Paul is saying hello to an elephant which is a very (clever) __________________ animal.

This rabbit is always (on time) _________________

Is it (hard) ____________________ for a gorilla to play drums ? No, it is easy – it’s a piece of cake.

Don’t believe me … OK, just watch: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=La7B8mBnTXs&ab_channel=TomSinger

The capital city of Viet Nam is _____________ . It is a large( very busy) city. Motorbikes are (everywhere) ___________________. Street food is cheap and (yummy) __________________________.

However, sometimes it rains very heavily. In this photo, Thay Paul was (not happy) because ____________________________________.

No photo description available.
Ha Noi 2015, raining cats and dogs.

Adverb practice

always

usually // often // normally

sometimes

rarely

once in a blue moon

never

EXAMPLES:

May be an image of 1 person

I always eat fruit because it is extremely healthy

No photo description available.

I usually read a book when I drink coffee because I love reading.

May be an image of 1 person

I sometimes drive my car to work because it is fun. However, driving in Viet Nam is ________________________.

No photo description available.
Singapore 2019

I rarely go to Singapore because it is extremely expensive.

No photo description available.

I only go home to London once in a blue moon because it is so far away

I never smoke because it is extremely unhealthy !

NOW … your turn: tell me what you do and why.

I always … because …

I usually … because …

I sometimes … because …

I rarely … because …

Once in a blue moon I … because …

I never … because …

May be an image of 5 people and people smiling
Goodbye, Thay Paul

See you next week

Subject Index: Grammar lessons, videos and exercises

4th December 2020

Grammar

Adjectives // Young Learners 4 // 26th October 2019

Adjectives – adding adjectives, adding interest // hair styles, clothes, new vocabulary // Adult Speaking Class, Level 1 // 14th October 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/10/14/adding-adjectives-increasing-interest/

Adjectives // Adult Class, Level 1 // 14th October 2019

Adjectives: order // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2: Describing clothes // 19th March 2020

Adjectives: clothes and materials // Adult Speaking Class, L 2: Describing clothes // 19th March 2020

Adjectives: describing people // Adult Speaking Class, L 3: Describing people // 27th May 2020

Adjectives: personality // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2: What type of person ? // 19th June 2020

Adjectives: personality // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2: Extended exercises // 20th June 2020

Adjectives: personality // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3: // 21st June 2020

Adjectives // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3, Personality adjectives // 7th June 2020

Adjectives: people and hair // Adult Speaking Class, Level 1 // 14th October 2019

Adverbs // Young Teens // 21st February 2019

Adverb & adjectives // Young Learners 4 // 16th November 2019

Adverbs of frequency & new adjectives // Young Learners 6 // Cadburys Gorilla // 8th April 2021: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2021/04/08/young-learners-level-6-adjectives-and-adverbs-review/

Adverbs of degree // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2, Part 4

Adverbs of degree // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3, Part 4 // 27th January 2020

Adverbs of frequency // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2, Quick review // 7th June 2020

Adverbs of frequency // Adult Speaking Class, Level 1, How often do you … ? // 16th August 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/08/16/adult-speaking-class-level-1-how-often-do-you/

Adverbs & expressions // // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2: Adverbs // 26th June 2020

Adverb exercise // IELTS: use adverbs frequently // 3rd July 2020

Creative writing // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3: Storytelling part 2 // 30th March 2020

As … as // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3, Part 5 // 4th February 2020

Auxiliary (helping) verbs // Beginners’ English: Sentence Building // 16th March 2020

Auxiliary and infinite verbs // Teaching Notes // 9th March 2021:https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2021/03/09/students-hate-to-be-corrected-but-teachers-like-to-address-issues/

Can, could, be able to // Adult Class, Level 3 // 12th December 2019

Can, can’t, is, isn’t // Young Learners, Level 2: Senses working overtime // 3rd October 2020

Collocations // Adult Speaking Class, level 2: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/01/18/adult-speaking-class-level-2-collocations/

Collocations // Adult Speaking Class, level 2: More collocations // 16th May 2020

Comparisons and superlatives // Young Learners, Level 5 // 19th October 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/10/19/young-learners-level-5-amazon-rain-forest-quiz-and-comparisons/

Comparisons and superlatives // Young Learners, Level 5 // 9th December 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/12/09/young-learners-level-5-superlatives-and-superheroes/

Contractions (video) // Beginners’ English, Part 2

Discourse Markers // IELTS 5-6.5 // 25th September 2019 /// IELTS // 7th January 2019 //// IELTS 5 – 6.5. Writing example // 15th March 2020

First & second conditional // Adult Class, Level 3 // 22nd April 2019

Future plans Signs // Young Learners 4 // 22nd June 2019

Future plans // Young Learners 4 // 9th November 2019

Future plans // Adult Speaking Class, level 1: What will you do ? // 24th April 2020

Future tense // Adult C, L 3 // 6th November 2019

Have to or must ? // Adult Speaking Class, level 2 // 20th December 2019

Have to or must ? // Beginners’ English // 1st July 2020

Idioms // IELTS 5 – 6.5. Writing example // 15th March 2020

Idioms // Adult Speaking Class, level 2: In order to improve // 30th June 2020

IELTS

Pre-IELTS challenge: creative writing, plan a day, pronunciation // Adult Class L 3 // 30th May 2020

IELTS: Adverb exercise // use adverbs frequently // 3rd July 2020

IELTS: Mindset first day warm up // IELTS: Mindset // 23rd June 2020

IELTS: warm up games // https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/02/25/ielts-warm-up-games/

IELTS: vocabulary building // IELTS: Vocabulary activities // 24th April 2020

IELTS // idioms and vocabulary games // Preparing for speaking test // 15th May 20202

Modal verbs // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2 // 25th July 2020

‘ness’ or ‘ment’ ? // IELTS // 28th January 2019

Past continuous // Young Teens // 17th January 2019

Past continuous // Adult Class, Level 3 // 23rd September 2019

Past continuous exercises // Beginners’ English, Part 2

Past perfect // Adult Class, Level 3 // 23rd September 2019

Past simple // Adult Class, Level 3 // 23rd September 2019

Past simple & past continuous exercise // Adult Speaking Class, Level 1 // 15th August 2020

Past Tense // Starting Past Tense // Young Learners, Level 4 // 4th May 2021: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2021/05/04/young-learners-level-4-starting-the-past-tense/

Past Tense // Exercises, common verbs, pronunciation omnibus // 21st October 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/10/21/past-tense-various-exercises-2/

Past tense // Beginners’ English // Beginners’ English Part 4

Past tense exercise // Adult Speaking Class, L2 Part 2

Past tense exercise // Beginners’ English, Part 2

Past tense exercises // Teaching Notes // 12th July 2020

Past tense pronunciation // Beginners’ English: The past is passed // 7th July 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/07/05/beginners-englishthe-passed-it-past-pronunciation-guide/

Past tense & past continuous // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2: Grammar quiz // 27th June 2020

Past tense & past perfect/ // Adult Speaking Class, L 2: Grammar – perfect form // 25th May 2020

Phrasal verbs // Adult Speaking Class. Theme: Love & marriage Part 3

Phrasal verbs & collocations // Beginners’ English Part 4

Phrasal verb exercises // Teaching Notes: Phrasal verbs // 16th June 2020

Possessives // Young Learners 3 // 7th September 2019

Present continuous (house plan) // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3, Part 4 // 27th January 2020

Present perfect exercises // 6th September 2020 // Beginners’ English // Adult Speaking Class Level 1: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/09/06/present-perfect-exercises/

Present perfect exercises // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2 // 4th July 2020

Present perfect exercises // Beginners’ English

Present perfect // Adult Class, Level 3 // 23rd September 2019

Present perfect (have you ever ?) // Adult Class, Level 1 // 26th February 2019

Present perfect (for & since) // Adult Class, Level 3 // 21st November 2019

Present perfect review // Adult Class, Level 1 // 5th March 2019

Regular & irregular verbs // Beginners’ English Part 4

Reflexive verbs // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2 Part 2

Relative clauses // Adult Class, Level 3 // 5th November 2019

Relative pronouns // IELTS 5-6.5 // 25th September 2019 / // Adult C, L 3 // 5th November 2019

Relative pronouns quiz // IELTS Review // vocabulary, discourse, sentence building // 25th June 2020

Relative pronouns // IELTS // 1st July 2020

Reported Speech // Adult C, L 3 // 8th October 2019

Reported Speech // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3, Part 5 // 4th February 2020

Review (irregular verbs, adverbs) // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2, Quick review // 7th June 2020

Sentence correction (basic) // Young Learners 4 // 16th November 2019

Similes // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3, Part 5 // 4th February 2020

Speaking Grammar

Past Tense // Adult Speaking Class, Level 1 /// Adult C, L 3 // 23rd September 2019 /// Adult C, L 3 // 16th September 2019

Past-time expressions // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3, Part 6 // 8th February 2020

Third Conditional: Mr Bowditch // Adult Class, Level 3 // 22nd October 2019

Superlatives (Animals: longest, smallest) // Young Learners, Level 4 // 24th November 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/11/24/young-learners-level-4-longest-heaviest-shortest-lightest/

Tag questions // Adult C, L 3 // 15 August 2019 \ 12 November 2019

Third conditional compilation (various examples, lesson plans and exercises) // 18th July 2020 https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/07/18/third-conditional/

Third Conditional // Adult Class, Level 3 // 22nd October 2019

Third conditional // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2, Part 3 // 16th January 2020

Third Conditional exercise // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3: Third Conditional 23 Jan 2020

15 most common verbs // Adult C, L 3 // 23rd September 2019 // Beginners’ English Part 4 //

Verb ‘to have’ & Viet translation // Young Learners 1 // 16th March 2019

Verb ‘to have’ // Young Learners 1 // 26th May 2019

Verb ‘need’ // Adult Speaking Class, Level 1:What do you need ? // 21st May 2020

Verbs ‘want’ or ‘need’ // Young Learners, Level 6 // 13th January 2021: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2021/01/13/young-learners-level-6-stay-healthy/

What do they like ? // Adult Speaking Class, Level 1:What do they like ? // 22nd June 2020

Which one ? // Young learners, Level 4 // 10th November 2020

Young Learners, Level 2: Review

10th October 2020

Everybody Up 2     Lesson Review

Young Learners English |Cambridge Young Learners|( PTE) Pearsons Young  Learners Hong Kong

A review of the new vocabulary and sentence building skills the students should know:

and – as well as                but – however

Adjectives:

big / huge             small / little / tiny

brave / scary /      smart / clever       hungry / thirsty

cold / freezing      hot      //          strong /      fast / slow          

bored / excited / sick / tired / sleepy

yummy / delicious    //   noisy / quiet

An elephant is very big, strong as well as very smart

English teaching children games – Thay Paul's Notes
Mr Paul and his elephant friend

Exercises

A mouse is very ______ as well as ______

Pizza is ______ as well as ____________

A runner is very f—   __________ very s—–

A doctor is ______ _____

Verbs

cook / dance / draw / drink / eat / fly / go / hear / hop / jump / look / play / run / see / sit / sleep / smell / stand / swim / talk / taste / touch / walk / work / write /

verb                     verb + ing

I drink   //               I am drinking

You drink  //            You are drinking

He drinks  //           He is drinking

She drinks  //          She is drinking

They drink // They are drinking

What are they doing ?

History of Olympic swimming

They are ________

An African Minute: Africans in the Diaspora (AiD) - OkayAfrica

They are ________

Mighty Kicks Soccer Franchise Helps Kids Learn — prREACH Viral Social VIDEO  Press Release Service

He ________________________________

A little cute girl studying and drawing Stock Video | Knot9

She ______________________

He dances in the rain                 He is dancing in the rain

Romanticando - Gene Kelly Singing In The Rain | Facebook

She looks at a book in school She ____________________

Stock Photos of S.Korean Children - Girl Reading Book 4 - Wallcoo.net

She walks very fast 

  

Russians finish 1-2 in women's race walk - YouTube

           He plays guitar so loud

12 Things You Never Knew About Jimi Hendrix | Features | Clash Magazine

He jumps over a chair  

  

Bill Gates jumps over a chair in a 1994 CBS TV interview with Connie Chung  - Business Insider

               She cooks delicious pizza

Happy Young Woman Cooking Pizza at Home. Oven stock photo © Vasily  Pindyurin (chesterf) (#4333461) | Stockfresh

What can you do ? What can’t you do ?

I can play guitar however I can’t play violin

She can play drums however she can’t play piano

8-Year-Old Japanese Girl Stuns Robert Plant By Nailing Led Zeppelin Drum  Part | HuffPost

He can speak Japanese however he can’t speak _____

Let's Talk About Japanese Cram School

A bird can ______ however a bird can’t _______

A fish can _______ however a fish can’t ______

Present Perfect exercises

6th September 2020

Resultado de imagen de present perfect tense verbs | Perfect tense, Present  perfect, Activities for teens

A compilation of exercises to practise using the present perfect form

Present perfect

Subject + have/ has + past participle [verb 3]

She has been to New York / They have visited London

NEGATIVE:

Romcom classic My Sassy Girl will get a K-drama remake | My sassy girl, Sassy  girl, Romcom
gatsby - todo um novo mundo | Libri, Leggende

I haven’t read The Great Gatsby

have not seen My Sassy Girl

QUESTION:

Have you read Romeo and Juliet?

[Have / has + subject + verb 3 … ?]

Change the verb into the correct form:

  1. I (read) your book several times. I have read your book several times
    2. She has (wear) that skirt many times. [worn /wear / wore]
    3. My family (visit) Brazil a few times.
    4. I (eat) already.
    5. Marta (finish) her homework.
    6. You (break) the glass again.
    7. They (pay) for everything.
    8. It (never snow) like that.
    9. I (meet) Anna once.
    10. We (see) him before.

Change simple past into present perfect 

Example – I started a band = I’ve started a band / I have started a band

1 I went to Ha Noi // 2 We explored a cave // 3 I ate cake // 4 We saw a famous building // 5 She buys many dresses and visited many friends

Correct the mistakes

I have go to Ha Noi

She have seen the London Eye

We have eat English food

Has you going to Thailand ?

He not has bought iPhone X

Extra activities on this link:

https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/07/04/adult-speaking-class-level-2-present-perfect-exercises/

Adult Speaking Class, Level 1: How often do you … ?

16th August 2020

China's Rich Kids Head West | The New Yorker
Asian ladies ALWAYS take selfies … true ?

Adverbs of frequency

0% / 20% / 50% / 70 – 90% / 100 %

never / hardly ever / sometimes / often or usually /always

Ask each other: How often do you

drink coffee / drink beer / drink champagne ?

Three Attractive Asian Women In White Drinking Champagne Stock ...

eat fast food / eat salad / eat western food ?

Man eating a big hamburger | Eat, Hamburger, Yummy dinners

play sports / go to the gym / go swimming ?

Types Of People At Indian Gym - YouTube

take a taxi / catch a bus / ride an elephant

Young Learners, Level 5: Feelings (nothing more than feelings ...
Thay Paul with Thai friend 🙂

Time Expressions

every day / twice a week / at the moment / now / this week

EXAMPLE:

The students eats noddles and pork every day.

He is sleeping at the moment.

She goes to visit her family twice a week.

Now … Your turn

1 I am learning English … OR I learn English …

2 He plays tennis …

3 She goes to a restaurant …

4 We watch TV …

5 They are playing video games …

Video Games Rise in Popularity Among Older Adults

Adult Speaking Class, level 1: Where were you and what were you doing ?

16th August 2020

Past simple/ past continuous

Look at the house map – say where you were last night and what you were doing ?

House Plan 77400 - Country Style with 1311 Sq Ft, 3 Bed, 2 Bath

EXAMPLE:

Last night, I was on the porch watering my plants

Last night (time), I was (past tense) on the porch watering (verb + ing – past continuous) my plants.

The Front Porch: An American Tradition - American Profile
Watering plants on the porch

Last night, I was in the dining room, eating dinner

Family Dinners Beneficial for Youth Development – Youth First
I was Eating in the dining room with my family

NOTICE – ON the porch / ON the deck but IN the room

To help you, match the rooms with the activities:

kitchen / dining room / great room or living room / bedroom / laundry room / bathroom / deck

watching TV / washing clothes / sleeping / cooking / studying English / sunbathing / reading / online / ironing clothes / taking a shower

Extended exercise – say who was with you

Example: I was in the bedroom reading a story to my daughter

Bedtime stories: Reading bedtime stories to kids, Child habits ...

Adult Speaking Class, level 2: Modal verbs that you ought to know.

25th July 2020

Modal verbs and when to use them

These Are The Most Tubular Slang Words From 1940 to Today | Best Life
History of the OED | Oxford English Dictionary

can / could / have to / may / must

ought to / should / will

Modal verbs are used for:

Permission // Possibility // Obligation

Request // Speculation // Suggestion

Cab Calloway's Hepster's Dictionary: A Guide To The Language Of ...

Sounds confusing ? Don’t worry – English is meant to be USED, not just studied and so, without further ado, some examples:

Can I get a bus to Ben Thanh Market ?

Can I get a bus to Main Street from here ?

This means is it possible to get a bus from here ?

Your Comprehensive Walk-through of Ben Thanh Market | Cmego Travel ...
Sai Gon’s iconic Ben Thanh Market
London's 10 Best Bus Routes | Londonist
Can I get a bus to Big Ben from here ?

Can you hit the lights, please ?

A request to turn on / off the lights.

Turn Off Unneeded Lights – Air Conditioning Appreciation Days -

We use can to ask if something is possible and to request help.

Who’s that ? It could be Peter. Speculation, a guess

You have to get over 60% or you will fail. Obligation

Oh, you must see the new Quentin Tarantino film. Suggestion

Will you help me with my tieng Viet ? May I go to the party ? Request

You musn’t use your phone when riding a motorbike. Permission

You ought to stop drinking so much coffee. Suggestion

You should all read English books. Suggestion

Exercises:

can // could // have to // may // must

ought to // should //will

[answers at end of exercise]

First, decide which of the six classes is needed (permission, request etc). The first two are indicated, after that, you’re on your own.

… I use my mobile phone in class ? Request

You … answer all three questions. Obligation

It’s too heavy; … you help me lift it ?

Don’t wait too long, he … not come.

… I buy an iPhone or a Samsung Galaxy ?

Apple and Samsung mediation to take place on May 21st and 22nd

May I use my mobile phone in class ?

You have to answer all three questions.

It’s too heavy; can you help me lift it ?

Don’t wait too long, he may not come.

Should I buy an iPhone or a Samsung Galaxy ?

Do all Quentin Tarantino's movies actually take place in the same ...

Past tense, past continuous: Various exercises

12th July 2020

Various exercises for you to practise grammar, both past simple and past continuous. Answer follow the photos.

Past Tense exercises

Past simple: most common way of talking about the past. 

Regular verbs just add –ed e.g. walk = walked / look = looked / play = played

Past continuous: was / were + verbing e.g. I was playing / We were looking

Irregular verbs not used in past continuous e.g. we were seeing a film OR we saw a film NOT we were sawing a film.

Present perfect– talk about an action that happened in the past

subj + have/has + verb3 (past participle).

Past perfect – talking about two actions, both in the past, one before the other

e.g. I had listened to the CD before I saw the band play live.

Subj + had + verb3

The verb ‘to be’

I am / I was // you are / you were // he, she, it is / was // they, we are / were

Past tense / Shakespeare exercise

Change these lines into the past:

1 In Act One, Romeo ….. (is) in love with _________

2 Benvolio ……… (try – past continuous) to stop the fight.

3 The Prince ………. (demand – past perfect) to see Capulet before seeing Montague.

4 Romeo, Mercutio & Benvolio ……. (are) in the street talking.

5 The two families …… …. (be, present continuous) been fighting for years.

6 Romeo ….. (ask) the Nurse who Juliet is.

7 Mercutio & Benvolio …… (do, not) know Romeo was in love with Juliet.

8 The famous ‘balcony’ scene … (take) place in Act 2.

9 The Friar ……. ……. (go, past perfect) out collecting flowers.

10 At the end of Act 2, Romeo and Juliet …… (are) married. 

Which is the best screen version of Romeo and Juliet? Don't look ...

ANSWERS

1) was (Rosaline) 2) was trying 3) had demanded 4) were 5) have been 6) asked 7) did not (didn’t) 8) took 9) had gone 10) were

Past tense exercise

Change the verb form – can be:

past simple (think about regular & irregular verbs)

past continuous (verb + ing)

present perfect (subject + have/has + verb3)

past perfect (subject + had + verb3)

It is …. a hot, Sai Gon night. The wind blow …….. up from the river, but the humidity drive ….. me crazy. Sweat pour ……… down my back. 

I were walk …………. by the Old Town, lanterns were light ……. and sway ….. in the breeze. I … visit …….. an old friend before I decide ………. to take this long, steamy walk. I …. live ……….. here over two years, but everyday, I am almost 

kill ……. by crazy motorbikes. I need …. .. a coffee and see …… a cafe over the road. As I were cross ……………….. the street, a motorbike race …….. towards me. If I ……. jump ……… aside, he wouldpresent perfect…. hit …. me. But that were …… his idea.

He turn ….. around and pull …… out a gun, aim …… and fire ……… . I ……. ……….(be) present perfect shot at more times than I care to remember, I know …….. the score; duck and run. I run …… .I ………did, (negative) have time to think. I can … think later – if I am still alive. I make …. it into the coffee shop, and were look ……. out the window across the street.

The shooter were dress …… all in black and keep …… his helmet on. He were walk …………. this way. Quickly, I look ……. around. Were there another exit ? Can …. I escape by a back door ? Yes ! I ……. be (past perfect) ……here…before. I remember ………. a fire exit on the first floor. I leap …… for the stairs, just as the shooter were about to open the door.

Film Noir Review: Armored Car Robbery (1950) | Classic Movie Hub Blog

Answers: was / blew / drove / poured // was walking / lit / swayed / visitid / decided / lived // killed / needed / saw / was crossing / raced / jumped / have hit / was // turned / pulled / aimed / fired / I have been shot at / knew / ran / didn’t / could / was / made / looked // was dressed / kept / was walking / looked / was / Could / had been / remembered / lept

Here are 7 verbs in the PRESENT. Choose the correct verb AND use it in the correct tense.

teach / live / go / see / drink / am / have 

Harry (1) …….. drinking tea yesterday, when he (2) ……. an idea. I haven’t (3) …….. my neighbours how to drink tea. I am sure they will be happy. They have not (4) …… to the UK yet. I have (5) …. in many cities in England. Now I am in Viet Nam. I have (6) …. many wonderful sights, but I have never (7) …… a cup of good, English tea.

Beautiful Young Woman Drinking Hot Tea With Nature Green ...

Answers: 1) was 2) had 3) taught 4) been 5) lived 6) seen 7) drunk

Put the present tense verbs into past continuous

EXAMPLE Linh drinks tea – Linh was drinking tea

1 Tina watches TV

2 Sam shouts, ‘Oh, no!’

3 My father plays football

4 Bella designs a beautiful dress

5 The cat sings karaoke all night long ! 

6 Paul listens to The Beatles

7 Anna buys an Apple.

Vinyl revival continues as Tesco stocks classic LPs from The ...
Meet Stan Panenka, owner of the 'ultimate' Beatles collection ...

Answers: 1) was watching 2) was shouting 3) was playing 4) was designing 5) was singing 6) was listening 7) was buying

75 % of verbs are REGULAR – just add -ed to form past tense

visit visited // watch watched // talk talked // walk walked

BUT

Others are IRREGULAR – you just have to learn them !

Go – went // see – saw // is – was // sleep – slept // spend – spent

Put the verbs into the simple past:

  1. Last year I (go) …………to England on holiday.
  2. It (be) ……..fantastic.
  3. I (visit)…… lots of interesting places. I (be) ….. with two friends of mine .
  4. In the mornings we (walk)…… in the streets of London.
  5. In the evenings we (go) ….. to pubs.
  6. The weather (be) …… remarkably pleasant. (nice)
  7. We (watch) …… a great Korean film.
  8. But we (see) …… some beautiful rainbows.
  9. Where (spend / you) ……. your last holiday?
Take Care of My Cat

Answers: 1) went 2) was 3) visited & went 4) walked 5) went 6) was 7) watched 8) saw 9) did you spend ?

Grammar exercise simple past tense form of the verb.

1. I …………………………. him yesterday.

a) saw b) was seeing c) had seen

2. I ………………………. his letter yesterday.

a) received b) was receiving c) had received

3. She ……………………….. school last year.

a) will leave b) leave c) left

4. Last night I …………………………….. sleep well.

a) don’t b) didn’t c) hadn’t

5. He ……………………………. asleep while he was driving.

a) fell b) falls c) was falling

6. I ………………………… a new bicycle last week.

a) bought b) had bought c) have bought

7. We ………………………….. our breakfast half an hour ago.

a) finished b) have finished c) had finished

8. When I was in the US, I …………………………….. Chicago, Boston and California.

a) visited b) was visiting c) would visit

9. I …………………………….. an old classmate of mine at the library.

a) had seen b) was seeing c) saw

10. She ………………yesterday that she would not go.

a) says b) said c) had said

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Answers: 1) a 2) a 3) c 4) b 5) a 6) a 7) a 8) a 9) c 10) b

Put into simple past

Last year I (go)  went to England on holiday. 

  1. It (be)   fantastic.
  2. I (visit)   lots of interesting places. I (be)   with two friends of mine . 
  3. In the mornings we (walk)   in the streets of London. 
  4. In the evenings we (go)   to pubs. 
  5. They (hear)   strange music. 
  6. It (not / rain)   a lot. 
  7. But we (buy)   some beautiful clothes. 
  8. How much money (spend / you)  in the shops ?
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Answers: 1) was 2) visited & was 3) walked 4) went 5) heard 6) did not [didn’t] 7) bought 8) did you spend

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The verb changes form in the PAST tense. Regular verbs add -ed, but many verbs are irregular e.g.

walk = walked / jump = jumped push = pushed (regular verbs)

begin began // bring brought // find found // come came // do did //

drink drank // eat ate // get got // make made // speak spoke

A good list is here:

http://www.gingersoftware.com/content/grammar-rules/verbs/list-of-irregular-verbs/

Beginners’ English: Past tense exercises

7th July 2020

Grammar: verbs

Good list of 100 verbs in 3 forms at: https://www.linguasorb.com/english/verbs/most-common-verbs/

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Grammar – verb practice

Let’s start to use more verbs. Here’s the 15 most common:

infinite / present / past / past participle (verb 3)

1 to be am / was / been

are / were / been

2 to have have / had / had

3 to do do did done

4 to say say / said / said

5 to go go / went / gone

6 to get get / got / gotten

7 to make make / made / made

8 to know know /knew / known

9 to think think / thought / thought

10 to take take / took / taken

11 to see see / saw / seen

12 to come come / came / come

13 to want want / wanted / wanted

14 to use use / used / used

15 to find find / found / found

Past Tense Exercise

1. He (walk) to school yesterday.

He WALKED  to school yesterday.


2. They (do) their homework last night.

They ——-  their homework last night.


3. You (are) lazy last week.

You ——- lazy last week.


4. That woman (buy) a new book this morning.

That woman  ——– a new book this morning.


5. The janitor (clean) the blackboard yesterday.

The janitor  ——–  the blackboard yesterday.


6. My mother (cook) food yesterday.

My mother  ——– food yesterday.


7. This morning my teacher (teach) English.

This morning my teacher  ———-  English.


8. I (am) hungry yesterday.

I  ——- hungry yesterday.


9. The gardener (cut) the trees last month.

The gardener ———— the trees last month.


10. She (drink) milk this morning.

She  ——— milk this morning.


11. Last month the man (ride) a horse.

Last month the man ——–  a horse.


12. Sam (go) to Hong Kong last year.

Sam  ——- to Hong Kong last year.


13. The birds (fly) in the sky this morning.

The birds  ——— in the sky this morning.


14. I (know) Tom’s sister last year.

I  ——– Tom’s sister last year.


15. The joiner (make) tables and chairs yesterday.

The joiner  —— tables and chairs yesterday.


16. The farmer (grow) rice last year.

The farmer ——–  rice last year.


17. Two weeks ago the boy (has) a new bicycle.

Two weeks ago the boy  ——- a new bicycle.


18. He (feel) happy yesterday.

He  ——- happy yesterday.


19. We (work) hard last week.

We  ——– hard last week.


20. The students (meet) in the hall last week.

The students  ——– in the hall last week.
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She drank milk

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He rode a horse and played guitar
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They went to Hong Kong

NOW make short sentences or stories from these exercises.

A. Complete the sentences, put the verb into the correct form, positive or negative. (simple past tense) 

1. It was warm, so I  off my coat. (take)

2. The film wasn’t very good. I  it very much. (enjoy)

3. I knew Sarah was very busy, so I  her. (disturb)

4. I was very tired, so I  to bed early. (go)

5. The bed was very uncomfortable. I  very well. (sleep)

6. Sue wasn’t hungry, so she  anything. (eat)

7. We went to Kate’s house but she  at home. (be)

8. It was a funny situation but nobody  (laugh)

9. The window was open and a bird  into the room. (fly)

10. The hotel wasn’t very expensive. It  very much. (cost)

11. I was in a hurry, so I  time to phone you. (have)

12. It was hard work carrying the bags. They  very heavy. (be)

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In this film, many birds flew into a room



B. Complete the exercise with the verbs inside the box. (simple past tense)

buycatchcostdrink
fallhurtsellspend
teachthrowwinwrite

1. Mozart  more than 600 pieces of music. Mozart WROTE more than 600 pieces of music

  1. ‘How did you learn to drive?’ ‘My father ——- me.’ 

    3. We couldn’t afford to keep our car, so we  ——– it. 

    4. I was very thirsty. I  the ——– water very quickly.

    5. Paul and I played tennis yesterday. He’s much better than me, so he ——–

     easily. 

    6. Don ——– down the stairs this morning and  his leg.

    7. Jim  ——– the ball to Sue, who ——–  it.

    8. Ann ——–  a lot of money yesterday. She  ——– a dress. It   ——– 100.

Past Tense

What did you do last night ?

Last night, I listened to music and played computer games.

Regular verbs add -ed:

Verb+ed
For example:
want+ed→ wanted
work+ed→ worked
Verb, ending in –e+d
For example:
dance+d→ danced
live+d→ lived
Verbs, ending in –y: y → i + ed
(* There are exceptions (for example played) )
For example:
cry→ cried
try→ tried
One vowel verb: double the consonant
For example:
stop → stopped
blog → blogged

Good verb list here: https://www.linguasorb.com/english/verbs/most-common-verbs/

Black Young Man Listening Music and Dancing by Stockland on Envato ...
Last night he listened to music and played computer games

irregular verbs – no rules.

Present – Past / Present – Past / Present – Past

I am – I was / begin – began / have – had

eat – ate / go – went / drive – drove

tell – told / hear – heard / catch – caught

buy – bought / write- wrote / see – saw

Listening: How many past tense verbs ?

Yesterday, I went to visit my friend. We played badminton then walked in the park.

After, we ate lunch and drank beer. Later, I bought coffee and wrote some emails.

Corrections: Write in the past tense

I (am) born in London and (arrive) in Viet Nam in 2015. I (work) as teacher in District 1 and 3 but I (want) to work near my home. Last week, my friend (have) a party. She (dance) all night and I (hear) her singing. In the morning, she (catch) a plane and (go) to Thailand.

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Beginners’ English: The passed is past – pronunciation guide

7th July 2020

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A quick blog to help with pronunciation.

In English, verb can be regular or irregular.

Regular verbs add -ed or -d in the past tense.

EXAMPLE:

I walk to work // I WALKED to work

I play guitar // I PLAYED guitar

She smiles on TV / She SMILED on TV

They dance in T-ara // They DANCED in T-ara

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-ed past tense verbs pronunciation

Words have 3 end sounds:

‘t’

‘d

‘id’

If the word ends with: 

ch / f / k / p / s / sh / thi – The sound is ‘t’ look = ‘lookt’

t /or / d/ – The sound is ‘id’ visit – ‘visitid’

Other sounds are ‘d’ bang = ‘bangd’

What is the correct pronunciation for these regular verbs ?

Look = Looked / laugh = laughed / end = 

beg = / visit = kiss = 

brush = / breath = love =

Read these sentences:

He cleared up the mess / He rolled up the newspaper / I have visited India

No Homework ! That sounded good / Teacher shouted, ‘No way !’

We all worked hard today / Tom talked so much / 

The students played many games and laughed.

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They have visited India