IELTS Review: The basics you should know before your test.

25th June 2020

Want to migrate or move to the UK for work? | IDP IELTS

IELTS

Useful words and expressions

All IELTS students should have these words and expressions in their vocabulary, and be able to use them confidently and correctly.

Adjectives

absent-minded / eye-catching / mouth-watering / second-hand

ubiquitous / sky-high / visually stunning / spectacular / 

10 Best Korean Restaurants in Singapore: BBQ, Bibimbap & Fried ...
How would you describe this Korean food ?
THE BEST Tiong Bahru (Singapore) Hotels with Free Parking of 2019 ...
The prices at this Singapore hotel are …
19 Best Coffee Shops in District 1, Ho Chi Minh City - Back Of The ...
Coffee shops in Sai Gon are …

Adverbs

quite / rather / somewhat

considerably / significantly / remarkably / undeniably

 

Asia's Most Visited Countries
The number of tourists visiting China is … more than those visiting Vietnam

Discourse Markers 

Additionally / as well as / furthermore / moreover

Therefore / consequently

On the other hand / having said that / although / despite 

Top 10 Most Beautiful Korean Girls In The World
Describe this Korean lady using at least two discourse markers.

Expressions / chunking phrases

At the end of the day / Am I pronouncing that correctly ?

Turn a blind ear / it fell on deaf ears

Friends and family / According to …

Same thing, day in, day out / You get what you pay for / a waste of money

Bored Office Worker, Annoyed Businessman At Workplace Stock Photo ...
How does this man feel about his job ?

Like / Dislike

Like:

I absolutely love … / I’m crazy about … / I (really) like / I’m into / I haven’t heard (seen/read) this before, but I think it’s great / I’m a big fan of … / I’m quite keen on /

No strong opinion:

I don’t mind / I have mixed feelings about …/ It’s OK / I don’t really have any strong views / feelings either way

Dislike:

I hate / I can’t stand / I don’t really like / I think it’s awful / I detest / I’m not a big fan of … / I’m not that keen on …

What do you think of:

T-ara - K-POP
T-ara from South Korea
India Capable Of Winning All ICC tournaments, Says Brian Lara ...
The sport cricket
Everyday items, Street litter 3D Models 2nd_World
Litter, trash, rubbish on the streets

To buy time

Photo of thinking young asian beautiful woman posing isolated over ...
Remember … never leave silence; use these time-fillers:

That’s a good / interesting question

Let me think …

Well, I would say …

How can I put it … ?

Sentence building

Use adjectives to describe nouns

adverbs to describe adjectives and verbs – give more information

opinion phrases

linking words to connect positive to positive or positive to negative

reasons why an action is being done

I like coffee

Winston the Wolf enjoys Jimmie's coffee as Jules and Vincent look ...

I like coffee so much because it tastes great and makes me wake up although too much will stop me from sleeping at night but, in my opinion, the benefits far out weigh the disadvantages.

Using Relative Clauses

who For people: This is the man who sold me the fake Rolex ! 

which For things: We tried fish and chips which is delicious.

where For places: Let’s go to the shop where we saw the great bargains.

Whose Possessive: That’s the singer whose record we heard last night.

The car, whose driver was young, won the race.

Exercises

We arrived at a nice beach ______ we could swim and lie in the sun.

A man ______ mobile phone was ringing did not know what to do.

The patient, ______ had a serious disease, was taken to hospital immediately.

Smithsfield is a small village ______ people live a quiet life.

A boy ____ sister is in my class was in the bank at that time.

I know a person ____ can speak seven languages.

We visited the church _____ is in the middle of the square.

It is a protected area of land _____ you can see a lot of interesting wildlife.

This dress is made of silk, _____ is a very expensive and delicate material.

A police officer _____ car was parked at the next corner stopped and arrested them.

Listening Websites: A list with links can be found on this page:

https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/01/23/listening-skills-tips-and-links/

Adult Speaking Class, level 2: Extended personality exercises.

20th June 2020

To practise and develop the use of adjectives when describing people:

Personality adjectives

Positive

funny / dependable / generous / witty / friendly / solid as a rock / reliable intellectual / light-hearted / life and soul

Negative

aggressive / a screw loose / hard as nails / unreliable / unpleasant / scary / serious / arrogant / boring mean / bossy / impatient

This man is ….

This chap is …

She is extremely … 

He doesn’t look very …

Add the missing word or words :

1 She gives money to charity. She is ……..

2 He never says ‘please’ or ‘thank you’ and never smiles. He is very …..

3 He is crazy ! He has …….

4 German cars are always …….. and ……..

5 She thinks she is better than everyone. She is so ………

6 The dog wants to bite everyone, he’s very ………….

7 You can believe what he says, he’s ………………

8 His girlfriend always tells him what to do. She’s incredibly ………….

Daisy and Anna
Peter

Speaking practice:

Ed How long will the pizza be ? I’m starving (very hungry) 

Bill Don’t be so impatient ! It’ll be here soon. Who’s coming tonight ?

Ed Anne, Daisy and her boring boyfriend Peter.

Bill Don’t be mean, he’s not so bad. He’s just a little serious.

Ed He’s really generous. He bought Daisy a new laptop.

Bill Yes, but from China. They are not very dependable.

Ed Anne’s very funny, always telling jokes. She’s so witty.

Bill She’s too intellectual for you and also too gorgeous!

Saying what you think – expressing opinions

I think …

In my opinion …

I feel that …

He / She / It seems ..

Will Vietnam win the World Cup in the next 20 years ?

Which is better ? Barcelona or Real Madrid ?

What do you think of these clothes:

Phrasal Verbs exercises

16th June 2020

img_uugs_seishun_namida_049 | Japanese kawaii idol music culture ...

To make the lesson come alive, have the students act out scenes or give them a set time to make up sentences containing as many phrasal verbs as possible.

Same as Shakespeare … English is meant to be USED and SPOKEN … not just studied in a dry text book.

So, without further ado:

COME ON, MAN! GET WITH THE PROGRAM! - Mad Samuel L Jackson | Meme ...

Phrasal Verbs

Put

the cat out / the fire out / up with it (something unpleasant) / on a happy face

it in your own words / up or shut up ! / it away / it another way

Get

well soon / over it ! / on with it / away with murder / on the bus

stuffed ! (impolite) / with the program (US) / some fresh air

Make

a career move / your move a pig’s ear of something / a wish /

up for lost time / the best of something / fun of someone /

Do

the right thing / away with that old technology / your best /

a funny walk / the dishes / your hair

Bring

it on ! / it to me / “my bow of burning gold” (poem) / about change

it up at the next meeting / a smile to my face / up children well

Take

turns speaking / it up with the manager / up my trousers a little /

a good look at yourself / a hike ! / medicine / a deep breathe

Spike Lee Do the right Thing – Analysis of the riot scene – Au cas ...

phrasal verbs:

look after/ think about / wear out / give up / grow up / takes after 

tell off / look up to / hang up / go for / passed away

Phrasal verbs work like normal verbs, so they can be used in the infinite (look,think), the past tense (I wore out, I looked up to ..) and in continuous (I am hanging up now).

Make sentences using phrasal verbs in:

present tense 

past tense

present continuous

Examples

I need to think about that for a while. (present)

He gave up smoking ten years ago (past)

We are looking after our niece today (present continuous)

Phrasal verbs

verb + particle e.g. find + out = find out (learn something)

The verb can be present, past, future or continuous:

I give up

I gave up

I’m finding out about HCM City.

I will (I’ll) find out about the cost.

buy out / up

call off

carry out

give up / away

CLUE: first identify what tense is being used

They were __________ free samples

The computers are down; we have to ________ the meeting

A soldier has to _______ orders

The company was ______ by a Japanese company

The stocks are very low, we should ________ as many as we can

Don’t ________ on your dream 🙂

Make sentences with these phrasal verbs:

take care of // hold on // move on // take over // think it over 

Phrasal verbs:

look after // think about // give up // grow up // takes after // tell off // look up to 

Which phrasal verbs fits here ?

She really …………. her father, they are so alike.

I can’t go out, I have to ……….. my nephew.

Mandarin is too hard, I just …………. (past tense verb)

Many Vietnamese ………………. Uncle Ho

I’m not sure which bank is best. Let me ………. it and get back to you.

I had to ………….. my son because he ate all the cakes.

My manager is very immature. He needs to ………… and quickly !

Phrasal verbs

give up / go for / grow up / hang out with / hang up / look after / look up to / tell off / passed away / takes after /think about / wears out

Izzy is talking to Kate on Skype. Izzy can’t go out on Saturday because she has to

____________ (take care of, be responsible for) her little sister, Georgie. Izzy says she’ll __________ (consider) bringing Georgie too. Georgie interrupts, and Izzy has to

_____________ (end the phone/Skype conversation). Georgie’s hamster has ________

(died) and she’s upset. Izzy says she loves her little sister but she __________

(makes her tired).

Meanwhile, Sam is wondering why Izzy doesn’t want to _____________ (spend time with) them. He thinks Izzy should bring Georgie to the cinema, but maybe Izzy won’t ________

(like, agree to) the idea.

Izzy is annoyed because her sister is trying to look like her, but Kate says it’s sweet that Georgie _____________ (respects and admires) her big sister. Izzy disagrees that they are similar; Georgie ______________(is similar to an older relative) her dad, whereas Izzy is more like her mum.

When Georgie asks Izzy to get her a hamster, Izzy gets angry. She tells her sister 

to ________ (become an adult). Georgie says their dad will _______(Izzy)_______

(speak angrily to Izzy because she’s done something wrong). In frustration, Izzy says 

“I __________ (admit defeat)!”. Fred and Sam take Georgie to look at some kittens, then they all go to the cinema. Georgie is the only one who isn’t scared by the film.

Now – let’s get down

(have a dance and a great time)

What songs can you find that use phrasal verbs ?

Lighten up, it’s the laid-back sound of 70s California

Adult Class, Level 3 (mixed): You practice what I preach.

17th September for 23rd September. AEF 3 pp. 50 – 51

Last week, we covered past tense – simple, continuous and perfect. However, that is a lot to take in, especially for students who are not so confident. Looking at charts and learning the jargon can be daunting and far too theoretical.

This problem has long been identified and addressed; grammar, as theory, reduced to a minimal. Grammar, used in writing and more importantly speaking, maximised.

Therefore, my policy in this block of lessons (four per block) is to reduce book work, simplify the theory and try to allocate at least half the lesson to student-talking time.

Last night’s lesson seemed to work well; the Socratic approach which makes the students collect information and then collate it into a presentation. This was followed by students reading to each other in small groups, with some useful expressions to use … and repeat and repeat and …yeah, you get the idea.

Let’s go to work !

Image result for go to work

But first, back to basics. Some students are not fluent in the three forms of basic verbs:

Grammar – verb practice

Here’s the 15 most common:

infinite \ present // past // past participle (verb 3)

1to bewas werebeen
2to havehadhad
3to dodiddone
4to saysaidsaid
5to gowentgone
6to getgotgot/gotten
7to makemademade
8to knowknewknown
9to thinkthoughtthought
10to taketooktaken
11to seesawseen
12to comecamecome
13to wantwantedwanted
14to useusedused
15to findfoundfound

Regular verbs, just add -‘ed’. However, as you see, in this list only one common verb, ‘want’, is regular.

NOTE: ‘to be’ is different: I am hungry You are hungry She is hungry.

Now, practice: In groups of three or four, they have to ask each other questions in order to feel more natural using the past tense. Lets’s start simply with the simple past:

What did you do today ? PAST SIMPLE

Each student takes turns describing their day. Always give ideas, as some students spent too much time thinking of what to say, whereas the purpose is to speak.

Related image
Related image
Image result for go to school
Image result for easy rider bike
Related image

I will also board: buy / drink / surf the internet / help parents / cook / do homework

To make it more interactive, the students can ask follow-up questions, such as, “What did you eat for lunch ?”, “What time did you start school ?”, “How did you get to work or school ?” etc. Groups can monitor each other to make sure past tense is being used properly.

NEXT: Past Continuous. Subject was doing something in the past ….

Example: Last night I was listening to T-ara:

Image result for T-ar

However, we usually use past continuous to say we were doing something WHEN something new happened.

EXAMPLE: I was listening to T-ara when someone knocked on my door.

The structure is Subject + was or were + verbing, followed by past simple

Try this: dream // alarm clock ring

He was dreaming when the alarm clock rang.

Now – practice: Make a sentence from these pairs of photos:

Image result for reading
Image result for telephone ring
Related image
Image result for rain
Image result for angry teacher
Image result for pulp fiction jules eating
Image result for pulp fiction honey bunny

Finally, the past perfect. Two things happened in the past, one before the other.

Image result for Kafka
Image result for Berlin 1920

The students ‘met’ Dr Kafka last week.

Dr Franz Kafka had lived all his life in Prague until he moved to Berlin in the 1920s.

Subject + has or had + verb 3 then use past simple.

Try these:

John Lennon – in The Beatles / goes solo in 1970

Image result for john lennon beatles
Image result for john lennon imagine

Dali – paint over 1 500 paintings / dies 1989

Image result for dali
Image result for dali tomb

Bringing it closer to home, Bac Ho (Uncle Ho Chi Minh) – work London / meet these young Germans.

Image result for uncle ho in Paris
Image result for uncle ho in russia

Finally, for presentation, the students can be arranged in four groups (draw playing cards so students work with new partners). I will give them ten minutes to work together and make a short presentation, with all members speaking, about the above four historical figures. Those who draw Ho Chi Minh should have an advantage, so I will be expecting more from them.

Presentations should include:

Date and place of birth.

Why there are famous

Give examples of their most famous works or activities

Where they lived

When and how they died.

ALSO – why we should remember them.

Then, I will turn to the books and hand-outs, before returning to some speaking practice before the end.