Absolutely about adjectives

6th January 2023

Margaret Hale, the protagonist in the novel ‘North and South’ returns to her childhood home, and revisits her old school. The new school mistress, who has made drastic changes, cajoles Margaret into giving an impromptu lesson.

One student is having difficulty with the ‘a’ sound.

“A, an indefinite article,” said Margaret mildly.

“I beg your pardon,” said the Vicar’s wife … “ (the new teacher).

The children had been taught to refer to ‘a’ as an adjective absolute. Margaret sat down “abashed.”

“The children knew more than she did. Mr Bell turned away, and smiled.”

(Chapter XLVI Once and Now)

Mr Bell, who is a fellow at Oxford and therefore very educated, passes no comment, yet his body language sufficiently expresses his opinion.

I had not come across an adjective absolute before. I could have taken the blue pill and kept on reading, or taken the red pill; I switched over to Google and began my descent into the rabbit hole of grammar taxonomy.

Others word forms have subdivisions; nouns can be proper, concrete, collective etc, verbs can be transitive or intransitive, and there are several types of adverbs.

Fortunately, the nomenclature is more frightening than the definition. So, without further ado let’s have a rabbit about adjectives (1), starting with the adjective absolute.

Most adjectives can be modified, e.g.

London is very expensive.

The book is extremely confusing.

Studying Vietnamese is quite difficult.

However, some adjectives do not need to be modified; they are superlatives (the biggest, the tallest) or binary (either yes or no). An old joke cracks that a woman phones her mother and tells her that she is a little bit pregnant. Of course, a woman is or is not pregnant.

Show, don’t tell:

A mark of 25% is unacceptable.

The building was destroyed in the fire.

Dinosaurs are dead.

The hostages were set free.

Modifiers such as absolutely, completely, totally may be used for emphasis.

The holiday was totally perfect.

My shirt is completely ruined.

I’m afraid it is absolutely impossible for you to get into Cambridge with those grades.

Now we know why Mr Bell “turned away, and smiled.”

I mentioned the rabbit hole because there are over a dozen types of adjective. Should you be interested, here’s some links to enlighten you:

https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/grammar/b1-b2-grammar/adjectives-gradable-and-non-gradable

https://www.thesaurus.com/e/grammar/what-are-the-types-of-adjectives/

Notes

(1) Rabbit is London slang for talk or talking

I Me Mine: Pronoun Declensions

3rd December 2021

Any excuse for a Beatles-related photo.

The English language, despite having a multitude of idioms, slang, vernacular, dialects, neologisms etc, can be easier to learn than other languages when it comes to the definite article. I am referring to the word ‘the’.

English nouns have no gender; the language doesn’t have the complex German structure of declension when the word ‘the’ changes depending if the noun is the subject, object or indirect object.

However, it’s not all plain sailing. English speakers employ declension when it comes to pronouns. Please allow me to illustrate:

A cuckoo clock, invented in Germany (not Switzerland, as is often believed).

I bought this clock from a friend so it now belongs to me. It is my clock, it is mine.

However, with the wrong declension:

Me bought this clock from a friend so it now belongs to mine. It is I clock, it is my.

Last night, a level 6 class (aged around 10) were having a lesson on conservation. The examples were all in the second person (your), and the students were having problems changing the pronoun. Hence, this blog:

School Kids Stock Photos & Royalty-Free Images from PhotoDune
Let’s go to work

Let’s keep it simple. There are three cases:

the subject, the object and the possessive

I, Me, Mine

In our example I bought this clock from my friend, the first noun is ‘I’ (subject)

so it now belongs to me. (object)

It is my clock, it is mine. (possessive)

Now … let’s practice

I // me // my or mine

you // you // your or yours

he // him // his

she // her // her or hers

we // us // our or ours

they // them // their or theirs

EXAMPLE: What can you do to stay healthy ?

black-lady-weights - Carla Fields Fitness

I can exercise. Being healthy is important to me. These are my weights. They are mine.

How about changing the pronoun ? Tell me about this man:

Charlie Chaplin Archives - Redsvn.net

He is very funny. Many people like him. It is his dog. The dog is his.

Tell me about this lady

Chinese tennis player Peng Shuai disappeared after denouncing rape - Tennis  - Sports - Nenroll-Nenroll

— is very happy. I can not beat — in a game. — racket (bat) is very expensive. It is —-.

Let’s use ‘you’

Ayushmann Khurrana wanted to shave his head for Bala, says 'I resembled my  grandfather after prosthetics' | Bollywood - Hindustan Times

— can wash your hair. I will buy some cologne for — . It is —- cologne, it is —– .

Tell me about these people

—- are American. If you go to the USA, maybe you will meet —-. This is —– flag, it is ——.

Please Note: All photos are taken from Google Images or free photo sites, and are used for educational purposes only. No copyright infringement or offense is intended. If I have used your photo or image, and you wish me to remove it, just ask. This site is not monetized, I run it on my own dollar. Thank you.

Students hate TO BE corrected, but teachers like TO ADDRESS issues.

9th March 2021

Socrates

Furthermore, she loves to wear Givenchy perfume but I prefer to spend my hard-earned* on Dior.

In the modern parlance, ‘Did you see what I did there ?’ I followed four auxiliary verbs (‘hate,’ ‘love,’ ‘like’ & ‘prefer’) with infinite verbs. I sense that I’ve already lost the interest of 90% of my readers with these grammar terms, but hold your horses and I’ll explain, I’ll ‘cut the crap‘, if you will.

Language bullies, pedants, and grammar nerds who correct people all the  time: Cut it out.

OK, breaks down like this: an auxiliary verb is a ‘helping’ verb; we need more information to understand what the speaker means e.g.

I want … (what do you want ?) // He needs … (what does he need ?) // She loves … // We want … etc

An infinite verb simply means a verb in no tense (past, present or future). It is simply formed thus:

to + base verb

Examples: to eat / to go / to study / to procrastinate

Infinite has no tense, by which I mean it is incorrect to say,

“Last night I to see a film,” (past tense)

“She to go home,” (present) or

“Tomorrow he will to take a test.” (future tense).

We can combine an auxiliary verb with an infinite verb, as demonstrated in the heading and subsequent paragraph.

So what's the problem? - david lynch 1 | Meme Generator

Occasionally, a student may question my use of grammar, or mention that they have been told a different rule, to wit, last night a student informed me that, according to a different teacher, auxiliary verbs such as ‘like,’ ‘love.’ ‘hate,’ HAVE TO BE followed by a continuous verb:

I hate shopping NOT I hate to shop

He loves watching films NOT He loves to watch films

We like drinking wine after work NOT We like to drink wine after work

To Quote Dr Johnson:

PPT - 1. Get Real: An Introduction to Plato PowerPoint Presentation, free  download - ID:2610551

“I refute it thus,” :

I like to play guitar / I hate to hear karaoke / I love to listen to my friend Pete’s online radio show

But don’t take my word for it; here’s a link to an appropriate page on the Cambridge Dictionary site: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/hate-like-love-and-prefer

Hatelikelove and prefer

Grammar > Verbs > Verb patterns > Hatelikelove and preferfrom English Grammar Today

We can use hate, like, love and prefer with an –ing form or with a to-infinitive:

hate to see food being thrown away.

love going to the cinema.

prefer listening to the news on radio than watching it on TV.

He prefers not to wear a tie to work.

In American English, the forms with to-infinitive are much more common than the –ing form.

There is a very small difference in meaning between the two forms. The -ing form emphasises the action or experience. The to-infinitive gives more emphasis to the results of the action or event. We often use the –ing form to suggest enjoyment (or lack of it), and the to-infinitive form to express habits or preferences.

So there you have it, straight from the horse’s mouth.

What can we learn from this ? Well, teachers are only human (mostly) and can make mistakes. Non-native speaker teachers often teach from books that may simplify grammar and may therefore, inadvertently, be incorrect in their assertions. The books may be outdated; they may even be wrong.

Just because something is written in a book, doesn’t mean it’s true.

Check for yourself, be proactive in your learning; if you have internet access, check reputable websites.

Furthermore, even native-speakers can be wrong and I’ll be the first to admit this (even if I don’t have the wisdom of Socrates, not by a long chalk).

And now, a shout-out to a dear friend, the aforementioned Pete, who has a magnificent online radio show entitled ‘Flatwound’s Sounds‘. I listened to his most recent offering as I typed this blog and I’d like to recommend it to y’all: https://www.mixcloud.com/flatwoundssounds/flatwounds-sounds-miscellany-show-19-4th-march-2021/

flatwounds.sounds | Mixcloud
https://www.mixcloud.com/flatwoundssounds/flatwounds-sounds-miscellany-show-19-4th-march-2021/

* hard-earned cash = money or wages from a hard job.

Young Learners, Level 5: Review Units 1 – 4

17th December 2020

Proud Mary! - Steamboat Natchez, New Orleans Traveller Reviews - Tripadvisor
Proud Mary steamboat on the Mississippi – we have a student whose English name is Mary 🙂

A recap of unit covered thus far:

Part One: Give six students a flashcard from U3, L1 (e.g. buy balloons, order pizza). Model a question, then have a student act as teacher:

What will Tom do ? He’ll order pizzas

Empower B1+ Unit 5B - First Conditional Flashcards | Quizlet

Six new students. They close their eyes and are given flashcards. Students open their eyes, at the same time, and have to say what they’ll do e.g.

I’ll bring fruit juice

Part Two: Mime the actions from U3, L2

10 Mime artist ideas | mime artist, artist, mime makeup

Student teacher will ask, “Will she set up the music ?” Class will shout out, “Yes, she will,” or, “No, she won’t.” Give three students a flashcard. Ask, “Who will pour the juice ?” Class shout out the answer.

Part Three: Vocabulary check – on writing boards,

What is a better word for yummy,

For clever,

The coffee costs £2, I only have £1.50 so I don’t have _______

I want to ______ up to buy a new video game.

We can _____ money by working.

We can _____ the floor or ____ the car

Part Four: Last week’s writing highlighted some glaring errors. here’s a chance to fix some schoolboy errors.

Let’s use Green Lantern

The Mystery of the 1970s GREEN LANTERN Custom Comic! | Paul Kupperberg

I really like Green Lantern. He wears a mask and has a magic ring. He travels very fast but the Flash is faster.

NOTES: Capital letter for a name, when you write about your self (I) and the first letter of a new sentence.

Verbs: add -s for 3rd person = I wear, you wear, he/she/it/name wears

I really like NOT I very like

NOW … Your Turn

Marvel's Black Widow: The Official Movie Special Book (Black Widow Official  Movie Special): Titan Comics: 9781787733527: Amazon.com: Books

Correct the writing:

i very likes black widow. she am very intelgunt and she wear a bracelet. also she fight good. she can karate and judo

Marvel's Black Widow: Every Actor and Character in the Film - IGN

Answer:

I really like Black Widow. She is very intelligent and she wears a bracelet. Also she fights well. She can do karate and judo.

For work on the Amazon Rain Forest, click on this link:

https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/10/19/young-learners-level-5-amazon-rain-forest-quiz-and-comparisons/

Coffee in Sai Gon

7th December 2020

Describe these pictures, using adjectives and your opinions.

Highlands Coffee has great coffee, air-con and free wifi. Having said that, the service is a little slow, there are no waiters and the cost is unbelievably expensive !

Vietnam is famous for coffee; coffee shops are ubiquitous. In fact, there are so many, it’s hard to see (difficult to understand) how they stay in business let alone turn a profit.

Be that as it may, let’s use this as a learning opportunity. To practice making longer sentences, and as a warm up exercise, the students can ask each other, “Where do you go for coffee ?”

Tips:

Don’t answer the question directly and immediately; Begin with a short introduction:

Sai Gon has so many coffee shops, some are cheap while others can be quite expensive although they have a wide range of delicious coffee. Personally, I like going to …

Then

Explain:

  1. How MUCH do you like it (adverbs) ?
  2. What kind of coffee (adjectives) ?
  3. What do you think about this ? (opinions)
  4. WHY do you like it (give reasons)
  5. Interesting words, phrases, idioms

Personally, I like Tap Coffee which is an independent shop where I live. I enjoy going there so much because the owner is very friendly and tries to speak English with me. There isn’t a lot of choice, so I order cappuccino with hot, fresh milk. In my opinion, it is good value and tastes delicious. What I like about the shop is the free wifi, the comfortable chairs and the atmosphere. Furthermore, it is usually very quiet and it therefore a good place to read. I love to put my feet up, kick back and sip my damn fine coffee.

Before the exercise, elicit and board as many relevant words and phrases as required. The students have a discourse marker list, so I could insist that they use certain words (moreover, therefore, consequently etc). Additionally, I’ll need to explain vernacular phrases such as ‘kick back’ and ‘put my feet up’.

IF a student doesn’t like coffee, then they can say where they go and what they drink. IF they don’t go anywhere or like anything (yes, I have had that in a class), then they can explain WHY NOT!

Key vocabulary: ambience // aroma //atmosphere

Grammar Note:

In a list of three, use one comma and a linking word (and):

The service is a little slow, there are no waiters and the cost is unbelievably expensive !

In a list of two, just use a linking word (and): 

Mega Mart has amazing choice and is good value for money.

How to make Vietnamese coffee

Tell me: what do I need ? What type of coffee is best ? Where can I buy it ?

New verbs: pour / stir / fill up / 

Make a long, fluent presentation.

Signpost expressions: used to help tell a story or a narrative. They allow the listener to help organise the information.

Useful words or expressions:

Firstly / afterwards / and then / following that /

don’t forget to … / you can always ….

lastly / finally / at the very end …

In your experience, what coffee is best ? Trang Nguyen, Highlands or Milano ? Maybe street coffee ?

Speaking practice:

Old Compass Cafe Saigon - Vietnamese cuisine, wine, cafe, events

Pat Well, I’m exhausted. I need a damn fine cup of coffee and a big piece of pie.

Sam There’s a Highlands over the road, or we can go to Coffee Bean or Milano.

Pat I’d prefer Tran Nguyen but it costs an arm and a leg. Highlands is also incredibly expensive.

Sam But great quality and superb cakes. Come on, I’m starving, I need coffee now !

Pat OK, hold your horses hahaha. After we can meet up with Thay Paul.

Sam Sounds good. Now … shall we have chocolate cake or fruit cake … ?

costs an arm and a leg = very expensive

hold your horses = please be patient and wait

Inside Highlands Coffee Shop

Quán cà phê “trong mơ” của những người Việt trẻ có gì? | Báo Dân trí
Highlands Coffee, a Vietnamese coffee chain

Sam Hi, I’ll have a large cappuccino, please. What do you fancy ?

Pat Tough decision. I’m going for the cheesecake and a slice of blueberry pie.

Sam Oh, me too. Big slice, no, only joking, I have to watch my weight.

Pat I think you look great. Lets also get some chocolate cake and we can share.

Sam Brilliant. Oh, did I show you my recent photos ? Here, on my phone.

Pat Let me see … oh, so funny. Who’s that ? The man next to Niall ?

Sam That’s Jimmy, he’s in Niall’s band. He plays drums and drinks like a fish !

Pat And that’s you, a selfie. You look adorable. Butter wouldn’t melt in your mouth !

VietnamCupid on Twitter: "Selfie tip of the week: Know your angles… "
A very sweet young lady – butter wouldn’t melt in her mouth

drinks like a fish = drinks a lot of alcohol

Butter wouldn’t melt in your mouth ! = looks very sweet and nice … but can be very naughty

Subject Index: Themes, features and topics

4th December 2020

Subject Index: An index of various subjects, taught to various levels and age groups.

Subject // Lesson // Date

International Holocaust Remembrance Day 2023 // 27th January 2023: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2023/01/27/international-holocaust-remembrance-day/

Online lesson rules // 11th February 2021: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2021/02/11/lockdown-lessons-a-respectful-reminder/

Online Zoom Bingo game for teachers & TAs // 18th May 2021: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2021/05/18/the-doom-of-zoom-classes-zoom-bingo-to-keep-teaching-staff-sane/

Classroom rules for Young Learners // Confucius // 18th March 2021: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2021/03/18/young-learners-class-rules-from-confucius/

Class rules May 2022 // 24th May 2022: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2022/05/24/i-shouldnt-have-to-write-this-but/

Classroom safety // A Message from Monkey Mike // 4th September 2022: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2022/09/04/a-message-from-monkey-mike/

Fable of the frog and the scorpion // Teaching Notes // 2nd June 2022: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2022/06/02/because-its-my-nature/

Zoom classes: A dream or a nightmare ? // 21st July 2021: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2021/07/21/zoom-classes-a-dream-or-a-nightmare/

Zoom classes: the dark side // 27th July 2021: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2021/07/27/zoom-classes-you-cut-my-hours-you-slash-my-wages-and-you-give-me-these/

Zoom rules for Young Learners // 15th July 2021: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2021/07/15/young-learners-zoom-class-rules/

Teachers’ Day 2022 // 20th November 2022: https://wordpress.com/post/thaypaulsnotes.com/15742

Thank you, Princess // Teaching Notes // 4th August 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/09/04/6420/

Thank you, my Princess (third time) // Teaching Notes // 15th May 2022: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2022/05/15/thank-you-my-princess-third-time/

Thank you, my Princess (again) // Teaching Notes // 7th May 2021: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2021/05/07/thank-you-my-princess-again/

Thank you, Little Princess // 23rd May 2022: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2022/05/23/thank-you-little-princess/

Thank you, my little princesses //30th July 2022: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2022/07/30/15035/

Education is everything // The West Wing // 23rd September 2021: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2021/09/23/education-is-everything/

Animal superlatives (longest, smallest) // Young Learners, Level 4 // 24th November 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/11/24/young-learners-level-4-longest-heaviest-shortest-lightest/

Animals and insects (amazing facts) // Young Learners, Level 4 // 7th November 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/11/07/young-learners-level-4-intelligent-insects-amazing-animals/

Animal videos and activities: a compilation // Young Learners // 25th January 2022: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2022/01/25/young-learners-animal-magic/

Apple iPhones // Adult Class, Level 3 // 14th November 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/11/14/adult-class-level-3-cant-buy-me-love/

Apple workers in China // IELTS // 30th July 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/07/30/ielts-speaking-practice-manufacturing-in-vietnam/

April 30th Vietnam // Adult Speaking Class, level 3: April 30th // 5th April 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/04/05/adult-speaking-class-level-3-remembering-april-30th/

Arabian Nights // writing exercise // 5th November 2021: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2021/11/05/ielts-level-writing-exercise-1001-nights-the-arabian-tales/

King Arthur and the sword in the stone // Young Teens // 20th April 2022: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2022/04/20/young-teens-king-arthur-the-sword-in-the-stone/

Area 51 // Adult Class, Level 3 // 12th November 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/11/11/adult-class-level-3-is-was-the-butler-wasnt-it/

ART & ARCHITECTURE

Architecture // Adult professionals // Architecture and engineering in history: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/01/07/adult-professionals-architecture-and-engineering/

Architecture: Burj Khalife & Willis Tower // Adult professionals. Mechanics, Part 3 // 7th Feb 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/02/07/adult-professionals-mechanics-part-3/

Architecture: giving opinions // Adult Speaking Class, level 2 // 9th April 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/04/09/adult-speaking-class-level-2-giving-opinions-architecture/

Art // Adult Class, Level 1 // 12 & 19 December 2018: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2018/12/19/adult-class-level-1-lessons-1-2/

Art: giving opinion // Adult Speaking Class, level 3: Art // 13th April 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/04/13/adult-speaking-class-level-3-art-what-do-you-think/

Art: DaDa & Surrealism // Adult Speaking Class, level 3: Dali, Dada & Surrealism // 23rd April 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/04/23/adult-speaking-class-level-3-dali-dada-and-surrealism/

Art: types of art // Young Learners, level 4 (Dali, Alice in Wonderland) // 16th May 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/05/16/young-learners-level-4-art-for-arts-sake/

Art: Being Creative // Young Learners, level 4 // 1st May 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/05/01/young-learners-level-4-be-creative/

Bad Day – create narrative // IELTS, Lesson 3 May the Force be with you // 14th January 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/01/14/ielts-lesson-3-may-the-force-be-with-you/

Banks // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2 Part 2 // 6th January 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/01/06/adult-speaking-class-level-2-part-2/

Bonfire, Guy Fawkes // Adult Class, Level 3 // 5th November 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/11/05/adult-class-level-3-business-icons/

Bonfire Night // Young Learners 4 // 9th November 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/11/07/young-learners-level-4tell-me-what-you-want/

Bonfire Night // Young Learners, Level 4 // Safety First // 29th October 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/10/29/young-learners-level-4-safety-first-and-the-gunpowder-plot/

Boys’ Night Out // Adult Class, Level 3 // 3rd December 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/12/02/adult-class-level-3-the-times-they-are-a-changing/

Bristol, UK // Young Teens // 21st February 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/02/21/young-teens-deeply-madly-truly/

British Legends // Arthur, Dick Turpin, Robin Hood // 13th May 2022: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2022/05/13/young-teens-three-british-legends/

Cars // Adult professionals // Adult mechanics: What can go wrong ?https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/12/16/adult-mechanics-what-can-possibly-go-wrong/

Castles in Europe // Adult Class, Level 1 // 2nd January 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/01/04/adult-class-level-1-2-things-that-go-bump-in-the-night/

Character building // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3: Character development // 18th June 2020

Children: gifted // Young Learners, Level 4 // Talk show (Peter O’Toole) // 30th May 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/05/30/young-learners-level-4-what-does-the-future-hold-and-a-repeat-of-the-late-show/

Christmas for Young Learners // food, traditions and activities // 18th December 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/12/18/young-learners-a-christmas-compendium/

Christmas in Germany & UK // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2 // 20th December 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/12/20/adult-speaking-class-level-2/

Cinema choice // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2 // 20th December 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/12/20/adult-speaking-class-level-2/

Cinema choice // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2: Cinema // 9th May 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/05/09/adult-speaking-class-level-2-cinema-what-shall-we-see/

Cinema: Why do you like this film ? // IELTS // 6th April 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/04/06/ielts-mindset-why-do-you-like-the-film/

Cities (UK) and areas // IELTS // 31st December 2018: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/01/03/ielts-5-reading-listening/

Clothes – types and materials // Young Learners // 11th November 20202: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/11/11/young-learners-level-2-i-would-go-out-tonight-but-i-havent-got-a-stitch-to-wear/

Clothes // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2: Describing clothes // 19th March 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/03/19/adult-speaking-class-level-2-describing-clothes/

Clothes – expressing opinions // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2 // Extended personality exercises // 20th June 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/06/20/adult-speaking-class-level-2-extended-personality-exercises/

Coffee in Viet Nam // Adult Speaking Class, level 2 // 20th December 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/12/20/adult-speaking-class-level-2/

Coffee in Saigon (exercise, idioms & dialogue) // 7th December 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/12/07/coffee-in-sai-gon/

Coffee, cooking & Tet Holiday // 1st February 2021: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2021/02/01/adult-speaking-class-level-2-coffee-cooking-and-cuisine/

Complaining // Adult Class, Level 3 // 18th March 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/03/18/adult-class-level-3-sharks-and-dragons/

Complaining in shops // Adult Speaking Class // 6th January 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/01/06/adult-speaking-class-level-2-part-2/

Computers // Adult Class, Level 1 // 20th February 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/02/20/adult-class-level-1-computer-world/

Corona Virus in Vietnam // IELTS 4 – 5 // Implementing precautions // 25th March 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/03/25/ielts-4-5-mindset-implementing-precautions/

Corona Virus: news from UK // Listening Exercises, Corona Special // 6th April 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/04/06/listening-exercises-corona-special/

Countries

Africa // Tuareg people of North Africa // Adult Speaking Class, level 3 // 11th February 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/02/11/adult-speaking-class-level-3-theme-travel/

Amazon Rain Forest // Young Learners, Level 5 // 19th October 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/10/19/young-learners-level-5-amazon-rain-forest-quiz-and-comparisons/

Ancient Egypt & Ancient Greece // Teenagers: Architecture & Mythology // 13th March 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/03/13/teenagers-architecture-and-mythology/

Ancient Egyptian Gods // Young Learners, Level 6 // 12th May 2022: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2022/05/12/young-learners-ancient-egyptian-gods/

Australia // IELTS 5-6.5 // 21st August 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/08/15/ielts-5-6-5-i-come-from-a-land-down-under/

Egypt // Holiday Project // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3 // 9th June 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/06/09/adult-speaking-class-level-3-holiday-project-egypt/

Germany // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3. Theme: Germany // 26th February 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/02/26/adult-speaking-class-level-3-theme-germany/

Greece: land and myths // Theseus and the Minotaur // Young Learners 5 // 6th October 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/10/04/young-learners-level-5-welcome-to-athens/

India //Focus on India // IELTS // 18th October 2021: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2021/10/17/ielts-focus-on-india/

India // IELTS: Hello, India // 24th January 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/01/24/ielts-hello-india/

Japan // Focus on Japan // Listening and planning skills // 18th October 2021: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2021/10/18/ielts-focus-on-japan/

Japan // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2, Part 6, 25th January 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/01/25/adult-speaking-class-level-2-part-6-2/

Korea // Hello Korea // 19th June 2022: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2022/06/19/hello-korea-%ec%95%88%eb%85%95%ed%95%98%ec%84%b8%ec%9a%94/

Poland // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3 // 27th December 2021: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2021/12/27/poland-history-culture-and-beer/

Poland salt mine // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2 // 20th December 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/12/20/adult-speaking-class-level-2/

Russia // Adult Class, Level 3 // 4th December 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/12/03/adult-class-level-3-the-russian-soul/

Sweden // Young Learners, Level 2 // 18th May 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/05/17/young-learners-level-2-focus-on-sweden/

Sweden // Young Learners, Level 2 // continuous verbs & home furnishings // 31st December 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/12/31/young-learners-level-2-what-are-they-doing-in-sweden/

Switzerland // Adult Speaking Class, level 3. Theme:Travel // 11th February 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/02/11/adult-speaking-class-level-3-theme-travel/

Taiwan // Taiwan: Listening Extra // 12th April 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/04/12/taiwan-listening-special/

Taiwan (four videos:WHO dodge, President Tsai Ing-wen) // Taiwan: Listening Extra 12th April 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/04/12/taiwan-listening-special/

Taiwan National Day // 10th October 2021: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2021/10/10/taiwan-happy-national-day/

Around the world in 80 minutes // (Brazil, Canada, Sth Korea, Egypt) // Young Learners, Level 5 // 26th July 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/07/26/adult-speaking-class-level-1-young-learners-level-5-around-the-world-in-80-minutes/

Around the world – collecting information // (Brazil, Canada, Egypt, South Korea) // Young Learners, Level 6 // 6th January 2021: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2021/01/06/young-learners-level-6-collecting-information-making-a-presentation/

Countries (Brazil, Canada, Sth Korea, Egypt) // Young Learners, Level 2 // 1st June 2019:https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/05/31/young-learners-level-2-what-a-wonderful-world/

Countries (VN, UK, Mexico, Russia) // Young Learners, Level 3 // 7th September 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/09/04/adult-class-level-3-class-2-what-did-i-do-last-night/

Countries // Young Learners, Level 5 // Around the world in 80 mins // 27th October 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/10/26/young-learners-level-5-around-the-world-in-eighty-minutes/

Countries (festivals) // (Spain, UK, Niger, Mexico, Thailand) // Young Learners, Level 6 // 3rd September 2022: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2022/09/03/young-learners-level-6-its-festival-time/

City itinerary project (London, Rio, Barcelona, Seoul) // Young Learners, Level 6 // 10th December 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/12/10/young-learners-level-6-travel-journal-project/

Gather information (countries) // (Brazil, Canada, Sth Korea, Egypt) // Young Learners, Level 5 // 25th August 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/08/20/young-learners-level-5-feelings-nothing-more-than-feelings/

Guess the countries (pictures) Signs // Young Learners 4 // 22nd June 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/06/21/young-learners-level-4-sign-of-the-times/

Guess the music (countries) // Young Learners 5 // 27th October 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/10/26/young-learners-level-5-around-the-world-in-eighty-minutes/

Cracking codes // Enigma machine // Young Learners 5 // 17th November 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/11/16/young-learners-level-5-cracking-the-enigma/

Creative writing // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3: Storytelling // 29th March 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/03/29/adult-speaking-class-level-3-storytelling/

Creative writing // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3: Storytelling part 2 // 30th March 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/03/30/adult-speaking-class-level-3-storytelling-part-2/

Creative writing // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3: Storytelling part 3 // 31st March 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/category/adult-speaking-class-level-3/page/4/

Crime and punishment // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3 // 1st February 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/02/01/adult-speaking-class-level-3-theme-crime-and-punishment/

Culture shock, manners, etiquette // Adult Class, Level 3 // 15th January 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/01/15/adult-class-level-3-manners-etiquette-and-culture-shock/

Doing Chores // Young Learners, Level 3 // 27th August 2021: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2021/08/27/young-learners-level-3-doing-your-chores/

Easter // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2 // 1st January 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/01/01/adult-speaking-class-level-2-easter/

Emotions // Young Learners 3 // 6th July 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/07/03/young-learners-levels-3-2-lesson-outlines/

Engineering for young learners // tallestest buildings, Landmark 81 // Young Learners, Level 6 // 27th April 2021: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2021/04/27/young-learners-level-6-engineering-projects/

English for engineers, mechanics, science: 

https://thaypaulsnotes.com/category/adult-professionals/

Concorde // Adult professionals. Mechanics, Part 3 // 7th Feb 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/02/07/adult-professionals-mechanics-part-3/

Enigma machine // Young Learners 5 // 17th November 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/11/16/young-learners-level-5-cracking-the-enigma/

Entropy // Adult professionals. Mechanics, Part 3 // 7th Feb 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/02/07/adult-professionals-mechanics-part-3/

Environment // Adult professionals // Adult mechanics: What can go wrong ?https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/12/16/adult-mechanics-what-can-possibly-go-wrong/

Friction // Adult professionals. Mechanics, Part 3 // 7th Feb 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/02/07/adult-professionals-mechanics-part-3/

Landmark 81 // Adult Professionals / Mechanics Part 2 // 23rd January 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/01/23/adult-professionals-mechanics-part-2/

Robots in industry // Adult professionals // Adult mechanics: What can go wrong ?https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/12/16/adult-mechanics-what-can-possibly-go-wrong/

Shinkanshen (Bullet Train) // Adult professionals. Mechanics, Part 3 // 7th Feb 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/02/07/adult-professionals-mechanics-part-3/

Top Gear // Adult professionals // Adult mechanics: What can go wrong ?https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/12/16/adult-mechanics-what-can-possibly-go-wrong/

Nikola Tesla (video) // Adult professionals. Mechanics, Part 3 // 7th Feb 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/02/07/adult-professionals-mechanics-part-3/

Turbulence // Adult Professionals / Mechanics Part 2 // 23rd January 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/01/23/adult-professionals-mechanics-part-2/

Explorers // Mount Everest, Tenzing & Hillary //Young Learners 5 // 10th November 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/11/07/young-learners-level-5-because-its-there/

Family // Adult Class, Level 3 // 6th November 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/11/06/adult-class-level-3-we-are-family/

Flea markets // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2: Gift of the gab // 10th May 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/05/10/adult-speaking-class-level-2-the-gift-of-the-gab/

Food

Food (Korea, Germany, UK Christmas, Vietnam traditional) // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2, Theme: food https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/01/22/adult-speaking-class-level-3-theme-food/

Christmas food in UK // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3: food // 19th April 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/04/19/adult-speaking-class-level-3-food/

Food (healthy or snack) // Young Learners 3 // 13th July 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/07/11/young-learners-level-3-my-town/

Food (Sweden) // Young Learners 2 // 18th May 2019: http://Sweden // Young Learners, Level 2 // 18th May 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/05/17/young-learners-level-2-focus-on-sweden/

Food (4 countries) // Young Learners 3 // 6th July 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/07/03/young-learners-levels-3-2-lesson-outlines/

Food (Vietnamese food) // Young Teens // 27th February 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/02/27/young-teens-course-review/

Food (what do you want ?) // Young Learners 2 // Review and Buster Keaton // 30th October 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/10/30/young-learners-level-2-review-and-buster-keaton/

Food (McDonalds) // Adult Speaking Class, level 2 // 20th December 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/12/20/adult-speaking-class-level-2/

Fortune telling // Adult Class, Level 1 // 30th January 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/01/29/adult-class-level-1-cross-my-palm-with-silver/

Fortune telling // Young Teens // 31st January 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/01/31/young-teens-unesco-sites/

Future & creative jobs // Young learners, level 4 U 7 // 30th May 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/05/30/young-learners-level-4-what-does-the-future-hold-and-a-repeat-of-the-late-show/

Hair styles // Adult Class, Level 1 // 14th October 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/10/14/adding-adjectives-increasing-interest/

Health // Young Learners 3 // 17th August 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/08/12/young-learners-level-3-whats-the-matter/

Health // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3. Theme: Health // 27th January 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/01/27/adult-speaking-class-level-3-theme-health/

Hometown – homes around the globe // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3 // 8th June 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/06/08/adult-speaking-class-level-3-home-is-where-the-heart-is/

Hometown & neighbourhood // IELTS // My Hometown // 28th October 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/10/28/ielts-my-hometown/

Hotels // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3. Theme: Hotels // 8th February 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/02/07/adult-speaking-class-level-3-theme-hotels/

Hotels booking a room and vocabulary // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3 // 18th September 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/09/18/adult-speaking-class-level-3-2/

How was your day // Adult Speaking Class, level 1: How was your day ? // 5th April 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/04/04/adult-speaking-class-level-1-how-was-your-day/

Idioms

Idioms: A one-stop shop // 27th October 2021: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2021/10/27/more-idioms-than-you-can-shake-a-stick-at/

Idioms: food // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3: food // 19th April 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/04/19/adult-speaking-class-level-3-food/

Idioms: a piece of cake // Teaching Notes // 1st June 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/06/01/idioms-a-piece-of-cake/

Idioms: are you pulling my leg ? // Teaching Notes // 2nd June 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/06/02/idioms-part-2-are-you-pulling-my-leg/

Idioms: everyday idioms, everyday // Teaching Notes // 3rd June 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/06/02/everyday-idioms-everyday/

Idioms: part 3 extended idioms use // Teaching Notes // 4th June 2020:https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/06/04/idioms-part-3-all-above-board-nothing-under-the-table/

IELTS: Mindset Introduction // IELTS // 23rd June 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/06/23/ielts-mindset-introduction-lesson/

Insults and disrespect // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3. Theme: Causing offence // 3rd Feb 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/02/04/adult-speaking-class-level-3-theme-causing-offence/

Internet // Adult Class, Level 1 // 20th February 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/02/20/adult-class-level-1-computer-world/

Internet use by area and gender // Adult Class, Level 1 // 20th February 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/02/20/adult-class-level-1-computer-world/

Information from poster // REM // Adult Speaking Class, Level 1: information // 16th April 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/04/16/adult-speaking-class-level-1-reading-and-asking-for-information/

Jazz music // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2, Part 3 // 16th January 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/01/16/adult-speaking-class-level-2-part-3/

Jazz Music // 29th October 2021: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2021/10/29/jazz-music/

Job interviews // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3. Theme: Job interviews // 12th Feb 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/02/12/adult-speaking-class-level-3-theme-job-interviews/

Job interviews // IELTS // 31st January 2022: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2022/01/31/ielts-job-interviews/

Kindle // IELTS 5 – 6.5. Writing example // 15th March 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/03/15/ielts-5-6-5-writing-example/

Letter ‘t’ // KG 1 // 5th May 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/05/03/surfin-safari-level-1-t-time/

Loch Ness Monster // Adult Class, Level 3 // 12 November 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/11/11/adult-class-level-3-is-was-the-butler-wasnt-it/

London

London // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3. Theme: London 3rd March 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/03/03/adult-speaking-class-level-3-theme-london/

London // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3. Theme: London Part 2 6th March 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/03/06/adult-speaking-class-level-3-theme-london-part-2/

London directions and Leytonstone // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2: London // 29th June 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/06/29/adult-speaking-class-level-2-london-how-do-i-get-to/

London history and architecture // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2: London // 18th April 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/04/18/adult-speaking-class-level-2-london-an-architectural-history/

London plan an itinerary // Young Learners, Level 6 // 26th November 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/11/26/young-learners-level-6-london-itinerary/

London street market // Adult Class, Level 3 // 14 November 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/11/14/adult-class-level-3-cant-buy-me-love/

London tourism // Adult Class, Level 3 // 19th November 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/11/20/adult-class-level-3-tell-me-more-tell-me-more/

London: what to see // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2: London // 22nd May 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/05/22/adult-speaking-class-level-2-london-what-do-you-want-to-see/

London: unusual buildings // IELTS / Adult Speaking Class, Level 2 // 6th September 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/09/06/unusual-london-buildings-what-do-you-think-they-are/

Love and marriage // condensed lesson // 28th December 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/12/28/love-and-marriage-the-best-bits/

Love and marriage // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2 // 11th January 2020 Theme: Love & marriage: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/01/11/adult-speaking-class-theme-traffic/

Love and marriage // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2. Theme: Love & marriage Part 2: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/01/12/adult-speaking-class-theme-love-marriage-part-2/

Love, marriage, children // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2 // 13th January 2020 Theme: Love & marriage Part 3: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/01/13/adult-speaking-class-theme-love-and-marriage-part-3/

Maths // basic vocabulary // 4th December 2021: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2021/12/04/love-minus-zero-basic-vocabulary-for-maths/

May Day – history, myth and politics //Adult Speaking Class, Level 2: May Day // 5th May 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/05/04/adult-speaking-class-level-2-may-day/

Making excuses IELTS // Speaking exercises // small talk & making excuses // 12th May 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/05/12/ielts-speaking-exercises/

Manufacturing in Vietnam // IELTS // 30th July 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/07/30/ielts-speaking-practice-manufacturing-in-vietnam/

Mobile phones // Adult Class, Level 3 // 8th January 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/01/08/adult-class-level-3-jan-2019-when-life-gives-you-lemons-make-lemonade/

Money // Adult Class, Level 3 // 14 November 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/11/14/adult-class-level-3-cant-buy-me-love/

Money // Plan a luxury day // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2, Part 3: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/11/14/adult-class-level-3-cant-buy-me-love/

Murder mysteries // Adult Class, Level 3 // 12th November 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/11/11/adult-class-level-3-is-was-the-butler-wasnt-it/

Music // Genres and blog post (T-ara) // Young Teens // 21st June 2022: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2022/06/21/teenage-ielts-challenge/

Olympics (London, Beijing) // Adult Professionals // 10th February 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/02/10/adult-mechanics-olympics-going-for-gold/

Orion constellation // Teenagers: Architecture & Mythology // 13th March 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/03/13/teenagers-architecture-and-mythology/

Personality adjectives // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3, Personality adjectives // 7th June 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/06/07/adult-speaking-class-level-3-whats-your-type/

Photography and photos descriptions (advanced) // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2, // 25th April 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/04/25/adult-speaking-class-level-2-talk-about-your-friends/

Politics // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3 // 17th January 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/01/17/adult-speaking-class-level-3/

Beatrix Potter // Young Learners, Level 1: let’s write a story // 13th October 2022: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2022/10/13/young-learners-level-1-lets-write-a-story/

Presentation skills // Teenagers // 20th January 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/01/20/teen-team-project-tourism-in-hcm/

Pyramids // Teenagers: Architecture & Mythology // 13th March 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/03/13/teenagers-architecture-and-mythology/

QI: Quite Interesting // ten interesting facts // Teaching Notes // 27th July 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/07/27/qi-quite-interesting/

QI Part 2 // Seven misconceptions // Teaching Notes // 13th may 2021: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2021/05/13/qi-part-2-how-much-is-true/

Reading practice // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3. Theme: Crime & Punishment: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/02/01/adult-speaking-class-level-3-theme-crime-and-punishment/

Rolex // Adult Class, Level 3 // 14th November 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/02/01/adult-speaking-class-level-3-theme-crime-and-punishment/

FDR and the second Bill of Rights // 26th August 2021: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2021/08/26/fdr-and-the-2nd-bill-of-rights/

Shinkanshen (Bullet Train) // Adult professionals. Mechanics, Part 3 // 7th Feb 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/02/07/adult-professionals-mechanics-part-3/

Shopping

Shopping // compilation of blogs for adult classes // 14th December 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/12/14/shopping-vocabulary-speaking-exercises-fixed-prices-fixed-expressions/

Shops and shopping (and role-play) // Young Learners 3 // 17th August 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/08/12/young-learners-level-3-whats-the-matter/

Shop work (role-play) // Young Learners 3 // 3rd August 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/07/31/young-learners-level-3-lets-work/

Shopping // buying presents, Black Friday, conversation practice // Adult Speaking Class, level 2 // 20th December 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/12/20/adult-speaking-class-level-2/

Shopping Deciding what to buy // Adult Speaking Class Level 2 // 11th May 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/05/10/adult-speaking-class-level-2-deciding-what-to-buy/

Shopping, haggling, role – play // Adult Speaking Class Level 2: Going shopping // 7th April 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/04/07/adult-speaking-class-level-2-going-shopping-looking-for-a-bargain/

Shopping (role play) //Can’t buy me love // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3 // 14th November 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/11/14/adult-class-level-3-cant-buy-me-love/

Signs, symbols, icons // 21st August 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/08/21/signs-symbols-and-icons-information-and-worksheet/

Small talk // Adult Class, Level 3 // 26th November 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/11/26/adult-class-level-3-a-diva-moi/

Smoking and No Tobacco Day // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3. Theme: Health // 27th Jan. 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/01/27/adult-speaking-class-level-3-theme-health/

Solar system & space // Young Learners, Level 4 // 16th November 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/11/15/young-learners-level-4-can-you-hear-me-major-tom-2/

Space & science // Young Learners, Level 4 // 6th June 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/06/06/young-learners-level-4-can-you-hear-me-major-tom/

Street crime // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3: Street crime // 23rd July 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/07/23/adult-speaking-class-level-3-street-crime/

Stereotypes // Adult Class, Level 3 // Bob Dylan // 19th August 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/08/16/adult-class-level-3-class-1-stereotypes/

Stereotypes // Adult Class, Level 3: Generally speaking // 28th April 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/04/28/adult-class-level-3-generally-speaking/

Stories in basic English (1001 Nights) // Adult Speaking Class, level 2, Part 6b // 24th January 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/01/24/adult-speaking-class-level-2-part-6/

Superheroes – Captain Vietnam // Young learners, Level 5 // 13th December 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/12/13/captain-viet-nam-superheroes-by-super-kids/

Tallest, longest, biggest // Young Learners 5 // 10th November 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/11/07/young-learners-level-5-because-its-there/

Technology (old) // Young Learners 5 // 17th November 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/11/16/young-learners-level-5-cracking-the-enigma/

Totem poles // Young Teens // 26th March 2022: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2022/03/26/young-teens-totem-poles-history-and-meaning/

Train facts, videos & information // Train kept a-rollin’ // Adult Class Level 3 // 12th September 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/09/18/adult-speaking-class-level-3-2/

Travel

Holiday plans (Buenos Aires, Nairobi, Copenhagen, Moscow) // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2 // 20th May 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/05/20/adult-speaking-class-level-2-holiday-plans/

Holiday projects : Bangkok, Munich, Ha Noi, Egypt, London // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3 // 9th June 2020

Munich: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/06/09/adult-speaking-class-level-3-holiday-project-munich-germany/

Ha Noi: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/06/09/adult-speaking-class-level-3-holiday-project-ha-noi-viet-nam/

Egypt: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/06/09/adult-speaking-class-level-3-holiday-project-egypt/

Bangkok: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/06/09/adult-speaking-class-level-3-holiday-project-bangkok/

IELTS Project // Holiday language, prepare an advert, plan a day // IELTS // 16th June 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/06/16/ielts-project-holidays-and-travel-language/

Tourism (Thailand, VN & project) // Teenagers // 20th January 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/01/20/teen-team-project-tourism-in-hcm/

Traffic // vocabulary // Vietnam cop & ‘Top Gear in Vietnam’ // 7th December 2021: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2021/12/07/traffic-talking-points/

Traffic and travel // Adult Speaking Class // Theme: Traffic // 9th January 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/01/09/adult-speaking-class-theme-travel-traffic/

Traffic in Vietnam // Adult Class, Level 3 // Traffic cop & Top Gear videos //25th December 2018: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2018/12/26/adult-class-level-3-2/

Travel: airport to city centre (HCM) // IELTS // 10th February 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/02/10/ielts-have-love-will-travel/

Travel: On vacation // Young Learners, Level 4 U 8 // 15th June 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/06/14/young-learners-level-4-this-is-the-best-part-of-the-trip/

Travel USA: planning // Adult Speaking Class, level 3: USA sun, surf, sand // 18th May 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/05/18/adult-speaking-class-level-3-lets-go-to-san-francisco-or-boston-or-chicago/

Travel USA: 3 cities // Adult Speaking Class, level 3: San Fran, Boston, Chicago // 18th May 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/05/18/adult-speaking-class-level-3-lets-go-to-san-francisco-or-boston-or-chicago/

Tuareg people // Adult Speaking Class, level 3. Theme:Travel // 11th February 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/02/11/adult-speaking-class-level-3-theme-travel/

Turbulence // Adult Professionals / Mechanics Part 2 // 23rd January 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/01/23/adult-professionals-mechanics-part-2/

UNESCO // Young Teens // 31st January 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/01/31/young-teens-unesco-sites/

UNESCO // Young Teens // 27th February 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/02/27/young-teens-course-review/

Van Heusen shirts // Adult Class, Level 3 // 14th November 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/11/14/adult-class-level-3-cant-buy-me-love/

Vietnam

Vietnamese business icons //Adult Class, Level 3// 5th November 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/11/05/adult-class-level-3-business-icons/

Vietnamese cities // Adult Class, Level 3 // 21st November 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/11/20/adult-class-level-3-tell-me-more-tell-me-more/

Vietnamese places // Young Learners 5 // 27th October 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/10/26/young-learners-level-5-around-the-world-in-eighty-minutes/

Vietnamese food // Young Teens // 27th February 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/02/27/young-teens-course-review/

Vietnamese party food // Sai Gon General Notes // 19th May 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/05/19/vietnamese-party-food/

Vietnam Landmark 81 // Adult Professionals / Mechanics Part 2 // 23rd January 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/01/23/adult-professionals-mechanics-part-2/

Vietnamese law and police // (Sir Ian McKellen, film genres) // Adult Class, Level 1 // 5th March 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/03/05/adult-class-level-1-waiting-for-frodo/

Vietnam largest cave // Hang Soon Dong cave // Young Learners, Level 5 // 18th November 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/11/18/young-learners-level-5-what-are-you-doing-how-do-you-feel/

Vietnam Hang Soon Dong cave // Young Teens // 27th February 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/02/27/young-teens-course-review/

Vietnamese noise pollution // Don’t get mad, get even // 17th January 2023: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2023/01/17/16196/

Vietnam Sai Gon for kids //Young Learners 4 // 23rd November 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/11/21/young-learners-level-4-were-all-going-on-a-summer-holiday/

Vietnam: Top Gear in Vietnam // Adult Professionals// 16th December 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/12/16/adult-mechanics-what-can-possibly-go-wrong/

Vietnam: Plan a day out for children in Sai Gon // We’re all going on a summer holiday // Young Learners, Level 4 // 23rd November 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/11/21/young-learners-level-4-were-all-going-on-a-summer-holiday/

Tet Holiday // IELTS // 28th January 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/01/28/ielts-the-limits-of-my-language-are-the-limits-of-my-world/

Tet Holiday // Young Learners // 16th January 2023: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2023/01/16/young-learners-tell-me-about-tet/

War Museum, Sai Gon // Adult Class, Level 3 // 15th December 2019: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2019/12/15/adult-class-level-3-sentence-building/

War Remnants Museums, Sai Gon // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3 // 28th January 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/01/28/adult-speaking-class-level-3-theme-war-museum-sai-gon/

Weather: snow and floods // Beginners’ English, Part 2 // 9th January 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/01/09/beginners-english-part-2/

Weekend plans: lies and exaggerations // vocabulary and activities // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2 // 21st December 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/12/21/adult-speaking-class-level-2-how-was-your-weekend/

Wi-Fi and mobile phones (Green Bank, USA) // Adult Speaking Class, Level 2 // 1st March 2012: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2021/03/01/adult-speaking-class-level-2-maintain-radio-silence/

Workplace: issues & problems // Adult Speaking Class, Level 3. Theme: Work-place problems // 5th February 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/02/06/adult-speaking-class-level-3-theme-work-problems/

Yoga & exercise // IELTS writing practice // 25th April 2020: https://thaypaulsnotes.com/2020/04/25/ielts-writing-practice-yoga-health-well-being/

Young Teens: A funny thing happened to me …

17th January 2019

Tonight’s class has fourteen students, mostly girls (“made of sugar and spice and all things nice,”) and four young lads, one of whom demonstrates slight Hulk-like tendencies (i.e. gets angry at the slightest provocation and starts lifting chairs as if to hurl them through several walls). Simple classroom management has to be employed here; the lads are NOT allowed to sit next to each other. Of course, at this age the boys categorically will NOT sit next to any girl (just wait a year or two until those hormones kick in!) so I have to locate them around the room. It can be dis-illutioning for a teacher to allocate so much time to controlling a class as opposed to teaching them, but such are the realities. C’est la vie.

The theme of the lesson is how to tell an anecdote, but to begin (and to wait for the inevitable latecomers), we’ll do some quick warm-up games. I’ll also be able to recycle work form other lessons (which justifies the time spent making slides / Powerpoint Presentations etc).

We’ll begin with a quiz; I’ll show four famous buildings and ask the students to identify them and tell me as much as they can about them:


After, I will point to some (previously-boarded) numbers and ask how to pronounce them, numbers such as:

2019

10, 000

£35.99p

$10.33

Friday the 13th

I’ll show them that amounts (e.g. £35.99p are often said as simply 35 99, rather than saying ‘pounds and pence.’

For a more active game, help them burn off some energy, I’ll do a ‘run & write.’ In their previous lesson, they learnt past continuous. For this game, the class can be kept in two teams (a bit of competition adds to the excitement, even if there are no prizes at all), one team has a red marker, the other, a blue. I will say a sentence using simple past, they have to write it on the board, using past continuous. For example:

Last night I slept = Last night I was sleeping

Then the whole team has to shout out the sentence. It could get somewhat noisy and impossible to monitor, but it creates freedom for everyone to speak (they are not being listened to individually) and gets the whole class involved, and a noisy engaged class is far preferable to one slouching, sighing and sleeping.

We will then move into the topic area, combining story-telling with pronunciation and accents. I have a great clip of the magnificent Irish actor, Peter O’Toole being interviewed by the fast-talking USA TV host David Letterman. The students can compare the two accents, see which one they understand easier. The clip is below:

Letterman asks O’Toole if he has a story about a fellow actor, Richard Harris. Instead of a rather pedestrian, “Let me see …,” O’Toole, cigarette in hand, responds, “Oh, I’ll shuffle through my memory,” before proceeding to tell said story (this occurs at 0:32 – 3:33).

I extend the activity by asking the students to mimic / copy O’Toole’s voice and elocution. Obviously, I don’t condone smoking at all, but students have had great fun sitting crossed legged, imaginary cigarette held aloft, and repeating, “Oh, I’ll shuffle through my memory.”

The serious aspect here is to demonstrate the rhythms and stresses in English – the elongated “oh,” as he thinks, the focus on the verb, “shuffle’, the linking of “through my,” and the final stressed but downwards – intonations of “memory.” A lot of work covered in just six words. Good value for your teaching bucks !

We’ll then move into a personal anecdote of mine. I’ll create a slide and give a leading narrative using tonight’s key language:

For one thing

As I discovered last year

As you can imagine

In fact …

like the time …

Thanks to ..

People are very interested in stars as I discovered last year when I was in

I saw a very large

Outside a large

in the centre of the city. As you can imagine, I was curious. There were a lot of people there, in fact many were extremely …….

Why were they there, for whom were they waiting ? This was like the time I was in London and many film stars were going into a cinema. I waited … but nothing happened. I was thinking of going, but thanks to some screaming and shouting, I stayed. To my surprise, I saw the world-famous Hollywood movie star …

I felt very lucky. Actually, it was very exciting I just wish I had my phone with me.

The students will then turn to book work, some listening and then creating their own anecdote. Here, I will probably have to help, give ideas. Most students spent too long thinking about ideas and therefore not producing any work. I have found it better to give them a limited choice and then make them start the work.

(In my first year, at my first centre, the students had to write a short story about a boy and girl going to the cinema. I checked all the pupil’s progress, only to find one student had done nothing, all lesson, because he couldn’t think of names for his protagonists. At the end of the semester, I was asked for my recommendation; should he be allowed to progress to the next level ? Absolutely not (it was the only honest answer) CUT TO angry parents, wagging of fingers and pulling of student out of school. Good riddance to bad rubbish, as we say.)

Today we also have some speaking practice and a quick lesson about British culture, in which they will listen and read about the author Daniel Defoe. This will be a chance to elicit how much they know about British literary characters. It could be surprising; they may know Oliver Twist, or Alice (Wonderland). Who knows … some may even have heard of Robinson Crusoe … we shall see. This will then lead into famous writers from Vietnam. I think the most famous is The Tale of Kieu’ by Nguyen Du.

Very famous Vietnamese poem and I highly recommend giving it a read.

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